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Meaning And Concept Of Education Theology Religion Essay

2670 words (11 pages) Essay in Theology

5/12/16 Theology Reference this

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“Education is a treasure that can never be robbed. It is a pleasure that can never be possessed. Education is the greatest wealth one can attain in this world and it is a necessity in today’s world. It is a wealth that gives satisfaction and saves you from destruction”

According to some scholarly people, the word “Education” has been derived from the Latin term “Educatum” which means “the act of teaching or training” and some say that it has come from another Latin word “Educare” which means “to bring up” or “to raise” and few others says, the word “Education” has originated from another Latin term “Educere” which means “to lead forth” or “to come out”.

Education = Learning + Implementation + Improvement = Behavioral change

Education means nourish the good qualities in individual and draw out the best in every individual. Education seeks to develop the innate inner capacities of individual.

Concepts of Education by some prominent Indian educationists are as follows.

“Education is something which makes man self-reliant and selfless”.

Rigved

“Education is for liberation”.

Upanishad

“Nothing is more purifying on earth than wisdom”.

Bhagavad Gita

“Education is the realization of self'”.

Shankaracharya

“Education means training of the country and love of the nation”.

Kautilya

“Human education means the training which one gets from nature”.

Panini

“Education is the manifestation of the divine perfection, already existing in man”.

Vivekananda

“By education, I mean an all-round drawing out of the best in the Child and man body, mind and spirit”.

Gandhi

“The widest road leading to the solution of all our problems is education.”

Tagore

“Education which will offer the tools whereby one can live for the divine, for the country, for oneself and for others and this must be the ideal of every school which calls itself national”.

Sri Aurobindo

Concepts of Education by some prominent Western educationists are as follows.

“Education means the bringing out of the ideas of universal validity which are latent in the mind of every man”.

Socrates

“Education is the capacity to feel pleasure and pain at the right moment. It develops in the body and in the soul of the pupil all the beauty and all the perfection which he is capable of”.

Plato

“Education is the creation of a sound mind in a sound body. It develops man’s faculty, especially his mind so that he may be able to enjoy the contemplation of supreme truth, goodness and beauty of which perfect happiness essentially consists.

Aristotle

“Education of man commences at his birth; before he can speak, before he can understand he is already instructed. Experience is the forerunner of the perfect”.

Rousseau

“Education is complete living”.

Herbert Spencer

“Education is natural harmonious and progressive development of man’s innate powers”.

Heinrich Pestalozzi

“Education is enfoldments of what is already enfolded in the germ. It is the process through which the child makes internal external”

Friedrich William Froebel

AIMS OF EDUCATION

Education imparts the intellectual skills, knowledge, understanding, and appreciation needed to make wise decision and good judgments, and to logically analyze problem and work toward their resolution.

Objective of education are :-

Mental Development

Objectives related to this aim of mental development have been expressed in various ways:

Developing mental faculties.

Acquiring the capacities of understanding, appreciation and expression through word and act.

Education should be to make children self- confident and self dependent.

Develop every child’s character, personality and culture and as much knowledge as the child can assimilate not merely memorize.

The complete development of an individual and the harmonious development of personality, mean directed to the aim of enlightenment of head and heart; illumination of consciousness for all-round development of individual personality. Education should enable a human being to attain the greatest possible harmony, internal and external, spiritual and material, for the fullest possible development of human potentialities and capacities.

Social Development

An individual lives in society and has his obligations towards his society. It should be able, to discharge its natural functions and must correspond to its structure, goals and content in the interest of society development and progress and create a sense of coordination, cooperation, identity, unity and patriotism.

Physical and spiritual Development

The purpose of education should be the development of the fullest possible capacities and potentialities physical and spiritual of a `total man’. It should make a man capable of earning his livelihood reasonably well to enjoy a happy, satisfactory and secure life while making effective contributions.

These are the areas which education roofed are:-

Cognitive Field

Affective Field

Psychomotor Field

Information

Memory; ability to recall; bringing to mind appropriate information.

Lowest level of learning

Understanding

To grasp the meaning of material; understanding without perceiving implication; interpret; one step beyond memory.

Lowest level of understanding

Relevance

Ability to use learned information in new situation; can apply rules, method and concept.

Higher level of understanding

Investigation

To break down material into its component

parts; organization and relationships

between parts made clear; identifying;

Selecting; inferring;

Higher intellectual level

Production

To put parts together to form a new whole; produce new outline, routines, or structures; creative behavior stressed out.

Assessment

Judge value of ideas, concepts, based on definitive criteria or standards;

Highest learning outcome.

Receiving

Sensitive to existence of certain events, stimuli; awareness; readiness to receive or attend to experience.

Responding

Dynamically presence to Stimuli; reacts to situation beyond simple perception; open response.

Valuing

Stimuli or exceptional assigned significance; learner places a value on events; characteristics of belief or an attitude; appreciation.

Organizing

Internalizing value and organizing them into system; determines interrelationship among value; arrange value in hierarchical form; compare, relate and create significance.

Distinguish by a value or compound

Act in accordance with internalizing value; behavior consistent with accepted values and becomes a part personality;

Highest level emotional Field

The area of observable performance of skills that requires some degree of neuromuscular coordination.

Reflex movement

Basic Fundamental movement

Perceptual movement

Physical ability

Skilled Movement

Non rational communication

Importance of Education in Modern era

Nobody can overlook the impact of education in modern era on the human society. Education not only trains the human mind, but also helps us to take the right decision. In developing technologies will help to educate maximum population and reduce cost on education because:-

Through education wisdom, knowledge and information can be received and spread all over the world. Its open windows towards outer world.

