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"The Effect of Succession Planning on Employee Retention"
Proper succession planning helps an employee to get their work done as well as to sustain the employees in the most effective and efficient manner. This study also highlighted that for any particular job what are the organizational commitment, job security, job content which leads to self-esteem, leadership and staying in the organization for a longer time period. The study is intended to answer the question of whether proper succession planning could mitigate the expected negative effects of retentions on employees.
The basic purpose of this research is to find out that whether the way information regarding Succession Planning taking place is well defined or not and what are the impacts of employees' behavioral towards retention through proper communicated and well-defined work on succession planning. And up to what level are they emotionally and expressively affected.
1.3 Implications of the Study
The findings of this study will have important implications from the perspective of employees and top management associated with employee retention & succession planning. The HR department in order to develop a proper job content for every job to develop an organizational commitment & security in which employees are most comfortable with the tenure, leadership & self-esteem.
This research will extend our knowledge on how differences the employee retention and succession planning of the company will impact the performance of employees both internal and external. And would also allow more detailed prescriptions for practitioners faced with such issues.
Hypothesis 1: There is a positive relationship between succession planning and employee retention.
In an organization, every employee tends to rise to his level of ineffectiveness (Jr., 2003).Succession planning is the power to developing the strengths and performance of their people and maximizes production capacity. We provide businesses with a broad range of highly effective tools, methodology and the processes, established to dramatically develop the part played by entities and businesses at all levels (Jr., 2003).
These are the role of Succession Planning in an Organization
Prepares current employees to undertake key positions
Develops ability and long-term development
Improves employees abilities and performance
Improves workforce loyalty and as a result retention
Assemble the career improvement requirements of existing employees
Improves support to workforce throughout their tenure
Counters the increasing complexity of hiring employees externally
Focuses on leadership stability and better knowledge distribution
Provides further effective monitoring and tracking of employee ability levels and skills (Jr., 2003).
As Succession planning is a core part of an organization's ability to decrease risk, create a verified leadership model, smooth organization continuity and improve staff self-confidence (White, 1987). Succession planning has become really important for managers and executives in the current business world because, now they have begun to understand the importance of securing their companies eventually by selecting future leaders (White, 1987).
Succession planning considered to the higher concern to make the right decisions. They must put their self into strategic and planning form to choose the best leader (Jr., 2003).When it comes down to the decision about the succession plan an executive should recognize the needs and requirements of the company that what would be the strengths and weaknesses so an executive will know what kind of person they would need on the considerable situation which will lead the company on the succession path (White, 1987).
The basic element in transition is well transparency as it applies on every company the employer should take step to communicate the employees to decrease the gap between the company and the employee which effects better with the reflection of succession (Jr., 2003)
To build up an effective succession plan there are four phases
Recognizing jobs for succession;
Developing a obvious understanding of the capabilities required to carry out those roles;
Identifying workforces who could potentially fill and do highly in such roles;
Preparing workforces to be ready for development into each identified role.
Succession plan not executed, can give significant impacts on a business including;
Lack of expertise and business knowledge
Lack of business stability
Damaged customer associations (Jr., 2003).
Organization succession planning is highly dependent on the competent employee the company highly depends on its employee which can make the path and accelerate the company's business which will play a major role for an organization to become profitable or reciprocal. One major concern which often makes difference for succession if the leader key person leaves the organization- either by choice or other circumstances (Jr., 2003).What will happen when an important key player purged without succession planning? There are few things to look forward. Such as either there will be no skilled successor or there will be who might not ready to manage the business the way it has to be managing with the abilities. Whatsoever the case might came out to be, the situation can be terrible for the company. Business can become unsustainable to carry on (Jr., 2003).
The only answer that is left in an unexpected situation is just unproductive quick-fixed solutions the successor is left with temporary substitute if the set up is not been fix yet., and the important result can still be the breakdown of the business. Key factors that affect the success of business are skill and experience. And without it no one can run a business. They significant traits in an entrepreneur not only run the business but also sustain the success (Jr., 2003).
Without succession planning, a corporation that is successful in the market can just simply be unsuccessful. The corporation develops because experienced leader is present, with ability and skills. Without suitable succession planning, the future growth of the company is in danger when the leader has departed. In this situation, if it doesn't fails at all, it is by default to a certain extent than proposed. The overtaking of the company from one age bracket to the next is usually seen in confusion by the stakeholders' because of different observations and plans. With no appropriate planning, the clashes of observations and plans can draw the corporation in several tracks and this may destroy a viable organization (Jr., 2003).
Succession planning enables your business to identify brilliant employees and provide education to develop them for future higher level and broader tasks. Succession planning helps to build worktable strength. Succession planning helps to decide where public belong to (Jr., 2003).
