Literature Review Examples

Below is our dissertation literature review example index.

This index includes a number of genuine dissertation literature reviews that have been written by students for their dissertations.

Take a look at the literature reviews below and hopefully you will find one or two that can help you to write your own outstanding dissertation literature review.

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Index of Literature Reviews (Page 2)

Dividend Policy

Dividend policy has been the subject of investigation and debate for almost 50 years, most of it conducted in the United Kingdom. Before regression analysis was applied by John Lintner in 1956 to the behaviour of a small group of industrial companies, dividends were good and should be maximised by firms wherever possible. Lintner, who showed that firms adopted and tended to adhere to optimal long-term dividend pay-out ratios which were relatively stable, suggested that managers would only raise a firm’s dividend if they were confident that the firm’s future earnings could be maintained at a consistently higher level in...

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Risk Based Supervision And Interest Rate Guarantee

On January 1, 2004, Government of India has introduced the New Pension Scheme (NPS) for the new entrants to the service of the Central Government (other than Armed Forces). NPS is a Defined Contribution Scheme (DC Scheme). The contribution rate is 10 per cent of the gross salary for the employee: the employer would also make an equal contribution to the employee’s individual pension account. There would be no pre-retirement withdrawal. The member has the option to allocate the fund among a limited number of investment schemes. At age 60, the accumulated amount would be divided into a compulsory annuity...

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Earnings Management To Meet Or Beat Earnings Thresholds Finance

Purpose - The purpose of the study is to examine whether Egyptian listed firms engage in earnings management to meet or beat earnings thresholds, particularly, earnings level (avoiding losses) threshold and earnings change (avoiding earnings decreases) threshold....

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Communication Problems Among Students

Communication problem among students and lecturer has become a cause for considerable concern in the higher educational level during the last few years. There are many barriers to good communication in students and lecturer conversation, including students’ anxiety and fear, lecturers’ burden of work and fear of litigation. This chapter focuses on _____________________....

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Effectiveness Training Programs Among Employees

The training is an essential program that every organization needs to manage their employees because it is beneficial among the employees in developing their updates skills through the latest methodology now. The knowledge will give together with how to handling and analyzing their jobs, so that they can solve the organizational problems themselves. Therefore, it is mentioned that a training method is not an end in itself, but a means to accomplish a particular objective. (Shiny P. Kumar, 2009)...

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Literature Related To The Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanisms

We start the chapter with reviewing the empirical literature related to the monetary policy transmission mechanisms, as previous studies provide us with necessary tools and ideas for performing the empirical analysis. Based on the literature reviewed, we choose the appropriate model for our analysis. The next section is devoted to describing the data employed. The final part of the chapter addresses the questions regarding the empirical estimation and interpretation of obtained results....

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History And Principles Of Corporate Governance

This chapter examines the various and diverse definitions, views, theories and models associated with corporate governance concept and it also emphasises on what constitute a good corporate governance structure and finally the relationship between corporate governance and its corporate competitiveness and firm performance....

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Factors Contributing To Climate Change

Environmental problems, especially ‘‘climate change’’ are currently major issues of global concern. Fossil fuel combustion, land use and deforestation can be cited among the main causes of the significant increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gases that lead to climate change. Adopted in Kyoto, Japan in December 1997 and enacted in February 2005, Kyoto Protocol is aimed at combating global warming by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and requires a timetable for accomplishment of those reductions. TALK ABOUT FRANCE AND THE KYOTO PROTOCOL....

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Literature Review Of The Day In Battle History

The Day of Battle: The War in Sicily and Italy, 1943-1944 (Liberation Trilogy) by Rick Atkinson is an inspiring saga that offers unique insights into how the invasion of Italy was fought, how Soldiers and Commanders operated and how they felt about what they went through and witnessed. Atkinson tells the extraordinary, heart wrenching accounts of true grace under fire. How Soldiers did the impossible, endured pain and suffering at the hands of the enemy, and set the stage for the final phase for the invasion of France and OPERATION OVERLORD. He captures with great passion, precision...

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Understanding The Virtue Of Patience

In today s fast paced world, where things happen with click of a button, we are growing inpatient. Gone are the days when people were patient enough to wait for days for the computer to produce the results, today we expect things to happen at speed of thought. We want success, money, happiness instantly without waiting, but alas! Ask any successful person and you will know the virtue of patience....

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Mauritius Offshore Sector And Foreign Investment

In an attempt to attract more foreign investment, developing countries are configuring their jurisdiction to make it become the ideal platform for investment. These configurations can take the forms of lower tax rate, capital allowance or benefits of double taxation treaties. In this sense this dissertation explores the Mauritian Offshore sector as a main driver of investment and develops an econometric model of investment designed to study the significance of the different fiscal incentives on two main types of investment for a twenty-seven year period. The regression of the time series is done using the method of Ordinary...

