Literature Review Examples

Below is our dissertation literature review example index.

This index includes a number of genuine dissertation literature reviews that have been written by students for their dissertations.

Take a look at the literature reviews below and hopefully you will find one or two that can help you to write your own outstanding dissertation literature review.

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 8)

Stakeholders In Project Development

The need for project to be completed on time, cost and quality cannot be over emphasised as it brings satisfaction to all the stakeholders particular to the project. On the other hand, the failure of project; not completed on schedule will be will result in a dissatisfaction among the entire stakeholders. However, the non-completion of projects on schedule can be attributed to the deficiency and sometimes non-concrete involvement of the project stakeholders as well as poor adoption to project risk management processes throughout the project lifecycle. This is mostly the problem in Nigeria and with contribution of other factors; the...

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Corporate Performance Indian Banking Industry

In today’s globalized economy, competitiveness and competitive advantage have become the buzzwords for corporates around the world. Corporate are aggressively trying to build new competencies and capabilities, to remain competitive and to grow profitably. Merger and Acquisitions are being increasingly used by companies for entering new markets, asset growth, garnering greater market share/additional manufacturing capacities and gaining complimentary strength and competencies, to become more competitive in the market place. In the USA, since the early 1900s, there have been six distinct waves of mergers and acquisitions, each with its distinct characteristics and outcomes, as per a BCG report released in...

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What Is Ageing And Aged Population

Nowadays, along with the education and technology of the society improved gradually, it also improved the living standard to our life, thus it can be seen that it has been solved the problem of procreate....

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The Workings Of Portfolio Management

In other words, the most critical question pertaining to product innovations is “How can organizations most efficiently invest their research and development, and new product resources?”And that gives a precise background of what exactly portfolio management is; resource allocation for achieving new corporate product target....

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Importance Of Employee As Assets To Firms

The employees of an organisation are considered to be the most important assets. It is the employees who contribute to the ultimate achievement of the corporate goals. It is therefore important for management to realise that they need to look after the work force and ensure that they are completely satisfied in order to ensure that work is completed smoothly and effectively. The principles and practises that are carried out as a result of this process is called Human Resource management (HRM)...

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Motivation Of Employees In A Nursing Home

This sudden shift in the economic stability and job market has resulted in diminished passion and loss of productivity for many employees. As unemployment rate has drastically increased with a parallel increase in redundancy rate, expenditures have been cut down, demand for products and services have fallen and the fall in stock prices have led to depleted bank balances. Therefore, as organisations have downsized by cutting costs, job security, morale, contractual benefits and non contractual perks have all been affected and in many ways this has affected the motivation level of most employees. If employees’ motivational driving forces are...

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Literature Review On Malaysian Demand For Derivatives Investment

Based on the statistics of the Bursa Malaysia Derivatives Berhad, the total exchange of derivatives during the year 2009 was up to 6,137,827 contracts. The crude palm oil futures is the most liquid future in Malaysia, total of 4,008,882 contracts with average of 334,074 contracts traded monthly during year 2009. (Bursa Malaysia, 2010)...

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Relationship Between Corporate Governance Mechanisms And Firm Performance

This study is a contribution to other studies conducted to examine the relationship between corporate governance mechanisms and firm’s performance, understand how to minimize the agency costs effectively and design the appropriate organizational structure. This research is conducted to distinguish between good and bad corporate governance which is a crucial step in building the market’s confidence and attracting positive investment flows to the institution and the economy....

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Success And Failure Of Expatriates Affects Job Performance

Business`s today have opportunities to compete globally than ever before due to the rise and influence of free trade agreements such as North-American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) that does not only eliminate barriers for goods and services across borders but also know-how and the mobility of factors of production which includes expatriates among member countries. In conjunction, globalisation calls attention for an increasing need of expatriates so as companies that have established their firms in other parts of the world through joint venture, foreign direct investment, and what note could be managed, coordinated and controlled effectively as in the home...

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Literature Review On Institutional Holdings And Corporate Governance

Corporate governance paradigm is based on the argument of Berle and Means (1932) that separation of ownership and control leads to the problems associated with agency theory so that the managers of a company may not act in the best interest of owners. Throughout the twentieth century, the pattern of ownership continued to change from declining individual ownership to increasing institutional ownership. So, it is not surprising that institutional investors are increasingly looking more carefully at the corporate governance of companies because good governance goes hand in hand with increased transparency and accountability. Many studies have been conducted to see...

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Investigating Two Aspects Of Equity Issues

SEO Initial public offering (IPO) underpricing, is a phenomenon common to stock markets in both developed and economies on the rise. An initial public offering is when a company first issues shares to the public. They are regarded as underpriced when the percentage difference between the first day closing bid price is lower than the initial offer price. When the same company issues shares after the initial public offering, the issue is called a Seasonal Equity Offering (SEO). Unlike IPOs, SEOs do not appear to be underpriced....

