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Our Business Plan will be about fruit processing. This will reduce fruits post harvesting loss through processing fruits in syrups and concentrates.
This will help middle and low income eaners as we find there is high need of fresh fruits juice as many of fresh fruits juice are imported and sold in high price which normal Tanzania citizen can’t afford.
Our company will be situated in Korogwe Tanga where there are many firms. Company has three partners, Mildred, Sophia and Saja.
ASDP Agricultural Sector Development Programme
ASDS Agricultural Sector Development Strategy
BIT Board of Internal Trade
DACHE Dar Es Salaam College of Home Economics Ltd
GDP Gross Domestic Product
HKMU Hubert Kairuki Memorial University
MAFC Ministry of agriculture Food Security and Cooperatives
MITM Ministry of Industries Trade and Marketing
NARS National Agricultural Research Institute
PASS Private Agricultural Sector Support
SIDO Small Scale Industries Development Organization
SIDP Sustainable Industry Development Programme
SUA Sokoine University of Tanzania
TDV Tanzania Development Vision
TFDA Tanzania Food Drugs and Cosmetics Agency
UDSM University of Dar es Salaam
1.0 Executive summary
The current agriculture potentiality contributes about 26.5% of GDP and it provides employment about 70% of total labour force. Tanzania grows a range of fruit including topical and temperate. The annual production of fruits is 678,515MT (this is 5% of potential area exploited) [tanserve n.d]
Agro processing in the industrial sector is indeed one of the underdeveloped sub sectors and according to a report by Commonwealth Secretariat (1997) it was seen to consume about 1% of the horticultural raw materials produced in Tanzania as compared to 80% in Malaysia which also is in the category of developing country [practicalaction n.d]
Agro processing and especially small -scale processing is becoming very important in the country as means to reduce crop losses and value addition at production and collection sites and a way of income generating activity.[practicalaction n.d]
However, the sector experience losses during and after harvest. Post harvest losses of fruits and vegetables are estimated at 50 to 80%. These losses are more meaningful economically compared to the cost of compensating for losses through increased crop production. Losses are caused by among another factors, mechanical, physical and biochemical aspects.
SOMIL intends with this financial and economical projection the idea will bring new concept in a market and good strategies which will enable the company to acquire a good market position initially the company may have up and downs of new start but with the partner potentiality gradual the sales may increase once SOMIL gets good eyes to watch over it operations.
A daily production of between 2000 and 3000 kilograms of fruit product is estimated to be obtained from an input of between 2000 and 3000 kilograms of fruit pulp/product is estimated to be obtained from an input of 5000 kilogram’s. Production time per annum is estimated to be 240 days. And the project intends to employ 22 people and it is an investment of Tshs. 300,000,000.00 which will realize Tshs 144,000,000.00 in year five times.
Total production costs are estimated at Tshs. 290,000,000.00 in year one gradually rising in years two and three then falls in year five onwards.
Project cash flow is favourable, it will start making profits from the first year of the project and all loans be repaid by third year of operation. This will be showing clearly in financial.
2.0 THE BUSINESS
2.1 The opportunity
According to government record and statistics show the annual production of fruits to be 678,515MT, but this is only 5% of the potential area exploited and this can be caused by lack of where to send the increased production.
2.2 Need to be filled
This project so as to say will focuses on increasing fruits usability which experience enormous looses especially during the season and create new opportunities for industrial development in rural areas through processing of fruits for fresh juice.
More so, the initiator of this idea is a professional expert in the field of post harvest processing, having a long term experience in offering knowledge to small scale food processors and food enterprises and managed to make them grow to a medium scale capacity.
2.2.1 How the proposed business will fills the need
With the capacity of operation which business plan to operate in, the company will process fruits for juice which will be consumed by low and medium income earners who are not able to buy exported fresh fruit juice.
3.0 Company and Company history
Initially idea was brought by one of the partner who is professional in a filed and she has long term experience in food processing later on the idea was joined by two other partners who contribute in capital invested.
3.1 Company mission statement
To provide 100% satisfaction by offering fruit in syrup and fruit concentrates of the highest quality, impeccable services, guaranteeing accurate supply, fast delivery and developing strong relationships with farmers and medium to small scale fruits processing business and entrepreneurs.
3.2 Our vision
SOMIL forecast to be competitive in service while taking on prior responsibilities that are pertinent to our clients’ needs through producing strict quality and safe products, for health and economical satisfaction.
