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Nature of the Link. Aid in Papua New Guinea

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Published: Mon, 5 Dec 2016

Aid is giving help to a person, place or thing that is in need of the assistance. One of the countries which Australia provides service to is Papa New Guinea. This type of support is known as foreign aid. When merchandises, currency, nourishment and help from individuals of a developed republic assist and provide for those in need from an evolving republic, it is known as foreign aid. There are different types of foreign aid and they are as follows; Tied aid, United aid, Technical assistance, Emergency aid and Food aid.

Tied aid is more a specification which may either include; the developed country obtaining merchandise for the country which is being aided or building substructures.

United aid is when the developed country is given a choice of how to spend the wealth which they have been donated.

Technical assistance is when skilled individuals in different areas such as educators and scientists from a developed country transfer to a developing country to help. [2] 

Emergency aid is the help which a country receives if an unfortunate natural or human tragedy were to occur involving transport of vital requirements.

Food aid is the act of donating food to the countries in need which have been affected by either a natural or human disaster.

Government and Non-Government organisations are those who offer the assistance to those who need it and with these organisations come various forms such as; government aid, bilateral aid and multicultural aid. Government aid officially known as ‘Overseas Development Assistance’ (ODA) is when the government of a specific developed country has overseas units which have been developed to help those in need. They come in two different arrangements; loans and grants. Loans are when money is transferred to the given country which must later be refunded over an agreed interval with interest. Grants are when money has been donated to the country in need and does not require it to be paid back. These two form’s transactions can be given as bilateral aid – when the government of one nation transfers money to the government of another nation and multicultural aid – when another organisation e.g.: United Nations are having the money transferred through.

Australia offers aid to nations which are unstable and in need and there are various types of reasons as to why such as;

Australia has a charitable desire to aid the unfortunate especially neighbouring nations whom are suffering due to poverty with no shelter or food to survive, thus allowing justice throughout the world.

It allows sturdier communication through neighbouring countries to establish a stable government in order to assist with Australia’s regional security.

Career opportunities and jobs result in aiding countries with skilled individuals moving to aid in programs set up in the developing country. *

2) The roles of the government and non-government organisations in relation to the link.

GOVERNMENT ORGANISATIONS

3*The Australian government followed by Papa New Guinea governments, both agree that with the help of Australia’s aid program, poverty throughout Papa New Guinea shall be improved, and minimized. The Australian Government aid Papa New Guinea by supporting them through the different treaties and agreements. The ways in which the Government organisations aid Papa New Guinea are;

‘Strengthening governance’

The aim of this point, is to allow competition against service providers in order to gain aid resources required in Papa New Guinea, the improvement of economic management in Papa New Guinea, followed by providing support towards the Papa New Guinea private sector, Australian governments are also willing to build the capacity of PNG agencies in order to deliver services, the promotion of law, followed by supporting civil representation, and participation.

‘Improving social indicators’

Both Australian governments, followed by Papa New Guinea governments have both agreed to help expand the value of primary health care and schooling education to those less fortunate in Papa New Guinea, also those living in poverty. They are also hoping for equal gender rights, and emergency response capacities.

‘Building prospects for sustainable economic growth’

This is accomplished by preserving the buildings and substructures which are important in the life of the nation being helped, maintaining food production within the country and using resources efficiently and responsibly.

‘Consolidating the peace process in Bougainville, involving expertise and equipment’

NON-GOVERNMENT ORGANISATIONS

There are many things that have been done in order to help maintain aid throughout Papa New Guinea, other than the help they have received from the Australian governments. These include groups such as, Church groups which play a great role in the Australian Non-Government Organisations. Church groups have been available throughout Papa New Guinea for several years now, as they aim to deliver health and education services for all those suffering in Papa New Guinea. Other Non-Government Organisations also play an important part, as they help support a variety of income-generating, followed by cooperating activities with women, and youth groups.*

3) Treaties and/or agreements between the two countries relevant to the link.

