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USES OF COMPUTERS
BYU Online Courses Report Assignment
There are very few people, children and infants included, who think they could live without a computer. Computers can access a variety of websites, help with homework, and give you the ability to formalize and publish media and writing. There are millions of uses that allow us to quickly and more accurately get tasks done. With it, imagination is limitless. We can create fantasy movies and use cartooning and computer imaging to enhance and make them more realistic. Every day, people use computers to study diseases and find vaccines. The world would not be the same without the existence of the modern computer.
Every great invention must have a start, and a purpose. The first man-made chairs were created with a purpose: to be sat on. The first paper was made with a purpose: to enhance writing. So who or what group of people invented the first working computer? What was their original purpose? How did the computer change overtime to its portable, modern form? The answers are not hard, but they have a large impact on the world of today. It is the reason, the roots of the tree that can trace theories back more than one hundred years before the twenty-first century. With key points of information, people can see the contrast between the two time periods and change their direct feelings toward the modern computer. Basically: the computer must be decoded from the inside out.
Creator Background. The creator of the first working and programmable computer was Konrad Zuse (pronounced “Conrud Tsoosay”). Zuse was born in Berlin, Germany in the year 1910 and raised in Braunsberg, East Prussia, where he attended the Hunanistisches Gymnasium. Later, his schooling led him to the Technische Hochschule of Berlin-Charlottenburg, the place in which he took courses in civil engineering, the classes that inspired him to create our important computer, which put his civil engineering at work. His first computers are listed below in order from the first made to the last listed:
Konrad Zuse completed his first working, programmable computer, the Z1, in 1935-38. The Z2 was also built in this three-year time frame. The Z3, a more advanced model, was completed in 1941. Its successor, the Z4 was completed after the Z1-Z3 were destroyed in an allied bombing.
Original Purpose. Konrad Zuse probably didn’t expect how popular his model would be and its unique technical functions that have developed in our twenty-first century lives. But his original purpose was solely aimed toward calculations. He wanted an easier way to calculate mathematical and scientific problems that involve complex numerals and confusing steps. This original purpose is important to contrast with the modern computer because it isolates the truth in our advances and shows us that the beginning of anything doesn’t have to be as complex as things are now. Like I said before, we have to dig from the deep and work our way up if we wish to see the truth of the fresh air of today.
First Uses and Overtime Changes. The first uses, like expected, were for calculations. Because of the war at that time, Zuse, who had wormed his way out of the military by persuasion, aided the German air force by creating the S1 and S2. These were the first process-controlled computers. They calculated/measured the surface of the wings of the airplane. After World War II, a little less than thirty-five years later, the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)/Internet Protocol (IP) is created by Vincent Cerf and Bob Kahn. They considered the creators of the Internet. The Internet is the very start and owner of social media, Google, Yahoo, Bing, etc. which came years later.
Nowadays, computers are literally the center of the human life force. We rely on it for most of the technology that has entered our world today. It has “grown” from a large, immovable item to a small, durable way to light the lamp of today. We are so adjusted to life now, especially children that were born after the creation of advanced technology, that we hardly ever notice the way things function and truly how complicated it is to make anything. So before reading this next part, I suggest that you think about how our modern world functions and how truly magnificent everything around you is. Someone used many computers and exact measurements to accomplish goals that seemed impossible. As they say, “Rome wasn’t built in a day”. Guess what, the world today wasn’t either, so let’s explore the uses of our subject.
Fundamentality vs. Purposeful Usage. Fundamentality is the same thing as just being in the state of fun, hence its root word: fun. I split the functions of specific applications on a computer into two categories, fundamentality and purposeful. Fun can be explained easily. Fundamentality is the same thing as just being in the state of fun, hence its root word: fun. These programs function mainly as entertainment for computer users. They can have a true purpose, such as enhancing knowledge, but their main and most highlighted function is to give the gist of an imaginary or true event. The purposeful usage requires that the application is only for research, education, academics, measurement, etc. Notice that the examples listed have to with things found within our factual/reality lives. Purposeful usage doesn’t mean that it has a purpose (all computer applications do), but that it has an effect on the evidence and knowledge of the human society, such as cures for diseases and planes for military usage. Purposeful usage also signifies as the way to apply items into organized arrangements. Note that some applications can fit into both categories depending on the users’ purpose. These two categories are the main two categories that can be applied to the following section.