3.3 Company objective
The products to be made include quality and safe fruits of the season concentrates and fruits in syrup. Neutrality will govern the products made since raw materials will basically comprise of fresh, mature fruits of the season without non-fruit fortification. SOMIL products are intermediate since they form raw material to juice making, wine making and fruit salads to other small to medium scale industries. Availability regardless seasonality forms another niche value to SOMIL products.
The main objective is to ensure sustainable economic, food and nutrition security by seasonal reduction of fruits post harvest loses by 10% through processing.
3.4 Specific objectives
To ensure the establishment of fruit concentrate and fruits in syrup industry is in place by end of year one of the project inception
To establish appropriate links with stakeholders who will daily deliver to the industry quality seasonal fruits for processing
To continuously encourage and support value addition to seasonal fruits so that the farmers are economically empowered
Together with farmers and other stakeholders of the project area, to reduce the post harvest losses by 50% through fruits processing by year 2013
To continuously support technology developments in the post-harvest system according to zonal conditions, climatically, and socio-culturally and according to the needs of the clients for effective and sustainable availability of the industry’s raw material.
4.0 COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE
Fruit concentrates and fruits in syrup are made from fresh fruits of the highest quality, maturity, and health from both temperate and tropical zones. The fruits have to be selected and graded through a rigorous quality control system so that all of our products have the best flavors and nutrient content that meet the national and international quality and safety parameters and standards. The products made by SOMIL will be raw material to other secondary fruit products that include among others; juices, wines, fruit salads and fruit based products.
Bulk packaging will govern the products and minimum carriage weight will be 20 kilogram and maximum 200 kilogram drums.
Literature review and a study visit to few industries in Dar es salaam indicates about 16medium scale and 300 small scale prospective competitors, however, paste, fruit concentrates and fruits in syrup are not their core activities to any of these companies. They specialize in finished products of this semi finished products. Similarly, the demand for SOMIL products especially during off seasons in which consumers shift to imported pastes and fruit concentrates is prospectively high. Furthermore, customers of secondary products (finished products) have become health conscious, which add to the unique selling point of the company products. The company is reputed of having competent employees both professionally and aggressiveness to deliver as per vision of the company.
4.1 Description of the business model
The company will deliver its products in the first come first served basis. Since nature of business entail quality and safe semi finished products than enterprises of finished products will certainly find them highly convenient both as a time saver as well as all-seasons products. Despite the presence of few competitors the demand is rarely met, also they utilize mostly the imported concentrates that are generally fortified with non fruit material thus reducing the product’s nature and quality. Consumers of the finished products have become health conscious which adds to the unique selling point of SOMIL products as they are naturally made from whole fruits and vegetables with nothing added hence making the product whole, fresh and nutritional. The company is reputed of having competent employees both professionally and aggressiveness to deliver as per vision of the company.
4.2 How the business will create a sustainable competitive advantage
Production cost govern to a large extent pricing strategy but also comparisons have to be made with competitors prices so a not to be very different for a product of similar or near similar. Other quality parameters such as health impact, intellectual property etc will also be considered in the setting. According to studies on food habits conducted by use of a case study of Dar es Salaam, consumers reported to be willing to pay a little more for a healthy product especially when they are ensured of its quality and safety (Mjawa, 2003) For this reason, if a small price difference is set (ceteris peribus), it will make the business sell few volumes of quality products yet with profits till it gains market reputation.
5.0 CURRENT STATUS AND REQUIREMENTS
The location of the production area will be Korogwe town and marketing office will be Korogwe District Tanga region. The choice of a production location is strategically due to the place being the major centre of fruits growing with a horticultural hinterland. Besides Korogwe being centrally located it allows easy transportation of inputs and raw materials to the industry as well as products to the selling centre and consumers due to its proximity to most areas. The location will also tap the availability of labor that has been left redundant by many crop estates and industries that were closed and some are now affected by the world economic recession. Ample availability of steady services like ICT, electricity, and water are taken into consideration when selecting the location.
Taking into consideration that this is a start up project, the following will form a production and operation processes.
Table 2: Production process
Site acquisition, registration of business and other start up logistics
Site us owned by one of the partner which will be transfer in the business under the law and legal contract.
Purchase of equipment
Machineries equipment with the capacity of producing 500-800 kilograms per hour will be procured. Office equipment, a vehicle and furniture will also be procured.
Director production and technical, manager administration and finance, manager production and technical will be the first people to be employee operators staff and hiring the security.
Purchases of production materials
Identification of locations, suppliers of raw materials and other inputs; training on the quality to supply and later purchases to be done
Receiving, grading, washing, desizing/pulping, packing & packaging and storing
Market research, Transportation, advertisement, selling.