Through your succession planning procedure, you also save superior employees because they value the time, attention, and development that you are investing in them. To efficiently do succession planning in your business, you must identify the organization's long term goals. They must hire better staff (White, 1987).
You need to spot and recognize the developmental needs of your employees. You must guarantee that all key employees understand their career paths and the roles they are being developed to fill. You need to spotlight resources on key employee retention. You need to be alert of employment trends in your area to be familiar with the roles you will have a difficult time filling externally (White, 1987).
It is a difficult procedure and a flourishing plan is based on management structure, standard evaluation through evaluations and managed integrated development system. Management composition has to be undoubtedly understood by every single one and frequently evaluated for future planning. The reasons for the continuing and slow obliteration of business groups previously is that they failed in managing the alteration. The arrangement does not mean acknowledgment of an individual to substitute his/her ancestor. It means identifying a faction of individuals to be trained and groomed for the place vacated (Zajac, 1987).
The organizations propose employee growth opportunities through, on the better training, job learning and formal training programmers, counseling and job orientation. All these conveniences not only assist in employee's growth but also assist in preparing the current probable to fill key positions (Jr., 2003).
The corporations have to make a decision today for tomorrow through a difficult assessment method for the individual growth, which is mainly uncertain. Business surroundings are getting corporate growth, rate, increasingly vibrant and size is critical, and importances are changing which present better business opportunities for head seekers (Zajac, 1987).
To achieve the aim the process begins from staffing needs periodic appraisal and an elastic program. Promotions are regular and job revolution is a must to picture the current to a variety of experience, therefore sales, marketing, finance and yet manufacturing. The fundamental criteria remains performance but impending also plays a very key function (White, 1987).
To commence such a difficult procedure it is essential to understand the dispute well in advance and take steps with compulsion. Spotlight ought to be on performance as well as potential keeping in sight of the expedient challenges. The businesses must distinguish between spending on staff and investment in recruits' development. It is a truth that a figure of the company looks after their older executive very well but hardly invests in building leaders (Zajac, 1987).
Some of the issues which have been a key obstruction in succession planning are hardly any division of ownership and management. Some of the leading businesses disappeared because they futile to interpret the transformation and to educate qualified managers. People frequently assume that an executive by profession and a professional executive are same. To look for the rising challenges groups need more flexible executives (White, 1987).
Think for an instant an organization in which the workers eagerly estimated their performance analysis. Portray your employees telling one another how much they look ahead to meet their department heads and talking about what an empowering practice these gatherings are (Jr., 2003).
The length of time an employee has worked for his or her current employer is called tenure. (Rosemary Batt, 2002).
Leadership is the skill of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it (Brown, 2003).
Leadership is a process by which a human being influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the business in a way that makes it by more unified and logical. Leadership is a process whereby a person influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal (Brown, 2003).
A procedure in which the work force is promoted to remain with the cluster for the maximum time or until the wrapping up of the venture is called employee retention. Retention is useful for the business as well as the worker (Sheridan, 1992).
Workers nowadays are diverse. They have chances to switch. As they feel displeased with the present company or the job, they switch over to the next other job. It is the duty of the employer to retain their supreme employees. Else, they would be left with no superior staff. A high rate director should know how to attract and retain its staff. Retention involves five key things (Sheridan, 1992).
One of the most vital and key part is to retain the employee of the organization its as important as you understand you need you have got to intact and retain your potential employee because your employee is your asset which will highway the organization on success(Sheridan, 1992).
Employee retention is very important because it is not just to decrease the costs incurred due to turnover. The cost incurred by a business that highlights the need of retaining workers but they also need to retain talented staff from getting stolen (Sheridan, 1992).
The process of employee retention will advantage an organization in the following ways (Sheridan, 1992).
The cost of incurred in employee turnover adds thousands of wealth to an businesses expenses. While it is hard to completely calculate the cost incurred in turnover (training costs, including hiring costs, and productivity loss), industry specialists often estimate 25% of the average worker salary as a predictable estimate. (Sheridan, 1992).
When a worker quits, valuable facts about the company are taken by the employee with him, clients, recent projects and past record sometimes to opponents. So much effort and money has been used up on the worker in hope of a future return. After the worker quits, the spending is not realized (Sheridan, 1992).
Clients and customers do work with a organization because of the people. Affiliations are increased that carry continued support of the business. When a worker quits, the affiliations that he built with the companies are disengaged, which lead to probable client loss (Sheridan, 1992).
When a worker is terminated, the result is felt all over the organization. Co-workers are often entailed to pick up the burden. Remaining staff feels the unspoken negativity (Sheridan, 1992).
The generosity of an organization is sustained when the erosion rates are low. Superior retention rates stimulate potential staff to join the company (Sheridan, 1992).
If an employee quits, then a fair amount of time is gone astray in hiring a new worker and then training him/her and this means a loss to the organization directly which usually goes undetected. And still you cannot guarantee us the same efficiency from the new recruitment (Sheridan, 1992).
