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Change management is the discipline that guides how we prepare and support individuals to successfully adopt the change in order to drive organizational success and outcomes. While all changes are unique and all individuals are unique, decades of research shows there are actions we can take to influence people in their individual transitions. Change management provides a structured approach for supporting the individuals in your organization to move from their own current states to their own future states. There are three schools of thoughts individual School all behavior is revealed keeping in mind the ultimate goal of changing behavior, it is important to change the condition that leads to it. The modification of the pipe is used to adjust the behavior of the individuals. For example, according to this school, individuals have to think about the circumstance and themselves to change their behavior according to circumstances. He is identified with the kotter progression change model on the grounds that in this establish persuades them to change the conduct (INC., 2017).
Group dynamics is a system of psychological behaviors and processes occurring within a social group or between social groups. The study of group dynamics can be useful for understanding decision-making behaviors, tracking the spread of disease in society, creating effective therapeutic techniques, and monitoring the emergence and popularity of new ideas and technologies. Group dynamics are at the heart of understanding racism and other forms of social prejudice and discrimination. For example, on the other hand, a group in difficulty may regress at an earlier stage, if not capable of identifying exceptional problems at its present stage. William Schultz referred to this group progression as “the interpersonal world,” multiple forms that are largely hidden and unrecognized, rather than “substance” problems, which are the plan of group meetings. (Wertheimer, 1924).
Structural change refers to association structure also change in that climate higher or lower in hierarchy. In an individual school structural change had effect up to some reach out on individual like scale back will rapid disturbing influence in his position however upsizing will make the circumstance in advancement. In group dynamics the structural change will make more and more swing on the group by reducing the chain of command that will cause total uncontrollable influence for individuals as they have to redesign their group of individuals within the chain of command of the group.
Technological change in individual is with the adjustment in innovation it will put incredible positive effect on singular. One must have information how to run gears and techniques to control then again have negative impact, if not know about it. In dynamic school change in hardware’s and strategies for utilization the innovation. It will raise the work execution of group with more rightness and improve the cooperation as they help other people in general circumstances. In people change individually there will be a change in behavior and attitude for people. It is easy to understand by the individual, as he must just adjust his behavior according to the attitude where as in group dynamic in group of workers they will confront a few issues while they all need to upgrade their approaches and principles for work as indicated by changing conduct of individuals. Here is an example of structural change a company Vitaco is a big company, there are many employees who work within the company, the structure of the company is wide and it’s hard for the manager to cope with the each and every person who works for company. So sometime its effects the working of the organization of the organization ,employees not participate in the activities ,lack of responsibilities and lack of fear from the high authority and sometimes employees becomes lazy and slow down the work activities that effects the group working. In the nutshell if the structure of the organization is wide that hard to manage the functioning of the organization.
The example of technology change is of my workplace where I am working its Vitaco and I am working on the bar line area making the protein bars and packing there are big machines the former rapper and packer. One day there was a former problem with which there was an effect on whole line the rapper and packer. Machines create lot of noise which affects the health of the employees. An example of people change is an example of Retail organization their structure is very large. A wide range of employees work together in the same atmosphere and work in a group to achieve the common goal of the company. For example, there is a task in the company is stock trading in which 20 employees participate in those activities. All employees have leadership skills and very good at work, but when they join the group they become lazy, they do not take part. Depending on each other, they forget their responsibilities that bring inefficiency on the workplace. Such activities by people reduce the overall functioning of the group and also affect the company’s task. Any change in part of the system will affect the rest of the system and, in turn, overall performance. They emphasize general synergy through clearly defined coordinates to follow the overall business objective. In the open system structure it is very wide and it is difficult to manage all activities so that all activities can be managed, there is a CEO structure, managing director, manager, team leader and so on.
