Treatments of the Jews and Slavs in the Holocaust

2014 words (8 pages) Essay in Human Rights

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World History II

Compare the treatment of two different groups who were persecuted during the Holocaust

The Holocaust was a tragic period in world history where millions of innocent people were brutally slaughtered by The Nazis of Germany during World War Two.[1]  Numerous political and religious groups were targeted, particularly those of Jewish or Slavic, including Ukrainians, Poles, Russians and Serbs, descent. The Nazis basically despised anyone who wasn’t German and stripped them from their rights, orders from their chancellor Hitler. The Jews were discriminated the most due to the hatred Hitler had towards them. He blamed them for the the loss of WW1 and for being part of Communist conspiracy to take over. About 6 million Jews and about 4.5 million Slavs were murdered.[2] The Nazis described the Slavic people as members of the Untermenschen, or sub-human. According to the Nazi people, this meant that they were unlike the German people and therefore could not be afforded the same rights that they had. Concentration camps were established all over Germany to handle the masses of people arrested as alleged subversives. Humans were treated in such inhumane ways; they were shot, starved, burnt, and gassed.[3] While many groups were targeted during the Holocaust, the Nazi’s focused particular attention on the Jews and Slavs, who were seen as inferior, and deserving of elimination.

 Joseph Goebbels was the head of the Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda which took control of schools, radios, films, and propaganda.[4] Nazi propaganda portrayed the Germanic peoples as “heroes” on the contrary to the Jewish and Slavic “subhumans”. Nazi propaganda claimed Eastern Europe as racially mixed “Asiatic” that was dominated by the Jews with the help of Bolshevism. Untermensch is a term that became commonly used when the Nazis used it to describe non-Aryans also referred to as “the masses from the East”. The Nazis considered some people in Eastern Europe to be fit for Germanization, people who were presumed to be of German descent; if they were considered racially valuable they were to be re-Germanized and forcefully taken from their families to Germany and raised as Germans. Nazi ideology viewed and portrayed the Slavic people as non-Aryan Untermenschen, who were targeted and chosen for enslavement, expulsion and extermination. [5] Discrimination against the Slavs which had gained territory in Germany after World War 1. This specific propaganda was made to evoke political loyalty and race consciousness among the German population. It also sought to mislead foreign governments that Nazi Germany was making understandable.[6] The Nazi Party utilized populist hostile to semitic perspectives to gain votes. Utilizing the “stab in-the-back legend”, they accused poverty, the Hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic, unemployment, and the loss of World War I and surrender by the “November Crooks” all on the Jews and “social Bolsheviks”, the last viewed as in an intrigue with the Jews. The persecution and foundational eradication of Slavonic people in World War II for simply ethnic reasons had routinely been under-detailed. Partly because of failure to separate political and opposition detainees from those gathered together similarly as the Jews, and incompletely coming about because of an enemy of Communist conclusion of the West, the propensity of Western grant has been to minimize ethnic bias toward Slavic individuals and spotlight rather on Anti-Semitism, understandably the more significantly underlined German partiality.[7]

German experts under National Socialism built up a variety of detainment offices to limit those who they characterized as political, ideological, or racial opponents of the routine.[8] The first concentration camp in the Nazi framework, Dachau, opened in March, 1933. Before the end of World War II, the Nazis controlled a huge arrangement of in excess of 40,000 camps that extended crosswise over Europe from the French-Spanish border into the vanquished Soviet regions, and as far south as Greece and North Africa. The biggest number of detainees were Jews, however people were captured and detained for an assortment of reasons, including ethnicity and political alliance. Detainees were exposed to inconceivable fear from the minute they touched base in the camps; it was a dehumanizing presence that included a battle for survival against a framework intended to destroy them.[9] Starting in late 1941, the Germans started mass transports from the ghettos in Poland to the death camps, beginning with those individuals saw as the least helpful: the wiped out, old and powerless and the exceptionally youthful. From 1942 to 1945, Jews were expelled to the camps from all over Europe, including German-controlled domain just as those nations aligned with Germany. The heaviest extraditions occurred amid the late spring and fall of 1942, when in excess of 300,000 individuals were expelled from the Warsaw ghetto alone. An enormous populace of Jews and Slavs prisoners worked in the work camp in Auschwitz; however just Jews were gassed, a huge number of Slavs passed on of starvation, disease, or infection.[10] The Generalplan Ost was the Nazi German government’s arrangement for the genocide and ethnic purging on a tremendous scale, and colonization of Focal and Eastern Europe. It was to be embraced in domains involved by Germany amid World War II. The arrangement was in part acknowledged amid the war, coming about straightforwardly and in a roundabout way in the passings of around 9.4 to 11.4 million ethnic Slavs by starvation, illness, ethnic purifying, mass homicide, or elimination through work.[11] Auschwitz opened in 1940 and was the biggest of the Nazi fixation and concentration camps. Situated in southern Poland, Auschwitz at first filled in as a confinement community for political detainees. Be that as it may, it developed into a system of camps where Jewish individuals were annihilated, regularly in gas chambers, or utilized as slave work.[12]

