Literature Review Examples

Below is our dissertation literature review example index.

This index includes a number of genuine dissertation literature reviews that have been written by students for their dissertations.

Take a look at the literature reviews below and hopefully you will find one or two that can help you to write your own outstanding dissertation literature review.

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 4)

Study On The Definition Of Uk Banks

Bank is not someone or a group of person who lends and collects the money and interest back. According to United Kingdom court of appeal bank is a person who has these three elements in it....

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Foreign Exchange Risk In The Airline Industry

Airline carriers sell tickets in many part of the world, and each country has different policies that govern their currencies. Countries such as the Great Britain uses Pounds sterling (BGP), Japan with Yen, and United of America with Dollar and some part in EU is on Euros. Basically airlines around the globe fly to different part of the world, and majority of these airlines have offices around the globe and which incur operating expenses in the currencies of the countries they operate. Exchange rate has become a big threat to the airline industry. The turbulence of an exchange rate makes...

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Studying The Capital Structure In Different Sub Periods

Capital structure that shows the debt to equity financing of a firm for its assets. Capital structure of financial firma and non-financial firms differ drastically. A firm can go for different ways of financing like debt and equity. It is very rare to find a firm that completely finances its assets either by using debt or either by equity. Usually there is a mixture of both debt financing and equity financing in a ratio that maximizes the overall value of firms. This has originated different capital structure theories that explain the variation in capital structures of firms over time, across...

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Day Of Week Effects In Karachi Stock Market

This paper examines the day-of-the-week effect in the Karachi stock market in order to get the information whether this anomaly exist or not. Stock exchanges play an important role in a vibrant economy. Accordingly, the purpose of this paper is to test for the existence of daily stock market anomalies in the Karachi stock exchange (KSE), in an attempt to check the level of market efficiency in this emerging capital market. The data includes the daily market index returns covering the period from January 2000 to January 2011. The findings show that Monday returns are negative, and lower than...

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Risk Preferences Within Human Behaviour

Every one decision made in our life have dose of risk. There is a tendency in human behaviour to be either risk-seeking, or either risk-averse; to overweight the probabilities, whether small one or large one. To make decisions faced of risk, in fact placed decision-makers is an aspect of prospect theory, while they have framed already some expectations. Deal or No Deal, is popular television game show in United Kingdom, which data we will utilize to explore whether the real and high stakes have changed the reference point and whether is variable the risk aversion. The prospect theory proposed by...

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Expensive Medicines In The Healthcare System Globally

Aging population and expensive medicines are the hallmarks of any healthcare system globally(1-3) and, in fact, the contributory role of medicaments in population health has been an adjunct to escalating pharmaceutical expenditure, which in turn leads to extra burden on health care expenditure(4). Healthcare workforce, which refers to physicians, pharmacists, nurses, and dentists(5) is the backbone of respective healthcare system(6). In order to strengthen the healthcare system the role of pharmacist , in particular, is evolved from a dispenser to a counselor and caregiver(7). Whether in the developed or developing nations, pharmacists are generally the direct and first line...

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Higher Education Organizations Of Pakistan Are Learning Organizations

Higher Education (HE) organizations of Pakistan are normally considered as a learning organization. The objective of this paper is to analyze that how well HE organizations function as a learning organization. The reason to opt this sector is that HE organizations produce thousands of graduates annually who ultimately run the organization and become input for the organization to transform into learning organization. But their creativity, capability and system thinking depends on what they have learnt from their HE organizations. To investigate this study factor analysis and descriptive statistical technique is used to analyze the data while a self administrated questionnaire...

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The Connecting Rods Part Of A Tractor

The Connecting rods are widely used in variety of engines to transmit the thrust of the piston to the crankshaft, and results into conversion of the reciprocating motion of piston to the rotational motion of crankshaft. It consists of a pin-end, a shank section, and a crank-end. Pin-end and crank-end pin holes are machined to permit accurate fitting of bearings. One end of the connecting rod is connected to the piston with the help of a piston pin. The other end revolves with the crankshaft and is split to permit it to be clamped around the crankshaft. Depending upon the...