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Reform Of Small And Medium Enterprises In Vietnam

After twenty-four years of reforming policy, along with the development of the national economy, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Vietnam have remarked contributions in creating employment, increasing GDP, and raising the nation’s volume of exports. However, SMEs have been restricted development by lack of management experience and financial resources, and due to uncertainty within the business environment. As a result, SMEs often faced obstacles during their operations. This research examines the relationship between financial management and probability to grow and survive of SMEs to determine whether financial management practices impact on SMEs’ growth and survival....

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Trade Liberalization Impact On Chinese Economy Economics

Since China began its economic transformation in 1979, China’s economy has grown sharply. However, this transformation is facing one of its biggest setbacks after 2008 because of the financial crisis. This paper will focus on the impact of trade liberalization on Chinese economy after 2008, because trade liberalization is a vital tool to transform China into market-oriented economy during the economic tranformation. Furthermore, other team members will touch on other aspects of transformation such as property rights, currency system, banking system and SMEs. This essay will first discuss the relationship between trade liberalization and economic growth in China. The following...

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The Strategies Used By Tesco

This dissertation aims to examine the strategies used by Tesco, a leading brand in the global retail food industry and one of the U.K.’s strongest retail companies, to drive growth and expansion in international markets. Although the literature on international business and strategy demonstrates both the considerable advantages and also the risks of global expansion by big retailers, there is far less research on how U.K.-based supermarket chains like Tesco continue to achieve success in global markets. Therefore, this dissertation will address two key questions. (a) how does Tesco sustain growth in competitive global markets? and (b) how does...

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Profitability Working Capital And Liquidity Management

The first chapter of this dissertation introduces the readers to the area of study undertaken, provides a background for the complete study as a whole with its relevance. The research questions are presented along with the limitations of the study so as to incorporate all the factors influencing the results of this work. The final part of this chapter is the disposition which is illustrating the outline of the study conducted....

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The Unemployment Problem And Okun Law

According to Sloman (1991) unemployment can be expressed either as a number or as a percentage yet a question remain important who should be included in the statistic? Should it be everyone without a job? The answer is clearly not since we would not include children and pensioners and we will probably exclude people who are not looking for a job such as parents choosing to stay at home and look after children. However the most usual definition that economist uses to define number of unemployed are those of working age who is without work, but who are available for...

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How Mergers Improve Competitiveness Sustainability

As merger and acquisition has introduced globalisation to the business world. It has changed the era of business. So it’s most difficult decision for an organisation to dissolve with another organisation losing their identity but we have such examples when the targeted company starts performing well after merger and acquisition. I am going to analyse the importance of merger and acquisition especially in the banking industry. This research will provide me with the necessary knowledge that how merger and acquisition are helpful for the organisations to strengthen their position in the market and what are the factors involve in the...

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Dairy Processing

Nowadays, the dairy industry is categorized into two distinct production areas. The primary production of milk is principally on farms, whereby cows and other animals, such as goats, sheep, and among others, are bred for the production of milk for human consumption. The processing of milk has for main objective of extending its saleable life and keeping quality. This can be achieved by a number of food transformation and preservation techniques. Milk can be heat treated, can be prepared variously in a dehydrated form like butter and milk powder, thirdly by freezing, for instance, ice cream and other...

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The Financial Health Of The Banking Industry

“The banks attend an industrial undertaking from its birth to its death, from promotion to liquidation, they stand by its side whilst it passes through the financial processes of economic life, whether usual or unusual, helping it and at the same time profiting from it” (Jiedals, 1905)....

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Price Movements And Discovery In The Hushen Index

Abstract: In this paper, price movements and price discovery in the Hushen 300 index and the futures markets are investigated using the Engle-Granger Augmented Dickey-Fuller test (Engle and Granger, 1987), the Error Correction Model and the Granger Causality Test. Minute-by-minute data from the Hushen 300 index and Hushen 300 index futures show that the movements of the two markets are correlated. Though, in long term, the spot market plays a prime role in price discovering, the futures market contributes more to eliminate the equilibrium errors and they contain the most information in the short-term. The sub-sample results also suggest that...

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Crisis Communication Strategies Multinational Organisations

The crisis controversy had become a highly debated field especially in the last few years when the importance of the crisis communication is reflected in the way the multinational organisations are handling their crises, ignoring some essential variables that could impact the strategy formulation and the whole crisis communication process. Part of the interest in this area also comes from the dramatic and newsworthy characteristics of this phenomenon and the necessity to identify new insights that could be applied by organisations under pressure. (Heath, 2010)...

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Literature Review Mergers And Acquisitions

The main purpose of this paper is to offer a reader a guided tour through the literature written about the mergers and acquisitions (M&As). This is an exploratory study through the field where number of articles is written, often with mixed results. The goal of many successful writers in M&As field of interest is to contribute to understanding of M&As and ultimately understand how mergers and acquisitions can be (more) successful. Number of different sub-area is discussed and the most relevant and interesting articles – according to the author’s opinion - are presented....

