The Great Holy Roman Empire History Essay
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The Holy Roman Empire was a great empire, it had its ups and downs but in all it was an amazing success. The empire was almost like a long bumpy road. Firstly the empire was centered in Germany and lasted from 926 to 1806. I choose the empire because it was a topic that interested me in many ways, because of religion. The Holy Roman Empire was one of the greatest empires of its time. A very interesting thing about the empire is that it never really got in any wars, it was invaded and they were attacked. The beginning of the empire was a great new beginning for some of the surrounding countries such as Germany and many others. The empire was a huge political power in the beginning, which made it so powerful. In a way the empire was a political entity.
The empire was the most powerful it had ever been. This was one of those bumps that were helpful and not disastrous. The status of the empire was originally part of a picked out peace of land and that belonged to the owner of the property. This meant that if you saw land that you liked you could go and take it, if nobody had already decided to take that land. Charlemagne was the first person to be an emperor, "Charlemagne was crowned Emperor of the Romans in 800 and was thus the forerunner of the Holy Roman Empire, largely because he had inaugurated the tradition of imperial coronation by the Pope of the Catholic Church." Charlemagne was believed to have traveled to Rome in 800 to help the pope out. It was Christmas day at St Peters and Leo was supposed to anoint Charlemagne's son as his air but instead the son rose in prayer and the pope put the crown on him so he reclaimed his empire. Charlemagne was very angry but he let it slide, the legal emperor was very upset it seemed, but the public alliance with the pope and the ruler of a confederation of a Germanic tribe is now seen upon as the political power in the west. The empire became much disoriented throughout the years because most of the time the pope and the kings were arguing and seeing who had more power and stuff related to that. In the empire the citizens played a huge role, if they got fed up with their king they could take him down and find a new one. For instance they got fed up with a king and thought that they should blind him and cut out his tongue, because he was not fit for the office. The empire was very large it included nine electors, and also many small states. When the male of the family died the family would join another family. The rulers loved limited reign over the states, sometimes they had only a couple of villages to rule. A couple of bishops ruled places which made them in a way powerful imperial vessel. Imperium was a word that was found in some papers of Otto I. when Henry II died Italian magentas offered the crown to Italy. The word imperium appears in official documents of Otto I, but it denotes the imperial power, not the territory." the emperor had lots of power everywhere, but he also had a lot of restrictions. Here are some of the things he had power over. The emperor enforced all the laws and rules in his empire, he also could make people imperial officers.
The kings and popes of the Holy Roman Empire were all pretty good at what they did. The kings and the popes fought all the time during the rule of the empire, Charlemagne had some problems with the pope when he was around. One of these great kings was Fredrick I, the only reason that the word holy became part of the Holy Roman Empire was Fredrick I. Even though Otto I was considered to be the first emperor to rule under it. Rudolf I was also another great emperor, Rudolf the 1 was the first habsburge emperor in 1273. The citizens couldn't just choose an emperor out of random, the emperor had to be at least 18 years old and his parents and his grandparents both had to be noble. But the emperors and the popes didn't get along all the time. Pope Leo III wanted to be crowned emperor, not Charlemagne. But this went to that and Charlemagne got crowned. Popes had some help when they got into heat with the kings, the bishops were important people in the Holy Roman Empire. But they can get people angry, about 1061 a bunch of bishop from Germany made a bunch of degrees for this pope, not many people were happy; a battle was started, for the pope. The pope went to find more allies after this. Nicholas II, Gregory, were both kings too. the holy roman empire expanded from Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Austria, the Czech and Slovak Republics, and some of eastern France, northern Italy, Slovenia, and western Poland. This all happened because King Charlemagne was a very smart and organized man. He was a Frankish king who helped the pope out quite a bit. Even thought the pope did not have the same kindness to Charlemagne. the kings played an important role in the empire. Otto I was the first king and he was the starter of many great opportunities for the empire. The last king, Francis II was a great king to. He helped the empire, but he also ended empire.
