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An operating System is a program or you can say its software that manage and handles all the software and hardware resources of any computer. It controls our computer system. Operating system is the first software that loaded in a computer memory. Without an operating system user can't open the computer system that means he can't turn on his system.
Actually an operating system is a program which design for only to run the other programs on a system. Operating system is the most important program for any computer system. The controls and memory of a computer depends upon the operating system.
"LINUX" is also an operating system like Windows, Mac etc., which enables applications and users to access the device. It was created by the student at university of Helsinki, Finland. It's developed after UNIX. Linux is actually a developed form of UNIX operating system which behaves like UNIX. Linux was released around 1991. It is available in source code as well as in binary form. Linux have lots of standard UNIX features like networking, multitasking and multiuser. It became famous for mainly server. You can say it mainly use on server due to its high security. LINUX is actually technically advanced than other operating system. If we consider about its user interface then you can say it's something difficult for the new users in comparison of windows and other operating system. Security is the one of the most best and important features of LINUX. Due to this reason it is widely use on server.
Advantages of LINUX
There are so many advantages of LINUX operating system. I am going to describe some important advantages or features: -
Cost: - The one of the most important advantage of LINUX is its cost. User can obtain this without paying any fee. While Microsoft products are highly rated. Microsoft licences are generally allowed for a single computer while LINUX can be installed in so many computer systems without paying any amount. So obviously you can say LINUX is free of cost.
Security: - This is the greatest feature of this operating system. LINUX became most famous due to its high security. Due to this reason it mainly used on server. The one more thing is you don't need to spend so much money on antivirus for virus protection. LINUX is very secure in comparison of windows. It has so many features that protect our system to unauthorized users. That means you can't do anything without permission. No viruses can affect the LINUX. So you can say its virus free operating system.
Hardware: - LINUX operating system is very useful for those who have old computers. It can be installed in low configuration system and it will work really fine.
Software: - Some software like word, power point, excel DVD burner etc. are inbuilt in LINUX operating system.
So you can say there are so many important features in LINUX operating system.
Disadvantages of LINUX
Understanding: - The user interface of LINUX is difficult for the new users. That means you can say it is not familiar operating system like windows. If anybody want to use LINUX operating system then first of all ha has to learn about LINUX. While in windows you don't need to do that. So it will take some time to learn.
Compatibility: - The one of the main problem of LINUX is that is not compatible with all hardware. LINUX doesn't work very well with the new and latest hardware. So you can't try it with the latest hardware.
Where is LINUX?
Today LINUX be used in varieties of technical and electronic equipment.
Dell Inspiron Mini 9 and 12 Garmin Nuvi 860, 880, and 5000 Google Android Dev Phone 1
HP Mini 1000 Lenovo IdeaPad S9 Motorola MotoRokr EM35 Phone
One Laptop Per Child XO2 Sony Bravia Television Sony Reader
TiVo Digital Video Recorder Yamaha Motif Keyboard
These are the some examples where LINUX be using. So you can say LINUX be using worldwide. Apart from that LINUX be used in defence department of US. Even Google search also run on LINUX.
LINUX VS Windows
LINUX and Windows both are the successful operating system in worldwide. There are so many advantages and disadvantages in both operating systems. If we consider about cost then absolutely LINUX is totally free of cost for user but not windows. Windows operating systems are highly rated.
Microsoft Windows are most popular than LINUX because its user interface is so friendly for user. If any new user wants to operate LINUX then first he will have to learn about it. LINUX don't need high configuration of computer. It will work very well with the old computer systems. The most important and the best thing about LINUX is security. Its security is so high. No viruses can affect the LINUX. That's why it mainly used on server. LINUX has always been a very secure operating system. So if you are using LINUX then you don't need to spend so much money on anti-virus. You can say LINUX is virus free operating system. Windows is very friendly in compare of LINUX. In the whole world most of user use windows. LINUX has some useful inbuilt software like excel, power-point, word; CD/DVD burner etc. without permission unauthorized user can't use the LINUX operating system. So finally you can say LINUX and Microsoft Windows both have some own features and as well as disadvantages.
LINUX & Gaming
LINUX Gaming means the games which develop for LINUX operating system. There are lots of games available in the market for LINUX operating system. This is fact that Windows have a very huge collection of games in comparison of LINUX operating system. Here I am going to describe some LINUX games: -
Neverball: - Actually "Neverball" is a puzzle game with lots of fun. You have to use mouse or keyboard to move the ball and you have to collect coins. If you will not collect the coins then you can never go in the next level.
So the main goal of the game is to collects the coins. The graphics quality of the game is so nice; especially the stage of the game seems very pretty. There are total 75 levels in the game. It's very tough to win in one sitting. This game is also available for windows.
Frets on Fire: - It is just like a Guitar Hero game. You can say it just a remake of this game. The best features of the game are that you can edit your own song and play the game.
This game is totally based on the music flow and user can also download so many songs for this game. The game already comes with some preloaded tone. This is mainly single player game which is developed by Unreal Voodoo around August 2006. The game is developed on Python programing. It is also available for Microsoft Windows and Mac operating system. A Fret on Fire X is one of the famous versions of the game. If user wants to change his track then he can. The best part of the game is audio because its upon you. There are lots of modes of this game that you can download from net. You can change your gameplay and also overall looking of the game.
FlightGear: - This is one of the most popular games of LINUX operating system. FlightGear is a flight based game developed by the FlightGear project during 1997. The game is mostly written in c++ language. This game is available for Windows, LINUX and Mac. There are so many version of the game is available for user. The most recent version is 2.0.0 that came in 2010.
The game has a large collection of aircraft and locations. The graphics of the game is not so well, but overall it seems good. Texture of the hills, clouds, runway, rivers, and road are pretty well. The game is all about flying. You can also add scenery in game from the net. Adding scenery and aircraft is very simple. The gameplay of the game is very realistic and interesting. The game provides so many options to the user, even you can also create a model and you can use that in the game.
America's Army: - This is a multiplayer first person shooting game published by Ubisoft in 2002. The game is also available for Windows and Mac operating system. As the name, game is totally based on US military.
America's Army 3 is the latest version of the game. The game used Unreal Engine 3. The game looks very fantastic and realistic. All the characters, weapons, locations etc. seems very nice. The graphics and the sound quality of the game is really awesome. The sound effects of the weapons are very nicely done. The game starts from training session which takes a long time. After than you have to complete the mission one by one. You can say this game is the combination of teamwork, strategy and patience. The online play is more interesting and popular because it is so well done. The game has lots of challenging situations and you will enjoy.