Philosophy Essays

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Philosophy Essays

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Conceptualization Of Power In Womens Empowerment Projects

Naila Kabeer, in her article entitled, ‘Resources, Agency, Achievements: Reflections on the Measurements of women’s Empowerment’, claims that advocacy on behalf of women built on ‘claimed synergies’ between various feminist goals and official development priorities has received greater attention on mainstream development agenda than advocacy arguing for these goals.(Kabeer,2000:27)The reason for this being, that, by focusing only on advocacy for feminist goals in intrinsic terms takes policy makers out of their territory of ‘welfare, poverty, and efficiency’ and puts them into a vague territory of social injustice and power.(Kabeer,2000:27)As long as women empowerment has been argued as an end...

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Meta Epistimology

Who knows what? In identifying instances of knowledge, the competing Contextualist and Invariantist accounts of knowledge ascription both aim to account for our intuitions in cases where problematic and even paradoxical knowledge ascriptions arise ...

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Discord Amongst Human Beings

Renowned writer José Saramago once said Words were not given to man in order to conceal his thoughts. I am in complete accordance with his quote; nonetheless, I am also quite fond of Benito Juárez’s [1] quote “Among individuals, as among nations, respect for the rights of others is peace”. Every right gives rise to responsibilities and equilibrium should always exist, for words are powerful. If used adequately, they are capable of coaxing people and controlling their minds. Thus, they act as a double-edged weapon. One must always be careful of the words one uses, for words, entwined...

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Derrida Concerning Communication Concept

Is “communication” a communicable concept? In the essay Signature Event Context, Jacques Derrida attempts to define what it means to engage in an act of communication that seems self explanatory and yet, in the instance of Derrida’s opening question, inadvertently reveals something obscure and unstable. Derrida explores the essence of communication as being rooted in this instability through the distance between intention and meaning in written “signs”, the inevitability of the writer’s absence and the nature of language that arbitrarily resists stability in communication. In this paper, I intend to properly establish Derrida’s aforementioned arguments to illustrate that communication under...

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Virtue Ethics And Deontology

The purpose of this essay is to talk about virtue ethics, Deontology and I ‘m going to talk about its meaning and how a person that practices, or have this kind of ethics system will act if he or she would be in a dilemma; it is important to remember that I am going to show this on the different ethics systems that I am going to talk about, and that I’ll explain it with some examples that we’ve learned in class. Another thing that I am going to express in this essay is my opinion about each...

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The Use Of Mathematical Concepts In Art

Abstract painting was always a subject of many questions. What does it mean? What did the artist intend to represent? Is it done on purpose or the result of an accident? Compared to traditional objective painting, abstract art often doesn't communicate clear message and can be interpreted in many ways according to viewer's way of thinking and cultural education. It is always interesting what was original artist's intentions, what message did he want to express and how painting process affected final result. There are many way to analyze abstract painting in order to understand its meaning. Traditional analysis use...

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An Approach Of Scientific And Non Scientific Knowledge

The main Objective of this paper is that the difference between Scientific and Non –Scientific Knowledge and Examine the boundary is there between these two. In order to prove all these things, we need to start from the basic. So we start with definition , The Word “Science” comes from the latin word “scientia “ known as knowledge .According to Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, the definition of science is "knowledge attained through study or practice," or "knowledge covering general truths of the operation of general laws, esp. as obtained and tested through scientific method and concerned with the physical...

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Humans And The Theory Of Truth

What is truth? Does truth has a definition agreed by all humans from the past, and the present? One concept that has been made to give possible answers to these questions is the correspondence theory of truth, where according to this idea; truth consists in the agreement of our thoughts with reality. A claim or belief is said to be ‘true’ if it ‘agrees’ with a fact [1] . Another theory about truth is the coherence theory where true beliefs including beliefs about experience and sentences cohere to each other. The conception of agreement with facts is replaced...

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Induction Glory Of Science But Philosophy Scandal

This essay discusses whether inductive reasoning is justifiable in both science and philosophy in order to provide a qualitative analysis on the topic given. It first gives a simple introduction of Hume’s problem of induction and clarifies some key definitions used in this essay. In the body paragraph, this article provides several evidences and arguments to support the thesis to a certain extent. It illustrates the contributions of inductive reasoning done to the field of science, meanwhile it also shows that problem of induction is still an ongoing dispute among contemporary philosophers. With the aid of some examples, this essay...

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What Is Meant By Technological Determinism

The term “technological determinism” is believed to have been coined by American economist and sociologist Thorstein Veblen. Taken on its own, determinism is the doctrine that all events occur as a result of a direct, prior cause. Accordingly, at the broadest possible level, technological determinism is the conceptual framework in which social, cultural and historical phenomena are primarily the outcome of technological causes, in particular technological advancement....

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Descartes Proof Of God Or Deception And Error

From the beginning of the third meditation, Descartes seeks to establish the existence of god using his initial concept of self awareness. Descartes argued that because he thought, then he lived. The ability to think was at this time linked to being alive. He thinks that there must be a god who puts the thoughts in his mind. In his quest for something of indubitable truth, Descartes came up with the theory of ideas, which classified those things that he considered distinct and clear to be true. Descartes argued that the idea of god should be coming from within him...

