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Types of Leadership Styles

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Introduction

Leadership is a complex and diverse place of knowledge and it transforms potential into reality. (J Antonakis, etal, 2004) According to author being a leader changes everything. It's all about contribution, performance and success. This essay describe about the leadership and the styles of leadership. Firstly the author will give the explanation of leadership with different definitions. Secondly the author will explain the styles of leadership. Furthermore the author will take a real life leader on her wish and explain that particular persons leadership qualities and the style by providing enough of evidence.

The meaning of Leadership

Leadership has the capability to impress the will of the leader on those led and induce obedience, respect, loyalty, and corporation. He also mentions that leadership is a result of an ability to persuade or direct men, apart from prestige or power that comes from office or external circumstances. (Joanne B, 2004) On the other hand Leadership also an influence relationship among leaders and followers who intend real changes that reflect their mutual purposes. (Margaret FK, 2006)

Leadership Styles

There are different types of leadership styles. Leadership styles can be identified of their characteristics, an implicit leadership philosophy, and a set of management skills typical of each style. Different leadership styles that includes autocratic, democratic, laissez faire, Transformational and transactional.

There are different types of leadership styles

Style

Definition

Examples

Autocratic

The leader is in total control of the group and the task. Importance is focused at the "top".

  • Military
  • Manufacturing
  • Construction

Democratic

The majority opinion of the group determines the course of action.

  • Creative groups (advertising, design)
  • Consulting
  • Consulting

Laissez Faire

The leader withdraws authority and influence in favour of permissiveness.

  • Oraganisations

Transactional

Routine situations where the basic level of anxiety is not high, there is no acute sense of impending crisis or major changes.

 

Transformational

Situations where the basic level of anxiety is not high and attention is given to the developmental needs of led. In general, this leadership style depends more on the leader's view of him/her self as transformational.

  • Samsung CEO

Leadership Qualities

There is lot of qualities a leader should have. The author explains the most essential qualities a leader ought to have in today's society and those are:

Well character which inspires the self-assurance. Action is the first point of the character. Strong character gives a happy success. Secondly, when a person become a leader he or she have to commit themselves hence the people you guide is depending on you. Communication is the third quality which could help a leader to get some companion, without communication a leader will have to travel alone. Fourthly focus is something a leader needs to work on it; a perfect focus makes a sharp leader. Finally when a problem appears a leader must know how to face that and solve it without keeping a problem as a problem. For any question mark there will be a full stop. To find answers for those problems a leader should be aware of problem solving quality.

Example leader with autocratic leadership

MargaretThatcher was the first and longest serving female prime minister of Britain. Self-confidence, sincerity, cheerfulness, integrity and oblige are just a few traits that expose Margaret Thatcher. She is a conviction politician. She is well known for her autocratic leadership style. She was taught bountiful works, morals and well-built custom of self help. So how approximately did Thatcher’s autocratic leadership contribute towards her prime ministerial decisions? (INFORMA AUSTRALIA, 2013) http://informaaustralia.wordpress.com/2013/11/25/margaret-thatcher-leadership-skills-of-the-iron-lady/

Determination of Thatcher is eventually what enabled her to place goals and see them through, as well as dropping the pressure of trade unions. She narrowed the pressure of unions through legislature. Thatcher finally broke the resolve of theNational Unionof Mineworkers (NUM) following a year of strikes, with the NUM finally granting without a deal.

She is a woman with proud and confident and not easy to know her well. When she wants to achieve something or get something she never gives up on it even if it’s impossible. She always tends to live passionately rather than living superficially. Thatcher is good to face situation like crisis and she enjoy living at full capacity. Either positive or negative, she has a strong, immediate gut reaction, which proves to be correct. One of her confidence in her ideals was feature of her prime ministerial tenure, and it caused her to run a government based on conviction politicsand motivated mainly on her own values.

(http://famous-relationships.topsynergy.com/Margaret_Thatcher/Attitude.asp, nodate).

Conclusion

In outline, the definitions provided gave an understanding of what is leadership. Why Leadership is important to this world. MargaretThatcher is a strong, Confidence and very power full leader. She is a good leader for this world.

Reference

Antonakis, J, etal (2004). The nature of leadership. Sage.

Michael, W. (2002) Leadership's Adversary. Google books [online] Available at: http://books.google.lk/books/about/Leadership_s_Adversary.html?id=IZj8CjyqzykC&redir_esc=y (Accessed: 23rd February 2014)

Joanne B (2004) Ethics, the Heart of Leadership. Google books [online] Available at:

http://books.google.lk/books?id=gr1_nnC9zUAC&pg=PA10&dq=definition+of+leadership&hl=en&sa=X&ei=VFETU_nZA8qHlAXZ8IDIDg&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=definition%20of%20leadership&f=false (Accessed: 23rd February 2014)

Margaret FK (2006) Gender, Race, and Ethnicity in the Workplace. Google books [online] Available at: http://books.google.lk/books?id=GatUbd5tZnAC&pg=PA45&dq=An+influence+relationship+among+leaders+and+followers+who+intend+real+changes+that+reflect+their+mutual+purposes+%28Rost,+1991%29.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=nFYTU4erH4z9lAW9lYCYDQ&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=An%20influence%20relationship%20among%20leaders%20and%20followers%20who%20intend%20real%20changes%20that%20reflect%20their%20mutual%20purposes%20(Rost%2C%201991).&f=false(Accessed: 23rd February 2014)

Joseph C R (1991) Leadership for the Twenty-first Century. Google books [online] http://books.google.lk/books?id=bM7E8ORH7QC&pg=PA101&dq=definition+on+leadership&hl=en&sa=X&ei=-74MU7-PKILilAXIDIAg&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=definition on leadership&f=false (Accessed: 24th February 2014)

D.D Warrick (1981) This article discussesleadership styletheories pp.3-4: 155-172 [online] Aailable at: fys.utk.edu/wp-content/blogs.dir/108/files/.../Warrick_Leadership.pdf (Accessed: 25th February 2014 )

www.ansc.purdue.edu/courses/communicationskills/leaderqualities.pdf, (no date) (Accessed: 28th February 2014)

INFORMA AUSTRALIA(2013) Available at:

http://informaaustralia.wordpress.com/2013/11/25/margaret-thatcher-leadership-skills-of-the-iron-lady/(Accessed:28th February 2014 )

http://famous-relationships.topsynergy.com/Margaret_Thatcher/Attitude.asp, (no date) (Accessed: 28th February 2014)

http://www.centerforworklife.com/margaret-thatcher-leadership-qualities-to-note/,(no date) (Accessed: 28th February 2014)

Ami22(2004) The leadership of Magaret thatcher. Available at: http://www.writework.com/essay/leadership-margaret-thatcher-first-woman-prime-minister-br (Accessed: 28th February 2014)

http://kellenbaldock.wordpress.com/2013/03/10/iron-lady-leadership/(Accessed: 29th February 2014)


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