Role of Professional Institutions in the Built Environment Sector

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INTRODUCTION

The construction industry embraces a wide range of loosely integrated organizations that collectively construct, alter, refurbish and repair a wide range of different building and civil engineering structures

Who is the Professional?

Person who has been formally certified by a professional body and has a high degree of knowledge or skill in particular field with qualified by completing necessary academic qualification or practice is known as professional.

What is the Professionalism?

Professionalism is an important factor in terms of both in business and society. Basically professional means that person is committed to a standard of behaviour. Its qualities show persons appearance, personal and professional interaction which provides others with a first impression.

Professional Bodies

A professional body is a place which accredit or certifies completion of a certain professions requirement. Professional institute is a place, where same professionals meet under a roof and creating a network among profession.

LITERATURE REVIEW

a The primary purpose of any professional body or professional organization is to promote and support the particular profession. .

The term professional is now most often used to describe Architecture, Engineering, and Quantity Surveyor. The Built environment typically describes design, construction, management, technical, environment sustainability etc. now a days built environment sector spreads in a wide range, consisting the built up large number of the professions. The professional responsibilities and capabilities of engineers, planners, architects and surveyors and their professional institutions in reducing disaster risks and responding to disaster impacts and Skill is basically an ability and capacity to do work accurately. The construction professional skills plays an important part in construction industry. The professional organization can use of many skill and strategies in particular professions.

The Skills of a Construction Professional

  • Communication
  • Leadership
  • Problem Solving
  • Self-improvement
  • Interpersonal Relationship
  • Supervision and management
  • Organizing

The Professional Institution within the Built Environment Sector

They have an Established many professional institutions involves in setting standard and promoting particular profession, under various categories of construction personal. Some of the leading professional institutions in the world are,

  • Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) - regulates surveyors and property professionals.
  • Royal institute of British Architects (RIBA) - regulates civil Architects.
  • The Chartered Institute of Building (CIOB)
  • Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE)-Qualifies civil engineers and promotes civil engineers.
  • Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI) - regulates planning and built environment.
  • The Institution of Structural Engineers (ICE)

a.1 Code of professional conduct in Professional Institute on Built Environment sector

Now a days built environment sector in a wide range, consisting large no of professions. According to (Muir, T; Rance, B;, 1995) in early twentieth century new professions such as Quantity surveyors, housing managers, town planners and building surveyors became institutionalized, thereby putting inter-professional collaboration on a more formal basis”. The professions can together develop a standard frame of professions. In according to (Foxhall, 1972) Professional code of conduct is a standard frame work with set of regulations prepared by a professional body in order to act as the professional judgment. Due to the higher requirement of the professional services in the Industry and involvement of people demand the moral principles governing the conduct for an individuals or groups else ethics.

a.1.1 Code of conduct for construction professionals in Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE)

The following eight ethical core values represent the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE)-.code of conduct. Achieving these high standards may be difficult to attain.

  • Honesty

This basically means the engineers who are involved in construction must be truthful, accurate and straightforward. He also must be non-deceptive in communication and conduct.

  • Integrity

This means the consistency between engineer’s beliefs and his behaviour and also his walk and talk. He should also have the courage to contend boldly for that which is right and reject firmly that which is wrong.

  • Fairness
  • Endeavour to be reasonable, open-minded, impartial, even-handed, and non-discriminatory in all your dealings.
  • Genuinely partner and actively collaborate within and outside the company.
  • Maintain, without deviation, an attitude of sincerity, tolerance, consideration, and assistance towards others, regardless of position.
  • Accountability
  • Accept responsibility for your own actions or inactions for those whom you supervise.
  • Take prompt, constructive steps to correct mistakes or defects.
  • Consideration of others
  • Practice the principles of the Golden Rule.
  • Respect the dignity, rights, safety, and personal property of others.
  • Be open to the ideas and opinions of others.
  • Assure that those whom you supervise are not put in compromising situations.
  • Pursuit of Excellence
  • Never accept complacency or indifference.
  • Remain flexible and open to possibilities.
  • Build capabilities through continuous learning, coaching, mentoring and teaching.
  • Reliability
  • Only make realistic commitments and follow-through on the commitments you make.
  • Be prompt and responsive in business dealings within and outside the company.
  • Citizenship
  • Comply with all governmental laws, rules and regulations.
  • Show consideration for the safety and welfare of everyone, including our natural environment.
  • Cultivate an organization that actively encourages us to be the best of who we are and continuously strives to make a difference in our communities and the world.

