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LambadaÂ HistoryÂ is very interesting,Â becauseÂ itÂ is composedÂ ofÂ manyÂ stories and it is quite difficult toÂ hearÂ one and the sameÂ storyÂ of Lambada.Â But doubtlessÂ remainsÂ the fact that the LambadaÂ is oneÂ of theÂ most famous and popular LatinÂ dances, whichÂ are known andÂ are dancingÂ around the world.
The wordÂ "lambada" refers toÂ the rhythmÂ (a mixture ofÂ karimboÂ andÂ merengue)Â and danceÂ thatÂ combinesÂ elements ofÂ ForryÂ (forró),Â samba,Â merengue andÂ maxixe (Brazilian danceÂ of the nineteenth century), which hadÂ hugeÂ successÂ in Europe. Lambada became the most popular dance in 1989 and early 1990's.Â This fiery dance which was born in Latin America, ruled the entire planet, and in Europe it sold over two million records with Lambada music.Â People were amazed with this music that reminded the rustle of palm trees, the lapping of the warm ocean, singing of birds. That's why in the early 90's almost every day on American and European television was shown video of Lambada dancing by professional South American dancers.Â That was true musical performance video, which was kind of a dance school, and opened a whole world of Latin American culture. Europeans and Americans took lambada with enthusiasm, they admired the fiery and the brightness of Hispanics, and soon Lambada was dancing in the whole Europe and America.
The history of lambada and its relationship with the world music
The origins of Lambada dance came from "karimbo" - at the time when Brazil was a Portuguese colony (1500-1822 gg.) in the northern part of the country there was a popular dance called karimbo, that was very sensual dance of man and woman.Â Over time the dance has changed, and changed the music: because of the proximity to the Caribbean region, the Caribbean music culture had a strong influence on Brazilian music (even today we can feel it if you listen to Caribbean radio station in the northern states of Brazil).Â This close relationship gave birth to some new rhythms - Sirimbó and Lari Lari; so karimbo dance eventually changed so much that gave birth to practically new one. After some time theÂ localÂ radio stationÂ BelémÂ (capitalÂ of Pará)Â began to callÂ this new kind ofÂ musicÂ "percussionÂ rhythm" andÂ "the rhythms ofÂ Lambada"Â (the word lambadaÂ meansÂ a strongÂ rhythmicÂ beatsÂ of music).Â This lastÂ name "Lambada"Â became very popular andÂ becameÂ associatedÂ with theÂ new imageÂ of the oldÂ dance style.
LaterÂ people again began to dance karimboÂ in pairs, and it wasÂ very much likeÂ merengue,Â but had aÂ largerÂ number ofÂ spinning.Â In the end,Â a mixtureÂ of metalÂ and electronicÂ musicÂ of the CaribbeanÂ once againÂ changed theÂ face ofÂ karimbo,Â andÂ the musicÂ quicklyÂ spread throughout theÂ northeasternÂ region of BrazilÂ (the mostÂ touristicÂ places), onlyÂ thisÂ newÂ "karimbo" wasÂ alreadyÂ calledÂ Lambada.
Lambada long traveled along the coast, and finally reached Bahia (the oldest of the Brazilian state), where it began to experience the effect of dance Forry (another old Brazilian style with the accented rhythm).Â Gradually, the timing of Lambada from a 4 / 4 changed to 2 / 2, so it can be confidently said that it was then lambada completely lost its resemblance to the karimbo. Lambada was danced with bent legs, steps were made from side to side and never from front to back.Â In a fashion were tight skirts, and it happened so that they began to be associated with the lambada, and lambada - with them.Â Even nowadays in some places (for example in Â«LambarÂ» - in the nightclub of the city of Sao Paulo) we can steel meet the classic couples: a lady in a narrow skirt and a man in long trousers. (Kempley 1990)
Together with the Â«Trio-eletricosÂ» (great mobile platform in which musicians perform dancing and singing during the Carnival) lambada began to spread along Bahia and settled in the town of Porto Seguro.Â During the first boom of Lambada in the south-eastern region of Brazil (the most economically developed) it refered to the rhythms that came from Bahia, and were assumed that all these rhythms live only in the summer and then die. WhileÂ allÂ acknowledgedÂ that theÂ lambadaÂ wasÂ a realÂ rushÂ of the summer,Â many earlyÂ lambateriiÂ (placesÂ where theÂ lambada was danced)Â wewreÂ closed closed in winter when tourists left.Â However, lambadaÂ did notÂ dieÂ ...
