Literature Review Examples

Below is our dissertation literature review example index.

This index includes a number of genuine dissertation literature reviews that have been written by students for their dissertations.

Take a look at the literature reviews below and hopefully you will find one or two that can help you to write your own outstanding dissertation literature review.

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 9)

Significance And Evidence Of The Spill Over

The minimum wage puts a good sense of equality back into employee’s relationship with the employer. Wages are considered to be a fair reflection of a worker’s efforts, but in the past wages seemed to be a point of exploitation— what an employer would possibly get away with. In more simple terms, this puts a pressure to keep low-paid wages low. This downward pressure is partially removed with the help of minimum wage (BBC News, 2005). In practice, minimum wage regulations are a common mode of government intervention in the labour market. This can be contributed to the public’s huge...

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Determinants Of Dividend Payout Ratio In Cement Sector

The purpose of the study is to determine the impact of different variables on the Dividend Payout Ratio. In this paper we study the impact of set of specific variables on the dividend payout policy of Cement Sector of the Pakistan in the period of 2003-2008, extending the existing research on dividend payout policy. The paper studies a sample of about 14 Cement companies of Pakistan; data is collected from SBP & KSE, performing the regression test to verify the validity of the results. We analyze the impact of different variables such as annual sales, earning before income and taxes...

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Literature Review On Day Of The Week Effects

Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) claims that financial markets are “informationally efficient” Fama (1970). In other words, financial markets reflect all known information and according to stock prices rapidly adjust to any new information (Reilly and Brown, 1997), so the current price already reflects all known information about the stock. Therefore, according to this theory, it would be impossible to earn excess returns and beat the market on a regular basis unless it is through luck....

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The Influencing Factors Of Retail Loyalty Programs

The rapid explosion of the information technology and the internet usage draws attention of the many business researchers in the area of customer satisfaction and customer loyalty in online environment. In the recent times importance on the customer loyalty has become important because of the competitive nature of the online market and by the number of online consumers. The decreased search cost and the increased competition makes it more important for the marketers to build and maintain consumer loyalty (Rodgers et al 2005)....

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Literature Review Investigating The Calendar Effect

Famas’ (1965) general work, which called “calendar effect”, is between the most investigated subjects in finance. The distribution of the stock returns is a puzzling empirical finding, which has been accomplished by many researchers in the world stock markets. The most unusual empirical result is that the distributions of stock returns are not the same for all days of the week. This is the “Day-of the-week”. Monday, the first trading day of the week, is characterized by an abnormally negative mean of return while on Friday, the last trading day of the week returns producing the highest returns of the...

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Examining Public Immunization

The process of ensuring immunity to individuals by the administration of vaccines is known as immunization (WHO, 2010d). Immunization is a proven tool for controlling life-threatening diseases and is estimated to forestall over 2 million deaths annually (WHO, 2010d). Smith et al (2004) stressed that immunizations have averted vaccine-preventable diseases effectively and have reduced their fear in many societies. Greenwood et al (2007) further affirmed that immunization is a major means by which infections may be controlled and in some cases, eradicated. Due to its importance, Sutter & Cochi (2008) stated that immunizations are a critical part of public health...

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Literature Review On The Stock Market Behaviour

The dynamic relationship between macroeconomic variables and share returns have been widely discussed and debated. It is an uneasy task to select a proper macroeconomic variable that could be most valuable in tracing the relationship between macroeconomic variables and stock market price. Besides, the findings of the literature suggest that there is a significant linkage between macroeconomic factors and stock return in countries examined. In this paper, we examine the stock price with the selected macroeconomic variables namely exchange rate, inflation rate, money supply, interest rate and industrial production in Malaysia. This part of literature review aims to contribute to...

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Valuation Of Portfolios Risk And Return

More than a decade after the failures of risk management in cases such as Barings PLC, Metallgesellschaft and Orange County, risk management has evolved a lot, but there is still a long way to go. From Bernoulli’s experiment to Miller and Modigliani’s Portfolio Theory and Fama and French’s 3 factor model, the latest trend in risk management is Value-at-Risk....