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The Challenges Faced In Managing Diversity Business

A country like India is a perfect example of unity among diversity with a mix of cultures, languages, religions, age groups, etc offering a tremendous opportunity to learn and garner knowledge. The country has evolved over centuries into a multi-dimensional ethos, learning and assimilating a vast pool of knowledge. But have we succeeded in managing and utilizing this talent pool to its full potential? This provoking question leads us to the topic, “Managing Diversity: The Challenges Faced By India Inc.”...

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Age Diversity In Accounting Practices

Abstract: The primary purpose of the study was to investigate, for the first time in the Cyprus-specific accounting environment, the similarities and differences related to generational work values and beliefs of individual accountants; members of the two prevailing generations, X and Y. Adopting a quantitative methodology, a survey was administered to a randomly selected sample of 400 individuals, qualified and trainee accountants, currently working in the country in accounting practices. Descriptive and inferential statistics were utilized to analyze the collected data and address the postulated research objective. Findings are of interest (a) to industry stakeholders who wish...

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Determination Of Cost For Local Loops

This research project is focussed on establishing how best to determine cost for local loops in the telecommunications industry. As consumer and business demands continue to increase it has become progressively more apparent that a most cost effective method of costing last mile or local loops must be established. For every incorrect cost determination profit margin is eroded and when this scenario is multiplied out over innumerable operations the cost of error becomes considerable. Therefore this project aims to address the stated overall aim of research a determination of cost for local loops by means of creation...

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How Financial Ratios Can Predict Corporate Failures

Financial crisis is the concrete embodiment of corporate failures. To study the causes of a listed company in financial distress and establish perfect, effective and operational early warning model not only has theoretical significance, but also has practical significance. With the scientific early warning model, a listed company can in time prevent and defuse financial crisis and improve the scientific nature of the crisis early-warning management; lenders (banks) will avoid high-risk loans; investors access to financial risk warning; government regulatory agencies can be with more effective and more scientific manner for market regulation, maintaining the stable operation of the market....

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Literature Review About Capital Structure And Its Determinants

This chapter is the literature review of some journals which are related to capital structure and some of its determinants. Specially, asset liquidity is studied to be found more about its relationship with capital structure. In this chapter, different results from different studies and countries on the relationship between capital structure and its determinants are discussed through different theories like pecking order, trade-off and agency theory....

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Review Of Literature On Breast Feeding Technique Health

Review of literature provides a strong foundation of research project. According to Basvanthappa review of literature refers to an extensive, exhaustive and systemic examination of publications relevant to the research project. A familiarization with the previous studies can be useful in suggesting a research topic, identifying various aspects of the problem and aids in selection of appropriate methodology....

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Literature Review Of The Large Structure Of Banking Finance

Literature reviews that Indian banking system consist of a larger structure on of financial institutions, Commercial banks, foreign financial institutions. These structural transformations of Indian finance system can be divided into three parts. First, the post independence period (1947-1968). The Reserve bank of India, performed role as a supervisor and controller of finance system. RBI, dominated over all the forms of finance controls in India. In this time RBI, worked on financial stability, credit control, and regulation of interest rates and formation banking structure. The second financial repression, period <1969 to 1990> the movement commenced with the nationalization of...

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A Literature Review Of A Relevant Leadership Trend

Leadership is a strange paradox: the same behaviour can be either functional or dysfunctional depending on intent, motive, context and consequences. It can be seen as constructive by senior management and destructive, or even tyrannical, by subordinates. The same leader can be loved and hated in equal measure (e.g. Margaret Thatcher). The same power and symbols of office can lead to physical illness in some and provide intellectual stimulation in others. The same tactics that result in enhanced performance can also result in employee suicide (e.g. France Telecom, cited in Schumpter, 2009), which in itself is an amazing paradox given...

