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Motivational Theories Overview and Introduction

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Published: Wed, 13 Sep 2017

  1.  Introduction

First, let’s look at the term motivation, what is motivation? What does it do? In simple words motivation is a term used when someone is not sure about anything & thru motivation that person can be certain about things needs to be done. Motivation is the key to the lock of company’s goal, motivation is what pushes every individual from day to day life towards their goal or company’s goal.

Inspiration is the primary instrument to dispense with the negative worker turnover rate inside associations; this is the foundation of human asset administration. The absence of sufficient human conduct inspiration will lead to an absence of clear objectives and issues with satisfaction as well as an absence of authoritative productivity; facilitate, it is unrealistic to anticipate that workers will remain in the association.

The capacity of directors to persuade their subordinates includes the delicate abilities of human asset administration, which is presently an overwhelming pattern in worldwide administration. In the previous few a long time, the undertakings and elements of the human asset division have moved to line administrators and chiefs.

These days, the director should lead, oversee, guide, bolster and build up his/her subordinates furthermore, partners. Since the significance of positive work inspiration is on the ascent, human asset administration is centred around the meaning of the inspiration part and its noteworthiness

The point of the discussion is in this manner in view of the distinguishing proof of inspiration rule that depict this dangerous marvel inside human asset administration in

associations together with the definition of recommended practices to dispose of the negative effect of worker irritation and turnover.

In the given case of XYZ Ltd – Information Technology Company, following are the negatives issues which are giving impact on motivational levels of employees:

  • Lack of energy and synergy within the team
  • In case of induction process, lack of energy and synergy with recruitment team
  • Lack of performance in recruitment team as not achieving the targets
  • Recruitment team are not clear with company goals and objectives
  • Demotivation as recruitment service is availing from outsources agency
  • High Cost
  • Lack of trust and confidence
  • Replacement of employee for non – performance

Motivational Theories

McClelland explains his gained needs hypothesis. He recommended that an individual’s needs are obtained after some time and are formed by one’s educational encounters. He portrayed three sorts of motivational need. A man’s inspiration and adequacy in certain employment capacities are impacted by these three needs. McClelland theory says, regardless of our gender, culture or age, we all have 3 motivating drivers which are Achievement, Affiliation & Power and one of these is dominant motivating drivers due to our culture & life experiences

Achievement – In this way looks for accomplishment, achievement of practical however difficult objectives, and progression in the employment. There is a solid requirement for input as to accomplishment and advance, and a requirement for a feeling of achievement. Achievers maintain a strategic distance from generally safe circumstances because the effortlessly accomplished achievement is not an authentic accomplishment. In high-chance tasks, achievers see the result as one of chance as opposed to one’s own exertion. High n-ache people incline toward work that has a direct likelihood of accomplishment, in a perfect world a half possibility. They favour either to work alone or with other high achievers.

Negative Item identified in the case: Mr Steve while joining knows the fact that previous manager was fired due to non – performance while he had good team to work but he accepts the challenge and join the company

Power – This driver creates a should be persuasive, successful and to have an effect. There is a solid need to lead and for their thoughts to win. There is additionally inspiration and need towards expanding individual status and esteem.

A man’s requirement for power can be one of two sorts – individual and institutional. The individuals who require individual power need to direct others, and this need regularly is perceived as undesirable. People who require institutional power (otherwise called social power) need to compose the endeavours of others to promote the objectives of the association. Directors with a high requirement for institutional power tend to be more successful than those with a high requirement for individual power Negative Item identified in the case: Mr Steve while joining knows the fact that there is lack of synergy and energy in between the team members of Recruitment but there is a chance to succeed into the company once there will be a synchronization.

Affiliation – It has a requirement for benevolent connections and is propelled towards collaboration with other individuals. They require concordant associations with other individuals and need to feel acknowledged by other individuals. The connection driver produces inspiration and should be loved and held in prominent respect. These individuals are cooperative people. They tend to adjust to the standards of their work category. High alliance people incline toward work that gives noteworthy individual connection.

McClelland’s procured needs hypothesis expresses that a great many people have and display a blend of these qualities. A few people show a solid inclination to a specific motivational need, and this motivational or necessities “blend” subsequently influences their conduct and working/overseeing style.

Negative Item identified in the case: Lack of energy and synergy within the team and Recruitment team are not clear with company goals and objectives.

Herzberg Motivational Theory

Herzberg ordered these employment components into two classifications. Hygiene elements are those elements which are basic for presence of inspiration at work environment. These are positive fulfilment for long run. If these elements are non-existent at work environment, then they lead to disappointment. Hygiene variables are likewise called as dissatisfiers or upkeep considers as they are required to stay away from disappointment. These components depict the employment environment/situation. The hygiene variables symbolized the physiological needs which the people need and anticipated that would be satisfied. Hygiene elements include:

Pay – The compensation or pay structure should be fitting and sensible. It must be equivalent and focused to those in a similar industry in a similar space.

Organization Policies and authoritative approaches – The organization arrangements should not be excessively unbending. They should be reasonable and clear. It should be to incorporate adaptable working hours, clothing standard, breaks and so on.

Incidental advantages – The workers should be offered social insurance arranges (medical), benefits for the family, representative help programs, and so on.

Physical Working conditions – The working conditions should be sheltered, perfect and clean. The work types of gear should to be overhauled and all around kept up.

Status – The representatives’ status inside the association should be well known and held.

Interpersonal relations – The relationship of the representatives with his companions, bosses and subordinates should be proper and worthy. There should be no contention or mortification component introduce.

Professional stability – The association must give employer stability to the workers.