In the open school, it always affects the team and the organization. I get an example that explains the open mind dank school, giving me the example of my workplace where my friend works and she shared an incident that is happening on her workplace. In the store we have work change, in the morning we do banks from each store, but one day in the morning the system was due to electrical failure, me and the other team member working with me are worried about how it happened that the lighting system The shop worked but only the bank light was gone, we are trying to solve it, but we cannot do anything right now, we call the technical department in Australia to fix something fix it because the banking is in the morning it’s different It is difficult to manage in the evening to do the big deal and count the money, it has consequences for me and my other colleague. We are angry because of the system problem Has consequences for the whole work of teamwork, one of the cash registers was not working because it was once in the store and it was difficult to manage the customer by serving. It was fast at the store. It influences the entire operation of the company because it was down by the down system and it is difficult to manage and repair without the help of technical support. There are two approaches from the group dynamic school of thought and open system that could assist to accomplish structural change, technological change and people change. In the group dynamic schools of thought manager cope with the structure change via self, team and organizational change. If there is any change in the structure everyone knows about it and happy to make change in the structure. Manager motivates other to make even its technological change or people change. however in the open system manager should assist such a way, e.g. sponsorship, so everyone know about the change and buy in everyone on the same page and agree to cope with each other and happy to make change .moreover manager need to choose right person for the change, so the change process could be in the right way and people supporting while making change .In the group dynamic schools of thought and open system assist to drive planned change and reactive change.
Drive planned change from the prospective of group dynamic change for instance in the workplace where I am working that is Vitaco there is drive planned change, To brings changes in the physical structure of VITACO, for this we need to plan in advance how to make change, how much cost that is need for this plan, and how much that will be taken by the construction company to take the VITACO large in size so everything in the plan from, before come in action, everything is planned I advanced. Moreover reactive change, we take an example of again VITACO, we are thinking to bring change in the VITACO, but before it there was an earthquake and half of building and floor was fallen down and broken down due to earthquake, so everything happens very fast. Now i discuss about the impede planned change and reactive change ,in the group dynamic schools of thought if there is drive planned change to brings changes in the organization ,but sometime people who working in the organization not happy to make change or not agree to make change ,so group schools of thought assist via motivation to the employees so they will agree to make a change, and involvement of right person ,so right person understand clearly the polices why we bring changes in organization or buy in ,so everyone on the same page and accept the change, so group dynamic schools of change assist in positive manner to impede change and come up with the good results. Group dynamic schools of thought reactive change can be assist without any impede because if there is any sudden change happen ,in the group that will be easy to fixed up the things ,because everyone sort out the reactive change that happens with the other for the smooth working of the organization. On the other hand open system, assist impede planned change by giving bounces and job opportunities to the employees and if any worker or employees not happy the open system via, motivation and rewards make the worker happy and brings changes.
Executive summary: In this Report, I will discuss managing the change process. The process has been divided into three parts .In this Report I will explain how two schools of thought managing the change processes. In managing the change process will discuss reasons for people resistance and system resistance, moreover I will identify a strategy to overcome each resistance discuss in, ensure strategies are relevant and effective in overcoming the resistance identified above.
Introduction: Change is the law of nature, and the nature of the business is experiencing such a change, organizations must learn to make them comfortable with the changes. Therefore, the ability to manage and adjust to the change of the organization is the ability to essentials needed in the workplace today. If there is a change in the organization, resistance can be separated from the human resistance to the resistance.
People resistance is some reason, will explain the three reasons the first one is cultural issues at the workplace. New Zealand is multicultural country. People from different countries working together in the organization, to the crest cleaning company culture many different people work together, so cultural change and change in their values and beliefs comfortable at the workplace and people stop working. second reason is lack of interest and communication, some people are very shy at the workplace and they not talk more, for example if there is meeting with the company they not participate in the group meeting, so in this situation lack of involvement with the business activities they not able to do the task in a perfect manner and then they decrease their confidence and stop working.
