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Product and Process Analysis on Golf Club

3463 words (14 pages) Essay in Engineering

18/05/20 Engineering Reference this

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ABSTRACT

The universe of golf club design has dramatically expanded and passed on over the past 20 years. High expectations for design skills coupled with the increasing influence of advanced technology within club design and the play make this an industry of continual flux and revolution. This thesis will layout a comprehensive plan of an approach to teaching a class in golf course design to landscape architecture students. The subject area of golf course design is enormous, with its own story and many technical details. I think that it is possible for engineering students to acquire a universal apprehension of the tip that would be beneficial to them whether they prefer to pursue golf course plan or some other related field like community design or resort planning.

TABLE OF CONTENT

Table of Contents

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION

DESIGN SPECIFICATION

Collection of materials/tools

The tools required to design golf club and the materials used

The materials used

Measuring and cutting of the shaft/readings

Assembling the club/swingweight

The Manufacturing Process

Forming the head:

Forming the shaft:

Quality Control

The Future

INITIATING THE PROJECT

PLANNING THE PROJECT

EXECUTING THE PROJECT

CLOSING THE PROJECT

Customer’s Focus:

Process Approach

ISO 9001 STANDARD

Improving processes

Reduce costs

BENEFITS

Critically reflect on personal performance identifying developmental needs

The leaning outcome

The student’s difficulty

Improvement

Conclusion

Reference

INTRODUCTION

The actualization of every project comes about by implementing creative solutions to accomplish the target. The procedure of designing a golf course requires careful thought and preparation. By attending golf practical design, construction skills, we can anticipate and account for problems or factors which might become challenges facing the project result. As engineer, we are essentially problem solvers, and by developing solutions before construction, the project proceeds as efficiently and cost-effectively as possible.

Describe tools to improve industrial performance within engineering organisations.

A clear analysis of the considerations made during the design process

DESIGN SPECIFICATION

Engineering designs can be labelled as innovation-devices or arrangements that are created by human effort and did not exist before or are improvements over existing devices or arrangements. Describing engineers primarily as problem solvers. What differentiates design from other types of problem solving is the nature of both the problem and the answers. Design problems are open ended in nature, which implies they receive more than one right answer. The outcome or solution to a design problem is a system that holds specified properties. The five basic-step process usually used in a problem-solving also works for design problems as well.

The four steps procedures in designing a 6-iron golf club are:

     State laws differ about the scope of publicity

     Collection of materials/tools

     Measuring and cutting of the shaft/readings

     Assembling the club/swingweight

 

 

 

 

 

  1. State laws differ about the scope of publicity

Golf clubs are the instruments we use to hit the golf ball. A golf club has three parts — the Head, the Shaft and the Grip. The patterns of golf constrain golf club designs, only the goal of clubmakers is to create golf clubs, within those constraints that maximize the physics behind a golfer’s swing while allowing for some range of swing error to provide an accurate, long, and forgiving shot. The better your swing, the less forgiving club you require whereas the more your swing needs work, the better off you are with a more forgiving club design.

Collection of materials/tools

The tools required to design golf club and the materials used

  • Club Length Measure Tool or Ruler
  • Frequency Analyzer
  • Swing Weight Scale

The materials used

  • 40 inches length of steel shaft
  • 6-iron head club and the grip

Measuring and cutting of the shaft/readings

This method covers the procedure for measuring the shaft of a 6-iron golf club.

Original length of the steel shaft golf-club given

40 inches

Expected length of steel shaft

36.5 inches

Expected length of the steel shaft without club

36.5 inches

Expected cycle per minute for 6-iron (Regular)

295 – 300

Length of the golf-club

1 inch

Driver grip, from the end

1.5 inch

Tip end shaft

1 inch

The original length of the shaft is 40 inches and the length of head club is 1 inch.

