The Forbidden City and Buckingham Palace's Architecture
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What makes a building outstanding and became a typical logo of the city, and even the country? It’s not easy for a architecture to attract the travel enthusiasts and the travelers all over the world. Many of the buildings and structures featured are famous for their beauty. Others have become famous for their ingenuity or their historical significance. There are many similarities and differences between Eastern and Western architectural. Their building style, history, materials, function and even significance and influence are form more and less difference. Take Chinese Forbidden city and the Buckingham Palace for example, they both represent the representative building of their country and impact occurred on modern architect's design.
As for architectural style, the Forbidden city and Buckingham Palace reflected the Eastern and Western’s cultural differences. Infected by their culture, the architectural style of Chinese traditional style with special emphasis on "linear beauty", pay attention to the flow lines of melody. The Forbidden city’s beams, columns, roof can express "line" artistic appeal, as in the rest of the top of the mountain building eaves intentionally made slightly to the sides form a high rise, but made "clear the warped corner section, rather steep roof upper and lower more gentle, so both for rainwater drainage, but also conducive to the sunshine and ventilation. Pursuit of mood and thought heavy ethics embodied in the Chinese ancient buildings very apparent when architectural style, tend to their social content and symbolism prominent position on the influential, while also focusing on practicality. It’s obviously that the structure contacts the special Chinese culture and is practical. In the same context, the Buckingham Palace styling emphasizes "form United States ", originated in classical Greek aesthetics that" the United States in the form of objects.
Both Forbidden city and Buckingham Palace has long history. In the Middle Ages, the site of the future palace formed part of the Manor of Ebury. Owners included Edward the Confessor and his queen consort Edith of Wessex in late Saxon times, and, after the Norman Conquest, William the Conqueror. William gave the site to Geoffrey de Mandeville, who bequeathed it to the monks of Westminster Abbey. In 1531, Henry VIII acquired the Hospital of St James from Eton College, and in 1536 he took the Manor of Ebury from Westminster Abbey. These transfers brought the site of Buckingham Palace back into royal hands for the first time since William the Conqueror had given it away almost 500 years earlier. Eventually, in the late 17th century, the freehold was inherited from the property tycoon Sir Hugh Audley by the great heiress Mary Davies. Likewise, the Forbidden city got through a long period too. Beijing Forbidden City began construction of Emperor Yongle in AD 1406, was rejected Yuan air transport, basically not built on the basis of most of the Yuan Dynasty palace, rather eastward 150 m, re-created from the palace, the palace walls of the palace, including all were re-built, larger than most of the palace, slightly less than the Forbidden City in Nanjing, a former designer for artisan craftsmen Queen Kuai Xiang, inaugurated in 1420 AD, built from 1420 to about 500 in 1911 between the Qing emperor to abdicate, Ming, A total of 24 Emperor Qing dynasties lived in the Forbidden City.
The distinction on the building materials is also a different factor of the building style. In ancient times, Chinese architects used wood as the main building materials while Western architects used masonries as their main materials. The most materials of the Forbidden city are wood, but because of Forbidden City choice 15 kinds of precious and timber corrosion, it still protect completely and won’t cause trouble. On the other hand, Buckingham Palace’s facade decoration materials are the Bath limestone. These two kind of material selection make the building have different appearance. Many visitors surprised at these completely different architectural style building from their own country, the choice of the wood and stone greatly depend the difference of Eastern and Western architecture. With the time fly, the choice of materials change a lot and until now, Eastern country and Western country not only retained their selection featured on colleagues, but also learn from each other’s specialist, the designer using different building materials to create a more creative and distinctive architectural.
The Forbidden City and Buckingham Palace’s function change but they are still be used now. Buckingham Palace has served as the official London residence of Britain's sovereigns since 1837 and today is the administrative headquarters of the Monarch.
Although in use for the many official events and receptions held by The Queen, the State Rooms at Buckingham Palace are open to visitors every year. The Palace is very much a working building and the centrepiece of Britain's constitutional monarchy. It houses the offices of those who support the day-to-day activities and duties of The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh and their immediate family. The Palace is also the venue for great Royal ceremonies, State Visits and Investitures, all of which are organised by the Royal Household. Although Buckingham Palace is furnished and decorated with priceless works of art that form part of the Royal Collection, one of the major art collections in the world today. It is not an art gallery and nor is it a museum. More than 50,000 people visit the Palace each year as guests to banquets, lunches, dinners, receptions and the Royal Garden Parties. On contrast, the Forbidden city has apply for World Heritage and it is open for tourists. Forbidden City, two thousand years of development in China and East Asia pinnacle of classical architecture, has been affecting the subsequent development of Chinese architecture, as well as providing inspiration for many works of art.
The significance and influence of the Forbidden city and Buckingham Palace is Considerable. Their architecture is a model for modern structure designer. Walking in the Forbidden City, the artistic effect of the kind of space sequence level by building depth treatment group obtained. Like a Chinese scroll appreciate it, to start with the picture of piecewise, people always with a sense of anticipation, looking forward to the culmination and crowning touch screen show, thus enhancing the appeal of the work of art. It is for this reason, the building generated after leaving their old age, still can connotation artistic charm. To open a new era of people's minds casement, giving the joy of beauty. Ancient buildings across time and space is like a bridge connecting the deceased and present, giving the thick atmosphere and beauty.
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