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Impact Of Capital On A Banks Earning

The main goal of the research was to study the impact of Capital on Banks Earning. The purpose of this research is to examine closely the capital-earnings relationship to try to determine which among the probable explanations of the relationship appear to be important in banking sector operating in Pakistan.. By analyzing the financial statements for five major banks. Close relations between Capital and Earning may develop an increase in capital tended to be followed by increase in earning and vice versa.. Variable were found, based on previous studies. In this model independent variables are Capital Asset Ratio and Dependent...

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Group Based Exercise In The Management Of Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a condition which is linked with chronic widespread pain and multiple tender areas to palpation (Wolfe et al, 1990). It is also linked with fatigue, major physical disability, headaches, depression, social isolation, anxiety and high levels of dependence on the health system (Gran, 2003). The incidence of FM in the population varies from 0.5% to 5.8% (Croft, 2002; Gran, 2003). It is reported to affect women more commonly than men at a ratio of approximately 9:1 (Wolfe et al, 1993)....

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Increase Of Competition In Financial Sectors

The “credit crunch” which started in 2008 has caused several large financial institutions to go bankrupt and it have forced the majority of the remaining ones to implement cut back strategies in order to stay in business. As a result a significant amount of the people working in the financial sector have been laid off and companies in this sector are not recruiting staff at the same paste as they did before the recession started....

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Supply Chain Risk And Vulnerability

Over the years, many companies have reduced their business cost and expanded their product lines through an aggressive supply chain strategy. Low cost-cost country sourcing, multi-tiered supplier networks and business process outsourcing are among supply chain initiatives that companies have employed. The benefits of these initiatives are apparent, companies are able to reduce cost of goods, develop new markets, and free up resources to focus on core value adding processes (PWC, 2010). However, these benefits are often accompanied by greater supply chain complexity and exposure to new risk. All supply chain are vulnerable to one type of risk or another...

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Understanding The Price Movement Of Gold

Objective of this study to understand the price movement of Gold....

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The Impact Of Dividend Announcement On Stock Market

Dividend is that part of the earnings of a corporation that is distributed to its shareholders which is usually paid quarterly....

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Smoking Cessation Health And Social Care

This chapter presents the rationale for conducting research on barriers to smoking cessation amongst people who should know better. A review of current and relevant literature was done to assess current smoking cessation policies and initiatives, barriers to accessing treatment for nicotine dependence, and barriers to quitting....

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Changing Nature Of Market Influence Commerce

The changing nature of the market had influenced the ways that many managers used to think. Many organizations now seek to cop with the change that occurs in the market place and in the management methodologies. This changing nature had derived the companies to lean to changing their old theories and to maintain new ways to run their businesses, and their institutions in many ways. However, the changes in the market nature are considered to be challenges for the companies and the managements, it also can provide them with new opportunities. That’s why it is important for the managers and...

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Determinants Of The Choice Of Convertible Debt Design

Increasingly Liberal capital controls by the Indian Central Bank coupled with a growing appetite for emerging market investments among international investors has enabled Indian companies to raise capital in international capital markets. Smaller Indian companies until recently were unable to access bond markets, while bigger firms weren’t able to make large issuances due to less liquid and underdeveloped bond markets. As Indian firms make their operations global, borrowing internationally provides them with a natural hedge since receivables and borrowing occur in the foreign currency....

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Futures Trading On Spot Market In India

This study is an attempt to investigate the effect of futures trading on the volatility and operating efficiency of the underlying Indian stock market by analysing Index futures. Specifically, the study examines whether the index futures trading in India has caused a significant change in spot price volatility of the underlying stocks and how the index futures trading has affected market/trading efficiency in the Indian futures and stock markets. The effect of the introduction of futures trading is examined using an extended period of June 1995 to April 2010. We employed an event study approach to test whether...

