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Everyone is a social animal and each individual has its own unique ideas, backgrounds, attitudes, personalities, behavioral patterns, and values. Interpersonal relationship refers to the interdependent and interrelated social relationship formed by social interaction among social groups. This relationship has always been one of the skills we need to survive in this society. Different interpersonal relationships represent different social status and different socialism between the two of them. Interpersonal relationships are divided into friend relationships, classmate relationships, teacher-student relationships, employment relationships, comrade-in-arms relationships, colleagues and leadership relationships. These relationships have a great impact on everyone’s mood, life center, and work. In this essay, I want to explore the situation and ideas that, as a female, how this interpersonal relationship affected one’s daily life in three important scenarios: friendship, working relationship, and marriage relation.
The friendship between different genders and same gender is different. In the friendship between men and women, many males are influenced by social culture. They always think that they are stronger than women, and they seem to have the obligation to prove their masculinity. Therefore, it is easy for men to possess possessiveness or protective desire for women. And women don’t need to prove their masculinity. Therefore, in friendship, they are actually more honest. For example, physiological differences, men are inherently more powerful than women, so men have obvious advantages in military politics. It is easier for women to open up to same-sex friends. since their in the same situation, so their friendship is fairer. They can honestly expose their emotions and show their weaknesses to each other. These things are rarely done by men. When men grow up, they rarely introduce their emotions to others. For example, women encounter problems in emotional relationships, and most of them talk to female friends. “After such a conversation women say to each other, “I know you because I, too, share some of the same feelings even though we choose different passages and the contexts of our lives seem to have nothing in common.” (Griswold, Phoebe W.) In today’s society, even if women’s social status has improved, they are still weaker than men. Patriarchalism from ancient times to the present has kept women in a weak position. This is one of the reasons for the rise of feminism. In the 19th century, women’s status was very low, and they often received unfair treatment in law. Feminist thought began with thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment, such as Ms. Mary Wortley Montagu and Marquis de Condorcet, who advocated women’s education, as well as many liberal thinkers such as Jerry. M. Bentham demands that women should have equal power in all aspects. “Particularly in the United States, we women resist accepting these moments of being named as power and influence that the circumstances of our experiences might offer us. We can tie ourselves in interior knots. Or we can ponder these thoughts and share them with others. ” (Griswold, Phoebe W.)
Besides friendship, there is also love between men and women. Although the status between the two is different, it does not mean that women’s status in this relationship has improved. Since ancient times, men’s socially defined roles have been responsible for going out to work to earn money and support their families, while women are staying at home to take care of their children and household chores. Originally, in order to survive, the task was assigned according to gender. Over time, such distribution was recognized by society, and social culture gave different expectations to the roles of men and women. Women are still in a weak position in the relationship between husband and wife. They must share their wealth with the husband also need to take care of the husband’s daily life and children in the family. In many countries, women do not even have the power to choose whether or not to become pregnant. They are more likely to receive unfair treatment in their relationship. For example, according to Islamic law, women may lose their custody of children when they remarriage. Divorce can only be proposed by men. In some countries, polygamy is still legal. Therefore, women are often considered to be “you are just doing nothing at home, doing some simple housework and looking after children, not tired at all. But I work very hard all day and night.” On the other hand, women are considered to be characterized by low social status. From ancient times to now, no matter whether it is an Eastern country or a Western country, women have no dominant power in terms of sex. Women’s physical and mental freedom after marriage is completely distributed by their husbands, also considered to be obedient and serve the man. “in this tradition tend to rely heavily on qualitative interviews for data; and most of them have reached the conclusion that violent men are more likely to adhere to an ideology of familial patriarchy (Dobash and Dobash 1979: 1988: Bowker 1983).” (Rhonda L. Lenton) “Intercourse has also been understood as a form of possession. Women are being penetrated and thus conquered and dominated as objects. In so doing, men possess women but both experience the man being male. In the process, women essentially lose themselves when they are taken over by men.” (Giney Villar)
In this society with individualized differences, the phenomenon of inequality between men and women is constantly evolving. Women have suffered gender discrimination for thousands of years. After class slavery, although they won women’s rights in the 19th century, they are still generally considered to have lower working ability than men. In the development of the workplace, women are particularly prominent in the issue of gender discrimination in the face of promotion to leadership positions. In the employment process, women’s employment requirements will be more than men. Some units will emphasize the need for men only when recruiting and will reject females on the grounds of fertility conditions when recruiting women. In the traditional sense, women’s occupations are divided into teachers, sales clerk, cleaners and other jobs that do not require too much labor or education. Even in the same position as men, women are less likely to be promoted than men. In the face of laid-off and early retirement, women often bear the brunt. “Gender differences in opportunity identification have been linked to differences in human capital variables including education and work experience, with men documented to leverage significantly higher levels of prior industry or entrepreneurial experience as well as experience in managing employees than women (Carter and Brush, 2005; Carter and Williams, 2003; Boden and Nucci, 2002). (Dima Jamali)” Female’s salary compare to men is lower, and the overall reason may be that females are less educated than males during the old days, the manpower is less than males, also employment and promotion opportunities are lower. There are still many families in developing countries who don’t have enough money for their daughters to go to school so that they can only go to work when they are still young. “It is often alleged that one of the reasons women earn less than men is because of their intermittent labor force behavior during their prime working years.” (Larry E. Suter, and Herman P. Miller)
Above the synthesis states, female’s relationships and social status are significantly lower than male’s in today’s or past society. Compared with men, women in many parts of the world still face many problems, like have less political power and are often subjected to intensive social pressures to meet traditional gender roles. Despite this, many feminists continue to struggle to change the behavior of women in the public’s expectations.
- Dima Jamali, (2009) “Constraints and opportunities facing women entrepreneurs in developing countries: A relational perspective”, Gender in Management: An International Journal, Vol. 24 Issue: 4, pp.232-251, https://doi.org/10.1108/17542410910961532
- Website TitleWomen in Action (3:1998)| Intercourse – book review by Giney Villar Article TitleINTERCOURSE by Andrea Dworkin Date AccessedJune 14, 2019 URLhttps://web.archive.org/web/20030402193857/http://www.isiswomen.org/wia/wia398/vaw00006.html
- Lenton, Rhonda L. “Feminist versus Interpersonal Power Theories of Wife Abuse Revisited.” Canadian Journal of Criminology, vol. 37, no. 4, Oct. 1995, pp. 567–574. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=9511160954&scope=site.
- Larry E. Suter and Herman P. Miller, “Income Differences Between Men and Career Women,” American Journal of Sociology 78, no. 4 (Jan., 1973): 962-974. https://doi.org/10.1086/225413
- Ruether, Rosemary. “Feminism Liberates Men, Women Alike.” National Catholic Reporter, vol. 40, no. 1, Oct. 2003, p. 18. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=11191303&scope=site.
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