There were many struggles and tensions in the Holy Roman Empire. The empire was very quick to make enemies, they were already starting to crumble and then they pissed off the Byzantine Empire which was a big mistake. There had been a nine year argument between the pope and the emperor Henry IV. The emperor had a small glimpse of the role of the medieval papacy. The saint Gregory helped canonize the Catholic Reformation. Gregory's job was about military struggle and power broking.
The Holy Roman Empire had a couple of wars, and invasions. The Empire was not always quiet and peaceful, it was invaded by barbaric tribes, one of the Leaders of the tribes name was Althulf the visgoth. He said that he wanted to take roman down because he wanted peace. The Normans were also an enemy, the Normans often attack Italy's southern border.
The main part of the empire was centered in Italy, most of the activities that happened, happened there, but the German part was not very stable. The empire was not very sturdy ad later it became quite loose in the Germanic land. "The empire in the West, at first an unstable union of Germany and northern Italy and later a loose union of Germanic states, remained in almost continuous existence for more than 800 years. During the ItaloGerman phase, the empire played a significant role in central European politics and ecclesiastical affairs. A central feature of this period was the mortal struggle between the popes" later on the empire was given a new name, it was called the holy roman empire of the German nation.
The nature of the Holy Roman Empire was very important cause without it the empire would never have evolved into what became. The Sources of law provided the empire with its laws. The documents of law of the empire were very interment and firm, and there were many. Also many more were made in the 9th all the way through the 14th century. Some of the nature was from its kings and queens. The Holy Roman Empire had a king and queen, from the Carolingian Dynasty in the 10th Century. The principle was not very strong in the writing, later in the constitution of 1338 and the Golden Bull in 1356. The golden bull and its electors lasted from AD 1356-1806. "The Golden Bull, issued by Charles IV in 1356, clarifies the new identity which the Holy Roman Empire has been gradually adopting. It ends papal involvement in the election of a German king, by the simple means of denying Rome's right to approve or reject the electors' choice. In return, by a separate agreement with the pope, Charles abandons imperial claims in Italy - apart from a title to the kingdom of Lombardy, inherited from Charlemagne." The Holy Roman Empire never really got to the point of political unification, although France did. There was a time when the empire tried to but it was destroyed by the war and Reformation. Which was the thirty year war 1618 to 1648 that year, 1648, a treaty was made; it was called the treaty of Westphalia. Because of this the HRE lasted past the 18th century. the holy roman empire was very on and off the last king, Francis II decided to end the empire because he felt that the Germans were taking control of it, it later became known as the the holy roman empire of the German nation.
The ending of the empire was known to many awhile before it happened. The empires later years were very amusing, it had lands that were completely filled by Germans even though it was the empires land. The empire was thought to be powerful but it is seen that it was much weaker than people thought. The Holy Roman Empire was very useful, they would solve their problems in an orderly fashion and they would give punishment to those who got out of hand. the holy roman empire was quite a large one, it went from Germany, to the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxemburg, Switzerland, and of course Austria, also the Czech/ Slovak Republics, and some parts of France, Italy the northern part, Slovenia, and the west part of Poland. This all happened because of the Frankish king Charlemagne, and the Roman emperor, Pope Leo III in the Year 800, with this they restored what the Empire had been missing for so long, a leader. Again at 962 the empire was leaderless so Otto I, duke of Saxony, stepped up to the plate on 2 February 962. In 799, this was about the third time that the pope was asking the Frankish king for help. After the Romans had been attacked in the city of Rome Leo the III went to Charlemagne in the city of Paderborn. The Holy Roman Empire was pretty much destroyed in the French revolution and the European war. During the later years of the Holy Roman Empire, the lands were heavily populated by the Germans; the imperial lands did not really deserve its roman title name, since most of the people were German. This later made the title of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation in the 16th century.
The Holy Roman Empire, also known as the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation was an elegant nation that had its bumps and bruises, but the empire was not all bad it was a major political empire. The word "Holy" in the Holy Roman Empire is related to its doing with the church, the pope and the church were one. The pope believed that he could control what happened in the empire and the king thought otherwise. The start of the empire was an incredible help to the countries that were in it. It helped Germany and many more countries actually do something. It enabled those countries to make a difference.
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