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Learning to play is necessary for a child's academic and emotional progress. Play can assist a child work out conditions in their surroundings, such as social activities in a group. Additionally, board games help to teach reading, rules, counting and other learning related skills. Block Building, Clay and other creative "Hands on" activities assists a child see how "Things work". Several engineers started their "Careers" by playing with blocks.
1.1 Describe the development over time of theoretical approaches to play and learning
Bandura take a very unusual approach to developmental psychology and confirmed that children learn progress from role models. Bandura's approach is an expansion of behavioral theories which highlight the way we learn behavior from others, our surroundings, and experiences and so on and copy role models. They learn from brothers, sisters, sibling and friends.
Bandura's social learning theory personalized traditional learning theory which was stand on stimulus-response affairs. It believed learning to be no unusual among children, infants, adults, or yet animals. Bandura's approach is leading in the cure of problem activities and disorders.
Mary Ashworth developed the Attachment theory from Bowl by but she identified it ‘Strange situation'. To learn theory researchers observed kids for 12-18 months and they observed to see how they responded when they were left alone and then reunited with their mothers. The attachment theory notifies us that a young child requires at least one affiliation with a primary care. This will assist the child's expressive and social development to raise and this happens over time.
1.2 Evaluate different philosophical approaches to play and learning
Evaluation is a procedure used by before time childhood services to discover out about the quality of the program, the surroundings, the learning connections, and the results for children and families.
Self-review is a figure of inner evaluation in which the service looks personally at itself and what it does, and applies what it finds out to place goals to develop quality.
ERO provides outer evaluation of the superiority of services. Education evaluates are carried out frequently in all certified services. Reports verify what is going fine and make proposals for development. The most recent ERO report should be obtainable from the service, or can be examine on ERO’s website.
1.3 Discuss links between current influences on play and learning and the planning and provision of learning opportunities
1. Every child issue influences planning & provision of learning opportunities
The National Curriculum is the initial point for planning a school program that meets the definite needs of individuals and sets of pupils. This statutory enclosure statement on providing successful learning opportunities for all students outlines how teachers can transform, as needed, the National Curriculum programs of study to provide all students with relevant and properly challenging work at each enter stage.
•Child care act 2006 controls planning and provision of learning opportunities
This act states that untimely year’s providers have a task to execute the EYFS. Child care do this by gathering the learning and development necessities when doing their weekly scheduling and also conform with the welfare necessities. Child care act does this to make sure that it is very essential to follow rules and regulations to make sure that the children are at the right periods of development in life.
•SEN code of practice 2002 influences planning and provision of learning opportunities Areas covered consist of the definition of particular educational requirements, parental liability and working affiliation with parents. The code moreover looks at: concerning pupils in evaluation and decision-making; stipulation in the early years; primary and secondary education; legal assessment of children under unavoidable school age; and the role of the unique educational requirements coordinator. Special educational needs: code of practice The SEN code does this to make sure that disability children do not neglect out on enter learning development and also to ensure that they do not feel gone out or frightened.
•Equality act 2010 controls planning and provision of learning opportunities
This act ensures that no one gets treated another way to anybody else this assists planning and provision because it ensures that staff have to ensure that when they plan a action or a lesson plan it is got to be able to engage everyone and ensure that it suits all person needs.
2. Inspectors found that where evaluation was underdeveloped; it tended to spotlight more on children’s benefit or their interests, rather than their education
Self-evaluation and action planning was also often seen by childcare contributors as somewhat that had to be done for often rather than a way of improving result for children. Though, outcomes for children were no superior to acceptable in any of the contributors where self-evaluation was insufficient. Press release: A good start for the early years foundation stage, often ensure that it is seen to be significant to plan unusual types of learning prospects for the children as this assists to develop the children’s skillfulness in a variety of mode.
3. The curriculum structures like the EYFS control planning and provision of learning opportunities
The term curriculum is applied to describe everything kids do, see, hear or feel in their setting, equally planned and unplanned. The Early Years Foundation Stage is the legal framework beside which providers of untimely education are moderated, and includes necessities for the provision of youthful children’s learning. Health & Safety at work Act 1974 the Act imposes general duties on owners to secure the health, safety and wellbeing of people at work and protect others beside risks arising from the job activity.
2.1 Explain the use of observations to assess learning needs and consider how assessment based on observations can inform planning and respond to individual learning needs
2.2 Discuss how information from other agencies can contribute to the assessment of learning needs
Children and families need support at assured times and there are many organizations and self help groups that can offer this support. Such as National association of toy and leisure libraries, National childbirth trust, Child poverty action group, Parent line plus, Home start, Gingerbread and contact a family etc.