The Another reason for the people resistance lack of knowledge, due to lack of knowledge it’s hard to manage and complete the task of the organization and, due to lack of knowledge their decision making power is low and the its hard to cooperate with the other people . The first reason for this sometimes people while working at the working place get limited information from the management example, in the organization if get limited information from the company about the task that need to be done within time period, that hard for the person to the task with the limited information from the company and people resist.
The second reason for the people resist, laziness in their activities at the organization, there are some examples in the company Dotcom meeting in which the employees need to participate but some people take two laziness they do not participate. Talking about the first reason for resistance system down resistance is at the workplace, and company not fix the system and people stop working because of system resistance. The other reason for resistance is that system, the organization to upgrade the new system but due to the lack of knowledge the employees do not fit into the new system. In this employees need some training to work on the new upgraded system.
The other reason is change in the policies and procedures, especially individual’s perspective not accept the change, system resist. Example, the ANZ Bank policies and procedure are change; it’s hard for some employees to accept that change. So the best strategy is to educate the people about the change efforts and motivate the employees. Communication reduces the unfounded and incorrect rumors concerning the effects of changes in the company. Up-front communication and education helps employees see the logic in the change effort. Facilitation and support is best strategy, because if the employee gets the managerial support, they can deal with fear in easy way. This approach is concerned with provision of special training, counseling, time off work. Managers can explicitly or implicitly force employees into accepting change by making clear that resisting change can lead to losing jobs, firing, or not promoting employees. Talking about stress and ambiguity, these two factors affects the organization as well as group work. They come with stress and pressure of something if you work in the company, over there pressure of work exist from the prospective group dynamic schools of thought. Education and communication is one of the best way to beat imperviousness to change is to teach individuals about the change exertion already. It helps to see the logic in the change effort for employees (Jacoby, n.d.).
This reduces unfounded and incorrect gossips concerning the effect of change in the organization. Next facilitating and support can take off potential resistance of the administrators by being strong of representatives amid troublesome times. Administrative support helps representatives manage fear and anxiety during a move period. This methodology is worried with arrangement of unique preparing, advising, time off work (Developing the skills for managing change, 2017).
Organizational change happens for various reasons. Frequently this is a result of changes in the inner and outer environment. Associations execute changes to expand the viability of the business. Change can be a mind boggling process and there might be boundaries to overcome. This is the reason executing change programs inside an association requires powerful supervisors.
Stress is your body’s method for reacting to any sort of interest or risk. When you feel threatened, your sensory system reacts by discharging a surge of anxiety hormones, and including adrenaline and cortical, which rouse the body for crisis activity. Your heart pounds quicker, muscles fix, pulse rises, breath revives, and your faculties get to be keener. These physical changes build your quality and stamina, speed your response time, and improve your core interest. This is known as the “battle or flight” or assemblies push reaction and are your body’s method for ensuring you (Lawrence Robinson M. S., 2017).
Individual internships, however upsetting, last a moderately brief time. “Typical” sadness for the most part happens after a distressing occasion, for example, lack, hormonal changes and so many more. Just a clinician can judge the time when ordinary emotional episodes may really transform into a mind-set issue. Indeed, even with built up criteria, it is in any case a gray zone in which it is difficult to recognize ordinary emotional episodes and genuine temperament issue. Team Interpersonal Conflict at Work Scale Interpersonal clash in the work environment. It is a good idea to have a good understanding of the subject matter of the interview. Organizational Business related psychological well-being issues constitute one of the fundamental difficulties as of now confronted by associations, especially on account of their genuine results and degree for these associations. Surely, it has been found that there is an immediate connection amongst anxiety and coronary illness, disappointment at work, mischance and certain types of malignancy. Notwithstanding having sways on the people concerned, business related psychological wellness issues are the fundamental driver of the expansion in truancy rates.