The story of LambadaÂ spreadÂ to EuropeÂ saysÂ thatÂ one dayÂ inÂ lateÂ summer,Â severalÂ French businessmenÂ cameÂ to BrazilÂ andÂ bought theÂ musicÂ rightsÂ to 300Â songsÂ in the style of Lambada.Â Then theyÂ returned toÂ FranceÂ andÂ organizedÂ a groupÂ Â«KaomaÂ»,Â investingÂ lot of money in itsÂ promotion.Â In that way theÂ lambadaÂ styleÂ became knownÂ throughout the worldÂ and reached even theÂ Far East,Â where itÂ has remainedÂ to this day. The world fever of Lambada was so strong that it even returned to Brazil, to the most economically developed south-eastern region, that has already forgotten it.Â The fact that today in Brazil there are thousands of schools of ballroom dancing, great competitions and tens of thousands of dancers is a merit of the French Â«KaomaÂ» and their international success.Â
ThisÂ secondÂ waveÂ was calledÂ the SecondÂ BoomÂ of LambadaÂ and thisÂ event greatly influencedÂ the world culture.Â First of all lambadaÂ became an internationalÂ phenomenon, when millions of youngÂ peopleÂ againÂ began toÂ danceÂ in pairs, and evoked a wave of interestÂ to the Latin American culture.
Having spread around the world,Â the danceÂ has changed dramatically.Â Due to theÂ factÂ thatÂ in Europe there was lack of good dancersÂ of Lambada (forÂ example forÂ movies andÂ shows), mostÂ professionalsÂ hadÂ to makeÂ changes to it: theÂ lambadaÂ was addedÂ with whirlingÂ and steppe-likeÂ elementsÂ from jiveÂ and EastÂ CoastÂ swing,Â as well asÂ someÂ acrobaticÂ movements. Many dancersÂ have begunÂ to mixÂ lambadaÂ with otherÂ musicalÂ styles,Â tryingÂ to create somethingÂ newÂ andÂ unusual.
As to theÂ LambadaÂ music, it wasÂ playedÂ on allÂ radio stations,Â andÂ someÂ musiciansÂ (eg, Sidney MagalÂ andÂ Fafá de Belém),trying toÂ followÂ this new vawe, created new realÂ hits on its basis.Â However, pretty soonÂ people discovered thatÂ their interestÂ to theÂ lambadaÂ was based solelyÂ onÂ effortsÂ to earn moreÂ money, and theseÂ musicians wereÂ quicklyÂ forgotten. After someÂ time,Â manyÂ composersÂ of Lambada seemed to be forgotten, these musicÂ and dance were losingÂ their power,Â andÂ millions ofÂ fansÂ around theÂ worldÂ wereÂ helplessÂ before it. Another musiciansÂ have begunÂ to mixÂ lambadaÂ with otherÂ musicalÂ styles, mixÂ Lambada withÂ CaribbeanÂ Soca, Merengue, SalsaÂ andÂ Zouk. Anyway,Â nowÂ Zouk isÂ aÂ child, aÂ nativeÂ sonÂ of ourÂ belovedÂ oldÂ Lambada.
ThusÂ we can sayÂ thatÂ lambadaÂ - isÂ a realÂ rhythm ofÂ LatinÂ America, whichÂ has aÂ richÂ and brightÂ national culture.Â History ofÂ successÂ andÂ spread ofÂ LambadaÂ throughout the world showsÂ that the cultureÂ of LatinÂ AmericaÂ is very popularÂ andÂ interesting toÂ people aroundÂ the world.Â Latin AmericanÂ dancesÂ areÂ alwaysÂ very popular,Â millions ofÂ peopleÂ aroundÂ the worldÂ love to dance them.Â Also,Â Latin AmericanÂ musicÂ attractsÂ Europeans andÂ Americans with its incendiaryÂ rhythms,Â unique power.Â LambadaÂ becameÂ oneÂ of the mostÂ brilliantÂ and incendiaryÂ dance,Â which dancedÂ the whole world,Â andÂ despite the fact that itsÂ successÂ is alreadyÂ lost, the era ofÂ LambadaÂ opened theÂ brightness ofÂ theÂ cultureÂ in Latin America to the world and brought new sound and rythms to the world music industry.