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The introduction chapter of your dissertation or thesis is the one in which you provide all of the basic information that the reader will need to understand the dissertation which is to follow. Such things as the background of your research, how you came to research your topic, what your topic is and how it relates to the world around it, and what kind of general principles and methodology you will be using to research your topic and evaluate your hypothesis, are all aspects of what you will cover in the introduction chapter.
To start writing your introduction chapter, come up with a simple one sentence summary of the goal of your research. The reader will come to the first chapter of your thesis expecting a statement of purpose. This statement should tell the reader what the topic of the research paper is and what you hope to achieve.
Next, you can talk about the background of the project. How did you choose the project? What kind of greater historical context does the research that you are engaged in exist within? You may want to talk about any related experiments or research that specific people have done in the past, including landmark research cases which are related to the topic at hand. This gives the reader a sense of how your research fits into the greater scheme of things, and lets the reader compare what you are about to present to the research which they may or may not already be familiar with from leading figures in the history of the field.
Now tell the reader what your hypothesis is, as well as your basic reasons for believing in the hypothesis. How does your knowledge of the reality of the field make you lean towards one hypothesis or another? Explain to the reader how you will be able to prove or disprove the hypothesis that you set out with through the course of your research. Talk about any particular relevant issues that could affect the course of the research, or any basic questions or problems that people might have regarding the topic and how you will go about your research process. Try to anticipate how people will react to your hypothesis and make sure that you are able to start your project on a strong heading. It may be best to have the opening paragraph of your thesis reviewed before you embark on the research process, to make sure that you are on the right track (or at least that the track makes sense to others) before you set off and put a lot of effort into collecting data.
Finally, give the reader a sense of how the dissertation will be organized. Provide some kind of chapter by chapter breakdown to tell the reader what can be expected so that the reader will be able to scan the paper at first and have a good sense of what ended up happening. Use solid principles of organization throughout your paper, in addition to hitting all the above topics in your introductory paragraph, to make your dissertation as readable as possible.
Dissertation introduction is the theoretical explanation of the purpose of a certain topic investigation. That is why, when writing dissertation introductions, one should know the rules of writing a dissertation introduction. What should be included into dissertation introductions? What should be omitted? What should you avoid when writing a dissertation introduction? The answers to each of these questions can be found in this article.
The first thing to be mentioned, when writing dissertation introductions, is a clear stating of the problem. Explain why the topic chosen is relevant and why the problem is burning. Your presentation of the topic under investigation may be one sentence or a paragraph long. The main thing is that you should answer the question Why did I make up my mind to investigate this very topic?
The next point to be mentioned in your dissertation introduction is the major purposes of your investigation. You should formulate at least two purposes. Write something like
I intend to investigate the correlation of …to …;
I intend to make sure that…
It is extremely important to present the methods you are going to use while your investigation, such as observations, questionnaires, interviews, etc. Consult your tutor on what methods would be the most helpful for investigating your topic. The methods are the means of achieving the results, so, think of the best means of succeeding.
When writing dissertation introductions, you should remember that your success in a dissertation depends on the correct stating of the purposes and means of achieving these purposes. You should avoid informal language, any use of jargons, slang, etc. Your language should be strictly scientific, because you present the scientific explanation of what you are going to investigate.
So, a dissertation introduction is the foundation of your dissertation project, and that is why you should make it firm.
An introduction is a part of a dissertation that receives marked attention of dissertation committee members. In light of this, it is especially important for a student to create an eye-catching dissertation introduction that will be original, creative, adequate, and credible. If you want to circumvent the difficulties in writing a dissertation introduction, closely scrutinise and take into account the following suggestions.
The practical guidelines for writing a dissertation introduction
Although some experts recommend writing a dissertation introduction at the very end, it will be more reasonable to begin with it, but bring about certain changes in the process of research. This may prove to positively effect the whole dissertation, as a problem statement, objectives, and tasks will be identified earlier in the analysis. A dissertation introduction is a framework of your research that reinforces the need for further investigation.