5.1 Description of where the business stands today
SOMIL has 120 millions which contributed by three partners in equal shares also the company has plot in Korogwe which has own by one of the partners and transfer to a business through legal entities.
5.2 Description of what the business needs to move forward
In order the company to operate successfully the business needs 300 millions. Where by 120millions has already contributed by three partners and remained 180 millions the company look for a loan which will be paid within five years.
The business is directed by three directors, who are partner and shareholder of the business.
First partner is MILDRED MLAKI, who has two degree, one from Cape Town University of food and nutrition and the other is for commerce from university of Dar es salaam, Mildred will be overall in-charge of all processing operations.
Second partner, SOPHIA MUSSA holder masters in human resource from makerere university of Kampala Uganda, she is working with reputable company in the country and she will be overall in-charge with human resource and public relation of the company.
Third partner, SAJA JOHN is a holder of masters in strategies business from Greenwich University; she will be overall in-charge of market operation of the company.
The company will employ other work 2 in finance and procurement 2 foreman, and production and technical will be hired and security on term for six month period to help initial stage of layout, installation and commissioning of the machines and equipment.
6.1 ORGANISATION STRUCTURE
The business is currently owner by 3 directors as mentioned above and the will contribute 60% of the initial investment and the rest may be sold to any interested investors or development partner.
6.3 Board of Directors/Board of Advisor
A Board of Advisor will be selected to advice on matters regarding smooth running of the business based on qualification specific to the organization functions. Advisors will strictly come from research institutes like UDSM Process Engineering Department, SUA, NARS, and TBS etc since the business needs technical expertise and solutions from them for the benefit of making it outstanding in terms of quality and up to date with technological features.
A political figure will be included for the health of the business; the main proposal is the Member of Parliament for Korogwe Constituency.
6.4 Key Professional Service Providers
The services of a change agent like SIDO experts are vital for advising on entrepreneurship skills including business management and capital acquisition. The service of reputed audit personnel for legal advisor is required by the business, but company will higher advocate professional whenever needed.
7.0 INDUSTRY ANALYSIS
The current agriculture contributes about 26.5% of GDP and it provides employment to about 70% of total labour force out of which 56% of them are women. (Human Development Index 2007). This is because of its subsistence nature of Tanzania Agriculture but its potentiality for agriculture growth is immerse taking into the focus of the government strategies. TDV (Tanzania development vision) and ASDS that envisage to transform the existing subsistence-dominated agriculture progressively into commercially profitable and viable production systems so as to make it modernized, commercial, highly productive and profitable by utilizing new technologies and available technologies and manpower in an overall sustainable manner. (www.tanzania.go.tz)
Agro processing in the industrial sector is indeed one of the underdeveloped sub sectors and according to a report by Commonwealth Secretariat (1997) it was seen to consume about 1% of the horticultural raw materials produced in Tanzania as compare to (80%) in Malaysia which also is in the category of developing country. Also according to PASS (2002), 65% of the processed products are consumed within the country. This indicates the availability of investment opportunities in the fruits and vegetable processing (www.tanzania.go.tz)
Most of the processing plants operate under capacity due to old technology used, irregular supply of raw materials and low technical skills. However, there is some investment in processing industry taking place and efforts are being made to promote more investment in this area. Small-scale processing in becoming very important in the country as means to reduce crop losses and value addition at production and collection sites, and a way of income generating activity. To date over 5,700 processors have been trained and at least 3000 jobs created (SIDO, 2007). The future discourse for industrial development in Tanzania is elaborated in the “Sustainable Industrial Development Policy – SIDP”. The main purpose of SIDP (Sustainable Industry Development Programme) is to set out a path for industrializing Tanzania so that by the turn of the first quarter of the 21st Century is becomes a semi industrialized country.
Recently, individuals and or groups of women entrepreneurs and youth have engaged themselves into processing of fruits and vegetables for niche markets. These groups have received basic training in food processing technology through research institutions such as TIRDO (Tanzania Industrial Research Development Organization, TFNC (Tanzania Food Nutrition Centre) SUA (Sokoine University of Agriculture), Agriculture Research Institute Uyole, Mbeya Horticulture Research Training Institute Tengeru, Small scale Industry Development Organization (SIDO) and non-government organizations supporting community, nutrition and health improvement programmes. Such groups are mainly engaged in drying of fruits like ripe bananas, pineapples and mangoes and traditional vegetables such as amaranths, cassava leaves, okra and cowpea leaves. Others are engaged in making products like juices, jams, marmalades, pickles, tomato sauce and wines. (www.tanzania.go.tz)
SWOT ANALYSIS TO OUR STARTUP BUSINESS
Highly experienced technologically
Willingness to deliver as per vision
Strong team of management
Limited capital to invest in large scale venture
A less reputed venture not yet gained a name
Niche markets that take advantage of seasonal shortages
Consciousness of fresh and nutritional healthy products by consumers
Availability of ample and variety of fruits in most time of the year
Location is along the fruits and vegetable growing zone
Location centrally located, feasible transport wise to both farmers and consumers
Availability of many funding arrangements like loans and grants for investors and entrepreneurs.
