Literature Review Examples

Below is our dissertation literature review example index.

This index includes a number of genuine dissertation literature reviews that have been written by students for their dissertations.

Take a look at the literature reviews below and hopefully you will find one or two that can help you to write your own outstanding dissertation literature review.

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 3)

Prediction Of Corporate Bankruptcy Through Financial Ratios

This paper aims to define the importance of ratio analysis in evaluation of firms financial position and performance, second, To identify that which ratios has a significant role in the prediction of corporate failure, and third, It is possible to predict the corporate failure through the use of financial ratios 2 years prior to failed or bankrupted. Ten financial ratios covering four important financial attributes namely liquidity, activity and turnover, profitability, and leverage ratios has examined for a two-year prior bankruptcy. Multiple Discriminant Analysis (MDA) has used as statistical technique with the help of SPSS 17.0 Version on a sample...

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Study The Effect Of Holidays On Stock Return

Jacobs and N. Levy (1988) calendar anomalies have long been part of market tradition. Studies of the day-of-the-week, holiday and January effects first began to appear in the 1930s and although academics have only recently begun seriously to examine these return patterns, they have found them to survive close study. Calendar regularities generally occur at cusps in time the turn of the year, the month, the week, the day and the Holidays. They often have significant economic impact. For example, the "Blue Mon- day" effect was so strong during the Great Depression that the entire market crash took place over...

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Literature Review On The Profitability Of Banks

In the literature, bank profitability is usually expressed as a function of internal and external determinants. The internal determinants originate from bank accounts (balance sheets and/or profit and loss accounts) and therefore could be termed micro or bank-specific determinants of profitability. The external determinants are variables that are not related to bank management but reflect the economic and legal environment that affects the operation and performance of financial institutions. A number of explanatory variables have been proposed for both categories, according to the nature and purpose of each study. The main conclusion emerging from these studies is that...

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Important Factor Of Leadership

Leadership is a very important factor in today’s business world. Having a strong leader can help to motivate staff and lead to gains in this department such as lower labour turnover, absenteeism levels and it can also increase labour productivity which in turn can lead to a quicker turn around in producing goods or carrying out services. Consequently this can help to build a reputable brand image which in the long run will help a business become more successful due to it being seen as a better brand....

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Study On The Development Of The Bond Market

Finance plays an increasingly important role in economic growth and development of nations around the world. These roles are in many different forms, they include but not limited to channelling savings towards investment. The level of sophistication of a financial system is important and to a large extent determines the level of overall growth and development of that economy. The financial system contributes to economic growth performance through several mechanisms and channels – mobilising savings, allocating funds to their most productive uses, monitoring productive uses i.e. investments, transferring and sharing risk (see World Bank (2001)). In modern economies,...

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Determining The Profitability Of Financial Institutions

Rapid changes in financial service industries make it important to determine the profitability of financial institution. Banks plays an important role in financial market of a country and for this it is very important to evaluate that bank operates in efficient manner and also what are the factors which affect the profitability of banks....

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Factors Affecting Bidding Firms In The Takeover Process

Through a study of 244 takeovers taking place in developing countries with less competitive markets than those found in prior literature, I examine the wealth effects of bidding firms taking over public and non-public targets, using alternative modes of payment (cash/non-cash) between 1990 and 1998. A number of factors influencing the takeover process are looked at closely, with results being compared to previous literature. The takeover of smaller firms is shown to give higher CARs, during bοth the 5-day and 21-day periods surrounding the takeover announcement. What’s more, the takeovers of public firms result in higher returns, as well as...

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The Methodology Of Islamic Economics

Islamic Banking presupposes from another banking system which is not Islamic. The one which is not Islamic has been in use for the last several centuries, in almost all the world, including the Muslim World. Several countries of the Muslim world are now trying to switch over to the Islamic banking system, and some of them have succeeded in introducing the Islamic banking order in their economy. Pakistan is one of them....

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Investigating The Determinants Of Equity Risk In Pakistan

Last decade has witnessed significant progression in capital theory and its application to corporate finance, Portfolio analysis and investment policy. More recently a growing body of work has undertaken the analytically testing the positive inference of the theory. The study of risk has engaged a central position of corporate finance. The term risk has variety of meanings in business and everyday life. Risk was to describe any situation where there is uncertainty about what outcome will occur. The purpose of studied was to investigate the determinants of equity risk through analysis of firm’s fundamental characteristics, specially, firm size and financial...

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Research On Capital Structure In Developing Countries

Capital structure aims to yield the lowest cost of capital basically it refers debt to equity ratio of the firm. To determine the optimum capital structure the capital amount should be fixed with change in the debt ratio. (Kim, 2006). This research analyses the study of capital structure theory of developing countries with different institutional structures. This study demonstrates the capital structure determinants across the countries and analyses two factors one firm-specific factor and other country specific factors in the context of leverage choice. The investigation includes detection of trade-off theory and pecking order theory which describes the financing choice...