Motivational elements. According to Herzberg, the cleanliness variables can’t be viewed as sparks. The motivational elements yield positive fulfilment. These components are intrinsic to work. These variables spur the workers for a prevalent execution. These components are called satisfiers. These are elements required in playing out the employment. Representatives discover these elements inherently fulfilling. The helpers symbolized the mental needs that were seen as an extra advantage. Motivational elements include:

Acknowledgment – The employees should be acknowledged and perceived for their achievements by the supervisors.

Feeling of accomplishment – The workers must have a feeling of accomplishment. This relies on upon the employment. There must be a product or something to that affect in the occupation.

Development and limited time openings – There must be development and progression openings in an association to persuade the workers to perform well.

Obligation – The representatives must consider themselves in charge of the work. The supervisors should give them responsibility for work. They should minimize control however hold responsibility.

Seriousness of the work – The work itself should be significant, fascinating and trying for the representative to perform.

Negative issues identified with respect to Herzberg Theory in the given case are as follows:

  • Recruitment team are not clear with company goals and objectives
  • Lack of job security as Mr Carl has been removed
  • Lack of energy and synergy within the team
  • No promotional activities
  • Lack of responsibility in the team
  • Lack of performance in recruitment team as not achieving the targets
  • No appraisal as even after there is a team of recruitment into the company is providing hiring recruitment agency from outside for providing the services
  1. Group Dynamics

What is group dynamics? Group dynamics is a mean for solving a problem as a team to become more innovative and productive. In simple words group dynamics refers to the attitude and behaviour character of a group. It is mainly concerned with how the group is formed and how they function together. To motivate the existing team of the recruitment into the company following techniques should be used:

  • Support the colleagues completely take an interest by welcoming their info and recommendations on the most proficient method to improve. Make inquiries, listen to their answers, and, at whatever point conceivable, execute their answers.
  • As a pioneer, it’s chief employment to work with the colleagues set clear objectives. What’s more, once he does that, ensure everybody knows precisely what those objectives are, what their relative need is, and what the group’s part is in contacting them.
  • Give individuals clear objectives, and afterward let them make sense of the most ideal approach to accomplish them.
  • The individuals from group will be more important to any association, and to themselves, when they have chances to

learn new abilities. Furnish the group with the preparation they must progress in their professions and to end up distinctly proficient.

  1. Communications

What is communication? Well, communication can be defined as a two-way process of communicating between the sender and the receiver. It could be written message that would require the receiver to read and understand or it could be an oral message that would require receiver to listen. Basically, there are two types of communication verbal and non-verbal. Authority is not about advising others what to do, yet rather augmenting the maximum capacity of individuals by being eagerly locked in. This requires a pioneer who can feel good discussing flawlessly with various sorts and stripes of individuals, paying little mind to progression, rank or social impact.

Correspondence is troublesome. If it was simple, pioneers would not require such many gatherings to settle on a choice or pick up clarity and comprehension on a specific issue. Past not rehearsing persistence and the powerlessness to tune in, pioneers don’t set themselves up all around ok to most viably impart and in this manner, can’t contribute at their largest amounts.

Poor communications are in the given case are as follows:

  • Lack of communication of requirement of employees in each department
  • Lack of communication of goals and objectives of the organization
  • Lack of induction process where seems non-synergy and lack of energy

Part 2

  1. Recommendation

Organizational Effectiveness

Organizational effectiveness can be defined as the efficiency with which an association can meet its objectives which means an organization which produces a desired effect or an organization that is productive without waste. Organizational effectiveness is about everyone doing everything they know about how to do and doing it well, in other words organizational efficiency is the capacity of an organization to produce the desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money and material resources. Transformational initiative is a lively administration style that permits charming pioneers to rouse workers through different strategies. Industrious transformational authority can be its own staff inspiration and enhanced hierarchical viability. When organization have the privilege, transformational administrators set up, they can start to rouse and propel their staff through

  • Certainty
  • Responsibility
  • Development
  • Furthermore, Education

Training course

Preparing is infrequently the answer for low inspiration. At the point when preparing could help, it’s best to give learners a chance to end up distinctly persuaded through experience instead of lecturing at them.

It is just upgrading:

  • Environment of the association
  • Aptitudes of Employee
  • Education level of the representative
  1. Retention

In an undeniably aggressive business world, best ability is sought after. If organization aren’t making their top laborers cheerful, another organization may tag along to take them away. This can be decreased through after ways:

  • Make the correct work culture in the association
  • Enlisting the correct representatives and giving preparing to them
  1. Motivation of employees

To motivate the employees XYZ Ltd should follow these ways:

  • Communicate Better
  • Empower the employees
  • Offer opportunities for advancement and betterment of the employee

References List

Brown, R., & Capozza, D. (Eds.). (2016). Social identities: Motivational, emotional, cultural influences. Psychology Press.

Dunning, D. (2015). Motivational theories. Theory and explanation in social psychology, 108-131.

Jensen, M. P., Ward, L. C., Thorn, B. E., Ehde, D. M., & Day, M. A. (2016). Measuring the Cognitions, Emotions, and Motivation Associated with Avoidance Behaviors in the Context of Pain: Preliminary Development of the Negative Responsivity to Pain Scales. The Clinical Journal of Pain.

Lepper, M. R., & Greene, D. (Eds.). (2015). The hidden costs of reward: New perspectives on the psychology of human motivation. Psychology Press.

Musso, M., Garay, C., Kyndt, E., & Cascallar, E. (2014). Employee retention and perceived supervisor support: A study of “knowledge workers” in Argentina.


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