An organizations structure can be represented visually with an organizational chart; Organizations are structured in a variety of ways, dependent on their objectives and culture. The structure of an organization will determine the manner in which it operates and it's performance. Structure allows the responsibilities for different functions and processes to be clearly allocated to different departments and employees.
The wrong organization structure will obstruct the success of the business. Organizational structures should aim to maximize the efficiency and success of the Organization. An effective organizational structure will facilitate working relationships between various sections of the organization. It will retain order and command whilst promoting flexibility and creativity.
Internal factors such as size, product and skills of the workforce influence the organizational structure. The characteristics of organization structure include work specialization.
The most common organization structures are:
Centralized and decentralized
The organizational culture consists of the deep basic assumptions, beliefs, values and norms which are shared by members of an organization arise from the organization's history and tradition and are modified by contemporary events. It can more simply synthesize as the assumptions about "how people do things around here".
The culture of an organization is fundamental because the mission, the strategies and the way they will be accomplished will spread from this core of key assumptions, how it is managed and how effectively it is communicated and shared throughout the organization. The culture will be affected from and will affect leadership and the style of management...
Organizational culture comprises the unwritten customs, behaviors and beliefs that determine the "rules of the game" for decision-making, structure and power. It's based on the shared history and traditions of the organization combined with current leadership values. In effect, culture dictates the way we do business here and the organizational survival tactics that facilitate assimilation and personal success
With a strong organizational culture, employees do things because they believe it's the right thing to do and feel they'll be rewarded for their actions. However, if the leadership team lacks integrity or squelches diversity, powerful cultures can morph into cults, cliques, castes and insider clubs.
IMPACT AND RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ORGANIZATIONS STRUCTURE AND CULTURE ON PERFORMANCE (LO 1.2)
Organizational structure and organizational culture are the one of the most important factors of an organization which can directly influence the performance of the business. When we analyze the structure of both organizations
Structures and cultures are two things in an organization which are totally connected each other and directly effect on business performance.
The successfulness of the organization depends on the culture and the structure of the business. If the company has a great culture and structure, the employees are more likely to be motivated. For example if the structure of the business is good, the employees will feel and they their own can analyze the direction they are going. As surely a good organizational structure will drive the organization towards its goals and objectives, employees are more likely to be motivated and they will try more and harder to achieve the organizational goals and objective. This will improve the performance of the business. Furthermore, a strong culture also might improve the motivation of its employees.
which results in quality service and which will improve the satisfaction of its customers. If the company has a good structure, in may lead to a successful business. Further this will help employees to complete their tasks sooner and with the quality requirement of the company. And it will increase the productivity of the organization.
HOW ORGANISAZITONS THEORY UNDERPINS THE PRACTICE OF MANAGEMENT (Lo 2.2)
DIFFERENT APPROCHES TO MANAGEMENT (Lo 2.3)
People built up organization in order to perform well and to increase profit. So to improve the performance, organization should be managed properly. So in order to manage organization or improve the performance of management, organizations can use different management thoughts or theories.
Managing an organization is not an easy task. Management has a number of functions. For example, organizing, controlling, coordinating etc. In order to make managing easier, there many management theories, those are invented by different researchers. Some of these theories include:
14 principles of management (Henri Feyol)
Scientific management principles (Fredrick Taylor)
Bureaucracy (Max Webber)
Human relation approach (Elton Mayo)
With the help of these approaches organization can make their management easier and find easier way of doing specific activities. Before selecting any management approach the company should analyze the structure and the culture of the business. If the company able to manage the business according to the structure and the culture of the business, with the help of an appropriate management approaches, the company may perform well in their business.
Scientific management principles (Fredrick Taylor)
The management theory of Taylor helps to improve the efficiency through observation and improvements. When we analyze both companies it seems Dhiraagu highly practices all the scientific management principles of Taylor. Wataniya Maldives also practices these principles, but not as much as Dhiraagu do.
Observation and record keeping of work
Dhiraagu observe and keep the records of all its activities. Through these records management of Dhiraagu analyze the performances of its employees and take actions in order to improve. Observation and record keepings are done by the managers of dhiraagu. Further, Wataniya Maldives also keep the records of its activities.
Selection of best method of doing work
Both organizations follow this strictly, as it might improve the productivity of its employees and it also might improve the performance of the business. The managers of both organization studies the existing method of doing works and find out the easy way of doing works. And then they inform it to their subordinates and after that they document it and keep is such a way that the employees easily can refer it. This surely will increase the motivation and productivity of employees.
Performance related pay
Taylor believes that through this employee will be highly motivated, as most of employees are motivated by salaries and other financial benefits. The employees of both companies are being highly paid and there are further financial and non financial benefits according to the performance of the employees. However, salaries and other benefits are less in Wataniya Maldives compared to Dhiraagu.
Under this the management of both organizations tries to make jobs simple for its employees as much as possible. It is been said that Taylor was trying to promote division of labor in his theory. However, both Dhiraagu and Wataniya Maldives do not encourage division of labor in the organization.
Bureaucracy by Max Webber (1864-1920)
An observation done by Max Webber in his time identified that most of them are managed by individuals in a very personal manner and could not exist without those individuals. Dhiraagu follows the principles of Max Webber strictly while Wataniya Maldives follows none of them. Dhiraagu follows strict rules, regulation and procedures, hierarchy and penalties. Further the organization has a policy which says every individual should receive instruction from one manager or supervisor.
DIFFERENT LEADERSHIP STYLES AND EFFECTIVENESS (Lo 2.1)
A good leader encourages his team to be creative and allows out-of-the-box thinking to find solutions to problems. He lays great stress on values, beliefs and ethics.
SIGNIFICANT TECHNOLOGICAL BREAK THROUGH HAS TAKEN PLACE THAT AFFECTS BOTH FIRMS AND ALSO THE ENTIRE INDUSTRY, DISCUSS THE IMPACT DIFFERENT LEADERSHIP STYLES MAY HAV ON MOTIVATION OF EMPLOYEES IN THIS CIRCUMSTANCE (Lo 3.1)
DIFFERENT MOTIVATIONAL THEORIES WITHIN THE WORKPLACE OF HUTCH AND COMPRE THEM (Lo 3.2)
SUITABLE MOTIVATIONAL THEORIE FOR MANAGERS OF HUTCH AND IT'S USEFULNESS IN CARRING OUT JOB RESPONSIBILITIES EFFECTIVELY (Lo 3.3)
Effectively managing human resources in the organizations is a big concern both for HR managers and the policy makers of the organization. To have a satisfied, motivated, less stressed performing workforce an organization must have consistency amongst its structure, system, people, culture and good fit with the strategy
The findings reveal that structure, leadership, managerial practices and the decision processes mediated by organizational climate, good supervisory style positively impact the employee motivation