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LOreal was started by Eugene Schueller who was a French chemist who came out with a bright idea of hair colour formula Aureole. He was so innovative that he created his own products and sell it to Parisian hairdressers. The company was enrolled in 1909. Gradually he took off the market with his latest product which coloured the hair properly.
It was in 1939, when the whole team named the company L'Oreal and constructed the headquarters in Paris. The headquarters were highly equipped with the latest technologies and machines. The experimenters had a great time working in the laboratories which made beauty products
In terms of research and development L'Oreal every year promotes 100 of new formulas and almost 500 patents. The company is said to be the dean in the research patterns in the cosmetic company. The famous slogan "because I m worth it" was first started in 1971 in the United States the better sales of the hair colours which L'Oreal produced. Today it has almost 500 manufacturing plants all over the world which is operating in a very fast pace. "Because I m worth it" has become the tagline for L'Oreal which is known across the globe in different languages.
Talking about our strength L'Oreal has the best brand image till date. It has 586 patents for research and development. Products which are produced are very diversified and not to forget it has a very strong corporate social responsibility policy. While we talk about the opportunities L'Oreal has a very good chance of emerging with different market in developing countries. As we all know that everyone today is skin conscious that's the reason why cosmetic market is a boom and if L'Oreal makes the best out of this than they are a hit in the industry. There are few threats that L'Oreal might face are the upcoming local players which are emerging in the new market expansion. Brand cannibalization is also the biggest threat for L'Oreal in this competitive world.
PORTER'S FIVE FORCES
Porter has stated five different competitive forces that every industry uses for the good profit of the organization. The combined effort of all five forces will help the industry to go on a profit margin. He has also stated that these five forces bring stability in any organization.
The capacity of the buyers at L'Oreal is very high because there are number of products and every organization is trying their best to please the customers with their service. At l'oreal the bargaining power of the dealers are really low because L'Oreal has achievements of brand. It always has a long term and active relationship with the dealers.
Destruction clash in any of the beauty industry is expected. They are a lot of cosmetic company which are trying to come up to L'Oreal's position but the most dominant competitor are Unilever and Procton and Gamble. The threat of new company coming up is very less because it is really hard for any company to start up from the scratch and come up to the world's largest giant in no time
Every organization must follow some strategy for their growth and existence in the business. L'Oreal also follows the PEST analysis because they believe that it will help the business to run smoothly in the present and future.
As we all know that L'Oreal is a giant multinational company which has been spread out to different countries. So the set of rules, laws, legislation and business practices differ from one country to another and the company must follow the law of the country they operate in.
Today the economical status of any country are a little on the lower side so L'Oreal may see a lack of consumer demand on their products and the company has to follow the government plan to make the companies economy a little high.
We have seen L'Oreal's advertisements always done by some celebrities so that might cause problem for L'Oreal because the ordinary people think that celebrities are just doing those advertisements for popularity or for money.
As we all know that the world today operates in a very high technology world so L'Oreal also needs to keep up to the change in order to make a market position in the mind of consumers.
Strategic Position: Strategic Capabilities
L'Oreal produces all types of cosmetics products for both men and women. It is a very fast growing company which plans to open more outlets in India. Till date L'Oreal has always done good sales at every part of the world where they have retail stores.
L'Oreal sales for the year 2011 were 20.3 billons and 613 patents were filed.
L'Oreal has 60,000 employees from all across the world. The company looks for employees who are willing to live up to the brand standards and expectation. They also want the employees to be assets for the brand in the future and most importantly raise the profit margin for the company.
The most important core competency of L'Oreal is its product innovation. L'Oreal is always looking for that extra something in their product. The company devotes the maximum time in research and development. The products which finally come out have gone through a lot of research because L'Oreal believes in research a lot.
The Strategic Position: Strategic Purpose
L'Oreal wants to be a company which is environment friendly and a company which is economically successful. And a workplace where employees love to work in harmony.
The company's mission is to produce products which will be liked and accepted by all the new and old customers. It wishes to be a brand which will be every ones choice starting from youngsters to old generation ladies.
Corporate Social Responsibility
L'Oreal is listed as one of the Top 50 Socially Responsible Corporations, according to Mecleans.Ca in June 2010 (Top 50 Socially Responsible Corporation). L'Oreal is devoted to an eco-responsible work model and is courteous of their social and environmental responsibilities. L'Oreal has showcased that they are committed to being socially responsible, by aiding HIV/AIDS awareness, coining safe and environmentally friendly manufacturing plants and their endless commitment of making efforts to "go green" has directed to the construction of environmentally free from harm goods. They are even working on discarding animal testing is one of their main goals. At the end, providing growth opportunity and advocating female leaders within the organization and their dedication to women in science are few ways L'Oreal flaunts their oath to social responsibility. (By Litmissme Mar 2012)
Value Chain Analysis
Value chain analysis is a very important tool in any organization to function properly. It helps to describe the machines, equipments, money and people but only the proper and effective use of all this resources will help activities that are taking place in or around the organization. All companies have the company to produce a product and please the customers.
