Literature Review Examples

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Below is our dissertation literature review example index.

This index includes a number of genuine dissertation literature reviews that have been written by students for their dissertations.

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 3)

Comparison Of Bankruptcy Laws And Entrepreneurship Finance

Entrepreneurship is one of the key focuses of Singapore’s overall economic growth plan and recent Government policy and funding reflects this. Over the past 10 years, a sleuth of schemes has been unveiled by various Government agencies targeting various ways to boost entrepreneurship and improve the success rates of new businesses. However, Singaporeans seems to be held back by a cultural reluctance for entrepreneurship. The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Survey (GEMs) of 2005 [1] placed Singapore 16 out of 22 OECD countries, with a Total Entrepreneurial Activity Index of 4.9 against a mean of 6.3 amongst OECD countries. In...

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Comparison Of Cost Risk And Return In Uk

In the present dissertation’s proposal we are going to start studying about the different conditions of the retail market in the companies like Tesco, Morrison and Sunbury in UK and Carrefour, Casino, and Auchan in France, after it research is going to analyse the relation of long-wage patterns, economy changes as well as social mood, risk-taking behaviour and innovative economic activity to prove that those conditions have some relation with the retail stock market....

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Competitiveness Diversification Of South African Extractive Firms

Although much of Africa remains still un-surveyed, there is no denying that the continent is well endowed with mineral resources ranging from hydrocarbons to first rankings in world reserves of platinum groups metals, bauxite, cobalt, industrial diamonds, phosphate rock, gold, and vanadium, and manganese in the world”, (Metals Economics Group 2009). Yumkella (2011) places a “conservative estimate of the current value of the mineral reserve base of Sub-Saharan Africa at US$1.2 trillion’ and highlights the importance of building sustainable development, “using the extractive industries to create competitive and diversified economic growth with positive welfare externalities” in the...

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Compliance To Legislation Of Road Surfacing Projects

This chapter provides a review of the literature on the level of compliance to legislation of road surfacing projects. Journals and paper that specifically deal with road surfacing works will be looked at first and if not available, construction sites in general based on the Irish construction sector. If this information is not available then international studies will be sought....

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Composite Panel Production Within The Panels Division

The Kingspan Group is an Ireland based company that was founded in the late 1960’s as a small engineering business. The Group was initially involved in the manufacture of steel frame buildings, but has expanded over the years and now operates through four business sectors including insulated panels and boards, off-site and structural, environmental and renewable, and access floors. The company primarily operates in Europe and the US, and currently employs approximately 6,700 people, and states that its ambition is “to be a global leader in sustainable business and establish a leading position in providing ethical renewable and...

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Concepts Of Bank Small And Medium Sized Enterprises

This chapter reviews previous studies and literatures that will be the background information for the current study. This literature reviews explore the concepts of bank small and medium-sized enterprise, lending practices at commercial banks, the importance of factors that affect granting of loan, definitions used in this study and previous studies in the area of the determinants of banks assessment of credit propositions that would better enhance our understanding to the study and its nature....

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Concerned With Individuals Investing Behavior

This chapter presents previous literatures and empirically finding concerning the topic of individuals investing behavior. The study acknowledges that a comprehensive literature review about individual investing decision in general is beyond the scope of this study, instead, the results of some recent empirical studies will be highlighted. Reviewing previous finding reveals that a substantial amount of attention has been given to institutional investing behavior, while less attention has been considered individual investment behavior, which t is the emphasis of this study. The chapter highlights various factors that affect people decision when investing in stock market. At the end of this...

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Consistency Of Change In Envrionments

There is a famous saying stated by an unknown author – ‘The only thing that is constant is change’ (Berman, 2007). With the current changing customer requirements and external environment necessities, organisations which behave as closed systems and do not constantly change themselves to fit the market requirements and customer demands will fail in the long term (Harigopal, 2006). Organisational change is an ongoing process which brings the systems and procedures of the organisation in line with the factors prevailing in the external and internal environment of the organisation (Nemetz and Fry, 1998). As business management gurus argue, ...

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Consumer Fund Investments

(Sirri, Peter 1998) Consumers are fee-sensitive in that lower-fee funds and funds that reduce their fees grow faster. There is mixed evidence that consumers are sensitive to the expost risky ness of fund investments. The mutual fund investors are generally unable to assess the trade off between different fees charged by mutual funds. The negative relation between fund flows and total fund expenses....

