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Chemistry Essays

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Chemical Structures and Excipient Profile of Drugs

DRUG AND EXCIPIENT PROFILE CAFFEINE Chemical structure: Mol. Weight: Average: 194.1906 Melting point: 238 °C State: solid Water solubility: 2.16E+004 mg/L (at 25 °C) Half Life: 3...

Renal Excretion of Paracetamol | Experiment

Paracetamol, known as acetaminophen in the USA, is one of the most commonly used analgesic and antipyretic drugs available over-the-counter. Its common name derives...

Chemicals in Disinfectants and Sterilants

Discuss the uses and modes of action of chemicals used as disinfectants and sterilants Disinfectants and sterilants have been available in a variety of forms...

Estimation of Salbutamol Sulphate and Guaiphenesin

SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF SALBUTAMOL SULPHATE AND GUAIPHENESIN IN THEIR COMBINED LIQUID DOSAGE FORM BY HPTLC METHOD Kruti D. Bhalara, Ishwarsingh S. Rathod, Sindhu B. Ezhava,...

Biochemical Processes of Oil Degradation

1. INTRODUCTION Surfactants are surface active compound that reduce the interfacial tension between two liquids, or that between a liquid and a solid. Surfactants are...

Preformulation Studies: Analysis of Honey

Experimental work: Preformulation studies: Analysis of honey: Materials: Materials selected for the analysis of honey were procured from College of Pharmacy, IPS Academy, and Indore. Samples of Honey...

Pharmacological Profiles of Several Common Drugs

2.3 Profile of Pheniramine Maleate (31) Chemical name: (3RS)-N,N-Dimethyl-3-phenyl-3-(pyridine-2-yl)propan-1-amine(Z)-butenedioate Empirical formula: C20H24N2O4 Chemical structure: Figure 2.3:Structure of Pheniramine Maleate 2.3.1 Physical properties Molecular weight: 356.4 Appearance and colour:...

Effects of Agricultural Soil Contamination

1. Introduction Agricultural soils contaminated with heavy metals such as lead (Pb) is a threat to human health. Plants grown in contaminated soil can accumulate...

States and Properties of Crystalline Material

The crystalline state: In general, solids might be classified in crystalline or amorphous. On the one hand, the crystalline solids comprise a regular set of...

Measurement of Anti-proliferative Activity Experiment

Human cancer cell lines A549 (Lung carcinoma), MCF-7 (Breast adenocarcinoma), DU 145 (Prostate carcinoma), DLD-1 (Colorectal adenocarcinoma), FaDu (squamous cell carcinoma of pharynx) were...

Cloud Point Extraction Experiment

Bromothymol blue (also known as bromothymol sulfone phthalein, BTB) (Figure 2.1.1) is a pH indicator (yellow at pH 6.0 and blue at pH 7.6)....

Effect of Surface Area on Reaction Rate

Surface Area vs. Reaction Rate How does the surface area of pure cane sugar cubes affect the rate of dissolution in water? Chandler Hultine   Abstract The purpose of...

Gene Expression of Mitochondrial Enzymes from Exercise

Induced Change in Gene Expression of Mitochondrial Enzymes as a Result of Intense Exercise Abstract Exercise-induced changes in gene expression of mitochondrial enzymes has become a...

Enhancement of Photocatalytic Overall Water Splitting

Enhancement of photocatalytic overall water splitting on H1.9K0.3La0.5Bi0.1Ta2O7 by loading Pt, Rh(oxide) as co-catalysts Wei Chen, Hui Wang, Liqun Mao, Xiaoping Chen, Wenfeng Shangguan   Abstract: Pt and...

Interaction Between Two Anionic Dyes and Cationic Surfactant

The interaction of the triphenylmethane dye xylenol orange with cationic surfactants cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and cetylpyridinium chloride was studied by absorption spectrophotometry and principal component...

Reliability of Reflotron in Testing of Total Cholesterol

Reliability of Reflotron in Testing of total Cholesterol and Urea in Non- centralized Medical Setting Introduction Point-of-care testing (PoCT) has been defined as “those analytical patient-testing...