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Literature Review On Loan Recovery Strategies

This chapter attempts to review the relevant literature on rural banks and its loan recovery strategies. The literature review covers areas such ad: emergence and evolution of rural and community banks in Ghana; the legal, regulatory, and supervision framework governing rural banks in Ghana, Services provided by Rural Community Banks in Ghana.; credit risk; causes of problem loans; granting credit; credit analysis; methods used to measure credit quality; credit collection policy; functions of the credit risk management departments of banks....

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Literature Review Of Oral Mucositis

A review of relevant literatures was collected to generate a picture of what is known about a particular situation. Relevant literature to those sources that are important in providing in depth knowledge related to make changes in practice or to study a selected problem....

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Correlation Between Crude Oil Pricing And Kse 100

The objective of this paper is to find out the co relation and effect of one variable (crude oil prices) to other variable (kse-100). It’s observed that when the prices of crude oil are changed in market the Karachi stock index is also changed with respect to the crude oil. The matter is to find out that is there any co relation in between kse-100 and crude oil prices if, it exist so what is the percent of change. In other words we want to see that if there is entire relation in changing the ratio, the investor can take...

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Study On How To Effectively Manage Risk

In recent years, the issue of how to manage risk has been a source of concern in many financial institutions around the world due to the present economic uncertainty and business environment which was caused by the failure and weaknesses in corporate governance which did not serve their purpose in the prevention against excessive risk in a number of financial service companies (Actuaries, 2008). It is therefore important to understand the term risk, risk management and why it matters in financial sector especially to managers facing these challenges....

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Literature Review Of Applications Of The Camel Model Finance

Several studies provide explanations for choice of CAMEL measures: Lane et al. (1986), Looney et al. (1989), Elliot et al. (1991), Eccher et al. (1996), Gilbert et al. (2000), Lacewell (2001), Barr et al. (2002), Godlewski (2003) and Derviz et al. (2004). For examples;...

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Impact Of Internal Factors That Changed British Airways

In recent years, airlines company are following alots of strategies to beat each other. Airlines, previously competitor was highly regulated industry, but they become opportunistic seekers of co-operation. In today's world, big and small airlines are make strategy together rather than competing with one another. Forms of assistance now-a-days they are sharing a lots of things include sub-contracting, code sharing, authorization and the arrangement of global marketing networks. In essence, co-operation among competitors has led to increased competitiveness. This has increased the speed and development of combined marketing, and the airline has become characterized by the desire to belong to...

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Impact Of Capital On Banks Earning

The main goal of the research was to study the impact of Capital on Banks Earning. The purpose of this research is to study intimately the capital-earnings relationship to try to find out which among the probable explanations of the relationship appear to be important in banking sector operating in Pakistan.. By analyzing the financial statements for five major banks. Close relations between Capital and Earning may develop an increase in capital tended to be followed by increase in earning and vice versa.. Variable were found, based on previous studies. In this model independent variables are Capital Asset Ratio and...

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Merger And Acquisition Deals From Emerging Markets Acquirers

Crude oil and natural gas are major commodities traded in international markets. Refined products are used in a variety of ways, such as motor fuel (which is the most significant product derived from crude oil) and power generation. Broad research exists on how the oil market is Influenced by price and demand, and its interactions with the world markets (Jiméez-Rodriguez R. and Sancchez M. (2004), “Oil Price Shocks and Real GDP Growth: Empirical Evidence for Some OECD Countries”). Differences exist on how the economic trends affect the Oil & Gas sector depending on the geographical area. For instance, the recent...

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Employer Branding

Business environment is getting a rapid change, a demand for good product, services or ideas are becoming the key priority for both for the organization and customers. Organizations across the world experiencing same kind of business challenges and hence it is becoming critical for the organization to have talented employee and to retain them for the long term sustainability and competitiveness. To get talent attracted by the organization is getting difficult due to globalization, more generational change and shortage of skilled and competitive people....

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Leadership Foundation Of A Patient Safety Culture Nursing

With the spotlight being shown more and more these days on the health care profession, one area that has received particular attention is that of patient safety. An increase of patients going home from hospitals with bacterial infections is one reason for the concern. Another is that patients are becoming more educated and sophisticated when it comes to health care, and they want to be sure that their treatment is effective – and safe. As such, any health care organization delivering health care services needs to stress an environment of safety....

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Analysis Of Sources Of Finance For The Investment

Finance is important for economic growth, the aim of this study is discuss how the source of finance is affected to the business for a short term and long term investment, the concept of the investment for the different business is over the globalization, as we know that finance is life blood of business. In modern business which requires huge capital, as well as Funds required for a business may be classified as long term and short term. We learnt about short term finance, Finance is required for a long period also. It is required for purchasing fixed assets like...

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Personal Reflective Paper On Stakeholder Relationships

The purpose of this paper is to reflective on various personal experiences I have had in my professional career to date, where I was involved in different relationships between various stakeholders in the context of the construction and engineering industry as a construction project manager working for main contractors in particular in the Middle East from 2007 to 2009, overall I have approximately 10 years experience in stakeholder management within the construction industry in various roles....