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Control Strategies For Chlamydia Trachomatis

This chapter provides the background discussion of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) focussing on Chlamydia trachomatis infection since the study is positioned within this area leading down to the specific research question and objectives. In addition, sexual health prevention and control strategies have been explored....

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Corporate Governance And Capital Investment Decisions

Through various studies over the years, different scholars and financial analysts have been able to establish a relationship of cash flow on firms’ investment spending. It was significantly proven by (Modigliani & Miller, 1958) that a firm’s financial status is irrelevant for real investment decisions in a world of perfect and complete capital markets, after controlling for the cost of capital....

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Corporate Governance Impact On Banking Efficiency Finance

Corporate Governance means to give direction, taking control or doing administration in an organization. It sets rules and regulations for a manager of an organization who works ultimately for the rights of the current and the potential stakeholders. The structure of a corporate governance designate the powers, rights and responsibilities among the different groups in a firm for example, board of governance, managers, and other stakeholders and give them policies and procedures which give them assistance while making decision on corporate affairs. It also gives a guideline to the corporate managers by setting up these rules and procedures that how...

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Corporate Governance In Indian Public Sector Economy

In the world economy market the term ‘corporate governance’ has taken its roots worldwide and has grown rapidly since last few years. It has been the fundamental tool for each and every business organisations in relation to the public sector economy. Corporate governance is the system through which many organisations in the sectors of public economy are focussed and controlled. At the tip of the organisation it relates to all the systems, processes, controls and the decision making of the economy. Corporate governance is always associated with corporate social responsibility and also relates with the ethical standards of the business...

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Corporate Leadership Structure Board Independence And Firms Performance

There are many definitions of corporate governance in literature. “Corporate governance is concerned with the processes and structures through which members interested in the overall well being of the firm take measures to protect the interests of the stakeholders” (Ehikioya, 2009, p. 231). Corporate governance is the system through which corporations are directed and controlled (Cadbury, 1992). Corporate governance is responsible for the balanced relationships among company’s management, board of directors and its shareholders (Demidenko & McNutt, 2010). Corporate governance is a mechanism which ensures that all the decisions made by the top authorities are for the benefit of the...

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Corporate Performance Indian Banking Industry

In today’s globalized economy, competitiveness and competitive advantage have become the buzzwords for corporates around the world. Corporate are aggressively trying to build new competencies and capabilities, to remain competitive and to grow profitably. Merger and Acquisitions are being increasingly used by companies for entering new markets, asset growth, garnering greater market share/additional manufacturing capacities and gaining complimentary strength and competencies, to become more competitive in the market place. In the USA, since the early 1900s, there have been six distinct waves of mergers and acquisitions, each with its distinct characteristics and outcomes, as per a BCG report released in...

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Corporate Social Responsibility Performance Of Oils Business

All organization have an impact on society and the environment through their operations, product or services, and their interactions with key stakeholders groups including employees, customers, suppliers, investors and the local community. There is no single, commonly accepted definition of the notion of Corporate Social Responsibility and the concept is often used interchangeably with other terms including corporate governance, corporate citizenship, corporate accountability, business ethics, corporate responsibility and sustainability. Moreover definition vary in different cultural and national settings. The legally defined mandate of today’s corporation is to pursue relentlessly and without exception, its own self interest, regardless of the...

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Correlation Between Crude Oil Pricing And Kse 100

The objective of this paper is to find out the co relation and effect of one variable (crude oil prices) to other variable (kse-100). It’s observed that when the prices of crude oil are changed in market the Karachi stock index is also changed with respect to the crude oil. The matter is to find out that is there any co relation in between kse-100 and crude oil prices if, it exist so what is the percent of change. In other words we want to see that if there is entire relation in changing the ratio, the investor can take...

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Correlation Between Gold Prices And Exchange Rates

This study investigates the econometrical principles of cross correlation analysis on the variables, Gold price in PKR and U.S. Dollar in PKR. The research consists of two major econometric analysis; Granger’s Causality Test and Cross- correlation test. In Granger’ Causality test, the study had created bilateral causal relationships between the variables. It showed a strong causal relation of Gold in PKR with U.S. Dollar in PKR and U.S. Dollar in PKR was found to had extensively significant causal relation with Gold Price in PKR. In cross-correlation investigation, the study identified the U.S. Dollar in PKR were significantly correlated overtime...

