Covid-19 Update: We've taken precautionary measures to enable all staff to work away from the office. These changes have already rolled out with no interruptions, and will allow us to continue offering the same great service at your busiest time in the year.

Arguments for the Use of Electronic Vehicles in Australia

2897 words (12 pages) Essay in Environmental Studies

18/05/20 Environmental Studies Reference this

Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. You can view samples of our professional work here.

Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays.

There has been an increase in the concern surrounding the issue of high rates of carbon emissions leading to the problem of increasing greenhouse gases from traditional vehicles which use oil, petrol, diesel or compressed natural gas, etc. Due to limited non-renewable energy sources and the polluting effect of fuel emissions, electric vehicles are becoming popular in recent years. For the purpose of this essay, ‘electric vehicles’ can be defined as transportation driven by an electric motor or battery, electric vehicles such as hybrid electric vehicles which are powered by electricity and petrol, plug-in hybrid electric vehicle and battery electric vehicles according to Ergon Energy. This essay will argue that the use of electric vehicles should be encouraged in Australia. The first reason is electric vehicles can reduce the amount of carbon emission such as carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide and thus lower pollution levels. The second reason is Australian government is supporting and reducing costs in order to attract buyers. The last reason is the convenience of recharging as electric vehicles charging stations can be placed in many areas.

Firstly, one reason why the use of electric vehicles should be encouraged in Australia is electric vehicles can reduce the amount of carbon emission such as carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide and thus lower pollution levels. According to Union of Concerned Scientist, the battery in electric vehicles are recharged by using a dedicated charger as these vehicles do not run by oil, petrol or diesel. In addition, Union of Concerned Scientist states that these vehicles will not produce any tailpipe contaminants, compared with traditional vehicles which directly emitted carbon emissions through the pipe and forming pollutants outlined by Energy gov. As a result, it may contribute to the problem of global warming and serious climate change claims Broadbent, Metternicht and Drozdzewsk (2018) due to the carbon emissions, Ortar and Ryghaug (2019) believe that electric vehicles have the potential of reducing car emissions and greenhouse gas emissions. Mcduling (2018) argues that electric vehicles might produce larger amounts of pollution than traditional vehicles, as a result, eleven countries with high emissions such as South Africa may emit more carbon emission than traditional ones. However, replacing traditional vehicles with electric vehicles, could reduce the amount of nitrogen oxide and nitrogen dioxide for 0.8% and 2.8% respectively (Ferrero, Alessandrini and Balanzino 2016). Gould and Golob (1998) described the batteries in electric vehicles could lead to an environmental issue such as poor water quality as these batteries contain lead acid and nickel cadmium which would release harmful pollutant when they are recycled, but it can also be argued that battery of electric vehicles could be reused in storage for other uses. According to Hall and Lutsey (2018), due to technological advances in industries area, lithium ion batteries might be totally recycled. Thus, one reason why electric vehicles should be encouraged in Australia is reducing the amount of carbon emission such as carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide.

Secondly, the Australian government’s support and in reducing costs in order to attract buyers is another reason why electric vehicles should be encouraged in Australia. Froome (2016) pointed out that the Australian government is considering decreasing import taxes for electric vehicles. For example, Hong Kong government was promoting a scheme which cooperated with Tesla to sell a Tesla Model S 70D cars at a discount price according to Woodhouse (2015). In addition, Luo, Leng, Huang and Liang (2014) commented that the Spanish and Romanian governments have lowered the price by providing a discount price to buyers. Shao, Yang and Zhang (2017) showed that the incentive of purchase electric vehicles schemes carried out in the US and China by reducing the price level. Consequently, it has provided incentives to electric vehicles buyers under discount schemes, which are the best way to sell and promote electric vehicles to the public according to Luo et al (2014). Additionally, Shao et al claims government incentives might provide impetus on sales of electric vehicles, as government is the main feature of technical transfer believed by Ahman (2006). According to Brase (2019) a brand-new electric vehicle would cost more than buying a traditional gasoline one. Berman(2019) stated that batteries is the main factor causing high purchase price on electric vehicle,  however due to the reduced size of installed traditional engines may actually be lower than traditional vehicles (Lebeau, Lebeau, Macharis, and Van Mierlo, 2013).  Furthermore, Finkel (2018) commented that since the global motor demand with the redesign of the original electric vehicles, subsequent models are becoming less expensive, as a result, the cost is falling continuously. Therefore, Australian government support to make the price lower is the second reason why electric vehicles should be encouraged in Australia.

Finally, electric vehicles should be encouraged in Australia because of the convenience of recharging as electric charging stations can be placed in many areas. Electric charging station are divided into local charging and long-distance charging. Local charging refers to slow charging for long periods of parking such as at home or at work, while long-distance charging means a fast charging station which can recharge quickly in order to continue long-distance outing recorded by Bryden, Hilton, Cruden, and Holton (2018). Furthermore, Progressive Digital Media Transportation (2013) states Montreal in Canada has installed 80 charging stations in public areas and also a German transportation company has been introducing their first high power charging station for electric buses. However, Froome (2016) argues that Australia lacks recharging facilities. In the United States, more than 9000 charging station have been installed compared to 200 in Australia. It seems to be that Australia have fewer facilities for electric vehicles (Washington 2015). However, Froome (2016) also argues that the Australian government will build more facilities in the future. According to of Manufactures’ Monthly (2013) charging networks have been improving in Perth and Melbourne which installed more than 30 charging stations, and also Australia could learn design and experiences from the United States and European as suggested by Washington (2015). On the other hand, the charging station may affect the voltage stability according to Sanchari, Kari, Karuna and Pinakeshwar (2018). In addition, van Kooten Niekerk, van Den Akker and Hoogeveen, J (2017) claim that the price of electricity may dramatically change in a week or month. Yet Lam, Leung and Chu (2013) point out renewable energy can be transformed into electricity, electric vehicles are able to storing renewable energy (Ortar and Ryghaug 2019). Since Australia does not have enough oil but it has many other energy resources such as wind, solar and hydro power according to Froome (2016), hence, the third reason is the convenience of recharging.