There are several different settings where children can be concerned for such as Holiday play schemes, Respite care, Schools, Parent and toddler groups, Workplace nurseries, Child minders, After school clubs, Pre-schools, Residential care, Day nurseries and crèches.
Usually the major support group is inside the family group such as grandparents and aunties and uncles. There are four unusual types of sectors that grant care and education for children. They are,
- Statutory sector
- Voluntary sector
- Private sector.
A Statutory sector is a sector that has to be there by regulation, so local schools; dentist and hospitals are parts of this. Local schools have to be there by regulation and get some support by the Government. The age range that schools cover up is from five years to eleven years old; they follow a set schedule where reception faces the EYFS and then from year one to year six faces the countrywide curriculum. Schools are in simple access parts, where there is enough gaps for an outside play locale for example the playing field and inside space. A local school should also incorporate snacks; they should be strong snacks like vegetables and fruit. They should also incorporate toileting periods for the children. Statutory Schools are generally free excluding payment for school trips, school dinners, and some snacks.
The aim of statutory sector school is to grant opportunities of education for all children and to support their education also making a harmless and secure environment for children to maintain them from harm. Another aim is to grant social opportunities for the kid this will incorporate learning to make friends, knowledge about socialize with people, learning the disparity between adults and kids and learning to value others.
A Voluntary sector is a sector, which public volunteer to organize and run, so that Mother and toddler, Brownies and Preschool groups are a part of this.
Mother and toddler groups are generally for kid’s age two to four years. The mother and toddler groups are generally opened from nine to eleven thirty in the morning or half one till three in the daylight. These kinds of organizations are generally placed in a church or society hall, which are not necessarily made for the use of children. The employees are generally parents themselves but the individual in charge of the organization should have a level three childcare qualification. The area in which the organization is located may not have an outside area for the kids to play out in, the organization should also follow the EYFS prospectus where kids will learn through play and the gap may also be often inspected.
The major aim of a mother and toddler group is to grants short term care of little children to give a parent or care a little time to themselves and also to give little children motivation and also play and communal opportunities. Another major aim is to get children prepared for school or nursery.
A Private sector is a sector where people disburse extra to try and get the finest of their child's learning or health and also their personal. They provide all breakfast, meals, dinner and tea with also snack; they moreover have sleep facilities, inside and outside play areas for kids to play in. The building may not be intentionally being built for the kids but will be adapted for the kids to grant their size facilities. All the members of employees will completely qualified, managers and room leaders must be at least level three or level two trained. They will also check the building and the employees to check if it is safe and also to ensure if they are subsequent EYSF curriculum.
The aim of a private day kindergarten is to provide protected and secure environment for kids to keep them from injury for children in absence of parents or care and moreover to provide opportunities of learning for every child and to maintain their learning.
Independent sectors are companies with more independence to organize their provision. Their services may not rely on Government funding and does not need to follow the EYFS or the National curriculum. Though the service may be OFSTED checked to ensure children's welfare requirements are being met. Service of independent provision includes independent nurseries and schools.
The multi-professional approach team is prepared up of a lot of unusual agencies; they are agencies including schools and teachers, hospitals and doctors, social workers, police and many supplementary. They all work jointly to help parents and kids to stop awful cases such as child abuse, death etc.
3.1 Explain how to plan curriculum activities which promote learning
The E.Y.F emphasizes a personal and individual approach to learning; this is because all kids develop at their individual rate and learn in remarkable ways, come from unusual backgrounds whether communal or religious and therefore have unusual needs and interests. Sensitively children come in unusual packages, some children may seem self-sufficient and confident and Practitioner may be misled into judging that they do not need as a lot attention as the kids who express their sentiments regularly and through for Practitioner attention on a normal basis. This hypothesis would be wrong all children should be giving Practitioner individual attention, how else can Practitioner plan properly for their needs and welfares. The E.Y.F was introduced to include child-minders, pre-schools, after school societies and nurseries to deliver a program that includes personal, social and expressive development, expressive arts and design, physical expansion, literacy, communications and languages, mathematics and at last understanding of the world. The entire areas of learning are included into the exceptional child, affirmative relationships, facilitating environments and learning and development. Practitioner have also included the Welfare Requirements these are worldwide and all setting must meet up often guidelines in learning and caring for children. Scotland and Wales follow related guidelines but with their individual structure to incorporate cultural and learning theories believed to signify their individual countries interests and needs. The E.Y.F wants people as practitioner to perceive each child as exceptional. To do this Practitioner need to observe each kid and make observations so that Practitioner can see a sample of the child’s happiness and how they are rising to see if they are within their age and phase of development and if essential how to plan suitably to be able to see where they are contained by the developmental procedure.