Individuals Uneasiness is perplexing wonder. A qualification ought to be made between trepidation, typical uneasiness and tension that are viewed as obsessive. Not at all like dread, this is a reaction to a risk or perils that truly exists; tension is a repulsive inward express that shows up when a threat is expected, yet frequently without the individual having the capacity to obviously indicate the object of that trepidation. Like anxiety, nervousness can be gainful when it helps the individual to adjust and discover arrangements. At the point when uneasiness increments to the point where it keeps individuals from working at work, in their family or social life, it might be viewed as neurotic (Lawrence Robinson M. S., 2017).
In a group situation, the narrowing of consideration instigated by anxiety may bring about a movement in context from a board group point of view to a more tight or individualistic self-center, and this loss of group viewpoint may bring about debased group execution. The consequences of an observational study found that anxiety brought about a narrowing of group point of view and that group viewpoint was a noteworthy indicator of group execution.
OrganizationalAuthoritative anxiety can profoundly affect generation and inspiration in the working environment. Stresses over professionally stability or the requests of a substantial workload expand stress levels and cause an assortment of enthusiastic and physical illness. At the point when anxiety elements, or stressors, are combined with insufficient or relentless management, anxiety can turn into an issue that stretches out to the whole division or organization. Indentifying indications of authoritative anxiety is the initial phase in planning a system to address issues.
Individuals guarantee that workers have or build up the suitable information and capacities to play out their occupation adequately. For example, by selecting and preparing them legitimately and by looking into their advancement consistently. TeamExpand the sum and nature of bolster they get. For example, present ‘individuals management’ preparing plans for bosses, permit collaboration among representatives, empower co-operation and system. Organization Actualize better works frameworks and management frameworks. Build up an all friendlier and steady culture (Stavroula Leka BA MSc PhD, 2003).
Stress is a complex concept. It involves an interaction between the demands of the environment and how an individual perceives their ability to cope with these. A person experiences stress when the perceived demands of the environment are greater than their perceived ability to cope with these. Stress is a modern day health risk.
Moreover, as in various parts of the confinement point, the strong interrelations between the different levels (individual, progressive, spectral and institutional / EEP), it is essential to examine the state of readiness at all correlated levels. While some gadgets to watch the status of change focus on affiliations, most are organized unequivocally towards people. Neither methodology gives a satisfactory examination of the state of the modification of the effects of a change of point of confinement action. Going to look at a specific level or point in the system through a “zoom in and zoom out” at different levels and the structure of the centers gives better information, and an instance of how to do it is underneath. Within each level, it is essential to evaluate the different estimates of the action plan: prospects, conditions and resources. The levels and estimates are shown together in the passage with the network.
Although conditions and resources are clearly essential to the progressive realization that it is essential to make a reasonable assessment of political association and political economy (i.e. the relationship between political performance specialists and financial institutions of the same country). On many occasions, in the past, the limits of the exercises have been pushed without checking political conditions and political economy, so that no viable change has been expert. The support of the main accomplices, which may be national or close, is essential for significant changes. There may be various reasons why serial characters on the screen choose not to be interested and give their dynamic support to a movement of the greatest progress, for the occasion: not see a position favorable to them; You can see some risks in their focal points; They may have different needs; Do not appreciate the need or the method used; Or it may be that this capable neighborhood or global components are constantly beating. Exactly when these variables are perceived and seized, it will be possible to organize mediations capable of treating or overcoming the limits of political association and political economy.
Fonterra was formed in 2001 from the merger of the two biggest cooperatives, New Zealand Dairy Group and Kiwi Dairy Cooperative, together with the New Zealand Dairy Board, which had been the showcasing master and affirmation of all cooperatives. Fonterra has adequately monophony control of the national dairy industry and section of New Zealand. The merger was at first lit by the Commerce Commission of New Zealand, however along these lines demanded by the Government of New Zealand, with resulting approval deregulation of the dairy business, permitting the affirmation of dairy things to make by any affiliation. The two humbler cooperatives, Tatua and Westland, did not join Fonterra, getting a kick out of the opportunity to stay free.