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Credit Card Adoption

The purpose of this chapter is to provide a review of the researchers that has been published in areas related to the topic. This chapter will begin with a discussion of dependent variable which is usage of credit card among IPTA and IPTS students. Along the way of discussion, some important issues and benefits are discussed to support the dependent variable. After that, it followed by the independent variables that affect the usage of credit card among IPTA and IPTS students which are demographic, knowledge, kind of purchases and attitudes. Furthermore, sub-variables also included under one of the independent variables....

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Crisis Communication Strategies Multinational Organisations

The crisis controversy had become a highly debated field especially in the last few years when the importance of the crisis communication is reflected in the way the multinational organisations are handling their crises, ignoring some essential variables that could impact the strategy formulation and the whole crisis communication process. Part of the interest in this area also comes from the dramatic and newsworthy characteristics of this phenomenon and the necessity to identify new insights that could be applied by organisations under pressure. (Heath, 2010)...

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Critical Analysis And Retained Executive Firms

According to Maylor and Blackmon (2005), the purpose of business and management research is ‘to create better and more widely applicable theories that will help other people to solve a similar practical problem or understand a research problem better’. The main purpose of this dissertation was to investigate the relevancy of executive search firms (ESF) as external recruitment tool in Human resource management (HRM) and its contribution to business performance. Moreover, I would be focussing on two nations where C-level staffing is been handed over to Search consultants at large, namely India and the UK, Am also confident that this...

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Critical Analysis Of An Ibm Acquisition

In the last decade, to accomplish changes in clients’ demands, IBM’s strategy was to strengthen its position through strategic investments and acquisitions in higher-value segments. In fact it acquired more than 100 companies to complement and scale its portfolio of products, moving towards higher-value and more profitable segments of the industry....

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Critique Of Quality Management And Global Supply Chains

Quality can be described as an aspect of the product that meets or exceeds what the consumer expects from the product (Daniels, Radebaugh, Sullivan 2008:703). Quality is crucial when producing and selling a product as the customer might not return or not even make the initial purchase should quality be unacceptable (Boddy 2005:632). In general craftsman will have pride in their craft and the product they produce and will do whatever it takes to improve on their product and methods, from the evolution of industrialisation and mass production, manufacturing has been broken up into tasks to be performed by teams...

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Cross Correlation Between Gold Price And Exchange Rate

This study investigates the econometrical principles of cross correlation analysis on the variables, Gold price in PKR and U.S. Dollar in PKR. The research consists of two major econometric analysis; Granger’s Causality Test and Cross- correlation test. In Granger’ Causality test, the study had created bilateral causal relationships between the variables. It showed a strong causal relation of Gold in PKR with U.S. Dollar in PKR and U.S. Dollar in PKR was found to had extensively significant causal relation with Gold Price in PKR. In cross-correlation investigation, the study identified the U.S. Dollar in PKR were significantly correlated overtime...

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Cross Correlation Of Gold Prices And Exchange Rates

Gold is thought by many to be a currency without borders, being known around the world. While gold is influenced naturally by its supply and demand components, gold responds also to many macroeconomic factors including exchange rate and equity market. While gold provides diversification properties in a portfolio mix with equities, it also is alleged to act as a hedge against the U.S dollar as gold appears to have an inverse relationship with the currency. (Ciner, Gurdgiev, & Lucey, 2010). Cross correlation is a standard method of estimating the extent to which two series are correlated, so the main objective...

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Customer Behaviour Marketing

Generally customer behaviour is a study of when how where and why people do or do not purchase a product, service, ideas, or experience to satisfy needs and desires. It associates with elements from psychological, sociology, demography and economics (Majumdar 2010)....

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Dairy Processing

Nowadays, the dairy industry is categorized into two distinct production areas. The primary production of milk is principally on farms, whereby cows and other animals, such as goats, sheep, and among others, are bred for the production of milk for human consumption. The processing of milk has for main objective of extending its saleable life and keeping quality. This can be achieved by a number of food transformation and preservation techniques. Milk can be heat treated, can be prepared variously in a dehydrated form like butter and milk powder, thirdly by freezing, for instance, ice cream and other...