Employee retention are policies and practices organizations use to stay away from valuable staff from quitting their jobs. How to retain main employees is one of the important problems that effect organizations in the competitive marketplace. Not a long ago, organizations agreed to the revolving door strategy as element of doing work and which made the empty seat to be filled quickly with an enthusiastic applicant. These days, organizations regularly find that they use and spend substantial money, effort, and time to train a worker only to make then a valuable commodity and depart from the organization in greener pastures. In order to engender a successful organization, managers should think as many options as feasible when it comes to retaining its workforce, in the mean instance protecting their loyalty and belief so they have fewer of a need to depart in the near future (Sheridan, 1992).
People admire their job, and there are a many reasons such as they like the organizations atmosphere, environment, their head, and their co-workers. A rousing position, with enormous amount of opportunities for learning, growth, and advancement, which is always desirable, and is a meaningful position that has the possible outcomes to make a variation in the lives of others. Employee start to think about leaving the job when employee starts feeling dissatisfaction about things (Sheridan, 1992).
A reasonably obvious way for an organization to better retain their workers is by presenting competitive bonuses and salaries. People like to be appreciated for a job fine done, and nobody makes somebody feel more realized than cold hard cash. It also shows the worker that the organization has loyalty towards them, which could in turn persuade them to repay their organizations with some loyalty of their own. Increased benefits, child care, company cars, more vacation time, stock options, and other bonuses don't harm either. Financial support for their workers who desire to continue their education would also most likely be valued and rewarded with employee loyalty and satisfaction (Sheridan, 1992).
In many cases, employee retention starts immediately as soon as an employee is appointed. If an organization sees an enormous amount of potential in a new appointed employee, management could make them feel appreciated from the start. Employer can offer interest free loans to help pay off their debts, and college bills to get rewarded with employee loyalty. To regulate the employee from leaving the job before the loan is paid off; the employer can do many things, including payments which are staggering or making the loan dependent on certain performance milestones. This policy can be regarded as a combination of retention and recruitment tools. Similar curriculums could also be executed on employees that have already built up tenure with the organization (Sheridan, 1992).
Sometimes when a worker desires to leave an organizations not for a enhanced job opportunity, but for the chance to shuffle. If this is a situation, then employee's needs are rigorously personal ones. A business can offer a transfer allowance to the worker and still try to keep them in the organization in a different or a same capacity. The policy should be worked out on an individual basis so that the worker does not abuse this opportunity (Sheridan, 1992).
The implementation of business policies like flexible time, part time work, and job sharing may also prove helpful in retaining a worker who desires to quit their job for personal grounds. By this, an organization could gain a standing as a family-friendly surroundings and therefore make it more eye-catching to future prospective employees (Sheridan, 1992).
Sometimes employees seem to take pleasure in organizations casual dress policy or casual days. This allows workers the ability to better articulate themselves and make a more comfortable job environment. The dress code policy should be noticeably defined so that the workers do not misuse the benefit and promote an unprofessional image about the organization (Sheridan, 1992).
An organization might also want to expend some time to get acquainted with their workforce better. A thorough perceptive of apprehensions, health, member of staff's goals, job satisfaction, values and skill levels are some of the areas that can be addressed. By this, the worker could be made to experience more like a prized entity and less like a component in a corporate machine. At the same time the organization will educate itself as to which workers are the most precious in both a personal and business sense. (Sheridan, 1992).
When an important employee quits, the organization can use information collected in an exit-interview to find out the basis for the employee's choice and the changes that can be made inside the organization to keep others away from following suit. This information can be gathered into a proper report and distributed to management, associates of the human resource team, and other relevant employees to be used for this principle (Sheridan, 1992).
Finally, upper-level workers can be trained as retention executives to help in the seemingly never-ending battle to maintain the talent. A successful retention supervisor must be alert of their strengths and weaknesses and have a talent for respecting, listening, and realizing their employees' concerns. Retention managers should be persons who have already proven their loyalty to the organization. Honesty, patience, and creativity are other high calibers that can assist in this type of position (Sheridan, 1992).
Every organization should understand that individuals are their greatest commodity. Without qualified individuals who are not good at what they do, any organization would be in serious problem. The retention of existing employees saves organizations money. There are recruiting and advertising expenses, training and orientation of the new worker, less productivity until the new worker is up to mark, and loss of clients who were loyal to the departing worker. Finding, training, and recruiting the best employees represent a major spending. Once an organization has detained talented individuals, the ROI requires closing the back door to stop them from walking out (Robert P. Steel, 2002)
When a worker leaves an organization for a direct competitor, there is always a possibility that they will take essential business strategies and secrets with them to be take advantage of by the competition. This is one of the other reasons why the retention of employees is so critical to some