The executive branch of government is that branch with exclusive power and responsibility for the everyday administration of the country. This branch implements the law. The distribution of power into different branches of government is fundamental to the initiative of division of power. In some parts of the world (countries) the term executive refers to the government. Though, this practice fails to make a distinction between authoritarian and autonomous structure of the government. In the despotic systems (autocracy or complete dominion) where the diverse powers of government are unsaid by one person (small oligarchy) the executive branch stops to subsist in view of the fact that there is no other branch with which to divide up separate but equivalent governmental powers. The division of powers system is premeditated to allocate authority away from the executive branch. This is an effort to protect individual autonomy in reply to autocratic leadership throughout history. The executive officer is not hypothetical to create laws or construe them. Their chief role is to put into effect the laws as printed by the legislative branch (legislature) and construed by the judicial branch. The head of this branch is President of United States of America. This branch also comprises of many departments (sub departments) and agencies.
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Bureaucracy in United States refers to the executive branch of government. The congress has it own bureaucracy, bureaucratic personnel that makes their budgets etc. The executive branch of United States consists of agencies and departments that receive inclinations from the President. The President (principal bureaucrat) is the directorial chief of executive branch. The lack of precise, exhaustive words in the Constitution unfolding the influence and responsibilities of the executive branch has specified President of United States an immense deal of suppleness to enhance its dimension and capacity over the years. This flexibility is in stipulations of both the assortment of its power and the amount of departments and agencies engaged to achieve its tasks. The division of executive branch (bureaucracies) is:
- The president
- The vice president
- Fifteen Cabinet rank executive departments.
President is chosen every four years, and decides his/her vice president as a administration companion. The president is also serves as the commander-in-chief of the U.S. Armed Forces and is for all intents and purposes the person in charge of the country. Once in a year the President must convey a State of the Union address to Congress, He may propose legislation to Congress, he may assemble Congress. He also has the power to hire ambassadors to other countries. He has the power to select justices of Supreme Court and other federal judges. To execute and put into effect the laws of the United States he is expected with his Cabinet and other agencies.
The vice president:
The Vice President is chosen together with the President by the Electoral College. The person who receives the highest votes become the President and the second highest vote taker becomes the vice president in United States. The most important responsibility of the Vice President is to be prepared at a moment’s notice to presume the administration if the President is powerless to carry out his duties (death, resignation etc of the President). The vice president is also act as the president of senate of United States. He/she has the authority to give the vote (deciding vote) when there is a tie. Vice President hardly ever in fact be in charge of over the Senate as a substitute, the Senate choose one of their personal members to preside over the Senate each day.
It is a consultative body comprise of the heads of the 15 executive departments. Who are selected by the President and approved by the Senate. The members of the Cabinet are often the President’s closest sounding board. In addition to the administration of key federal agencies, they have a significant part in the Presidential line of succession (after the Vice President, Speaker of the House, and Senate President pro tempore). All the constituent of the Cabinet receive the designation Secretary, excluding the chief of the Justice Department, who is designated as Attorney General.
Department of Agriculture:
The agriculture department of United States builds up and carries out guiding principles on farming, agriculture, and food. The plan of this department incorporates meeting the requirements of farmers, endorse agricultural manufacturing and its trade, guarantee safety of food, shielding natural resources, development of rural population, and finish starvation in United States and in foreign countries.
Department of Commerce:
This department acts as governmental bureau with the responsibilities of civilizing living standards for all the citizens of United States. This is done by encouraging economic growth and innovations in technology. This department helps the business and industry sector of US by assembling economic and demographic statistics, issuing exclusive rights and trademark, and makes sure of the effectual utilization of methodical and practical assets. It also prepares telecommunications and technology strategy, and maintains exports of United States by supporting and implementing international trade agreements.
Department of the Interior:
This department is United States major preservation bureau. Its task is to guard nationâ€™s natural resources, recommend amusement occasion, carry out scientific explorations, preserve and look after fish and wildlife, and respects our sincerity to American Indians, Alaskan Natives, and our farm duties to island areas.
Department of Labor:
This department manages federal agenda for ensuring a well-built US workforce. Duty this department is to cultivate and support the wellbeing of the unemployed, wage takers, and those who are retired by standardizing their working environment, provide prospect for beneficial employment, providing health care and retirement benefits, help the manager to find personnel, escalating free cooperative negotiations, and follow alteration in employment, prices, and other nationalized economic dimensions.
Union maintenance agencies:
Department of states:
This department is engaged in maintain and executing the foreign policy of President. Image of US in foreign countries, military education program for other countries, resist international misdeeds, and a large collection of services to American resident and people from other countries looking for entry to the U.S.
Department of treasury:
This department promotes economic wealth and guarantees the reliability and safety of the United States and global monetary structure.
Department of Justice:
This department implements the law and protects the welfare of America related to law. It provides protection against intimidation of alien and domestic bodies. It supports the federal agencies to stop the crimes and penalize those who are involved in unlawful practices.
Department of Defense:
This department grants armed forces to dissuade war and to guard the safety of United States.
Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Transportation, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Energy
This agency deals with the circulation of money in the county like Federal Reserve System, monetary policy, fiscal policy etc.
The iron triangle:
The today’s US government forms a triangle in which all the interest groups, committees of Congress and bureaucratic agencies work together. In the essence of this theory the departments and agencies maintain close acquaintances with interest group who desire to persuade their procedures. They may give important information to government agencies, and they are provoked to include their opinion listened. The interest groups and administrator get in touch with congress committees and sub committees that form the laws that oversee their interests. Most governmental policies are set when these parties work together.
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Problem of bureaucratic control:
The Bureaucrats have their personal aspirations and inspirations. There is a principal agent relationship between bureaucrats ant their agencies like they are dependent on two mechanisms (before and after the fact), the meetings procedures and bureaucratic authorities (before the fact) and encouragement given for achievement or suspended for nonperformance of a meticulous assignment (after the fact). These methods must be engaged to limit the option of bureaucratic drift in which the bureaucracy might create strategy more to its predilection than to the novel purpose of the commanding strategy creator. The president can lead bureaucratic agencies. Congress can encourage liable bureaucracy in the course of failure to notice and the exploitation and preservation of incentives. Public hearing is one instrument of Congress to supervise bureaucratic actions. In conditions, Congress can also have power over the bureaucracy by redrafting the legislation and changing appropriations.
How to reduce bureaucracy:
Regardless of the suspicions that the bureaucracy is rising uncontrollable, the federal government has scarcely developed in any way in the last 30 years. Even then many United States citizens squabble that government is too huge and ought to be condensed. The majority general efforts to decrease the bureaucracy consist of termination (the absolute removal of governmental programs and the agencies that manage them like deregulation), privatization (shifting an agenda from public sector to private sector) and devolution (Decline in bureaucracy can also be attained in the course of devolution. This means the hard work to rationalize the federal bureaucracy by hand over the policy execution to state and local governments). The post-9/11 demands of domestic safety contain misrepresented the political power of bureaucratic restructuring as general public and officeholders have come to believe that thought that the federal government will cultivate to guarantee the security of people of United States.
The executive branch has undergone incredible modifications over the years, assembly it very unusual from what it was under George Washington. Today’s executive branch is much superior, extra multifaceted, and more influential than it was when the United States was established.
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