Law and criminality

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Law and criminality

Why do people make laws?

Laws are made to prevent chaos, to conform people to our orders. So that we can stay in control, without getting into our own destruction, and to live in unity, peacefully, even though a lot of these laws are controversial, we need them to work together and to keep murders, crimes, etc. in order.

Why do we need laws?

What would life be like for us if we had no government, or if there were no laws or rules to live by?

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Laws apply to everyone equally.

Laws protect and make things fair for all groups of people. Laws are not different or special for any one group.

A community needs laws.

"CIELaws are used to protect the rights of individuals and to govern its citizens. These laws may be made by representatives who have been elected, by the majority of the people. Sometimes laws are voted on by all of the citizens of the state or community in a referendum. If a law is not fair it may be changed by the government.

"CIE

"USS"http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/ss5/b/absofg2.gif"

If there were no laws our lives would be very different.

Without laws we would live in fear. The biggest, strongest, or most powerful person or group of people would be in control of our society.Good laws keep us safe and healthy and protect all of the citizens in our community.

Some laws are necessary while others are inefficient. They make the laws to counter balance the side effects from the laws they just made until eventually, we are tangled in an inefficient bureaucratic state that is governed so much that people lose all incentive to do great things.

The law also prevents people from doing crimes such as hurting other human beings by murdering , smuggling, stealing and of course raping. Imagine if there weren't any laws, all these things wouldn't be illegal

People who break laws are punished.

It is important that laws are enforced, or carried out. Ifa person is accused of breaking a law or committing a crime, that person has the right to be protected until there has been a fair hearing or trial. If a person has committed a crime orbroken the law, there will be consequences. Consequences include having privileges taken away, paying a fine or being put into prison.

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Why do people commit crimes?

"CIEPeople who commit crimes do so for a myriad of reasons and most of the time justify to themselves why they do this. The causes can range from poor or abusive upbringing, a social community that encourages it, the seven deadly sins (greed, lust, pride, envy, anger, sloth, and gluttony), and a lack of empathy for others, and usually an element of ignorance thrown in. One criminal act leads to another, then leads to deception to cover the crime(s), which leads to more crime to survive.

"USS Criminals aren't criminals only because of their fault. Their parents are to be blamed too. If their mistakes were corrected at the right time, they wouldn't have committed crimes at such a large scale today. These people weren't born as criminals, it is the world that has made them what they are today. They might have been bullied or abused as kids, which might be the reason that they're taking all of their frustration now? reasons vary but one's past does affect his future.

Why do people break laws?

People break law, sometimes knowingly thinking that he won't get caught or may be that everyone does that and his doing would not make any difference. Sometimes, he may be ignorant of the situation and does not know that what he is doing is against the law. Sometimes, he might be doing it intentionally, because he has some personal interest in doing so. Like bribing a cop to stop his arrest and likewise.

Some ways people break laws-

There are various ways of breaking laws -texting, emailing, speeding, not paying taxes, not using your blinkers, running a red-light, illegal parking are all ways in which people can break laws.

Major crimes in India-

Crime is present in various forms in India. It includes drug trafficking, murder for hire, fraud. Other crimes are homicide, robbery, assault etc. Property crimes include burglary, theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. Corruption is a significant problem. Dowry and female infanticide.

Education is an essential element in reducing the crime rate in the long run. According to the recent statistics reported by Institution of Social Security, the more widespread the education is, the less crimes are committed in a particular region. Therefore, the government should always guarantee the increase of education.

The crime rates in India

"CIE

Crime growth in India includes all forms of the curse including rape, dowry death and molestation

Crime rates-

Year

Total cog. crimes under IPC

Murder

Kidnapping

Robbery

Theft

Burglary

Riots

1953

6,01,964

9,802

5,261

8,407

147,379

20,529

2006

18,78,293

32,481

23,991

18,456

91,666

56,641

% Change in 2006 over 1953

212.0

231.0

356.0

120.0

−38.0

176.0

Are the police effective?

Police do stop crime, although increasingly they will rely in non police personnel for assistance in doing so. Nonetheless, police need to be alert to the dangers of concentrating

"CIE

single-mindedly on crime reduction. Doing so not only has inherent dangers, but it can also divert attention from other tasks and objectives of policing. "USS

Do I feel safe in my community?

Not much. We can’t trust many people, now day’s not even relatives much. Crime rate has caused an effect on me. We need to become more aware and there have to be more restrictions now.

Can I do something to control crime?

  • We must work with public agencies and other organizations and also our neighbors to solve to solve community based problems.
  • Keep strict police facuilities in our neighbourhood and make sure your streets and homes are bright. Make it possible for neighbors to report suspicious activity or crimes without fear of retaliation.
  • With help of city work department and teenagers and children in your area clear up the area and neighbourhood.
  • Include enforcing anti-noise laws, housing codes, health and fire codes, anti-nuisance laws, and drug-free clauses in rental leases.
  • Begin drug-free, gun-free zones in schools and work with recreation officials to do the same for parks.
  • Report a crime if you witness it or something you suspect might be a crime. Education is an essential element to spread awareness and reduce crime rate. We must spread education so that people perform less crimes.
  • The instability of a society like being jobless or homeless could also lead an individual to the root of crime. So the solution is to reduce the unemployment rate and improve social benefits so as to raise the stability of the society

Crime statistics of serial killers:

"CIEA person who due to psychological gratification kills more than 3 people over a short span of time continuously without a cooling period is called a serial killer. Most of the killings involve sexual contact with the victom but it can also include anger, , financial gain, and attention seeking". The murders and the victims may have had something in common; for example, occupation, race, appearance, sex, or age group.

Some facts on crime-

"USS

-The USA has 76% of the world's known serial killers. -Europe in second has 17%. England has produced 28% of the European total; Germany produces 27%, and France produces 13%. -84% of American killers are Caucasian. -16% are black. -Men make up at least 90% of the world wide total of serial killers. -65% of victims are female. -89% of victims are white. -44% of all killers start in their twenties. -26% start in their teens. -24% start in their thirties.

-Out of all the killers, 86% are heterosexual

"Trends

INTERVIEW with Mrs. Nair (law student) ( cross cultural)

Question: Don’t statistics show that most people are killed by someone they know?

Answer: 58 percent of murder victims are killed by either relatives or acquaintances. However, what most people don’t understand is that this “acquaintance murder” number also includes gang members killing other gang members, drug buyers killing drug pushers, cabdrivers killed by customers they picked up for the first time,.

Question: Why do you say that poor people commit more crimes? There are a lot more poor people in our prisons.

"CIEAnswer: All that shows is that poor criminals can’t afford lawyers to keep them out of jail. Furthermore, the kinds of crimes that poor crooks engage in are quite different from those carried out by “rich” crooks. The poor criminal has to do his thing on the street level—where there’s a greater chance of confrontation with those who would stop him. Therefore, there’s not only a greater chance of his getting caught, but also a greater potential for violence. And it is the violence that law enforcement agencies tend to focus on. You said you think most “poor” criminals steal out of a genuine physical need and may be spending

"USS

their money on illegal stuff.

Question: How does crime and poverty affect society?

Answer: They are inversely related. If people have jobs, then the crime rate goes down. But if people don't have jobs, the crime rate is higher. The reason because the criminals also have families they have to support but if they can't find a job they need money somehow and they do it illegally so that's about it.

Question: Are boys or girls most likely to commit a crime?

Answer: Male and female both have the same ability to commit crimes. Choosing to commit a crime has nothing to do with your gender. Although we do tend to see a greater trend in violence and crime coming from men.

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