Education is a must if a nation aspires to assist growth and development and more importantly wants to sustain it.

Education can help substantially in achieving growth as professionals and even facilitate their promotion chances.

Education widens productive human resource.

Education developed human resource and with selective education programs in order to meet the rising today’s demands.

Education helps to keep pace with the high amount of research and development.

Meaning and definition of Physical Education, its aim and objective and misconception about physical Education.

Meaning and definition of Physical Education

Physical Education = Way of education through physical activity or obtain the aim of education by physical exercise and activity or sum of those experiences which come to individual through movement.

 Physical Education is education through human movement where many of educational objectives are achieved by means of big muscle activities involving sports, games, gymnastic, dance and exercise.

Barrow 

Physical education is a part of education which gives instructions in the development and care of the body ranking from simple callisthenic exercises to a course of study providing training in hygiene, gymnastics and the performance and management of athletics games.

Webster’s Dictionary 

Physical education is that part of education which takes place through activities, which involves the motor mechanism of human body which results in an individual’s formulating behavior patterns.

Jackson R. Sharman 

Physical education, an integral part of total education process, is a field of endeavor that has as its aim the improvement of human performance through the medium of physical activities which have been selected with a view to realizing these outcomes.”

Charles A. Bucher 

 

 Physical education is education through physical activities for the development of total personality of the child to its fullness and perfection in body, mind and spirit.

Central Advisory Board of physical Education and Recreation 

Aim and objective of Physical Education

Aim => Wholesome development of an individual personality.

Objective => Physical development + Mental Development + Social Development + Spiritual Development

Aim and Objective of physical education in last century

Late 1800

1910

1934

1950

1964

1965

1971

1990

Sargent

Hetherington

AEPA*

AAHPER**

Bucher

AAHPER**

AAHPER**

AAHPERD***

Hygienic

Educative

Recreative

Remedial

Organic

Education

Psychomotor

Education

Intellectual

Education

Character

Education

Physical

Fitness

Mental

health and

efficiency

Social moral

character

Emotional

expression

and control

Appreciation

Develop and

Maintain

maximum

physical

efficiency

Develop

useful skills

Conduct

oneself in

socially

useful ways

Enjoy

wholesome

recreation

Physical

development

Motor and

movement

development

Mental

development

Social

development

Skillful and

effective

movement

Development

of organic

systems of

body

Understanding

and

appreciation

of movement

Understanding

and

appreciation

of scientific

principles

related to

movement

Development

of interpersonal

relationship

Health

Insurance

Contributes

to academic

achievement

Skills and

experience to

last a lifetime

Positive self

image

Ability to

complete and

cooperate

with others

Skills to perform a

variety of physical

activity

Physical fitness

Regular

participation in

physical activity

Know benefits and

implications of

involvement in

physical activity

Value physical

activity and its

contribution to a

physically active

lifestyle

* American Physical Education Association.

** American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation.

***American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and dance.

Misconception about physical Education

Peoples have different views about physical education; some of them have various misconceptions also about physical education. Some common misconceptions are:

Physical education is wastage of time as well as money as it doesn’t provide any bright future to their children.

Parents feel taking part in physical education takes their children away from their studies.

Some have the thought that physical education is a body building.

Some people think that physical education is a brainless, soft-option subject.

Physical education does not matter for girls to engage it.

Engaging in physical education make no difference to academic performance.

Physical education not include school curriculum in higher class.

Physical education is not for Children because by nature they have so much energy. So there is no need to spend time or energy teaching them about physical activity.

Need, importance and scope of Physical Education in the Modern Society and its relationship with General Education

Need and Importance of physical education –

Physical education is needed during elementary & secondary education for proper growth and development.

It is favorable during middle age to maintain good health and fitness.

Physical education is important to prevent ageing effect during old Age.

It is important as it provides us the knowledge of our bodies.

It teaches us various physical activities that can be practiced now in later life such as motor skills.

It also teaches us the value of ethical behavior in sporting situations.

It teaches us the value of physical fitness and how to become physically fit.

It is important for cultivated aesthetic sense in beauty and grace in movements.

It is also important for catharsis reasons with mean releasing of energy, emotion, tension or frustration. This way physical education helps in checking immature misbehavior.

Physical education is considered necessary because of advanced technology the lifestyle of people becomes inactive.

Scope of Physical Education in the Modern Society

Area covered by Physical Education

Age Group

New born

Infant

Toddler

Preschooler

Children

Adolescent

Or teenager

Adult

Elderly

Old

Before 1 month

1 month to 1 year

1 to 3 year

4 to 5 year

6 to 12 year

13 to 20 Year

21 to 35 year

36 to 55 year

After 56 year

Institution

Home => School=> Community => office => commercial venue => Medical setting => Nursing home => old age home

Service & Profession

Teacher => Coach => Fitness leader => Rehabilitator => Instructor => Sports Marketing => Sports Journalism => Trainer => Adapted Physical Educator

Academic Discipline

Sports Philosophy | Sports History | Sports Sociology | Sports Pedagogy | Adapted Physical Activity | Sports Management | Biomechanics | Exercise Physiology | Sports Medicine | Motor Development |Motor Learning | Sports Psychology | Sports Training | Sports Journalism

Relationship with General Education and Physical Education

Physical education is an integral part of total education and it contributed in education many significant ways:-

Physical education makes a unique contribution to development of the total personality.

No other then Physical education other curricular area contributes to development in psychomotor domain.

Physical education enhances health and wellbeing of students.

It’s preparing students to be a productive member of society.

Physical education contributes to learning readiness.

Physical education can be an important part of an integrated educational curriculum.

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