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The Friedrich Nietzsches Worldview Philosophy Essay

Paper Type: Free Essay Subject: Philosophy
Wordcount: 1062 words Published: 1st Jan 2015

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Each person has a different way of perceiving and interpreting the world. It is his or her worldview that decides his perspective. According to Nancy Cavender, “Basic background beliefs make up world views. World views are like lenses that cause us to see the world in a particular way, or like filters through which we process our new ideas or information” (26). Worldview not only influences the way someone thinks or sees the world, but also his or her decisions. Therefore, people can figure out someone’s worldview based on his or her actions, decisions, or ideas. Friedrich Nietzsche, one of the most influential German philosophers, has influenced, impacted, and brought forth new questions for many philosophers to follow. In one of his famous writings, “Morality as Anti-Nature,” Nietzsche expresses the belief that the church that represents morality negates the value of life and says no to all the desires of life. Based on Nietzsche’s words and ideas in the work, people can realize that he has a positive outlook on life.

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Nietzsche believes that to acquire a positive life, people have to live with their passions. According to him, passions are “roots of life” which are desires by nature. They are found in living things (702). These desires exist as part of who we are; they define us in a way. They can aid us, and they can also harm us. When people embrace our desires, people acknowledge their positive sides and negative sides; they don’t hide their evil and they have peace of mind in their life. Due to the damaging side of passion, on the contrary, churches that symbolize morality choose to remove passion to be out of suffering its consequence. As Nietzsche points out, “The church fights passion with excision in every sense: its practice, its cure, is castratism” which means cutting off “sensuality, pride, avarice, vengefulness” (702). This implies that the church wants its followers to obey a series of negative enforcements or impossible rules which are against their nature. In other words, the church’s method is getting rid of the negative side of passion, the church ready accept to give up good side of passion, and the church wants people to hide their vice. Their method clearly is not successful. As Nietzsche declares that the extreme of the church “reaches its climax only when such types lack even the firmness for this radical cure”, which suggests that the more extreme the church becomes, the less successful it is (702). Nietzsche also points out the situation of the followers, “The most poisonous things against the senses have been said not by the impotent, nor by ascetics, but by the impossible ascetics, by those who really were in dire need of being ascetics” (702). This strongly supposes that its followers cannot conform to the set of morals or the rules of the church, not because they are powerless or effortless, but they know that they never can fulfill the impossible requirements. Moreover, it implies the followers are miserable and become mentally self-imposed slaves because they are kept in a perpetual state of sin, which can only be remedied by the church. As Nietzsche shows, the church’s way fails because the kind of morality which the church embodies is “against the instincts of life” (703). All Nietzsche’s illustrations of the negative method of the church imply that people cannot get a positive life until they are living under the naturalistic morality_the passions that he asserts to be kind of “healthy morality” (703).

Nietzsche also supposes that to live a positive life, people need to possess a power to conquer hindrance. As mentioned above, passions of a person also have negative side; they can “drag down their victim with the weight of stupidity” (701). In order to harvest the benefits but avoid the ‘stupidity’ of the passion, Nietzsche suggests that people get over their obstructions by “spiritualizing hostility,” which he means “a profound appreciation of the value of having enemies” (702). This clearly implies that people need to possess power to resist their temptation and to tame it or redirect it in a constructive way. Furthermore, he emphasizes another meaning of “internal enemy,” which means “acting and thinking in the opposite way from that which has been the rule” (702), such as the rule of the church or the institutions. This will help people liberate themselves from imposed rules or ideas from institutions, find a creative way to make decisions people need to make to get they want for their life or to make a difference for their life.

Nietzsche’s positive worldview of life is also reflected in the attitude that people who embrace their own nature need to have a tolerance view to their enemy or their difference. He claims that life contains a rich variety of ways of living, so people need to accept and respect those varieties. As Nietzsche states, ” We immoralists, have conversely, made room in our hearts for every kind of understanding, comprehending, and approving” (705). He

He also claims that having an “internal enemy” will help people to stay young in spirit and open to gain comprehension and approval (705). when people can curb their weakness or their enemies, they will become stronger in spirit and feel pleased with themselves, and more importantly, gain “freedom of the will” which is the main factor to help us to succeed in life and gain happiness.

In short,

Life is not about what’s right but what’s wrong


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