There are three sorts of planning: long Term, medium Term and short Term.
3.2 Assess the effectiveness of different approaches to planning learning opportunities
3.3 Consider methods of involving parents and other professionals in reviewing assessments and plans
Multi professional approach permits professionals share understanding about a family requirements so that the parents do not have to ask the similar questions over and once more.
The professionals are conscious of each other’s roles in sustaining the family so that incompatible advice can be minimized. It is necessary that each agency converses well and understands not only their role and tasks but the others agencies also.
A multi-professional or multi-disciplinary team covers many aspects of team work and includes:
- Empathy - seeing somewhat from another person’s point of vision
- Interpersonal expertise - how to converse and respond to others, interface with parents, colleagues and children
- Reflectivity - how reflective has it been, development activities, developments etc
- Interest - focusing training, evaluate articles, maintain curiosity in the job etc
- Flexibility and frankness - new thoughts and initiatives, latest government legislation, the modes children learn.
- Trustworthiness - being added on at all times.
- Emotional solidity - Not becoming too involved and sentiments clouding judgment.
Communication is extremely important implement for practitioners and multi agency groups and it is imperative that they converse well. These includes,
- Notice boards
- Diary boards
- Phone calls
- Team meetings
Written communication and a brief record of reports or meetings are also necessary.
The practitioner ought to also assess their own learning and act.
This can be done throughout ‘Professional progress and planning with the line manager and others practitioners.
- Share cases of practitioner’s practice
- Get initiatives of other practices
- Visit other performances and observe, converse
- Ensure practitioners keep up to date with recent practices
- Reading articles in magazines, books, training etc
- Internal or external guidance
- Supplementary qualifications etc
- Observe children or observe other practitioners
- Planning child’s next steps
- Attempt new things
4.1 Analysis the key issues in ensuring that assessments are objective and valid
The professionals are conscious of each other’s tasks in sustaining the family so that contradictory advice can be minimize. It is important that each agency corresponded well and realizes not only their role and everyday jobs but the others agencies too.
Parents or guardians are the most essential people in a kid’s life, and recognize the value of this. Practitioner has a conscientious role that involves sharing concern of the child with parents or guardians; listen to parents or guardians, as they are the ‘specialist’ on their child.
Partnerships with new agencies help children. For example, speech and language analysts for children with language and hearing complexities. This could include sign language or English as a succeeding language. Bereavement management - play counselor, educational psychologist to evaluate behavioral needs and get about positive behavior in a kid. Sensory injury such as limited vision, hearing disorder or speech problems.
This is to make sure that all the needs of the individuals or children are assembled and they grow to their complete potential. These partnerships do have a significant role to play in making sure that children's skills and learning are exploited.
The multi-professional approach team is completed up of a lot of dissimilar agencies; they are agencies counting hospitals and doctors, schools and teachers, police, social workers and many extra. They all work jointly to assist parents and children to prevent tragic cases such as loss, child violence etc.
4.2 Reflect on the role of the practitioner in meeting children’s learning needs
An Early Years Practitioner would be to help with the improvement and care of children and he or she may be responsible for organizing a room and ensuring that policies and actions are being followed and documented. Practitioner would have to provide for their needs as little kids; developmentally, socially and physically. This would be ensuring that Practitioner is promoting and keeping healthy surroundings for all kids. It is also essential that Practitioner gain knowledge by experiencing and educating from the experiences of others.
Practitioner would have to enables kids to reach their complete potential and to work inside the Children Act and home guidelines, legislation and values and ensure that Child Safety policies and processes are adhered to at all periods. Practitioner would have to arrangement and prepare stimulating play opportunities that meet up the children's developmental requirements and stimulates their knowledge.
Practitioner would also have to create and maintain affirmative relationships with the kids and their families in a mode that values parental attachment and to provide a service that greetings child’s life occurrences and celebrates variety in terms of culture, language, skill, race and religion.
Practitioner would also involve in supervision and personnel development procedures in support of individual development and to start training as proper to meet any changes in principles or proper legal necessities as required.
Reflective practice is an essential aspect of functioning with young kids which grants practitioners with the verification to form judgments about their role and contribution into the education cycle. Experience is the most essential issue and to recognize that as a latest ‘trainee' or latest ‘nursery nurse', Practitioner don't know everything. That Practitioner learn by experiencing and educating from the practices of others.
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