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The Current Environmental Laws In The Philippines

Environmental law is a complex and interlocking body of international treaties (conventions), statutes, regulations, and common law or national legislation (where applicable) that operates to regulate the interaction of humanity and the natural environment, toward the purpose of reducing the impacts of human activity....

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Understanding Whiteheads Perspectives On Noble Discontent

The aim of this philosophical study will focus on the nature of human development though what Alfred North Whitehead calls noble discontent in the ideological evolution of the human mind and thought process. By realizing the sense of intelligence that evolved over the millennium in human thought, Whitehead reveals how curiosity and the human desire for beauty and morality eventually leads to the enlightenment of the modern man and beyond....

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Examining The Controversy Surrounding Abortion

According to Blount County Right to Life (2003), abortion is the cause of more deaths in the world than all other deaths combined. In America, one out of every four deaths results from an abortion. We have lost more human lives through abortions than through fighting twelve wars. Abortion is no doubt an act of violence resulting in murder. So the question remains “Should abortion be legal or illegal”? This has been a controversial topic for many years. There is no denying that both sides of the dispute have convincing arguments. In supporting...

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Proof And Progress In Mathematics

Bill Thurstons On proof and progress in mathematics has many nice observations about the nature and practice of modern mathematics. One of them is that for any fundamental concept in mathematics, there is usually no "best" way to define or think about that concept, but instead there is often an family of interrelated and overlapping, but distinct, perspectives on that concept, each of which conveying its own useful intuition and generalisations; often, the combination of all of these perspectives is far greater than the sum of the parts. Thurston illustrates this with the concept of differentiation, to which he lists seven basic...

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Moral Epistemology Defining Human Beings

Moral epistemology defines our actions as human beings. What we choose to do when presented with a problem or a moral dilemma. If we consistently choose to think of these questions in one particular way, then we have a solid moral epistemology. A system that we know we can rely on when faced with a moral problem. A moral epistemology is how one defines what they believe to be right or good. This system has been articulated by many of the greatest philosophers of the 20th century and each of their systems differs greatly. Although one can believe in a...

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The Code Of Corporate Ethics

Over the years, many companies whether nationally or internationally have been subject to scandals, more specifically corporate scandals. One of the main reason is that companies are not adhering to the code of CORPORATE ETHICS. [1] ‘’Corporate ethics is considered as one of the most fundamental but most contraversal concepts for the business endevours.’’ [2] Corporate ethics is the field where corporate executives have to make a careful analysis of problems and decisions in order to have an insight into what they should embark in order to abide by ethical practices....

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Buddhism A Path To Human Enlightenment

Buddhism is not about God or Gods, it does not supply a theory about what may happen in the afterlife, nor does it express views about creation; it is based in the world of daily living. Most religions have deep theoretical foundations they are built upon, and most people within such religions have faith that the theory is true. Buddhism does not address theories; it does not agree or disagree with any religion, but rather acknowledges religion as a means to live in a positive manner. Buddhism is about enlightening the person, regaining the compassion and wisdom inside, thus resulting...

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Is Cloning Considered Ethical

The cloning of an adult sheep and the possibility that human cloning could soon follow has raised some serious ethical questions. Some people object on a purely ethical level while others favor cloning solely for the scientific advances it will produce. In the debate over cloning, there are those who say that the scientific benefits and advances gained from cloning are beneficial to society. On the other hand there are those who feel that cloning is morally wrong and would produce both scientific and social problems....

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The Six Meditations On First Philosophy

Throughout the six meditations on First Philosophy, French philosopher Rene Descartes seeks to find a concrete foundation for the basis of science, one which he states can only include certain and unquestionable beliefs. Anything less concrete, he argues will be exposed to the external world and to opposition by philosophical sceptics....

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Dead Or Alive Can You Afford To Live

We all like to think of ourselves as immortal and that sickness and injury are things that only happen to other people. Even if we are aware that we would be in financial difficulty if we were to fall ill or die, many of us do nothing about it. Instead a sense of apathy prevails and a feeling of, “I will take my chances”....

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Different Variables Of The Truth Theory

A truth theory is one that states the variables needed in order to determine something as true. For this essay, the three theories that will be explored are: the correspondence theory, the coherence theory and the pragmatic theory. The correspondence theory claims that the truth corresponds to facts or reality. The pragmatic theory is dependent on experience, asserting it has a greater influence on truth than reasoning. Finally the coherence theory states that truth is dependent on aspects being in an orderly and logical manner within one's system of beliefs. Due to the fact that these different truth theories conflict...

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Moral Philosophy And Its Disciplines

The Philosophy of Ethics is also called moral philosophy and is the discipline concerned with what is morally good and bad, right and wrong, it’s related to the most contemporary of today’s dilemma’s: Politics, Morals, Rights, Religion. One of the more noted ethical pioneers was Immanuel Kant. Immanuel Kant wrote philosophical expositions that examined how people learn what they know. Kant argued that everything we believe must be filtered through our senses and mind. Therefore, truth is acknowledged by how a person processes the knowledge of an object, regardless of what other "independent" characteristics the object might possess. He also...