Recent economic recession will reduce competing imports to a large extent
Importation of less quality but cheap concentrates
Emerging large scale investors with similar project
Weather calamities such as drought that may hamper production
Inconsistent supply of raw materials due to seasonality
Substitutes such as Soda and Mineral water especial Uhai, Kilimanjaro, Dasani, masafi and so on
7.1 Competitive position within target market
7.2 Competitors analysis
Few medium to large scale industrial processing plants in Tanzania that are currently operational, are located in strategic areas of high production and/or consumption like Bakhresa Food products, Noble Foods & beverages Ltd, A-One products and Bottlers Ltd and Redgold in Dar es Salaam region, Darsh Industries Ltd in Arusha region, Dabaga Fruit and Vegetable Caning Factory in Iringa region. These factories produce a range of products that include fruit juices of various kinds, tomato sauces, pickles, wine, ketchup, etc. Other factories are emerging in other potential areas like in Morogoro as more investors venture into this sub-sector. (www.tanzania.go.tz)
Table 1. The following table indicates few of the prospective competitors.
Name of competitors
Remarks that makes SMS to capture a market share
Noble foods-fruits juices
Fresh mangoes during the season. Have good packages
No production during off season, manufactures only one product -mango juice
Potential customer during off season may purchase other fruit pulps for SMS
Bakhresa Food Industries -|Azam fruits juices
Juices: mango, guava, apple, pineapple oranges
May not lack raw material due to utilizing imported concentrates, few fresh fruits.
Utilizes all the raw material in his own industry
Although a big competitor but not threatening because he cannot sell to others hence consumers of SMS are maintained
Tomato products Sauces and Chill
Uses fresh tomatoes during the season, import during off season
Do not stock enough for off season production
Potential competitor and customer
Small scale wineries, juice processors
Tomato products, wines, juices and fruit blend recipes
Uses fresh fruits of the season
Normally do not stock enough for the year. Have little funds and small premises for keeping large amounts of raw materials
May be competitors during the season but big customers during off season
Other medium and small scale industries
Tomato products, wines, juices and fruit blend recipes
Uses fresh fruits and vegetables as raw materials to their secondary products
Cannot stock due to capital, convenience, expertise and space
Talking about competitors also there is a threat of substitute such and Soda and mineral water.
7.3 Market size and Trends
According to the Confederation of Tanzania Industries directory (2007), the total market is about 316 consumers for these products. The business estimates to capture 10% in the first year 20% in the second year and growing to 30% in year five onwards. This will be due to gaining faith regarding quality as compared to imported products. The business administration will take care of customer training building regarding confidence building.
Regarding a study by Tanzania Food Drugs and cosmetic Agency (TFDA) on Inventory of Food industries (2006), medium and small scale industries that will utilize SOMIL products are concentrated in Arusha, Moshi, Dar es Salaam, and Tanga regions and most of these utilize the product as raw material for making secondary products such as sauces, wines and juices.
Government efforts to strengthen the increased production of non traditional crops such as fruits and vegetables because they are of high value to both farmers and the country impact positively to the availability of raw materials for SMS products and hence ensure readily availability of raw material for SMS products and hence ensure readily availability of products to clients. The world economic trends may have a positive impact on customers’ products due to reduction of imported concentrates.
8.0 MARKETING PLAN
8.1 Market Summary
SOMIL fruits product will possesses good information about the market and known a great deal about the common attributes of the most prized customer. This information will be leveraged to better understand who is served, what their specific needs are and how SOMIL can better communicate with them. [Kotler P &Keller KL1956, P.61-67]
8.2 Marketing strategy
The initial focus will be locally where small scale and medium fruits processing industries are located. Due to capacity of the industry at the moment, there are no plans to go beyond Tanzania and Zanzibar. The strategy will initially be identification using data from Board of Internal Trade (BIT), the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare-TFDA and Ministry of Industries Trade and Marketing (MITM) as well as Tanzania Bureau of Standards (TBS) and other trade newsletters. The selected few will be visited for introduction and sample sending. Then a business may further advertise in public media newspapers, radio leaflets distributed to road users for know. In future we will advertise at Televisions also.