Software, Internet, Hardware. These three components are very important to the world of computers. They can be subdivided into Input and Output devices. They are basically the roots of a LOT of technological topics. The software, Internet, and hardware of today are the main subtopics of usage. They can be said to be the most used, also. Software allows people to make organized, three-dimensional figures that can sort or rearrange in a matter of minutes, while hand-done would have taken hours or days for a large project. Software is mostly input. It is more of something you would download as a program that has the risk or potential of being deleted. Internet is a whole different subject. Every day, millions upon millions of people use it for thousands of reasons. Why? Human curiosity is a natural instinct, and with the complexion of websites and information, curiosity is a free being. People use the Internet for multiple purposes, but the most common are research, communication, and finding out news. Hardware is more complicated. It is weaved into the computers system and can be called upon for input and output usages. Hardware is the base of computer functioning. These three components occupy the second layer of the flowchart, following after fundamental and purposeful usage.
Science and Math. Here’s when complications start. Science and math are probably the two most important aspects of computer usage. That is because every century, at least one major disease dominates the world and the economical legs of society. Scientists use computers to enhance disease treatment, study microscopic organisms and particles for us to have a better conclusion and comprehension of the universe. Though unable to solve many problems, the computer adds on to the trail of information general to the ages of science bit-by-bit, piece-by-piece, and it gives scientist of the future a heads up as to the possible routes of the passage of time. Science is the main joy of the modern computer. On to math. Math can come in many forms, but they all deal with numbers and logic at some point. Agreed? Numbers, for the computer, are as simple as pie (pi). Though being an enhanced, programmable calculator was its main purpose, it has been taken out much farther today. As calculators advance, so do computers. Computers are becoming reliable and are coming in more highly engineered forms such as tablets, phones, etc. That means you can easily pull out a calculator combined with all the mathematical tools you need. This variety includes rulers, compasses, calendars, and ways to calculate formulas. People use mathematics for federal purposes, also. They use mathematics to enhance spies and make sure timing for landing of space orbiting machines land within perfect timing. Humans could never have done that without computers. Calculating large numbers using pencil and paper could give you never ending fractions and decimals. Exact measurement is another reason computers and machines are good. If someone cut bars of wood for the frame of a house and they had gotten off on measurement, the house probably wouldn’t survive very long, unless it were the Leaning Tower of Pisa, but that’s a different situation. Math and science are two tip-top points in computer usage, but aiming on it exactly would take many pages, so lets refocus onto how regular citizens mean everything to the computer world.
Human Society. The human society as a whole must be credited for shaping the desire of computer history. Politicians and government officials have certain goals that must be met in certain time periods. If these are hard, long tasks, it inspires an inventor to create a new kind of technology to match the needs of the political head. If it is an artist who needs a certain number of pixels for a photograph, an inventor must meet those needs by inventing a useful item that contributes to the history of mankind. Inventors are driven by three main causes. These three are money, fame, and contribution to the world. When they think of all three, they want more people to acknowledge their new inventions; so most items are invented for multi-functional purposes. When an inventor invents something, they must keep in mind the cost and time that it takes to construct it. These components are vital to an invention. If something costs too much because its materials cost a lot, most people likely will not buy it. If it takes too long to make, people, who are born without the angelic nature of patience, will become uninterested or give up on that one item. All these pieces will tell society officials whether or not it can be held as a legal invention toward the society. The everlasting needs and wants of the human life is what keeps the flame of greed always alight. In fact, it’s a wildfire.
The Next Step
Humanity is always faced toward the destiny of greed and jealousy. For that reason, we always want to improve and be above our enemies. Therefore, we put the things we like at the head of our lives and work to improve them, and put the things of our hatred in the back to diminish. The computer could mostly be considered as one of the positive items that make a modern human truly modern: it has a positive effect on our lives. Because of that, people will fight their enemies to get control over money and development of the computer. The ideas, creation, and feedback combine to make a way to invite more uses into the world. The ideas of companies run the main competitiveness between them. The “next step” is fit in full armor to clash into the battle and raging war. The human destiny is held firm upon the winning side and its fate can control our future. Our world of greed and competition direct at one point: the human race could not run without new items.