a.1.2 Code of Professional conduct in Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyor (RICS)

Code of Professional conduct in RICS (Anon., 2007)

  1. Interpretation
  2. Communication
  3. Ethical behaviour
  4. Competence
  5. Service
  6. Continuing Professional Development (CPD)
  7. Solvency
  8. Information to RICS
  9. Co-operation
  1. Interpretation

In these Rules, unless the context otherwise requires,‘ Member’ means a Chartered Member, non-Chartered Member, Honorary Member or a member of theattached classes.

  1. Communication

RICS will communicate with Members by any of the post, fax, e-mail, telephone and in Person

  1. Ethical behaviour

Members shall at all times act with integrity and avoid conflicts of interest and avoid any actions or situations that are inconsistent with their professional obligations.

  1. Competence

Members shall carry out their professional work with due skill, care and diligence and with proper regard for the technical standards expected of them.

  1. Service

Members shall carry out their professional work in a timely manner and with proper regard for standards of service and customer care expected of them

  1. Continuing Professional Development (CPD)

Members shall comply with RICS’ requirements in respect of continuing professional development.

  1. Solvency

Members shall ensure that their personal and professional finances are managed appropriately.

  1. Information to RICS

Members shall submit in a timely manner such information, and in such form, as the Regulatory Board may reasonably require.

  1. Co-operation

Members shall co-operate fully with RICS staff and any person appointed by the Regulatory Board.

  1. Membership is depending on achieving certification or accreditation, which demonstrates that the individual concerned is appropriately qualified to work in a given field. Initial Professional Development or IPD is a requirement set by some professional institutes for their memberships.

b.1 Institution of Civil Engineers

According to (ICE, 2013) “ICE was founded in 1818 by a small group of idealistic young men. We were granted a royal charter in 1828 where we declared that our aim was to "foster and promote the art and science of civil engineering". That is still our aim today. Now the number of members has grown, and ICE represents around 80,000 members worldwide.” The institute of Civil Engineers is largest body of construction industry in the world. They have a several membership categories as follows

 Student

b.1.1 Initial Professional Development in Institution of Civil Engineers

According to (Institution of Civil, 1998)Initial Professional Development (IPD) is the second stage in becoming professionally qualified with ICE and bridges the gap between your educational base and your professional qualification. The Development Objectives (DOs) are an essential tool for

Planning and recording your learning and development en route to completing your Initial Professional Development (IPD). Achievement of all the DOs will not in itself make you a

Professionally qualified member of the Institution, but should ensure a sound and broad base upon which you can build the technical, professional and managerial competence that is required at the Professional Review. (ICE, 2005) As shown as process of IPD in figure 1.

(ICE, 2005)

b. Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors Membership

In according to ((WYLLN), 2010) “RICS has developed a number of routes to enable individuals – from school leavers through to professionals in land, property and construction to gain full RICS membership. RICS membership offers an internationally recognized professional qualification that will increase your status in the sector that you operate within”. RICS provide worlds’ most highest professional qualifications, with around 100,000 qualified members and over 50,000 students and trainees in some 140 countries.

Membership categories as follows,

  • Graduate
  • Associate
  • Senior Professional
  • Adaptation
  • Academic
  • Affiliate

The RICS Membership is depending on achieving certification or accreditation, which demonstrates that the individual concerned is appropriately qualified to work in a given field.

c. Procedure of achieving corporate Membership of a professional institute in relation to Build Environment Sector

RICS fellow members and professional members are entitled to use the term “Chartered” along with their designation which they have qualified and expertized in. (RICS, 2013)

Fellowship is the highest distinction, recognized achievement in RICS

Membership awards to individuals, who are ready to maintain exemplary standards in RICS. To qualify as a Chartered Surveyor MRICS members should undergo precise training.

Associate qualification provides a route for non-degree holders, with vocational qualification and experience, to reach the chartered status.

  1. The steps to achieving chartered membership in RICS : (RICS, 2014) Step 1 – Registration

Captures qualifications, professional memberships, number of years’ work experience and application details.

Step 2 – Application review

Application is reviewed to determine whether work experience is relevant to meet RICS competency standards.