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Expatriate Remuneration For Fedex In China

One of the outcomes of economic globalization is the development of multi-national corporations. Under the situation of economic crisis, the tendency of multi-national corporations to invest in China still keeps raising. As an irreplaceable, important, creative resource in modern corporations, human resource has been paid attention by business industry which includes multinational corporations. Human resource is one of the most valuable treasures for organizations, especially for multi-national corporations, and it has been attaching great importance for a long time. Expatriates are irreplaceable special resources for MNCs such as FedEx Corporation, even the number of expatriates only be a small part...

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Effect Of Nintendo Wii Console On Rehabilitation Health

The prevalence of serious neurological cases is increasing year after another. A prospective community-based study done in United Kingdome (UK) showed that the incidence of underlined neurological cases like Cerebral Palsy (CP), Multiple Sclerosis (MS), and Cerebro-vascular Accident (CVA) is about 0.6% of UK population in six years while 0.6% of the affected cases had recovered from the neurological case (Macdonald et. al 2000). Not only the neurological incidence has its remarkable effect on the patients and societies, but also the phase after it that is more challenging and time and money consuming. It has been revealed that up...

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Variables Affecting Ability To Take Out A Loan

The aim of this study was to test the validity of Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) between Spain & Portugal and Spain & Morocco. PPP is a good metric for standard of living. Let us say $1.50 is the same as £1. In this example, a USD will buy 0.67 Pounds. However, what if $1.50 buys more milk in Atlanta (USA) than 0.67 Pounds will purchase in Birmingham (UK)? This led some economists to look at PPP, in addition to the official currency exchange rate....

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Capital Asset Pricing Model In Emerging Markets

This study establishes that the main prediction of the Sharpe, Lintner and Black model, a positive relationship between returns and beta is rejected for the Johannesburg Securities Market. The relationship between portfolio returns and beta is weak and inconsistent. However this paper finds a consistent and highly significant conditional relationship between beta and portfolio returns. There is an expected positive relationship between risk and return during periods of positive market excess returns. Likewise there is an expected negative relationship between risk and return in periods when market excess returns are negative. Furthermore, the model does not capture all aspects of...

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Literature On The Demand For Cigarette

This chapter is to review the existing literature on the demand for cigarette. There is a large volume of published studies describing the price and income elasticity on cigarette consumption. Furthermore, there is also a large and growing body of literature has investigated the effects of taxes and anti-smoking regulations on the demand for cigarettes. So far, there are only a few studies regarding the relationship between aging population and the consumption of cigarette....

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Literature Review On Funds Mobilization Strategies

In 1961, the Non-Banking Finance Companies (NBFCs) in India were brought into loose yet legalized regulatory framework from largely unregulated framework. The regulation of these institutions was found to be necessary for ensuring efficacy of credit and monetary policy, safeguarding depositors’ interests and ensuring healthy growth of this sector (Vasudev 1998). The government constituted various committees to suggest the regulatory framework for the non-banking financial sector. The Bhabatosh Datta Study Group (1971), James Raj Study Group (1975), Chakravarthy Committee (1987) and Narashimham Committee (1991) were the important committees to suggest transformation of unregulated non-banking financial sector into regulated one. The...

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Relationship Between Fiscal Deficit And Economic Growth

Now a days public debt is the internationally occurs. It is major part of the fiscal sectors of major economies. In the view of modern economist the public dent is not major issue, but the problem is the mismanagement and inappropriate use of the public debt. The modern theory of public debt differentiates the basic relationship between the economic growth / stability and the debt growth / sustainability in the country. The inappropriate debt organization and a consistent and unlimited growth of the debt to GDP ratio may lead negative impression in the macroeconomics and are the major macroeconomics indicators...

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Literature Review About The Definition Of Risk Perception

To illustrate the literature review, a brief discussion will be discussed on behavioral finance, conceptual definition of dependent variable (risk perception), independent variables (information asymmetry, demographic factors, overconfidence and expert knowledge) and the relationship between dependent variable and independent variable....

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