Holocaust victims were individuals who were focused by the administration of Nazi Germany for different oppressive practices because of their ethnicity, religion, political convictions, or sexual direction. These regulated practices came to be known as The Holocaust, and they started with sanctioned social victimization explicit gatherings, and automatic hospitalization, willful extermination, and constrained disinfection of those thought physically or rationally unqualified for society. These practices raised amid World War II to incorporate non-legal imprisonment, seizure of property, constrained work, sexual subjection, restorative experimentation, and passing through exhaust, undernourishment, and execution through an assortment of strategies, with the destruction of various gatherings as the essential objective.[13] All passings of Slav regular citizens over the span of military and hostile to divided tasks had a bigot segment. German units led those tasks with an ideologically determined and obstinate dismissal for regular citizen life, this came about to 4.5 million of them being killed.[14] The Jews, about 6 million of them, were the most targeted, therefore came out with the largest number of being murdered. They were most brutally treated, but the Slavs got some of the same punishments as stated above. Carbon dioxide-filled chambers were in use to kill mentally handicapped Poles from November 1939. Zyklon B was first used at Auschwitz-Birkenau in September 1941 for the Jews. [15]

While numerous groups were focused during the Holocaust, the Nazi’s concentrated on the Jews and Slavs, who were viewed as mediocre, and meriting disposal. The Nazis propaganda was their strongest element to eliminate the Jews, Slavs and everyone else who was non-German. They took control of everyone’s basic lives and portrayed these humans in inhumane ways. The brutality in the way they treated their prisoners and inferiors is sickening. Concentration camps were created and went on for majority of the World War. The victims were being sold off for labour and if they could not work, they were wiped out. The percentages of how many people died leaves you shocked, as well as how they were killed and the situations they were put in. The Nazi routine guaranteed that they took the greatest material profit by their mass homicides.[16]

Citations

-          “10 Facts About The Holocaust, Ethnic Cleansing And Race In World War Two”. 2019. History Hit. Accessed May 19 2019.

-          “Anti-Slavic Sentiment”. 2019. En.Wikipedia.Org. Accessed May 16 2019.

-          “Auschwitz”. 2019. HISTORY. Accessed May 19 2019.

-          “Concentration Camp System: In Depth”. 2019. Encyclopedia.Ushmm.Org. Accessed May 17 2019.

-          “Daily Life In The Concentration Camps — United States Holocaust Memorial Museum”. 2019. Ushmm.Org.

-          “Documenting Numbers Of Victims Of The Holocaust And Nazi Persecution”. 2019. Encyclopedia.Ushmm.Org. Accessed May 19 2019.

-          “Generalplan Ost”. 2019. En.Wikipedia.Org. Accessed May 19 2019.

-          “Holocaust Victims”. 2019. En.Wikipedia.Org. Accessed May 14 2019.

-          “Nazi Propaganda”. 2019. Encyclopedia.Ushmm.Org. Accessed May 15 2019

-          “Racial Policy Of Nazi Germany”. 2019. En.Wikipedia.Org. Accessed May 14 2019.

-          2019. Bbc.Co.Uk. Accessed May 14 2019.

-          History.Com. Accessed May 17 2019.

-          Ministry Of Propaganda And Public Enlightenment”. 2019. Encyclopedia.Ushmm.Org. Accessed May 14 2019.


[1] “Holocaust Victims”. 2019. En.Wikipedia.Org. Accessed May 14 2019.

[2] “Holocaust Victims”. 2019. En.Wikipedia.Org. Accessed May 14 2019.

[3] 2019. Bbc.Co.Uk. Accessed May 14 2019. https://www.bbc.co.uk/newsround/16690175.

[4] “Ministry Of Propaganda And Public Enlightenment”. 2019. Encyclopedia.Ushmm.Org. Accessed May 14 2019.

[5] “Racial Policy Of Nazi Germany”. 2019. En.Wikipedia.Org. Accessed May 14 2019.

[6] “Nazi Propaganda”. 2019. Encyclopedia.Ushmm.Org. Accessed May 15 2019.

[7] “Anti-Slavic Sentiment”. 2019. En.Wikipedia.Org. Accessed May 16 2019.

[8] “Concentration Camp System: In Depth”. 2019. Encyclopedia.Ushmm.Org. Accessed May 17 2019.

[9] “Daily Life In The Concentration Camps — United States Holocaust Memorial Museum”. 2019. Ushmm.Org.

[10] History.Com. Accessed May 17 2019.

[11] “Generalplan Ost”. 2019. En.Wikipedia.Org. Accessed May 19 2019.

[12] “Auschwitz”. 2019. HISTORY. Accessed May 19 2019.

[13] “Holocaust Victims”. 2019. En.Wikipedia.Org. Accessed May 19 2019.

[14] “Documenting Numbers Of Victims Of The Holocaust And Nazi Persecution”. 2019. Encyclopedia.Ushmm.Org. Accessed May 19 2019.

[15] “10 Facts About The Holocaust, Ethnic Cleansing And Race In World War Two”. 2019. History Hit. Accessed May 19 2019.

[16] “10 Facts About The Holocaust, Ethnic Cleansing And Race In World War Two”. 2019. History Hit. Accessed May 19 2019.

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