Step 3 – Submission

Applicant completes summary of experience against required competencies for their chosen pathway (2000–3000 words for the technical competencies and 1000 words for the mandatory competencies) plus one case study (2000 words), continuous professional development (CPD) record and provides an organisation chart.

Step 4 – Preliminary review

An RICS assessor reviews the submission and advises to continue to final assessment or informs of further steps required.

Step 5 – Ethics module

All applicants must complete and pass an ethics module online.

Step 6– Final assessment

A 60-minute interview assesses applicants on technical competencies, business skills and professional practice/ethics.

d. Professional Development or CPD and how it helps to upgrade the skills of its members of a relevant professional institute

According to (ICE, 2014)CPD is defined as the systematic maintenance, improvement and broadening of knowledge and skills. CPD covers technical and professional topics throughout your working life. The construction industry is fully committed to the enhancement of skills and knowledge through planned continuing personal and professional development (CPD). Personnel, at all levels, understand the importance of CPD and are thus continually seeking ways to improve their knowledge on subjects relevant to their personal and professional elopement. The initial diagnosis of the perceived CPD need proves to be inaccurate and is not focused on a real need, further work is likely to be needed in the following three areas:

  • The development of review processes.
  • The widening of ‘ Structural CPD’ to include ‘Structural Development’ opportunities, as previously described, in addition to ‘Structured training’ as illustrated in Figure 2 below showing the formal and informal modes of learning.
  • Clearer assessment of the objectives of CPD and the business/ personal need to which the CPD is related and the manner in which it will be evaluated

Figure 2 Informal Mode of Learning

Conclusion

The rights and privileges granted to Professional Engineers, Quantity Surveyors, and Architects such as self-regulation, technical independence, and public trust depends upon the maintenance of professionalism. As professional members, it is our responsibility to uphold the highest standards of professional and ethical behavior for service to the public, for ourselves, for our peers, and for our profession as a whole. Let us make professionalism our own personal agenda. Whole the professional organization has overall responsibility for the maintain stented of the industry and professionals. Professional institutes memberships provides a valuable contribution to the built environment through knowledge, practice, attitudes and through role of a professional body, by meeting the needs at all stages of the career path, in each individual.

references

References

(WYLLN), W. Y. L. L. N., 2010. A Guide to Professional Institutions within Construction and the Built Environment Sector. [Online] Available at: http://www.agcas.org.uk/agcas_resources/272-A-Guide-to-Profession [Accessed 18 8 2014].

Anon., 2004. RICS Professional Regulation and Consumer Protection. s.l.:Royal Institute of chartered surveyor.

Anon., 2006. A guide to Professional institution. London: West Ykshire.

Anon., 2007. Rules of Conducts for members. London : The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors.

Anon., 2012. Building Surveying Journal, Issue RICS.

Archtects, S. L. I. o., n.d. Sri Lanka Institute of Archtects. [Online] Available at: http://www.slia.lk/

Foxhall, W. B., 1972. Professional Construction Managment & Project Administration. New York: Architectural Record and The American Institute of Architects.

ICE, 2005. Institution of Civil Engineers Development Objectives. [Online] Available at: http://www.ice.org.uk/Information-resources/Downloads/ICE-3005A---Development-Objectives [Accessed 15 8 2014].

ICE, 2013. Institution of Civil Engineers. [Online] Available at: http://www.ice.org.uk/ [Accessed 17 8 2014].

ICE, 2014. Institution of Civil Engineers. [Online] Available at: http://www.ice.org.uk/qualification-careers/Continuing-Professional-Development-(CPD) [Accessed 19 8 2014].

Institution of Civil, E. I. o. C., 1998. Institution of Civil Engineers. [Online] Available at: http://www.ice.org.uk/qualification-careers/ipd [Accessed 21 08 2014].

Muir, T; Rance, B;, 1995. Collaborative Practice in the Built Environment. 1st ed ed. London : E & FN Spoon.

RICS, 2013. About our Professional and Ethical Standards.. [Online] Available at: http://www.rics.org/lk/the-profession/professional-and-ethical-standards/about-our-professional-and-ethical-standards/ [Accessed 19 08 2013].

RICS, 2014. Royal Insttitute of chartered Surveyor. [Online] Available at: http://www.rics.org/us/join/member-mrics/professional-experience-route/how-to-qualify/ [Accessed 18 8 2004].

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