An executive Information System is an Information System which has the ability to transform the business data into insights and help the top level executives of a company in the domain of corporate business intelligence, which consists of the processes, applications, and practices that support executive decision making. This system delivers the most recent operational data gathered from various internal and external databases.
What is the difference between executive information and a decision support system?
A Typical Executive Information System
Executive Information System focuses on the present, usually presenting the executive with information within the budgeting time-frame of the organization. Furthermore, it is exclusively a display technology, oriented to presenting static reports graphs, and textual information on demand. It offers no analysis capabilities to help the executive explain, diagnose, and understand the information presented to them.
The main characteristics of the EIS are:
provides an easy and quick access to all sources of data / information with the ability to perform summarizing, selecting, or further details
helps executives to identify problems and recognize that there are opportunities
Have flexibility (flexibility) in the manufacturing report
Have the tools (software) to perform analysis of data and information, such as trend analysis, or drill-down
Easy to use (user friendly)
Usually equipped with access to communications facilities, e-mail, and conference.
Decision Support System:
A Decision Support System (DSS) is a collection of integrated software applications and hardware that help the analyst, managers of an organization in decision making process. Organizations depend on decision support tools, techniques, and models to help them assess and resolve everyday business problems. And make decisions. The decision support system is data-driven, as the entire process feeds off of the collection and availability of data to analyze. Business Intelligence (BI) reporting tools, processes, and methodologies are key components to any decision support system and provide end users with rich reporting, monitoring, and data analysis.
Question 3: What are the sources for the information processed by an executive information system?
Answer 3: The sources for the information processed by an executive information system are as follows:
The basic computer hardware needed for a typical EIS includes four components:
(1) Input data-entry devices. These devices allow the executive to enter, verify, and update data immediately.
(2) The central processing unit (CPU), which is the kernel because it controls the other computer system components
(3) Data storage files. The executive can use this part to save useful business information, and this part also help the executive to search historical business information easily
(4) Output devices, which provide a visual or permanent record for the executive to save or read. This device refers to the visual output device or printer.
The basic software needed for a typical EIS includes four components:
1. Text base software-The most common form of text is probably documents
2. Database- Heterogeneous databases residing on a range of vendor-specific and open computer platforms help executives access both internal and external data
3. Graphic base-Graphics can turn volumes of text and statistics into visual information for executives. Typical graphic types are: time series charts, scatter diagrams, maps, motion graphics, sequence charts, and comparison-oriented graphs (i.e., bar charts);
4. Model base-The EIS models contain routine and special statistical, financial and other quantitative analysis.
Question 4: What type of information is generated by executive information, and what levels of management need it?
An Executive Information System (EIS) is a type of management information system intended to facilitate and support the information and decision-making needs of senior executives by providing easy access to both internal and external information relevant to meeting the strategic goals of the organization. It is commonly considered as a specialized form of a Decision Support System (DSS).
The information presented to the executive may include financial information, work in process, sales figures, market trends, industry statistics, and market price of the firm’s shares performance data and trend analysis. Graphical interfaces (GUI) make it possible to request reports and queries without resorting to programming.
Question 5: Is there a relationship between global computing and executive information systems? Explain.
Answer 5: I believe there is a strong relationship between global computing and Executive information Systems. Senior executives of the organizations spread globally need constant and timely access to global information for making decisions. This information originates in different places worldwide for a global organization and needs to be organized before it can be used for decision-making. The organization and management of global corporate data presents unique challenges for developing global executive information systems (EIS) for senior executives of global companies. The objective of a global EIS should be to provide executives with a consistent, integrated and summarized view of operational data from subsidiaries worldwide. Due to global computing the EIS also provides access to external data that is captured from different sources. The system facilitates integrating the internal and external data for effective decision-making globally.
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