Chemical Bonding Essay

Anna Fyodorova All elements are made of atoms which combined with each other form new atoms. They come together in large or small numbers to...

Aspirin: History, Effects and Synthesis

Introduction Aspirin is a drug which is widely used today to deal with the symptoms of many minor illnesses ranging from general relief from aches...

AC Voltammetry: Principles, Advantages and Disadvantages

  Name TEH YU JIE (K) NOOR HASIRA BINTI SAMSUDIN NUR NADIAH BINTI ABU BAKAR NUR NIQMAH BINTI MUSA NUR SYAHIRAH BINTI KHAIRUDDIN KHANG EE WEN INTRODUCTION Nobel Prize winning...

Proteins Therapy for Drug Discovery

Proteins are most dynamic and diverse macromolecules in our body, thus numerous functionally distinct proteins hold enormous promise for the development of new therapeutics...

The Future of Global Oil Production

WORLD’S OIL PRODUCTION: HISTORICAL REFERENCE AND PROJECTIONS Background The level of the oil production is influenced by a wide variety of factors. Following a basic principle,...

Role of Clays in Metal Adsorption

“ADSORPTION OF HEAVY METALS (Fe, Zn, Cr, Pb, Ni) WITH SOME AGRICULTURAL SOILS AND CORRELATION TO PHYSICO – CHEMICAL AND SPECTRAL ANALYSIS (including XRD,...

Determination of Unknown Salt Experiment

Siar Azizi Cold Pack Experiment   Introduction: Cold packs or medical cold packs are made and used in a variety of different ways. Cold packs are typically used...

The Misuse of Benzodiazepine

Introduction Benzodiazepine (BZD) misuse is a serious public health problem because it puts patients at higher risk of life-threatening drug overdoses for a long time.(Kevin...

Functionalization of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes

The functionalization of multiwalled carbon nanotubes with different drugs Duma (Voiculet), M. Prodana, I. Demetrescu Abstract—Functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) by various groups (carboxyl or amino)...

Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Causes and Treatment Strategies

Pathology Acute myeloid leukemia is a disease that primarily afflicts adults. The likelihood of being diagnosed with AML increases with age; the median age of...

Estimation of Tramadol Hydrochloride and Diclofenac Sodium

Derivative Spectrophotometric Method for Estimation of Tramadol Hydrochloride and Diclofenac Sodium in Pharmaceutical Dosage Form Pekamwar S. S., Kalyankar T. M, Lokhande M. V. ABSTRACT Purpose: Tramadol...

Silicon Carbide: Structure, Uses and History

2.1 Silicon Carbide 2.1.1 Historic Overview Silicon carbide as a material that precedes our solar system, travelling through interstellar space for billions of years, generated inside...

Determining Avogadro’s Constant and Faraday’s Constant

List of Apparatus Name of Apparatus Quantity Uncertainty Electronic Stopwatch 1 ±0.2s Ammeter 1 ±0.01A Wires with crocodile clips 1 - D.C power source 1 ±0.01V 300cm3 Beaker 3 - Copper strips 2 - Sand paper 1 - Graphite rod 2 - pH probe/data-logger 1 ±0.2 Electronic weighing balance 1 ±0.001 DATA COLLECTION: The electrolytic cell used...

Desulfurization Simulated Gasoil

Desulfurization Simulated Gasoil by Polyoxometalate/H2O2/Ionic Liquid System Arouna Dolo, Yu-Hui Luo, Wen-Wen Ma, Xin-Xin Lu, Yan Xu, Kaiwen Ma, Nah Traoré, Hong Zhang   Abstract The ...

Biosensors Development for Hydrogen Peroxide Detection

An approach towards clinical diagnosis. 1. Introduction: The molecular oxygen is the basic source of energy for aerobic systems. Its consumption by the living systems produces...

Optically Active Polymers

Introduction Optically active polymers are related to problems of the charged and reactive polymers, since optical activity is an inherent property of both natural macromolecules...

Mauveine: History, Properties and Structure

Introduction One of the most important events of 1856 was the discovery of the first successful artificial dye, mauveine (aniline purple, mauve dye, Tyrian purple)...

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