The goal of Fonterra is that to be famous and successful dairy company all around the world because of their service quality and performance. Every organization has their own goal but to achieve the goal they use different strategies and plans as well. Before to take any decision first thing that they discuss all things and make clear to everyone about their goal. Their main objectives are-They want to expend their business in different countries. Company wants to improve the level of customer satisfaction. Provide information to customers more quickly and efficiently. High awareness of health and safety measures. Awareness of rules and regulations of every country in which Fonterra is running its business
Network in Fonterra they use different type of communication. They are really conscious about people when communicate with them but it depends what method they using while they communicate. They use different aspects of communication such as:
Intrapersonal communication: In Fonterra they make small group where they communicate to each other.
Mass communication: It is really easy way of communication. In this method we communicate through media channel like radio TV or news paper .for example we get the news about Fonterra that they doing well and contribute a lot in economy of New Zealand and they are going to increase the price of some products. We get all those news through newspaper radio and TV.
Internal communication: In Fonterra there is lot of importance of internal communication. They communicate with all departments in the company and all stakeholders as well. Moreover, they discuss about their aim and performance, provide all information to them. Which helps them to find out the problems? Besides this, they tell them what their responsibilities and what they have to do.
In the company they doing well communicate to each other through different methods. They have another good thing that they listen and understand to each other and give them feedback as well .they have clear context so which makes easy to understand for everyone.
The affiliation has a yearly turnover of about US $ 17 billion. Its fundamental movement is the charge of dairy things under the brand NZMP (95% of its time is traded New Zealand). It in addition works a purchaser stock affiliation lively moving dairy things, Fonterra Brands. Fonterra has diverse fortifications and joint endeavors working in business regions around the globe.
In 2005, the affiliation obtained an impressive creation line in Dennington, Victoria, aus. Settle, after they moved from the hoarding of milk from agriculturists and social event of powdered milk in Australia. In like way in 2005, the affiliation made moves toward the buy of Australian affiliations and national dairy sustenance’s. He also changed over its 50 percent milk maker Victoria Bolas to full proprietorship. Right now $ 1 billion compensation Fonterra was Australian plans, which was 14 percent of dairy things propelled the world over. In November 2007, the board reported a two-year counsel as to your decision of favored worth changing: put the business operations of a recorded affiliation openly, with the obliging holds a controlling stake. The truth was to give more access to puts something aside for general change. In September 2009, the pile up declared a three-stage methodology to invigorate surrendered musings capital structure. The better way to deal with deal with an open once-over Fonterra offers and 100% control of ranchers and co-proprietorship is held operative. Fonterra wager losing a lot of capital through reimbursement in times of diminishing milk production. For case, after development of milk fell amidst the dry time of 2007/08, Fonterra anticipated that would pay $ 742 million quality degree to agriculturists through repayments.
The basic two periods of the change in the capital structure got remarkable sponsorship from agriculturists shareholders at the yearly meeting of Fonterra in November 2009. The hidden step permitted ranchers to keep “practices over its level of yearly time milk; now agriculturists could hold an extra 20% of “dry” shares (i.e. up to a most incredible of 1.2 shares for each kg DM) .Also were enhanced motivations for agriculturists to hold offers, paying little personality to the probability that their creation falls. The principles about costs clarifications behind exchanges of shares of the season were additionally all together.
The theories that covers the change processes in the change management in Fonterra are the open school theory ad group dynamic theory as Fonterra is the biggest organization which is famous in the dairy products and its group work like responsibilities in delivering the world’s most trusted source of the dairy nutritution also like open school theory using internal communications and a positive psychology techniques and also set out to reconnect people with purpose. As it has many branches all over the world and all have the connections with each other but at all places they have their different structure.
The way Fonterra shares were respected to mirror that commitment with respect to is limited just to the agriculturists. Prior, shares of Fonterra hypothetically viewed as though the shares were clearly exchanged as an autonomous appraiser later outlined open share. A business fragment worth ought to be compelled to 25% markdown on the quality test Free Commerce.