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Literature Review On Value Making And Redistribution Theories Finance Essay

Frederikslust (1997) composed a difference between value making and redistribution theories. He argued that Synergy cause plays a key role in the value making theories, while agency problems or Hubris plays a role in the redistribution theory....

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Interest Rate Risk Exposure Of The Nbfc

Religare Enterprises Limited (REL) is a global financial services group with a presence across Asia, Africa, Middle East, Europe and the Americas. In India, REL’s largest market, the group offers a wide array of products and services ranging from insurance, asset management, broking and lending solutions to investment banking and wealth management. The group has also pioneered the concept of investments in alternative asset classes such as arts and films. With 10,000 plus employees across multiple geographies, REL serves over a million clients, including corporates and institutions, high net worth families and individuals, and retail investors....

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Aspiration In Different Languages Of The World

Pronunciation is producing sounds to convey meanings or code. It demands a greater level of attention to the particular sounds of a language, aspects of speech, voice quality etc. It is very important in our communication. In affective and better encoding of speech sounds it is necessary to have a standard pronunciation. It also helps the listener to decode the message easily....

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Capturing Knowlede And Construction Innovation

The construction industry recently dominated many changes due to the advancement of technology, the industry needs to work collaboratively and pool knowledge in order to capture innovation. It's a common dilemma in the construction industry: how to ‘capture' knowledge and transfer it from one job to another, where there will be innovation among the talented personnel. Constructing Excellence, though, has come up with an innovative ‘ground-up' way of boosting R&D and innovation. The construction process of today is in need of improvement. When comparing the construction process of today with the aspects that are considered necessary for the innovation process,...

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Dividend Declaration And Abnormal Returns In Stock

An event study measures the impact of a specific event on the value of a firm. The importance of the study comes from the fact that, given the rationality of the market, the effect of a particular event will be immediately on the security price. Event studies started as tests of the semi‐strong form of market efficiency, which says that all publicly‐available information gets impounded instantaneously into the stock price....

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Competitiveness Diversification Of South African Extractive Firms

Although much of Africa remains still un-surveyed, there is no denying that the continent is well endowed with mineral resources ranging from hydrocarbons to first rankings in world reserves of platinum groups metals, bauxite, cobalt, industrial diamonds, phosphate rock, gold, and vanadium, and manganese in the world”, (Metals Economics Group 2009). Yumkella (2011) places a “conservative estimate of the current value of the mineral reserve base of Sub-Saharan Africa at US$1.2 trillion’ and highlights the importance of building sustainable development, “using the extractive industries to create competitive and diversified economic growth with positive welfare externalities” in the...

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Review Asking If Technical Trading Is Profitable

The purpose of this paper is to review the evidence on the profitability of technical analysis in the stock markets. The empirical literature is divided into two groups, including developed stock markets and developing markets, according to their target markets. Empirical evidence suggests the technical analysis can generate excess return in US stock market at least until 1980s (for other developed countries at least until 1990s). Moreover, the empirical evidence suggests technical trading rules can generate significant profit irrespective to time periods in the emerging stock markets, but the profit is declining as the market become more efficient....

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Literature Review On The Choice Of Stocks

This report summarises our investment approaches to form a fund in the simulated market. Data were timely and freely available for research. Also, insider trading was impossible to happen. By not allowing investments of more than 10% of a fund’s total money market movements cannot be resulted due to major investments in specific stocks. All he above secured the market efficiency (Elton et al, 2011)....

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Situation Of The Regional Economic Development

As we known finance plays a core role in the modern economy. It improves the development of the regional economy. When the finance improves the development of regional economies, there have some defects in financing policies. It mainly showed that the difficulty of Small and Medium Enterprise (SMEs) financing (Yin, 2011). Because of the historical reasons and the financing policy the gap of regions become larger and larger....