In conclusion, this essay has argued why electric vehicles should or should not be encouraged in Australia. This essay has shown that electric vehicles should be encouraged. The reasons are electric vehicles do not produce numerous pollutants. They can also lower the price levels in order to provide incentives to the buyers. Finally, electric vehicles can be recharged at public charging stations as the Australian government plans to install more charging stations. In the face of climate change and technological advances, electric vehicles are important to protect the environment and in the future since electric vehicles do not produce large amounts of carbon emissions, they should be encouraged.

References list

1.          Ahman, Max (2006) Government policy and the development of electric vehicles in Japan Energy Policy, Mar 2006, Vol.34(4), pp.433-443 Retrieved from

  1. Berman, B (2019) The Biggest Challenge Facing Electric Cars Is Still Affordability Retrieved from January 22,2019
  2. Brase, Gary L. (2019) What Would It Take to Get You into an Electric Car? Consumer Perceptions and Decision Making about ElectricVehicles The Journal of Psychology, 17 February 2019, Vol.153(2), p.214-236 Retrieved from
  3. Broadbent, G., Metternicht, G. and Drozdzewski, D. (2018). Retrieved from
  4. Bryden, Ts ; Hilton, G ; Cruden, A ; Holton, T (2018) Electric vehicle fast charging station usage and power requirements Energy, Vol.152, pp.322-332 Retrieved from 2018 Jun 1
  5. (n.d.). Reducing Pollution with Electric Vehicles. Retrieved from
  6. Ergon Energy. (n.d.). Types Of Electric Cars. Retrieved from
  7. Ferrero, E. ; Alessandrini, S. ; Balanzino, A.(2016) Impact of the electric vehicles on the air pollution from a highway Applied Energy, 1 May 2016, Vol.169, pp.450-459 Retrieved from
  8. Finkel, A (2018) Time to see the light on electric cars. The Age; Melbourne, Vic. Retrieved from 10 Feb 2018
  9. Froome, C (2016) Tesla’s gamble on its ‘affordable’ electric car -Global Change Institute. South Melbourne Retrieved from Apr 2016
  10. Gould, J. ; Golob, T.F. (1998) Clean air forever? A longitudinal analysis of opinions about air pollution and electric vehicles Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, May 1998, Vol.3(3), pp.157-169 Retrieved from,contains,what%20would%20it%20take%20to%20get%20you%20into%20an%20electric%20car&offset=0
  11. Hall, D. and Lutsey, N. (2018). Effects of battery manufacturing on electric vehicles life -cycle greenhouse gas emission Retrieved from February 2018
  12. Lam, Leung, Chu (2013) Electric vehicle charging station placement. 2013 IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications (SmartGridComm), pp.510-515. Retrieved from October 2013
  13. Lebeau, K. Lebeau, P. Macharis, C. Van Mierlo, J (2013) How expensive are electric vehicles? A total cost of ownership analysis. World Electric Vehicle Journal, 2013, Vol.6(4), pp.996-1007 Retrieved from
  14. Luo, C. Leng, M. Huang, J. Liang, L (2014) Supply chain analysis under a price-discount incentive scheme for electric vehicles European Journal of Operational Research, May 16, 2014, Vol.235(1), p.329 Retrieved from
  15. Manufacturers’ Monthly (2013)Setting the standard: Australia must choose an electric car charging norm. Manufacturers’ Monthly, Sep 2013  Retrieved from
  16. Mcduling, J (2018). Plenty of reason to move away from traditional cars. Retrieved from Jan 25, 2018
  17. Ortar, N. Ryghaug, M (2019) Should All Cars Be Electric by 2025? The Electric Car Debate in Europe. 22 February 2019; Accepted: 21 March 2019; Published: 28 March 2019  Retrieved from doi:10.3390/su11071868
  18. Progressive Digital Media Transportation (2013) September’s top stories: Australia’s $11.5bn project, Bombardier’s charging station Retrieved from News, Oct 1, 2013
  19. Sanchari D. Kari T. Karuna K. Pinakeshwar M (2018) Impact of Electric Vehicle Charging Station Load on Distribution Network Energies, , Vol.11(1), p.178 Retrieved from 01 January 2018
  20. Shao, Ll. Yang, J. Zhang, M (2017) Subsidy scheme or price discount scheme? Mass adoption of electric vehicles under different market structures European Journal Of Operational Research, 2017 Nov 1, Vol.262(3), pp.1181-1195 Retrieved from
  21. Union of Concerned Scientists. (2018). How Do Battery Electric Cars Work?. Retrieved from
  22. van Kooten Niekerk, M. van Den Akker, J. Hoogeveen, J (2017) Scheduling electric vehicles  Public Transport, Vol.9(1-2), pp.155-176 Retrieved from Jul 2017
  23. Washington, Tim (2015) EV charging infrastructure: Charging forward in Australia. ReNew: Technology for a Sustainable Future, 2015, Issue, pp.52-54 Retrieved from
  1. Woodhouse, A(2015) Electric car maker Tesla to offer guaranteed secondhand price to Hong Kong owners of some models. Retrieved from 30 April 2015


Get Help With Your Essay

If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help!

Find out more

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.

Related Services

View all

DMCA / Removal Request

If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK Essays website then please:

Related Lectures

Study for free with our range of university lectures!