Role Of The Quantity Surveying Profession Construction Essay

Published:

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

In order to identify the role of the Quantity surveyor in the modern UK industry we will review his implications and duties during all the different stages of the construction cycle.

Also and for information we will review how a Client appoints a Quantity surveyor and when, in order to understand his early involvements in the process.

And finally we will explain how the surveyor claims his fees and how the Client paid the QS services.

But firstly, let's go in the past to understand where the job of quantity surveyor comes from and when it first appears in the UK.

3.0 HISTORY

The quantity surveyor profession can trace its roots back to the rebuilding of London after the Great fire

4.0 ROLE OF A QUANTITY SURVEYOR NOWADAYS

Quantity surveyors are the accountants of the building profession - planning and managing costs of construction projects from start to finish. Quantity surveyors (or QSs as they are known, since it's a bit of a mouthful) either work for a private QS practice and act on behalf of clients or for a contracting firm which carries out construction work.

This profession is certainly not all hard hats and wellies. In fact the role of the quantity surveyor has changed so dramatically in recent years that the profession doesn't always answer to the name of quantity surveying anymore!

You will often see private practices referring to themselves as 'cost consultants' and 'project managers' because of the nature of the work they now handle. Due to the recession, QSs have had to adapt or die and there are now fewer, larger private practices than ever before taking on a broader remit of work.

No longer do quantity surveyors just measure and price work, they have a more strategic role. Nowadays the QS is involved at all stages of a project from preparing tenders and planning costs to preparing final bills of quantities; essentially, making sure projects are planned and completed to cost and quality, on time.

UK construction professionals are respected abroad and, partly in response to the depressed home market, many UK firms have developed an international outlook.

5.0 WHEN TO APPOINT A QUANTITY SURVEYOR

In order that maximum benefit can be gained from his skill a Quantity surveyor should be appointed by any client as soon as possible in the life of a project, preferably at the inception of a scheme, so that the QS's advices can be provided on:

The costs of the project (meet the Client's budget).

The best procurement route can be selected according to the Client' requirements.

Selection of others consultants and contractors.

It is recommended that a Client and his Quantity surveyor should meet and discuss the appointment before any agreement is reached, unless the services provided by the Qs is to be restricted in the process.

6.0 HOW TO SELECT AND APPOINT A QUANTITY SURVEYOR

There are three methods available when it comes to select a Quantity surveyor;

Selection based on existing knowledge

A Client may select and then appoint a QS using existing knowledge of the surveyor's performance and reputation. This may a result of past succefull project, good relationship or by recommandations from others.

Selection from a panel maintained by a Client

A Client may maintain a panel of Quantity surveyors. He will have records of their experience which will enable him to make any selection or appointment.

Selection from an ad hoc list produced by a Client

If a Client cannot make a decision using any of the two others methods it may be more appropriate produce an ad hoc list.

Whichever of the above methods of selection is used it is important for the selection criteria to include the following:

The financial standing of the QS under consideration

The experience, competence and reputation of each candidate for equal chance.

Their ability to provide the services required by the Client.

7.0 SERVICES OFFERED BY A QUANTITY SURVEYOR

This diagram shows the different phases of the construction cycle. The Quantity surveyor is involved in each of these phases. The following will explain what the duties of the QS are during the construction cycle.

Quantity surveying in Construction phases

Inception and feasibility

At inception and feasibility the Quantity surveyor has the duty of:

Liaise with client and other consultants to determine the Client's requirements and development of the full brief.

Advise on selection of other consultants.

Advise on implications of proposed project and liaise with other experts to develop such advice.

Advise on the most appropriate procurement route.

Establish Client's order of priorities for quality, time and cost.

Prepare initial budget estimate from feasibility proposals.

Prepare overall project cost calculations and cash flow projections.

Design stage

During the design stage the Qs will:

Prepare and develop preliminary cost plan.

Advise on cost of design team's proposals.

Monitor cost implications during detailed design stage.