4*These are the following treaties Australia and Papa New Guinea have agreed on to help maintain aid throughout Papa New Guinea, decrease poverty and improve lifestyles.

‘Strengthening governance’

The aim of this point, is to allow competition against service providers in order to gain aid resources required in Papa New Guinea, the improvement of economic management in Papa New Guinea, followed by providing support towards the Papa New Guinea private sector, Australian governments are also willing to build the capacity of PNG agencies in order to deliver services, the promotion of law, followed by supporting civil representation, and participation.

‘Improving social indicators’

Both Australian governments, followed by Papa New Guinea governments have both agreed to help expand the value of primary health care and schooling education to those less fortunate in Papa New Guinea, also those living in poverty. They are also hoping for equal gender rights, and emergency response capacities.

‘Building prospects for sustainable economic growth’

This is accomplished by preserving the buildings and substructures which are important in the life of the nation being helped, maintaining food production within the country and using resources efficiently and responsibly.

‘Consolidating the peace process in Bougainville, involving expertise and equipment’*

4) Cultural, economic and geopolitical advantages and disadvantages to Australia.

5*

ADVANTAGES

DISADVANTAGES

Giving Aid to Papua New Guinea makes Australia a helpful, caring country in the eyes of other individuals showing that they care about other cultures in the world.

On a political view, Australia will be a great, stable, well-governed nation able to provide and support both its own country and others in need, in this case Papua New Guinea.

By providing Aid to Papua New Guinea, it shows the world that Australia is a trustworthy source to trade goods and merchandise leading to an agreement in partnership with different nations.

Provides Australia with stronger border security by gaining the trust and building stronger relationships with neighbouring nations – Papua New Guinea

In some cases, some agreements with Papa New Guinea, money can be loaned which will be paid back to Australia as soon as possible. This will not effect the Australian economy.

Employment and career opportunities in some cases are offered for those who are transferred or move to Papua New Guinea to live and aid the citizens of that country who are in need.

Money from the Australian Economy decreases as funds are being taken and transferred to Papua New Guinea . There will be debt for Australia to pay off which will soon result in increased tax for Australian Citizens.

Individuals that are poor, earn extremely low income and are unable to provide shelter for their families , pay bills or even feed their families will struggle to be provided for by the Australian Government as large amounts of funds are being transferred in order to assist other countries, in this case Papua New Guinea.

There will be insufficient funds to improve infrastructure throughout Australia as large funds are being transferred to Papa New Guinea.

Assisting Papua New Guinea takes time and dedication of Australian individuals let alone Australia it self as a lot of preparation, flight booking, emergency kit planning, transporting of goods, merchandise and food goes into aiding programs.

Some professional skilled individuals such as; educators, scientists and engineers will be unavailable to Australian Citizens as they will be employed overseas helping with aid in Papua New Guinea.

*

5) Social justice and equity issues in Australia and other countries.

[6] Australia wants to be on good terms with other countries by supporting them if they are in need. It is a helpful country that assists the less fortunate and believes that each individual should ‘have a go’ in living a fair life. If a country is in need, Australia has a rapid and reliable response with many offers of food, medication, education, shelter and money. The purpose of the Australian government helping countries whom suffer from poverty is to reduce scarcity and prevent any further damages to the nation and its people. To decrease poverty throughout the world is Australia’s main goal.

The offer Australia presents to a number of countries provides them with protection and security if they are in need. This offer improves the partnership and friendship between the two countries. Due to the offers Australia provides for other nations will cause Australia to become a more trustworthy source for trading to the opposing country. The main reason in which Australia does this is in order to avoid endangering their country and its people by preventing the introduction of new diseases and smuggling of drugs into the country.

The Australian government mainly focuses on accomplishing problems with the countries that they have a partnership with in the investigation that is being brought out. Organisations will be developed as Australia being their leader both achieving and solving situations and/or issues with different countries*


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