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Impact Of Nonperforming Loans On Conventional Banks

This research is done to know the current trend of nonperforming loans (NPL’s) which are bring threats on conventional Banks of Pakistan and bringing highly impact on their performances. According to our research borrowers face difficulties in paying loans due to interest, inflation, taxes, investment & discount rate but interest rate/mark up and discount rate are in explanation of variations which brings highly impact on debt/equity risk, monetary policy, market risk, interest rate risk, liquidity risk, earning risk, credit risk, and solvency risk, which affects the performance of the conventional banks. Data relevant to Security requirement, unsecured loan & late...

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Equilibrium Exchange Rate Theoretical Research Review

3.1 equilibrium exchange rate theoretical research review...

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Introduction And Literature Review Of Breast Cancer Nursing

Breast cancer is the single most common cancer in women in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2010). The most recent data collected in 2006 revealed that 191,410 women were diagnosed with and 40,820 women died from breast cancer that year (CDC, 2010). Based on corollary census data, this translates to an incidence rate of 119.3 per 100,000 women and a death rate of 23.4 per 100,000 women overall (CDC, 2010). As it stands, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in Hispanic women and is the second leading cause of...

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Study On The Development Of The Cds Market

“A credit default swap (CDS) is a bilateral agreement designed explicitly to shift credit risk between two parties. In a CDS, one party (protection buyer) pays a periodic fee to another party (protection seller) in return for compensation for default (or similar credit event) by a reference entity”. (ISDA, 2010)...

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Retaining Talent Recognition And Rewards

Finding qualified workers is a difficult and tedious process. Every industry has been finding ways to attract and keep its workforce. One of the factors leading to turnover is by adopting bad retention management. Turnover is a perennial problem and to retain talents within the organization requires the process of attracting, career planning, skills upgrading, developing and motivating the staffs. Talent, sometimes also called high potential, high performer or high professional, being identified by the organization, requires training, development, presented opportunities, work challenges and appreciation. People with this special talent are normally in demand as their productivity and other value-added...

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Organization Citizenship In An Organization

The world is looking forward to high performance organizations, which would provide high job satisfaction to their employees and would also cherish excellence and effectiveness. This could be achieved if we could develop organizational citizenship....

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An Introduction To Coca Cola Limited

The Coca-Cola Company is the largest drink company in the world, serving customers from more than 200 countries with over 500 different brands. Although it is clear that Coca-Cola is best known for Coca-Cola, its total range covers both sparkling and still drives and its 14 billion dollar portfolio include both globally known and localised brands. (The Coca Cola Company, 2011a)...

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Literature Review About The Current Financial Crisis

Since 2007, we are hearing everyone talking about financial crisis. During the past years, every day when we listened to the radio or watched the television, we would always hear about the global financial crisis, stock market crashes, subprime crisis, credit crunch and collapse of large and small companies in many parts of the world. In the context of this financial crisis, there are two simple questions that one would like to ask. “What has gone wrong on earth that caused today’s global Financial Crisis to happen?” and “What is the possible remedy?”....

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Human Capital And Economic Development In Nigeria Business

Development all around the world is related to the economy. The economy is in part a social system of production, exchange, distribution, and consumption of goods and services of a country. People produce, distribute and consume goods and services and as such they need to be skillful, well experienced and be in good condition physically and mentally (Human Capital) in order for the economy to develop and prosper. Human Capital development especially through Health care and Education are primary factors needed for each and every individual in a society to function well and be able to reach his/her full potentials,...

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Evidence Of Contrarian Returns From Indian Markets

The study documents the presence of contrarian returns in Indian markets. The study is based on the monthly return data of listed companies on NSE for the period of 1995 to 2008. The results show an evidence of momentum profits for shorter periods of six months and one year, whereas contrarian returns are evident in a longer test period of three years. It is also found that the presence of momentum and contrarian returns cannot be associated with risk adjustments only. The study provides enough evidence against weak form of market efficiency-which claims that superior returns cannot be produced on...

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Analysing The Dell Direct Distribution Channel Business

The direct model refers to the fact that Dell does not use the retails channel, but sells its PCs directly to customers through its website, this way the intermediary steps that may add time and cost are eliminated, and Dell is directly linked to its customers. The direct approach allows Dell to build a relationship, which makes it quick and easy for customers to do business with Dell....

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Investor Perception And Information Disclosed In Financial Reports

The prime objective of this study is to examine the perception of investor pertaining to the availability, adequacy, and usefulness of information disclosed in the financial reports of companies listed on the Islamabad Stock Exchange (ISE). Further to find out the extent of impact of investor’s self efficacy on the investor’s perception. A survey methodology was employed involving a selected sample of the variables. Data was collected both manually and electronically. The study was designed to test the hypotheses which were developed to find out the strength of relationship among information disclosure, investor’s self efficacy and investor’s perception....