40inches – 1 inch =39 inches

Put the steel shaft in the frequency analyser and take down the readings, adjust the shaft backward you take each reading

Golf club

Cycle per minute

39.5”

287.64

37.0”

301.43

36.4

296.91

Our final reading of the steel shaft with the club attached at the tip end is 36.4” with a frequency of 296.91 cycle per minute with 2.6” out of the frequency analyser

To cut-off the remaining inches, use a tube cutter to trim the shaft or a hacksaw (39.0” – 2.6” = 36.4”).

Assembling the club/swingweight

There are various ways to fasten the head to the shaft. Insert the shaft into the socket on the club head and insert the grip and then place the golf club on the ruler to take the final measurement of the golf club which is 37.5 inches (the shaft length + head club + the grip = 37.5”).

Place the golf club on the swingweight tool to get the readings which is;

Swingweight: D1.

 

An analysis of the importance of the design stage within the manufacturing process

The Manufacturing Process

Golf clubs are made up from a broad assortment of fabrics, including metals, plastics, ceramics, composites, wood, and others. Every golf club maker uses a little different manufacturing process. Big companies use highly automated machinery, while smaller companies use hand tools. Some components of the manufacturing process may be singular to one society and regarded as trade secrets.

Here is a method of operations applied to produce a machine-made, perimeter-weighted golf iron.

Forming the head: The head is created by a process called investment casting. A master die of the club head is constructed from metal. The die consists of two halves with a hollow cavity that is the exact condition and size of the craved club head.

Forming the shaft: If the shaft is produced of steel or stainless steel, it is made by a process called tube drawing. A tube of the craved length is pulled part way through an opening in an die little smaller than the tube diameter, which causes the drawn portion of the subway system to knock down in diameter.

Quality Control

Golf clubs are made with much attention to specifications as components for aircraft. In fact, most club manufacturers feature their specifications as a means of differentiating their clubs from the contest. Swing weight, lie angle, shaft torque, and a horde of other specifications are not just important to the club designers, but are too significant to the company’s clients.

The Future

The status of golf is expected to proceed to rise. As the number of recreational players increases, there will be an emphasis on designing clubs that make the game more interesting for the intermediate golf player.

 

B. In relation to the product you have manufactured:

Four each of the 4 stages of the project management process, describe the activities you undertook within each stage.

This week, we student typically are taking on a task to design golf club, assigned the project and the necessary resources to a carefully chosen individual and assumed were using some form of task management. The project management process typically includes four key phases: initiating the project, planning the project, executing the project, and closing the project. An abstract of each form is supplied under.

INITIATING THE PROJECT

The task management techniques related to the project initiation phase include:

  • Setting up the project initiation team. This calls for organizing team members to aid in posting away the project initiation activities.
  • Building a relationship with the client. The reason for your customer’s organization will foster a more substantial relationship between the two parties.

PLANNING THE PROJECT

The task management techniques related to the project planning phase include:

  • Identifying the project scope, alternatives, and feasibility: The understanding of the content and complexity of the task. Relevant questions that should be answered include:

    • What problem/opportunity does the project address?
    • What results are to be achieved?
    • What needs to be done?
    • How will progress and success be measured?
    • How will we know when we are done?
  • Split the project into tasks: This step is practiced ensuring an easy progression between tasks.
  • Estimating resources and creating a resource program: This serves to collect and arrange resources in the most efficient manner and hence along.

EXECUTING THE PROJECT

The task management techniques related to the project execution phase include:

  • Carrying out the baseline project plan. The task of the project manager is to initiate the performance of task activities, acquire and assign resources, orient and develop new team members, keep the project on agenda, and assure the quality of project deliverables.
  • Monitoring project progress against the baseline project plan. Using Gantt and PERT charts, which will be discussed in detail further on in this paper, can aid the task manager in managing this.
  • Communicate project status. This implies that the total project plan should be shared with the entire project team and any revisions to the program should be conveyed to all interested parties so that everyone understands how the program is evolving.