New Developments. There have been a variety of new developments within computer and technology companies. Most people would agree that in present times, Apple is the leading technology/computer company. They developed many unique models and items, such as the iPhone. The iPhone was based off the idea of the iPad, which came later, but gives almost two-thirds of Apples yearly income! Microsoft is another leading company. It is mainly focused on the creation of laptops, touchscreen computers, two-in-one computers, etc. No matter what company you favor, all the companies will have developments that result in gains and losses in income and fame. That brings us to a point on Apple. It is on the brink of losing some of its income from the iPhone because the additional ideas for the iPhone are near bare. Even so, new ideas are rising, some as ideas and prototypes, and others on the market. Some new computers, ideas, and computer-based models from Apple are:
- Apple Watch (early 2015)
- IPad Air/Mini (already out)
- IOS improvements (iOS 8)
- OS X Yosemite (Mac Generations)
- Mac Pro
These inventions, though they may seem amazing already are only the start. Every day, people use Amazon worldwide. Yet Amazon wants more customers, so they have used computer technology to develop a drone that delivers the item bought in a minimal amount of time. How? By flight. The drone clips the boxed item between its four feet and flies off like a tiny helicopter, full with choppers. It lands next to your doorstep, drops the package, and flies back for its next delivery. These cool inventions draw the attention of people who wish for better items, and therefore, fulfill the goals of both the creator and the buyer.
Company/Brand vs. Earth: the supply and demand conflict. Though these exciting, new inventions are drawing crowds, there is a problem: the Earth has a limited number of supplies. Even though this drainage of supplies is far in the future, just being alert is a good start. Because companies work to earn more money, they make more of the products so people will buy more for lower prices. Companies then gain more by selling more because they sell each for less, so the likely number of customers will rise. This company and money greed is what causes the supply and demand problem to arise. If companies make more, their supplies will go down. But the more they make for less prices, the more money they get, assuming the probability of customers rises. And because humans are born with greed, there will be no way to improve the computer without enough supplies. So our concluding result and point I’m trying to make here is that more computers mean more money, and that means less supplies. But even though this is a conflict, many companies have thought ahead and have made their computer and technology as eco-friendly as possible. They use recycled materials to create coverings, or recycled insulators, such as forms of rubber, to achieve their goal. In this way, we can have more variety and more efficient use in the most ecologically friendly way.
Future Uses. Because of the publicity of new items, future uses will expand. Graphing and stronger telescopes and microscopes are to major improvement points that will be of extreme use to the society. Graphing helps mathematicians and scientists by both making conclusions and calculations more mathematically accurate. This could affect the world by figuring the possibilities or exact probability of some certain occasion. Magnification, or microscopic usage can help with the terrestrial diseases. Scientists can take a closer zoom on the bacteria and germs, to see the composition of their object. For extra-terrestrial objects, computers can help by allowing scientists to make more complex satellites that can see farther into the solar system. This way, we can learn more about the universe to feed our own “origin theory” desires. But the computer’s newer inventions also have great effects on the average person, also. The computer can publicly or privately video anything the owner wishes to do. With stronger pixels, pictures can show more clearly and more realistically. That way, people can more clearly and more easily explain the beauty (or disgust) of the subject of the picture, such as a landscape, a flower, or a new design. The inner beauty is very immersing, also, but I’m quite afraid our “exciting” journey is coming to and end. So let’s wrap it up now.
The human life today is impossible to truly comprehend. You can spend hours and hours trying to wrap all the logic you can into the computer, but never will you find all the usages of the computer. The understanding of the computer is an adventure that will take you farther than the screen. It will take you through history until you can at last dig up the roots. The journey in the study of computer usage passes through creation, reason, invention, politics, and even war. It seems as if the human life force today is completely dependent on this small invention that has given us more items than ever. With these awe-inspiring computers that are in our everyday life comes robots, drones, new kinds of medicines, quicker communication, and photography, to name just a few. The list is endless! And now that you have your overview, its time to take your trip. You may be wondering, “So where do I start?” Anywhere, of course. You can go to the library, take a real trip to a factory, or just stay at home and use a laptop. No money needed! Just grab a laptop and sit down on your sofa to get ready for the long adventure ahead: you’re really going to get sucked into this teleporter-time machine!