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Report On Maritime Safety Through Enavigation

It has widely been accepted that more than 80% of all high consequence marine disasters have been the result of human error. Accidents related to navigation continue to occur despite the development and availability of a number of ship- and shore-based technologies that promise to improve situational awareness and decision-making. Some of the currently used technologies are:...

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Evaluation Of Portfolios Linking Risk And Return

More than a decade after the letdown of risk management in cases such as Barings PLC, Metallgesellschaft and Orange County, risk management has evolved a lot, but there is still a long way to go. From Bernoulli’s experiment to Miller and Modigliani’s Portfolio Theory and Fama and French’s 3 factor model, the latest trend in risk management is Value-at-Risk....

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Recent Literature On Operational Risk In Banks

The purpose of this chapter is to survey the recent literature on operational risk in banks. The starting point is to define financial risk and risk management in order to have an overview of risks in the financial sector. Then the chapter continues to define operational risk which is the central theme of this study, and then it proceeds to examine the importance and classification of operational risk. Furthermore this chapter will discuss the characteristics of operational risk and the operational risk process....

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Impact Of Money Supply On Stock Returns

The stock prices movements are an important indicator of the economy. In the well-organized stock market, the savings are mobilized and the investment projects are activated, which lead to economic activities in a country. Stock markets play very essential role in the economy. To act as mediator between savers and borrowers is the stock market’s key function....

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Health Literacy And Its Impact On Health Nursing

Health literacy is an expeditiously advancing area, and its meaning has broadened to cover a range of concepts (Jordan, Buchbinder and Osborne, 2010). Health literacy was relatively a newly emerged concept in health promotion research, various problems that are associated with the health literacy, like self care and its relation to health outcomes was identified by the researchers in the recent years (Speros, 2005) and created awareness among health care professionals and governments on the role played by health literacy (Jordan, Buchbinder and Osborne, 2010). Low literacy skills are common in the wealthy countries, and it’s quite high in developing...

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Literature Review On Stock Return And Arbitrage Pricing

Although an abundance of studies aimed at extending public’s understanding of stock performance related to macroeconomic environments have been conducted in the past, few of these studies were conducted on stock return by extending the well-established Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) in China. With the number of economic activities are rising to control and adjustment one country’s economy, these economic activities can not be ignore impact on stock market and significant relationship between macroeconomic variables and stock return have to be researched to improve the China’s stock market performance....

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Critique Of Quality Management And Global Supply Chains

Quality can be described as an aspect of the product that meets or exceeds what the consumer expects from the product (Daniels, Radebaugh, Sullivan 2008:703). Quality is crucial when producing and selling a product as the customer might not return or not even make the initial purchase should quality be unacceptable (Boddy 2005:632). In general craftsman will have pride in their craft and the product they produce and will do whatever it takes to improve on their product and methods, from the evolution of industrialisation and mass production, manufacturing has been broken up into tasks to be performed by teams...

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A Study On Decision Analysis Consulting Nursing

Decision-making, especially those that are complex and often difficult, are increasingly being assigned to teams of individuals as opposed to being dependent on the discretion of one individual. These decision centric roles such as those of policy makers, jury, detectives, senior management and even recruiting managers, are usually believed to be a better platform for teamwork, due to popular notion that different individuals could bring something new to a team, thereby increasing the probability that shortcomings could be anticipated and managed whilst better ideas could be contributed to promote superior decision quality....

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Effects And Methods Of Minimizing Construction Delays

Delays are the most critical part of construction projects. They have huge negative effects on projects such as court cases between contractors and clients, increase in cost, poor quality of end products etc. This chapter throws light on what kind of effects are there due to the causes of delays which are identified in last chapter, or in other words effects of delays caused in construction projects. This chapter will also discuss required actions and methods to minimize such delays in construction industry....