CLOSING THE PROJECT

The task management techniques related to the project closedown phase include:

  • Closing the project. In this phase, it is important to notify all concerned parties of the culmination of the task. Likewise, all project documentation and books should be finalized so that the final recap of the task can be directed.
  • Conducting post project reviews. This is done to find out the strong points and weaknesses of project deliverables, the procedures used to make them, and the project management process.
  • Closing the customer contract. The concluding action is to ensure that all contractual terms of the project have been seen.

C. In relation to the product you have manufactured undertake the following:

  1. Identify two principles of the international standard for quality management ISO9001 and analyse how these could be used as a tool to improve performance.

Customer’s Focus:

The principal focus of quality management is to conform to customer requirements and to strive to surpass customer expectations. To explain further, sustained success is reached when an organization attracts and keeps back the trust of customers and other interested parties. Some key benefit to keep customer expectation are;

  • Increased customer value
  • Increased customer satisfaction
  • Improved customer satisfaction and loyalty
  • Enhanced repeat business

Actions to take to achieve customers expectation are as such;

  • Recognize direct and indirect customers as those who picks up the value of the system.
  • Understand customers’ current and future demands and expectations.
  • Plan, plan, produce, create, present and support goods and services to satisfy client demands and anticipations.

Process Approach

Steady and expected consequences are accomplished more effectively and efficiently when activities are interpreted and managed as interrelated processes that serve as a logical scheme. The quality management system and understanding how results are created by this arrangement enables an organization to promote the system and its operation. Some of the key benefit includes;

  • Heightened power to concentrate effort on key procedures and a chance for betterment
  • Steady results through a system of aligned processes and so on.
  1. Identify a standard which could relate to your product and analyse how this is of benefit to industry.

ISO 9001 STANDARD

Designing a golf club, does not mean if your design meets the ISO 9001 requirements. As a designer, a good design process is vital unless you just manufacture products based on customer drawings. In ISO9001, it does not tell how to implement designs but only what you needed is required to be implemented. The standard parts that is required in ISO9001 which formalised the procedure, processes and responsibilities are;

Improving processes

  • Plan: Address the problem, collect measurement/data and plan a change
  • Carry-out: Develop and follow out the solution
  • Check: Review test, confirm results, measure how effective was the variety
  • Act: Take action based on the outcome of the previous measure. Implement improved solution

Reduce costs: this includeseliminating waste and better efficiency and so on

BENEFITS

Its benefit is based on the potential features and considering how I communicate the benefit to industry.

The product features

Potential benefit to industry

How it is developed or manufactured

It supports local industry and helps the environment

How it compares to competitors’ products

You are receiving quality and value for money

Allows flexibility and comfort

Offers greater detail and leaves for more exercises

Its cost

You can well afford it

Critically reflect on personal performance identifying developmental needs

The leaning outcome

In the laboratory, all the pupils in their different groups discoursing on how to carry-out their designs on golf club, I saw that on that point would be a great deal to memorise during this exercise and decisions made is based along the test, calculations, the measurement we took, during the design of the golf clubhouse.

By serving a group workshop, we acquainted ourselves with the undertaking given to us.

The student’s difficulty

The most difficulty we have was when finished the installation/assembling the golf club, we realised that the golf club is short by 1.1” compare to our expected result which is 37.5” and the fault was from weighting and taken down the frequency readings and a wrong measurement was used to cut the shaft of the of the golf club and the cutting the shaft is done at one end of the shaft only, of course, we have to start all over again.

Improvement

In as much as there are no limitations on weight or materials, if I am improving on my intent, then the weight of the shaft must be somewhat larger than the original weight (126 grams), with the combined improved club and the swing testers of 6-iron club hit the ball will be valued.

Conclusion

The experimental values and forecast values of improved club mentioned in this paper can be an important reference for golf companies to customize the clubs in the hereafter, the hitting distance can be increased by nearly 5% to increase the maximum hitting efficiency of the club.

 

 

 

 

Reference

 

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