The first step in dissertation introduction writing is to develop novel ideas on the basis of the accumulated material. Take time to mould your ideas and express them in writing. As it is an opening part of your research, the ideas in a dissertation introduction should be clear, convincing, and strong. Dissertation writing is a slow process that requires motivation, devotion, concentration, diligence, patience, and much practice. Read a wide variety of articles and make an attempt to profoundly analyse them. If you do not understand a scholarly article from the first time, read it again and try to grasp the crux of the arguments. But be careful not to distort the data; this misunderstanding is unlikely to yield satisfactory results. Besides scholarly and peer-reviewed articles, you may use official records, textbooks, national and international statistics in a dissertation introduction. All these sources should be properly referenced.
In view of the fact that dissertation requirements are demanding, you should consult prior dissertations to gain some insights on the structure and meaning of a dissertation introduction. But you should not rely on a random choice of articles and dissertation samples; a dissertation is a serious piece of work, and you need professional advice on appropriate materials selection. Discuss the selection criteria with your supervisor or a person who is involved in academic writing. If no criterion is recognised, you will fail to conduct a scientifically valid research.
Start with a background, be it historical or theoretical, and gradually proceed to the objectives of your research. Juxtapose a problem statement with a thesis statement and briefly specify the significance of the issue you are going to investigate. Define the tasks that are consistent with the chosen objectives. It may be efficient to put open-ended questions in a dissertation introduction. You may also mention the current debates in the research field or draw parallels between the past and the present, recognising the occurred social, political or scientific changes. While you can not go into detail in a dissertation introduction, you should nevertheless provide a rather deep analysis of the core aspects and support it with concrete examples. However, it is up to you to decide what points should be generalised and what points should be analysed in more specific ways in a dissertation introduction. In some cases, you should devise persuasive hypotheses and clarify how you are going to test them. Conclude your dissertation introduction with an overview of subsequent chapters; this overview should be concise, but captivating. Do not underestimate the importance of this final part of a dissertation introduction; all specified elements are crucial for the smooth flow of the analysis.
You should understand that the purpose of a dissertation introduction is not to defend or attack a particular viewpoint, but to consider the question from all angles. On the other hand, you should clearly state your own position and demonstrate individual thinking. But you should not hold an extreme position or express exaggerated claims. If necessary, question the validity of prior findings, reject settled opinions, and reveal controversies in regard to the issue you analyse; however, any criticism should be mild and unbiased. Keep in mind that it is always better to suggest something new than turn to explicit criticism.
A dissertation introduction should be free of any slang expressions or jargons. As you conduct a scientific research, do not go beyond the accepted language norms. You should remember that those who will read your dissertation introduction may be unfamiliar with your topic; thus, you should write in a manner that will be understood by both an amateur and professional. Use a rigorous language yet easily comprehensible; avoid ambiguity and find the way to reconcile diverse aspects of the analysis. In addition, you should provide unequivocal definitions of specific notions employed in a dissertation introduction.
Do not write an extensive dissertation introduction; instead of focusing on a length, make sure that you have covered all necessary aspects. You should keep a balance between simplicity and complexity; do not go from one extreme to another. Each argument in your dissertation introduction should be well-grounded and be linked to a certain theoretical concept; otherwise, these arguments may be regarded as spurious and inaccurate. If you suddenly realise that one of your arguments is flawed, substitute it for a correct one. Of course, it is difficult to foresee all drawbacks, but try to bring your dissertation introduction to perfection. When you use direct quotes, you should put them in brackets and necessarily indicate a page number. The widespread referencing styles for dissertations are MLA, APA or Harvard; however, your university may set other style and structural requirements.
Unquestionably, a smooth and consistent dissertation introduction will increase your chances of successful completion of a dissertation. It does not matter whether you employ the mentioned guidelines partly or entirely; anyway, the results will be striking and really surprising. Do not be afraid to experiment with different writing strategies or explanatory techniques, and you will soon find out that you have taken a giant step forward in understanding the main concepts of writing and researching.