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Review Of Literature On Oil And Economy

According to economic survey of Pakistan (2006) , in line with the rising growth rate of GDP, demand for energy has also grown rapidly. The magnitude by which economies are hurt as a result of price shock depends on the share of cost of oil in national income, the degree of dependence on imported oil and the ability of end-users to reduce their consumption and switch away from oil. In the energy mix for the year 2005-06, oil accounts for 32 percent of the total energy used in Pakistan. Although the intensity with which oil is used in total energy...

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Comparison Of Bankruptcy Laws And Entrepreneurship Finance

Entrepreneurship is one of the key focuses of Singapore’s overall economic growth plan and recent Government policy and funding reflects this. Over the past 10 years, a sleuth of schemes has been unveiled by various Government agencies targeting various ways to boost entrepreneurship and improve the success rates of new businesses. However, Singaporeans seems to be held back by a cultural reluctance for entrepreneurship. The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Survey (GEMs) of 2005 [1] placed Singapore 16 out of 22 OECD countries, with a Total Entrepreneurial Activity Index of 4.9 against a mean of 6.3 amongst OECD countries. In...

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Study On The Risks Of Energy Sector Companies

The energy industry is a sector that provides directly or indirectly services and products to the world and people. The industry itself is a key player who dominates the upstream energy sector to a considerable degree. The industry itself is a key player who dominates the upstream energy sector to a considerable degree. The energy companies play an important role in this modern day because society has developed a dependency to gas and oil services. We can see that this sector is a key in this 21st century because that gives us a lot of services and products that we...

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The Concepts Of An International Joint Venture Business

A Number of organizations are establishing their operations into new markets in order to sustain and develop their competitive edge [1]. International expansion is a challenging undertaking and in order to complete this undertaking successfully firms resort to different market entry strategies [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]. International Joint Venture is the most common and widely used form of international expansion. Joint ventures are not just the means for accessing resources of a different firm; they are also required or used for acquiring licenses, contracts and other alliances. Joint ventures tend to outperform in the international markets, they tend...

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Shareholders Reactions To Announcements Of Acquisitions

This study examines announcement effects of acquisitions of listed European bidding banks. Short-term acquirers’ stock market returns in the EU-15 are considered from 2000 to 2010. We expect that the method of payment make a difference, particularly in times of crisis. Abnormal returns are interpreted as the cumulative average abnormal return (CAAR) while using the S&P Europe 350 Financials as the benchmark. We found that European banks did not manage to earn abnormal returns for buy transactions over the short horizon. Furthermore, the method of payment makes no difference in this case. We conclude that in times of crisis investors...

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Organizing Strategies In Uk Us And Australia

During the 1990s, unionism in UK, USA and Australia faced severe problems with their membership, because of environmental (social, economical, political) changes in the international background. The route of their problems proved to be their organizing strategies or the lack of them. Nowadays, the unions seem to deal with the same problems. This paper highlights the contribution of the “organizing model” in the unions’ strategies back then and recognizes the help it can provide if it is modified for the current circumstances. The role these environmental changes played in the past, as well as in the present will be explored....

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Innovation Management And Organization Development In Nigeria Business

In the present day environment, there is the added pressure to be more socially and environmentally responsible and there are risks which need to be mitigated and managed before an organization can be succeeded and remain market leader in their operations. The survival of any organisation depends on the ability of such organisation to manage and build in the concept of innovations. Many firms had, in the past, done exploits but, out of their negligence to change that occurred in their environment make them existence no more....

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Literature Review About Cash And Cash Management

This chapter discusses the theoretical framework, empirical review both covering early studies between 1980 to 1999 and the current studies covers 2000 to 2009. At the end the summary of whole discussion has been provided.....

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Examining Sustainable Urban Transportation

Sustainable transport is a transport modal with no impact on environment and less usage of natural resources through fuel-efficient systems, space saving by development of public transport systems towards preserving the natural resources on earth for the future generations....

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Performance Of Islamic And Conventional Banks In Pakistan

Islamic banking having distinct modes of operations as compared to conventional banks has been started in the 1970s to address the problem of Riba. The committed and resourceful individuals, professional bankers, Islamic economists and religious scholars are attributed to be pioneer of Islamic banking. Its philosophies and principles are, however, not new having been outlined in the Holy Qur’an and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) more than 1,400 years ago. The emergence of Islamic banking is often related to the revival of Islamic financial system which is totally usury (Riba) free. There was no initial working model to act...

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Market Efficiency In The Option Markets In Uk

An option is the right to buy or sell an asset for a specified price, called the strike or exercise price, on or before a specified expiration date (Bodie et al, 2009). The underlying assets in this case are the shares of a company. Options are used by investors to hedge their capital gains risk. Call options are bought when the market is expected to rise (bull market) and put options are bought when the market is expected to fall (bear market)....

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