The third step, titled “Exchanging among agriculturists” suggests something more basic change in the capital structure of Fonterra. The wonderful never again are obliged to issue or recover offers at a cost set up through a self-overseeing assessment process. Then again perhaps, ranchers purchase or offer shares to each other at business part costs through an agriculturist’s bit of the general business basically exchange. This would have the impact of making continuing capital Fonterra offers, equipping the pleasing with more conviction to place resources into entire arrangement meanders without nervousness that some of their capital might be required to hold recoveries in the coming years (Group, 2016).
As it stands, Fonterra is waiting for all the feedback from the shed meetings. Brown says those meetings have been constructive, despite increasingly dire global conditions for dairy. The last GlobalDairyTrade auction, which registered the fourth successive price decline, raised fears the current price trough may last longer than previously thought. Farmers should know by next month whether the current $4.15/kg farm gate milk price can be maintained. Private forecasters predict a cut to around $3.90-$4/kg, following on from last season’s milk price of $4.40/kg. That compares with an estimated break-even point of $5.40/kg.Farmers now face the prospect of two, or possibly three successive years of negative returns. Nobody likes the situation that we are in at the moment but we need to look further out as well, and governance is a big part of that,” So far, Fonterra is taking a “softly, softly” approach to possible changes to its governance structure.
Universal Product Company (UPC)
Universal Product Company LTD. Common stock from Hold to Sell. Although analysts believe the 32-year old electrical products company has underlying strength the inability of senior management to capitalize on those strength means that, for the time being.UPC is not a sound investment. The Surprise announcement that UPC Chairman and CEO
Change agents used in the broadest sense of the word because of a change agent, manager or employee organization or outside consultants may be non-managers are. OD Consultant for example, OD practitioner and as an agent to change the terms are used interchangeably. The main change for the effort, top managers of growing and changing, especially with the knowledge of the theory are turning to temporary outside consultants.
Other disciplines within an organization requires a strong understanding of change agents and their interactions with them, wherever appropriate to ask the tough questions and policy implications of the diplomatic willing to be. They are faithful and thick-skinned enough to face criticism and resistance to change. Finally, they are practicing communication, facilities and organization of training for new and improved ways should be.
First, some simple and possesses extensive organizational support to that, perhaps even already in the solution that is in another department, similar organisations, etc. have been implemented elsewhere. Second, it is a grass-roots effort, and workers build momentum for change. However, the organization, they will not get very far without the support of the rest of the agents of change can be made to shoulder. Third, your potential audience as possible “hot button” (ie sponsors, opinion leaders, budget controllers, policy makers and enforcers, etc.) identified as many. Fourth, to reflect changes in how their needs will be satisfied, especially regarding the cost, quality, service and speed of translation solutions. Fifth, if possible, choose the best timing for the change to take place; There is perhaps where the production down time. Finally, as an agent of change, to participate in his own (Woodland, 1952).
As change agents working with a consultant, I have some critical observations about the nature of change itself. First of all, the individual organizational tasks, the role and authority. These boundaries are often blurred, and the pressure change causes. Stress also occurs when people are unaware of what is expected of them or a combination of the old and the new tasks that are expected of them. In this environment, naturally, one should expect some resistance. This damages the person’s feelings (one company may be a loss of authority or the loss of value) due to the surface.
The change is necessary in all organizations. However, changing how that starts may vary. It may be imposed on companies by external forces or simply come from the realization that the company may be falling behind the times. Thus, change management can be very beneficial to an organization.
For more information about managing change, read Defining Change Management. Change allows companies to better compete with rivals and develop new skills or products that bring greater benefit. What makes the methodology of change management advantageous for most organizations is that it allows administrators equipment or change management to effectively deal with any new address proposal.
Change management also helps people realize why the change was necessary so that they can embrace and move on. Change can be good for an employee, as it will bring them the opportunity to try something new and gain new skills.