Arranging the scope of products of sales outlets and promising continuing customers comfort there is an important goal of L'Oreal. In this aspect, logistics group regularly collude with suppliers to boost the company's shared performance in the field in a deep rooted manner. (www.loreal.com) As one of the leading brands in the cosmetics and beauty industry, L'Oreal USA is aware that customer loyalty is planted on trust and corporate responsibility. From goods quality to sustainability acts to supply chain security, L'Oreal is devoted to living up to customer expectations. As part of that commitment to safety and in its role as a large-volume shipper, L'Oreal lately brought about an innovative carrier-vetting program that helps to ensure that it uses only safe contract carriers to haul its freight. (By Cindy H.Dubin Oct 2011)
In this step the raw materials are gathered together and a product is formed. L'Oreal has 37 cosmetic plants each one has a very different technology. L'Oreal's policy is to produce products very close to the market so that they can have good relation with the suppliers. (Anon., n.d.)
In this stage the products which are produced in the manufacturing plants are delivered to retailers, suppliers, different outlets and the customers. L'Oreal has different manufacturing plants in different countries so if they have to send products to other regions than they normally use transportation.
Marketing and sales
In this stage the products are ready to be sold out to customers so the company makes different marketing scheme to sell the product. This is what L'Oreal states "Creativity is the air we breathe - it nourishes our inspiration and shapes our ideas, enabling us to launch 500 new products every year. At L'Oreal, marketing - which fine-tunes these ideas - is right at the heart of our strategy. (Anon., n.d.)
In this stage the company looks into the after service of the products. L'Oreal particularly does not have any after service but they make sure that the customers go back home with a smile on their face with their products.
In this stage the company purchases raw materials for business at the best price they can. L'Oreal thinks that exchanging is the best procurement to keep the company running. (smith, n.d.)
L'Oreal has a very good technology department at their company. In today's competitive world internet is a must for all employees at work at all times. Technology can be used in many ways and L'Oreal is also using high end technology to produce their products.
Human resource management
In this stage the company has to recruit, train and develop the right people for the organization to run smoothly. L'Oreal looks for someone who is right for the organization because that person has to work with 60,000 employees of more than 100 nationalities. The HR department at L'Oreal looks for someone who will respect the organizations value and ethics with time. (Anon., n.d.)
In order to run properly for any organization the management team should be very good. The infrastructure of the organization should also be strong. L'Oreal has a very strong organizational chart which is headed by the chairperson than 4 managing directors for different market segments and other stakeholders.
Corporate Level Strategy
Everyone has always seen L'Oreal as one of the glamorous, glittery and the most wanted brands of cosmetics in the world. Far away from the cosmetic counters, L'Oreal is walking the walk when it comes to its corporate values of diversity, innovation and individual talent. (Anon., 2008)
Business Level Strategy
In this level the company makes policies on how to make their product more friendly to the customers and become consumers best choice. Likewise L'Oreal targets to gain 1 billon consumers by 2020. The company is really working hard to make this happen. For example L'Oreal has been expanding its market to developing countries like Mexico and India where the purchasing power of the consumers are really high and the company is going at the right track to achieve its target. L'Oreal has also looked upon the grooming part of men these days. They have been promoting different products through social media and amazingly the products are being purchased at a good scale. And the most recent innovation that L'Oreal is focusing is they have put forwarded a deal to buy the makeup brand Urban Decay.
The process of transforming any idea or thought into a products which is valued or the customers are ready to pay for is known as innovation. (Anon., n.d.) Innovation plays a very important role in the growth and well being of a business. Innovation in a company improves every department in a positive way. Innovation is not necessary to be a big one it can be a small one but has to be effective and a good one for the company. Innovation at L'Oreal is happening every now and then. The company has a different department for innovation and research. L'Oreal is successful in innovations because they are able to achieve both long term and short term goals. (mturilin, 2009)
For the smooth running of any company or organization the customers wants, needs and wishes should be looked after. If the wants and needs of the customers are not meet than there is no use of spending so much to produce any products. Before manufacturing any product a market research should be done in order to be aware of the demand of the buyers. The team at L'Oreal is very particular about the wants and needs of the market. They always do a market research before any product is launched.
We can without any doubt say that L'Oreal is the top cosmetic brand in the world today because it has used all the necessary strategies and policies which help in the wellbeing of the organization. It has a lot of innovative skills because of the employees from different parts of the world who have come together as a team and worked together to achieve that target for the organization. L'Oreal is the right choice for every lady all across the globe. It is very vast and the product ranges from hair colours to nail polish at any retail outlets across the road.