Maintain and develop cost plan, and prepare periodic reports and updated cash flow forecasts.

Tender documents

During this stage, the Quantity surveyor will:

Advise on tendering and contractual arrangements taking into accounts the Client's priorities and information available from designers.

Advise on insurance responsibilities and liaise with Client's insurance advisers.

Advise on warranties.

Advise on bonds for performances and other purposes.

Prepare tender and contract documents in conjunction with the Clients and members of design team.

Provide copies of documentations as agreed

Advise on use and/or amendments of standard form of contract or contribute to drafting of particular requirements in association with Client's legal advisers.

Draw up form of contact, obtain contract drawings from members of the design team and prepare and deliver to both parties contract copies of all documents.

Tender selection and appraisal

At this stage of the tender actions phase the Qs has to:

Advise on shortlisting prospective tenderers.

Investigate tenderers and advise the Client on financial status and experience.

Attend pre-contract interview with tenderers.

Arrange delivery of documents to selected tenderers.

Check tender submissions for accuracy, level of pricing.

Advise on errors and qualifications and, if necessary, negotiate the offers.

Advise on submission of programme of work and method statement.

Prepare appropriate documentation if necessary, to adjust the tender received to an acceptable contract sum.

Review financial budget in view of tenders received and prepare revised cash flow.

Prepare tender reports with appropriate recommendations.

Construction

During the construction the Quantity surveyor will:

Prepare recommendations for interim payments to contractors, subcontractors and suppliers in accordance with the contract requirements.

Post contract

During this last stage of the construction cycle the Qs will:

Value designer's draft for varying the project before issue.

Prepare periodic cost reports in agreed format at specified intervals including any allocations of cost and/or copies as requested by third parties.

Prepare the final account.

Attend meetings as provided under agreements.

Provide copies of documentation as provided under the agreement.

8.0 PAYMENTS

The Client shall pay the QS for the performance of the services the fees and charges in such instalments as are set in the fee offer clause. All fees and charges under the agreement are exclusive of value added Tax which if due shall be paid concurrently in addition. The due date for payment shall be 7 days after the date of the submission of the invoice. The quantity surveyor when submitting his invoice shall on each invoice confirm the basis on which the stated amount is calculated.

The final date for payment has to be 21 days after the due date for payment. The payment has to be made no later than the final date for payment.

Any amount due to the Quantity surveyor under the agreement which remain unpaid by the client after the final date must be bear interest at the rate stated in the fee offer clause.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Client guide to the Appointing a Quantity Surveyor, first edition(February 1992; RICS books

Cost Planning of Buildings, Eighth Edition; Ferry and Brandon

Lecture notes 2010; Discipline Project 2

RIBA Outline Plan of Work 2007 amended Nov 2008

Writing Services

Essay Writing
Service

Find out how the very best essay writing service can help you accomplish more and achieve higher marks today.

Assignment Writing Service

From complicated assignments to tricky tasks, our experts can tackle virtually any question thrown at them.

Dissertation Writing Service

A dissertation (also known as a thesis or research project) is probably the most important piece of work for any student! From full dissertations to individual chapters, we’re on hand to support you.

Coursework Writing Service

Our expert qualified writers can help you get your coursework right first time, every time.

Dissertation Proposal Service

The first step to completing a dissertation is to create a proposal that talks about what you wish to do. Our experts can design suitable methodologies - perfect to help you get started with a dissertation.

Report Writing
Service

Reports for any audience. Perfectly structured, professionally written, and tailored to suit your exact requirements.

Essay Skeleton Answer Service

If you’re just looking for some help to get started on an essay, our outline service provides you with a perfect essay plan.

Marking & Proofreading Service

Not sure if your work is hitting the mark? Struggling to get feedback from your lecturer? Our premium marking service was created just for you - get the feedback you deserve now.

Exam Revision
Service

Exams can be one of the most stressful experiences you’ll ever have! Revision is key, and we’re here to help. With custom created revision notes and exam answers, you’ll never feel underprepared again.