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Literature Review On Loan Elements And Bank Services

Housing loan is one of the services provided by mostly commercial institutions. In the current trend, banking institution is losing their market shares (Mylonakis, 2007). Due to technology advancement, information about every product and services in banking industry are transparency. Potential customers are able to compare the interest rates, packages and services offered by each and every bank. Likewise, internet banking had widely spread across the whole nation due to the convenient of places, time and cost saving (Arnold and Ewijik, 2011). Unfortunately, in the sense of technology wise and globalisation, banking institutions face more...

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Impact Of Fair Trade On Consumer Behaviour

Please provide some background about the project, company, situation and overall summary as to the nature of problem and what is required (approx 500 words)....

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Forms Of Capital Asset Pricing Models In Pakistan

Emerging markets like Pakistan confront with the problem to validate the CAPM in its original form. Since standard form of this model has unrealistic assumptions, different non-standardized forms have been introduced by different researchers. This paper also introduces a non-standardized form of CAPM to validate whether it is applicable in Pakistan. The data of 20 companies of different sectors, covering the period of 2007 to 2008 were collected. One year KIBOR is taken in replacement of T-bill rates. Beta 3 is calculated using an equation to show the negative relationship between interest rate and market returns. The results of regression...

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Ipos Performance In Indian Stock Market

The main focus of this research is to examine the IPOs Performance in Indian Stock Market. Taking the IPOs listed on National Stock Exchange (NSE) and Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) market during the 2000 to 2010. This research shows the IPOs process, factors influencing the IPOs performance. For example, Issue size, subscription level, Listing Time period etc. Furthermore, the analysis of performance of Indian IPOs in long term and short term prospective. For the long term analysis the buy and hold period of 12 months, 1 year, 2 years and 3 years in considered and for the short term analysis...

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Impact Of Corporate Governance In Globalized India

There is a growing interest in the subject of corporate governance as a world economy becoming interdependent. The study of it becoming more important as corporate governance mainly deals with the ethical business practices & corporate social responsibility and the. It is the basic tool for all the organization in public sector economy. Corporate governance is associated with all the system, procedure and decision making in the organization. Globalization of product and the talent market has forced the public sector economy in India to match up the standards in corporate governance to attract investment. The major driving forces behind the...

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Literature Review On Portfolio Effects In Investing

Nearly all investors, whether institutional or individuals, seek to increase the future value of their assets or maximize their utility because a higher fund value gives them the ability to consume more. Investors wish to earn a return on their money. Cash has an opportunity cost: which is done by actually holding cash where by you fore go the chances to earn a good return on the investment. Furthermore, in an inflationary environment, the purchasing power of cash diminishes with high rates of inflation, bringing a rapid decline in purchasing power. In investments it is critical to distinguish between an...

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Cross Correlation Of Gold Prices And Exchange Rates

Gold is thought by many to be a currency without borders, being known around the world. While gold is influenced naturally by its supply and demand components, gold responds also to many macroeconomic factors including exchange rate and equity market. While gold provides diversification properties in a portfolio mix with equities, it also is alleged to act as a hedge against the U.S dollar as gold appears to have an inverse relationship with the currency. (Ciner, Gurdgiev, & Lucey, 2010). Cross correlation is a standard method of estimating the extent to which two series are correlated, so the main objective...

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Investigating Herding Behavior On Toronto Stock Exchange

In this study, we employ an innovative new methodology inspired from the approach of Hwang and Salmon (2004) and based on the cross sectional dispersion of trading volume to examine the herding behavior on Toronto stock exchange. Our findings show that the herd phenomenon consists of three essential components: stationary herding which signals the existence of the phenomenon whatever the market conditions, intentional herding relative to the anticipations of the investors concerning the totality of assets, and the third component highlights that the current herding depends on the previous one which is the feedback herding....

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Exchange Rate Movements In Economic Integration And Globalization

Variability in foreign exchange (FX) rate has been one of the major economic and financial factors affecting cash flows and common stocks value. After the collapse of post-war Bretton Woods fixed exchange rates in the 1970’s, the relative prices of currencies began to fluctuate. The rapid expansion in international trade and adoption of floating exchange rate regimes by many countries led to increase exchange rate volatility....

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