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Day Of Week Effects In Karachi Stock Market

This paper examines the day-of-the-week effect in the Karachi stock market in order to get the information whether this anomaly exist or not. Stock exchanges play an important role in a vibrant economy. Accordingly, the purpose of this paper is to test for the existence of daily stock market anomalies in the Karachi stock exchange (KSE), in an attempt to check the level of market efficiency in this emerging capital market. The data includes the daily market index returns covering the period from January 2000 to January 2011. The findings show that Monday returns are negative, and lower than...

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Debt Maturity Choices Between Chinese Listed Companies

Many companies tend to pay increasing attentions on choosing debt maturity when deciding their corporate capital structure. By choosing a suitable debt maturity, companies can minimize agency costs, signal their performance and so on. Chinese companies often issue shares to finance or refinance themselves and use less debt compared with equity. As the continual development of debt market and corporate governance systems in China, Chinese companies, however, will issue more debt and the debt maturity issue will become a key concern for them. This paper aims to explore this area....

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Decision Support System In Technology Of The E Banking

An analysis on the effective use of the Decision Support System in Technology of the E-Banking Sector in general The use of electronic banking has undergone tremendous growth over the years. This has been facilitated by the increased interest in information and technology. As a result, many companies and organizations have embraced this trend due to the increasing trend towards globalization. However, due to the immensity in the information reservoirs across the banking sector facilitated by increased customer base, banks have seriously embraced the management information system with high levels of programming being experienced across all the departments of their...

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Defining Employee Engagement

This chapter mainly deals with the research problem and provides a review of the work by different authors on this construct. It also provides various discrepancies and contradictions within the research on employee engagement. This will include a discussion on different definitions for employee engagement by different authors, development as a construct, importance of employee engagement, its measurement, drivers that promote it and finally its relation with other well established constructs....

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Definition Of Organizational Citizenship Behaviours

According to Organ (1990), Organizational Citizenship Behaviours (OCB) are beyond the scope of formal job description, incentives or contractual sanctions. However, this work-related activities that performed by the employees will increase the organizational effectiveness. Bateman and Organ (1983) states that Organizational Citizenship Behaviours also not specifically included in the job description and may be considered as extra-role behaviours. Besides, Moorman and Blakely (1995) argue that although the OCB are adding merit to the organization but the managers also having difficulties in eliciting the employees’ performance due to the behaviours are voluntary by the employees....

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Determinants Of Asset Prices And Returns

Crude Oil is the crucial input of modern economies. As countries urbanize and renovate their demand for oil raises drastically. Potential demand for oil is hard to forecast but is usually highly correlated with the growth in industrial production. Therefore, countries experiencing hasty economic growth are the ones probably to significantly amplify their demand for crude oil. Increases in oil demand without equalizing increases in supply lead to higher crude oil prices. Higher crude oil prices act like an inflation tax on consumers and producers by 1) plummeting the amount of disposable income consumers have left to spend on other...

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Determinants Of Corporate Dividend Policy In Pakistan

This research examines different factors that determine cross sectional variations in corporate dividend policy such as profitability, growth opportunities and riskiness. Another aim of this is to check the significant relationship between losses and dividend cuts. Manages cater to investors by paying them dividends when investors put a stock price premium on payers. To test this prediction, I used companies that are listed on Karachi Stock Exchange (Pakistan) and test there are three stock price based measures of investor demand for dividend payers to check if catering theory of dividend exits in Pakistan....

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Determinants Of Dividend Payout In Thailand

This paper examines the effects of risk (variability of profit), cash flow, investment opportunities (market to book value), firm size (market capitalisation), percentage of majority shareholders and financial leverage (debt ratio) on Thailand SET100 firm’s dividend policy. The results indicate that the stability of earnings (proxy risk) and financial leverage are significantly inverse related to firm’s payout ratio. It also implies that dividend policy is regardless of the firm’s cash flow, investment opportunities, firm size and agency cost. The implication of this study is if dividend policy does matter, the management cannot make the dividend decisions decision without taking consideration...

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