With open communication and discussions that promotes change management methodology; people (employees, shareholders and customers) will have a greater interest in the outcome because they have helped implement the plan. People generally do not put resistance to things that have suggested.
There are, however, some disadvantages to change management methodology that has more to do with not properly follow their processes. If the employee resistance is not addressed effectively through communication, you can derail any project. Not understand the culture of your company can allow leaders rumors circulating incorrect or corrupting information about the change. In addition, stakeholders and customers need to be informed and brought in change. If not so, but also they make that resist change, and customers can choose to go through another company. A plan of mismanagement of change can also adversely affect an organization. Managing change is that change management. And without a plan to address each step of change (before, during and after), the strategy could fail at any point in time, possibly bring down the entire company. While change can be risky, the benefits far outweigh the potential dangers. Change allows organizations to move and stay on top of their industry in an uncertain market. For more information on approaches to change management, reading Approaches to change management.
The way the process communicates change is a critical factor in determining reactions. When the change is communicated effectively with the reasons for the change, we are much more likely to “buy into it”. The changes that are mandated with little communication are often very unwelcomed because people fear the unknown.
When change takes place in the workplace, employees with high job satisfaction are generally better able to withstand periods of change, as they are more positive in their approach to their work and can see the change as a necessity organization. disgruntled employees, by contrast, generally see change as other discomfort in a long list of complaints. Most likely be the change, disgruntled employees are seen as having a negative impact on both the organization and to them personally.
In this, we are not kidding about the changes associated with the event; we cannot overlook the cultural association. In the remote possibility that maturing is not reliable, we must change perspiration; the presence of the following methods should be inclined to confrontation. On the off chance that we, the pioneers are completed, we should agree not to do our part to change the method of survival, and then we live with the consequences of disappointment.
In order to achieve behavior, people, parties and associations such adjustments must change their quality. It will be said that this must be completed, if the person concerned will have to change their moral and change procedures involved in the ability to classify.
Process analysis tools: Process analysis tools are intended primarily for use by end users looking business document, analyze and optimize complex processes, thus improving productivity, increasing quality, and increasingly agile and effective. These tools are also compatible with the functions of architect business process analyst and business processes, and enables them to better understand business processes, events, workflows and data using proven modeling techniques. BPA tools allow users to diagram their processes, taking into account standards or specifications to promote understanding (generally abstracted), validate this information using standard methodologies and best practices enabled by software, and ideally automate models in deploying applications that leverage their analytical and meet the standards of business process efforts.
While many think of this as collaboration tool in writing or word processing online, but also offers a manufacturer like PowerPoint or Keynote presentation. You can upload PowerPoint presentations or create your own original presentation online and then post them on the web, email them, embed them on your website, etc. Multiple people can edit at the same time, too.
Provides a way to share PowerPoint presentations already created online, tag them, email them, get feedback on them, and get the HTML code to embed your own blog, wiki or website. You can add audio, notes, and even YouTube videos to your PowerPoint presentations on Slide Share. You can also find other have created presentations on the subject and communicate with those who have similar interests.
Is an album online media that may contain essentially any type of media (images, documents and videos) and allows people to make comments in 5 different ways – using voice (with a microphone or telephone), text, audio, or video (with a webcam) – and share them with anyone wanting a small voice allows group conversations to collect and share in one place, from anywhere in the world.
After studying the managing the change process, when there is any change occurs in an organization, resistance exits in people and system. The prospective of Group dynamic schools of thought and open system people resist due to change in policies of company. A system resistance happens due to some problem occurs in the system of the organization. So to overcome from such kinds of resistance we should identify a strategy that helps to fix it. Talking about Stress and ambiguity it’s always brings trouble for the individuals, team and organization.
Before the resistance of people and system there is need to find out the reason why people resist and talking about stress and ambiguity always affects, before its happens try to overcome from the issues and try to fix in particular time.
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