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Exploration Of Abortions Immorality

Sex. Oh what a taboo it is. An act people partake in for sensual pleasure, procreation, or any other reason one may come up with. As sexual intercourse is the mere means for the procreation of the human species, it most certainly is not the only reason in which people partake in sex. People old enough and mature enough to take part in said activity know that when they choose not to abstain from sex, that there is a chance to conceive a child--even with the use of contraception. With this knowledge, I bring to the table my main reason...

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Quantum Theory By Nature Is Paradoxical

Quantum theory suggests that something can simultaneously be two things at once or not be anything at all until it is observed to be something. Humans are suggested to be prevented from understanding by our nature. However, there are still those who believe that we will one day be able to understand the universe in its entirety....

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International Perspectives Of Legal Status Of Euthanasia

In Islam concept, Muslims are against euthanasia and suicide. They believe that all human life is sacred because Allah gives it, and that Allah chooses how long each person will live. Human beings should not interfere in this. The reasons on which Islam allowed killing are not included Euthanasia and suicide....

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Understanding Consciousness As A Problem Of Epistemology

In this paper I’ll argue that the “hard problem” of consciousness is best understood as a problem of epistemology rather than ontology, and that the problem is a consequence of our position in the world – that as conscious beings, our being the thing we want to study will inevitably lead to the hard problem. I further want to argue that this does not impact directly on the question of whether or not consciousness is "physical", but at most may only impact how effectively our objective theoretical descriptions of the world can "explain" consciousness....

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Facts Are To Prove And Opinions Are Feelings

A fact has to do with something that one can prove while an opinion has to do with one’s beliefs and or feelings. Based on this paper, the discussion will be entirely on bringing out how facts and opinions have been used in the worst act of cheating in the history of sport. From Renault, the statement that one of the drivers was told to crush sounds more of an opinion than a fact. Ideally, can one be told to jump into a valley knowing that he is going to get hurt, well that can only happen in a movie....

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Social Scientist Must Study Social Phenomena

Using scientific method and language to investigate and write about human experience is supposed to keep the research free of the values, passions, politics and ideology of the researcher. This approach to research is called positivist, or positivist-empiricist and it is the dominant one in social research. Positivist researchers believe that they can reach a full understanding based on experiment and observation. Concepts and knowledge are held to be the product of straightforward experience, interpreted through rational deduction (Ryan, n.d.)....

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Locke And Pre Political Property Rights

Locke believes in pre-political property rights being under pressure both from Hobbes and Hume. While Locke’s theory seems quite utopian, Hobbes sincerely believes that a human could be a wolf to another human. Given a possibility to disapprove of Locke’s theory of equality and peace above all, Hobbes would probably argue the following....

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Aristotles Connection Epistemology And Metaphysics

In Aristotle’s point of view, he seems to have a very detailed and structured way of analyzing life itself, as all philosophers are guilty of doing. Between classes, inclusions and exclusions, Aristotle felt things were naturally grouped together. However it may be the case, Aristotle seemed to have an explanation for every point in life, whether it is about living a happy life or his take on the soul itself. “Aristotle strongly believed in purpose: Everyone has a purpose in life, and lasting happiness comes through fulfilling it.”1 This positive outlook on life gave Aristotle’s followers hope and encouragement to...

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An Uderstanding Of The Term Looking Glass Self

In his book Human Nature and the Social Order (1902), the pioneering American sociologist Charles Horton Cooley introduced, somewhat incidentally, the term "looking-glass self." This metaphor has since become a standard concept in American sociology with a larger meaning than Cooley himself first implied or envisioned, and with important implications in psychology, ethical studies, theories of child rearing, and other fields. Cooley meant by this term that to some degree individuals develop their identities or self-concepts, and come to understand and define themselves, by considering the ideas and reactions that they think others have about them especially others who...

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Descartes Idea Of Soul Remaining Unchanged

Stelios is still the same person. This is because Stelios remains conscious about his identity. He knows who he is after he takes the teletransporter. He does not become to another person....

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Socrates And The Menos Paradox

Meno is a Socratic dialogue written by Plato. It is a dialogue between Socrates and Meno. It starts with Meno questioning Socrates about virtue, about how virtue can be taught. But Socrates humbly answered that he did not know what virtue means, or how virtue can be taught. Then, Socrates asked Meno to define virtue for him for he does not know anyone who knew what it meant. Meno attempted to define virtue at three different points: one, virtue varies from one’s action and one’s age. Socrates argued that there is one thing that makes virtue, a virtue. This leads...

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The Issue Of Donating Your Body To Science

By donating your body, you can help scientists find cures and treatments to diseases and/or cancer and much more. Donating your body to scientists is your own decision. There are several reasons why you should donate your body to science. There are also several reasons why you should not donate your body to science. Donating your body to science will help a current student in the medical field of profession work and practice on a dead, lifeless body before they have to work on a living, breathing body. But there are some religions that dislike a person donating their body...

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