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A Literature Review Regarding Dividend Policies

Dividend policy has drawn due attention from various researchers. One of the most famous studies in this respect is Miller and Modigliani hypothesis (1961), which asserted that the cash dividend policy is not important because it has no effect on the company's value, and as such it does not affect the company owners' wealth. This is due to the fact that companies follow a Residual Dividend Policy which is based on reinvestment of corporate profits in the available investment opportunities (Van Horne 1983; Arnold 2008) with positive net present value and distribution the surplus cash as a cash dividend to...

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Literature Review About Debt And Equity

In emerging economies debt is the major source of external financing.In early years not have effect on firms but later on its effect appeared.Debt can be used as expropriation mechanism. Debt governance highlight the role of ownership....

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Codon Usage Bias And Patterns In Genetics

Overlapping genes are the adjacent genes in the genome of an organism whose coding sequences overlap partially or completely and get translated to different proteins. This phenomenon has been known to occur in the genomes since its accident discovery in the bacteriophage Φ X174 (Barell et al., 1976; Sanger et al., 1977) while sequencing its genome. The development of the sequencing technologies has provided opportunity to sequence the complete genomes of a variety of organisms. The analyses of the genomes of the organisms in the different taxa, viz., viruses, prokaryotes and eukaryotes suggest that the overlapping genes are a common...

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Review And Critical Evaluation Of Alternative Valuation Methods

The objective of this dissertation is to review and critical evaluation of alternative valuation methods complimentary to the Standard Discount Cash Flow model and the impact on management decisions within the mining industry using the Rio Tinto QMM project as an applied example....

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Feasibility Of Wind Energy And Its Impacts

Wind is the movement of hot and cold air over the surface of the Earth (BWEA, 2010). Air is a combination of solid, liquid and gas particles (EWEA, 2011). Energy from the sun shines on our atmosphere all of the time, but the surface is heated unevenly. This results in some places being warm while others are cool. As the earth is heated unevenly and because hot air is lighter than cold air and therefore rises, differences in pressure are created (EWEA, 2011). Airflows try and equalise these pressure differences. Together with the rotation of the earth, the difference in...

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Challenges Facing Mnes In Emerging Market

The literature in this area broadly examines the numerous variables that affect standardization. Both internal and external components impinge upon the decision to standardize the marketing program of product, price, distribution and promotion (Kreutzer, 1988). The magnitude of differences in local physical, economic, social, political and cultural environments, are being invalidated by the globalization of markets. As a result, there may be no differences between domestic and international marketing (Perry, 1990). However, a standardized marketing cannot be set once and for all. Matching firms' resources with environmental requirements, anticipating changes in consumers' needs, and forecasting competitors' behavior (Easton, 1988; Kogut,...

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Corporate Social Responsibility Performance Of Oils Business

All organization have an impact on society and the environment through their operations, product or services, and their interactions with key stakeholders groups including employees, customers, suppliers, investors and the local community. There is no single, commonly accepted definition of the notion of Corporate Social Responsibility and the concept is often used interchangeably with other terms including corporate governance, corporate citizenship, corporate accountability, business ethics, corporate responsibility and sustainability. Moreover definition vary in different cultural and national settings. The legally defined mandate of today’s corporation is to pursue relentlessly and without exception, its own self interest, regardless of the...

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Debt Maturity Choices Between Chinese Listed Companies

Many companies tend to pay increasing attentions on choosing debt maturity when deciding their corporate capital structure. By choosing a suitable debt maturity, companies can minimize agency costs, signal their performance and so on. Chinese companies often issue shares to finance or refinance themselves and use less debt compared with equity. As the continual development of debt market and corporate governance systems in China, Chinese companies, however, will issue more debt and the debt maturity issue will become a key concern for them. This paper aims to explore this area....

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Foreign Direct Investment In East Asia

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) nowadays is very important elements that are needed in order to improve the economic situation especially among the developing countries. The expansion and rapid growth of technologies, telecommunications, infrastructure and transportation for instance has encouraged more Multinational Corporation (MNCs) to take the opportunities to expand their businesses. The investments can be either locally or cross borders. Developed countries for instance have increased their FDI activities by investing more and find new opportunities in other countries especially among developing countries such as ASEAN. ASEAN countries which consist of Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, Philippines, Thailand and Indonesia are among...

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Financing Capital Structure And Financing Of Small Companies

The capital structure of business is mix of type of debt and equity the company has on its balance sheet. The capital or owner ship of a business can be evaluated by knowing how much of ownership is in debt and how much in equity. The company debt might include short and long term debt(such as mortgage) and equity include common stock,prefferd share and retained earning....

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Business And It Alignmentory Versus Practice

Due to the continuing and increased capabilities of Information Technologies (IT), organisations consistently strive to be innovative in employing such capabilities to achieve their internal objectives and external strategic goals, i.e. finding ways of aligning the offered IT capabilities to their internal business requirements (functional alignment) efficiently, and to their external strategic goals (strategic alignment) effectively....

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