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Do you believe Blaine’s current capital structure and payout policies are appropriate? Why or why not? Blaines capital structure and dividend policy are not entirely appropriate from the point of view of a shareholder of the firm. The reasons for that can be summed up as follows: No leverage: The optimum mix of debt and equity in the capital structure will maximize shareholder’s return. Company should take on debt to acquire new firms and expand its operations.
Low ROE : Attributed to Low leverage
2006 ROE data clearly shows up that ROE of all the comparable firms are much higher than that of Blaine.
Increasing Dividend payout ratio
As calculated in Question no.3, the cost of equity of the firm is close to 9% whereas ROE is 11%. This is a good proposition for shareholders. This can be enhanced by acquiring other companies using cash balance that the company has.
Even when EPS is constantly decreasing over the last three years, the policy of giving more or less same amount in dividend may cost company in future.
Way of financing of new acquisitions
Blaine Inc. should rather raise capital in debt rather than issuing new stocks to raise capital. This will ensure EPS constant and will be good for shareholders.
Should Dubinski recommend a large share repurchase to Blaine’s board?
What are the primary advantages and disadvantages of such a move?
No, Dubinski should not recommend a large share repurchase to the board. The reason for that is although the firm is public listed, still a large percentage of share is owned by family itself. Therefore, buying back the shares is as good as unlisting the company. Secondly, there are growth avenues wherein the company may require cash. The company should, like last two years, go for acquisition. This will bring value to shareholders. Else, during the times of new acquisitions, company would have to raise capital from the market and due to flotation cost; the cost of equity will be much higher.
Consider the following share repurchase proposal: Blaine will use $209 million of cash from its balance sheet and $50 million in new debt-bearing interest at the rate of 6.75% to repurchase 14.0 million shares at a price of $18.50 per share. How would such a buyback affect Blaine? Consider the impact on, among other things, BKI’s earnings per share and ROE, its interest coverage and debt ratios, the family’s ownership interest, and the company’s cost of capital.
Effect of Share Buyback
Equity Capital_Pre Buyback ($)
2006, Exhibit 2
Equity Capital_Post ($)
No. of Shares outstanding before buyback
No. of shares bought back
Total outstanding Shares
Percent change in EPS
Market Price (S)
Percent change in Share price
Debt_equity Book Value
Debt_equity Market Value
Debt interest rate
Interest to be paid ($)
Interest coverage ratio
Change in ROE
Cost of Equity
Cost of Debt
Effective Tax rate
Expected future tax rate
Change in WACC
Equity beta Calculation for the Firm
Cash & Securities
Home and Hearth Design
Ownership Scenario: For last 3 years and post share buyback
Ownership of Founders’ descendants
Effective Tax rate has been taken equal to 40%, same as for Blaine.
As a member of Blaine’s controlling family, would you be in favor of this proposal? Would you be in favor of it as a non-family shareholder?
As a family member of Blaine, the news of buyback has to be evaluated in both the ways.
The Pros are:
Consolidating Control- This will increase the shareholding close to 57%.
Return of Cash Surplus to Shareholders-As of now in April, 2007, there are no any plans of buybacks. Therefore, keeping cash intact leads to opportunity cost of shareholders. This will add value for shareholders.
An effective defense against takeover- as the market is consolidating, it will be a wise decision to protect the company from hostile takeovers.
The cons are:
Effect on expansionary plans- As cash will be used to buy back shares and the company won’t be able to raise money from markets in the near future, opportunities of acquisitions will be marred. Even if, company will raise capital from equity market, flotation cost will be high and so cost of equity will be comparatively high.
Use of Leverage- the Company has been against the policy of taking debt. Taking debt of $50 million for share buyback will not go in line with the company’s policy.
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