8.3 Concept testing
Concept test system can improve the company’ chances of success in developing and introducing new products.
Our organization will go door to door for the concept test in order to get the view of the public concerning with our types of product; this will be done in public area like schools, Hospital and churches.
Design employs sequential public study in which up to 50 groups of 10 to 20 participants each test one product. These studies typically consist of three surveys of up to 30 questions each. The surveys are conducted among members of our Members.
8.4 Usability testing
Usability testing is a technique used to evaluate a product by testing it on users. This can be seen as an irreplaceable usability practice, since it gives direct input on how real users use the system. This is in contrast with usability inspection methods where experts use different methods to evaluate a user interface without involving users.
Usability testing focuses on measuring a human-made product’s capacity to meet its intended purpose. Examples of products that commonly benefit from usability testing are foods, consumer products, How ever in organization will used this test to improve our product in this areas efficiency, accuracy, recall, and emotional response. The results of the first test can be treated as a baseline or control measurement; all subsequent tests can then be compared to the baseline to indicate improvement. This test will assist the industries to know where we are going and what people says about our products, This test will be assist us to maintain our product and make it durable in all time for production, our organization will insure this test done before the product enter in the market.
8.5 Channel of distribution
8.5.1 Selecting a channel of distribution
SOMIL when selecting a channel of distribution as Fruit product Industry will consider the follow:
The consumer characteristics need and segment
The company goals, resources expertise and experience
The product value, complexity, perish ability and bulk
The competition characteristics and tactics
Distribution channels alternatives, characteristics and availability
Legalities current law and pending laws. [Kotler P&Keller KL1956, P.36-72]
8.5.2 Distribution standard
SOMIL will have clear and measurable goals regarding service levels in physical distribution. In so doing there must be a clear distribution strategy for products to reach the target consumers, in this respect the clear distribution channel must be in place.
8.5.3 Customer Services
SOMIL will understand the decisions involve delivery frequency, speed and consistency transportation and shipping to policies, whether to accept small customer orders; warehousing coordinating assortments; and so on. Poor performance in these areas may result in lost customers. [Kotler P&Keller KL1956, P.36-72]
8.6.1 Social responsibility.
SOMIL we will consider the impact of company’s action and operating in a way that balances short term profit needs with societies long-term need this ensuring the company survival in a health environment.
8.6.2 Natural resources
SOMIL will make sure that the depletion of natural resources can be reduced if the consumption of scarce material is lessened and more efficient alternatives are chosen.
8.6.3 Environmental Pollution
SOMIL will make sure that dangerous pollutants need to be eliminated from the environment and safe substitutes found. The environment protection is the major federal organization involved. [Ethical Partnership nd]
8.6.4 Child labour
SOMIL we will make sure there is no possibility of child labour. Sometimes supervisors use this opportunity to pay this child less while they benefit against them. We will obey the law and perform as per given instructions.
SOMIL as a company which deal with products fall under the umbrella of the Marketing Mix (product, price, place and promotion) which describes the strategic position of a product in the market place. An enterprise involved in producing fruits products must have clear strategies of producing those products. Also the firm dealing with fruits production should have clear pricing strategies, promotion strategies and placing or distribution strategies. An enterprise we must be able to market what we produce and produce what we can market.
SOMIL fruits product manufacturer we agree that customer has right to be informed and protected against fraudulent, deceitful, and misleading statements, advertisement, labels
SOMIL fruits product manufacturer we will make sure that, consumer are protected against dangerous and unsafe product.
Consumer information and education
SOMIL fruits product manufacturer we are aware that, consumer have right to be informed includes protection against fraudulent deceitful, or grossly misleading information advertising, labeling, pricing, packaging or other practices.
SOMIL fruits product manufacturer we know that consumer has a right to choose means that consumers have available several products and brands for which select.
Consumers’ right to be heard
SOMIL fruits product industry, consumers has right to be heard means that consumers should be able to voice their opinions to business, government and other parties. This gives consumers input into the decisions that affect them.
Promotion and advertisement our product should be an almost unconscious part of our everyday sales plan. We don’t have to look far for an opportunity to market and merchandise juice. A great way to stand out from the competition is to produce our own juice, thereby offering customer juice beverages that can’t be found elsewhere.
SOMIL we have to understand our competitors, what they doing and we will take action against these competitors, especially as an entire generation or retail buyers is at stake. To reach the public, advertising is a necessity. We believe that advertising may reach non-juice drinkers and thus bring in additional customer to our business. Advertising deserves greater consideration as a part of the solution to certain
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