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Implications For Foreign Investments In African Financial Markets

In a nutshell, the equity market is like the stock market, where stocks are bought and sold. The increasing prominence and rapid development of emerging equity markets across Africa has led to the attraction of foreign investment. Investors sought in emerging markets/ economies, anticipating high returns. Investing in an emerging market holds a lot of risk due to various reasons such as; currency volatility, political instability, limited equity opportunities, poor corporate governance and domestic infrastructure problems. In addition, outside investors may not be offered liquid markets by local stock exchanges, as many emerging stock markets display to their public a...

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The Prices Of Farm Foods Product

The aim of this study is to see those factors which affect the prices of farm foods product. For this purpose several different variables have been taken as under consideration which may affect the farm food products. From those factors livestock has been taken as the dependent variable. In order to find out the result technique has been run on the collected data to see that which factor has the significant impact on the farm food products....

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The Financials And Performance Of Tata Group

In the current globalised economy, mergers and acquisitions are being progressively more used the world over, for increasing competitiveness of companies through gaining better market share, expansion of the portfolio to reduce business risk, to capitalize on the economies of scale and for entering new geographies, etc. This research study was intended to analyze the consequence of going global market through merger and acquisition and traders long and short term earnings .Thereby study the impact of mergers on the financials by examining some pre- merger and post-merger financial ratios, with the sample of firms chosen as three major mergers/acquisitions of...

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Literature Review On Credit Derivatives Swaps

Credit derivatives swaps (CDS) are the main pillars in the credit derivatives market and represent about half of its volume (George Spentzos, 2005). A CDS is a bilateral contract between a protection buyer and a protection seller that exchanges the credit risk of a specific issuer. The protection buyer pays a premium to the protection seller to assume the risk associated with a particular credit event....

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The Finance And Growth In Georgia

This Paper analyzes the correlation between growth and financial institutions at the national level within Georgia....

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Relationship Between Capital Flight And Foreign Direct Investment

Since 1993 foreign direct investment acted as largest source of finance for the developing nations which reached up to 38% in 1995. While on the other hand in developing countries its contra account is also very much active that is the capital flight. According to Kuczynski (1992) around USD 300 billion of residents of Latin America alone are invested abroad. According to Classens and Naude (1993) six out of ten countries were experiencing the highest average annual rates of capital flight during the period of 1981 - 1991 and the eight out of ten countries also suffered from high ratio...

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Assessing Deposits Profitability Of Islamic Banking Industry Pakistan Finance

The purpose of this research study is to analyze the impact of Islamic Banking Deposits (Investment, Savings and Current accounts) on the profitability measure ROE of the Islamic banking industry in Paksitan. For this purpose, time series data of eleven quarters covering the period 2007 to 2009 is taken for the required variables from State Bank of Pakistan’s quarterly editions of the ‘Islamic banking bulletin’. The results showed that all the deposit variables had significant positive relation with Islamic banks’ profitability. The aim is to contribute to the literature on deposit-profitability relationship of Islamic banks....

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The Basic Concepts Of Human Behaviour

Motivation is a basic concept in human behaviour and also in employee behaviour. My research project is on motivation because motivation has a huge value in determining performance, and employee morale. An employee's performance typically is influenced by motivation, ability, and the work environment. Happiness in the workplace is very important if a Manager would like to retain their workers. When an employee is discontented, it becomes the manager’s responsibility to make the appropriate changes. Motivating employees can be disguised in many different situations. Getting to know your employees on a more personal level can help to keep them happy....

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Is Idiosyncratic Volatility Higher Than The Systematic Volatility

This paper investigates the behaviour of idiosyncratic risk and systematic volatility and examines using the panel data model whether the firm level volatility has moved higher than the systematic volatility during the period 1992-2010. I have not found a significant rise in the idiosyncratic volatility compared to the systematic volatility during the period 1992-2008, but found that the idiosyncratic volatility significantly declined in comparison with the systematic risk in the recent past (2008-2010)....

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The Relationship Between Growth And Trade Balance

In today’s world, no one can deny the importance of Globalization. International trade is that kind of trade that gives rise to the economy of the world and for the country growth plays a backbone role. International trading has become very important for every country of the world - be it big or small, developing nation or developed nation. There is a common perception in the media and also in the general public that Trade Deficits are a bad news to a country’s economy. The conventional wisdom is that these deficits are a drag on Gross Domestic Product. Surely, it...

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Assessing The Issue Of Delay In Construction

Literature Review is a process to conducting a research to find out the research problem and the current knowledge on a particular topic. This purpose is to bring the reader to know the current literature and expanding the knowledge within the topic, and also hope that by this research can conduct few methods to mitigate the problem in the topic. The problem of delays has been studied and discussed by several researchers in pass decades but the delays problem still happen in many building project. The problem of delays may effect by the type of the project, location, sizes and...

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