Psychology Essays

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Psychology Essays

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Maslows Hierarchy Of Human Needs

Abraham Maslow is revered as a great psychologist who lived from 1908 to 1970. He is renowned for the Maslow's hierarchy of human needs. He came up with 5 levels of human needs. ...

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Aggression Conflicts And Harassment At School

The aggression is behavior between members of the same species that is intended to cause pain or harm. In moral theories, such as argumentation ethics and the non-aggression principle, physical aggression is distinguished from violence. Aggression is considered the initiation of violence.( From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia) Violent acts at school increase. The experience and the expertise show the results of careful research, funded by the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP). According to results troubled students need habilitative services instead of haphazard punishment. A full continuum of educational, mental health, and other services should be available to them. Aggressive...

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Focusing On The Negative Reactions

Researchers argue, in an occupation where service to others and interpersonal interaction is part and parcel of the job requirements, individuals are faced with the events that create negative emotions (Pienaar and Willemse 2008). Therefore, focusing on the negative reactions generated by a stressful working environment may act to harm individuals’ well-being, and ultimately contribute to poor service delivery. Many employees in current society, such as nurses, teachers and social workers faces stress at work as their work consists of directly working with people (Buunk, Peíró et al. 2007). This type of work seems to exert its toll. This...

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Report On Consulting The Right Type Of Psychotherapist

A friend tells you he is in deep distress and has decided to consult a psychotherapist. His problem, he says, is that life just seems to be passing him by. Every day is the same equally gloomy. He feels that he can never be happy again. There are three psychotherapists locally. Deidre is a well known CBT Therapist whose work is evidence-based and who has a reputation for effectiveness. Tony is in his 70s, with a long and impressive career in humanistic psychotherapy behind him. Gaynor is a psychodynamic therapist with impeccable credentials. Although she rarely has vacancies, you know...

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Good Psychological Research Only Possible Through Respect

Psychology is and is sometimes seen as the technical study of people, the brain and the performance according to Foster, R. M., & Horner, J. T. (1988). Are together a blooming educational order and a vital expert practice area of study. Psychologists with the length of psychological follow a line of investigations have a main collision on all aspect of public life, mainly in area such as teaching, physical condition, financial system, manufacturing and communal justice. The British psychosomatic Society is the manager of body’s for psychology and psychologists in the United Kingdom. The social order has...

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A Student Body Has Caused Organizations To Revaluate

A diverse student body has caused organizations to revaluate curriculum to meet the needs of the students. The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) projects by 2012, a 15% increase in the number of students enrolled in organizations with degree programs (U.S. Department of Education, 2002). The organizations need to perform research to determine the challenges and issues involve in changing curriculum....

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Sexual Sadism And Sex Offenders

Sexual Sadism is a type of paraphilia that may involve making a person suffer in some way that may or may not lead to death. It varies from extreme forms of torture to mild. It can be with a consensual partner who is a masochist and also the injuring of a non consensual person. Sexual sadists usually have mental disorders such as psychopathy and antisocial personality disorder which can explain their level of violence and their lack of empathy for their victims....

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How Important Is Mental Health For A Soldier

According to World Health Organization, WHO, Mental health is not just the absence of mental disorder. It is defined as a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community....

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The History And Current Applications Of Behaviorist Theory

Behaviorism is a theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. Behaviorism is the idea that behavior can be studied in a systematic and observable manner and according to John B. Watson; it should have nothing to do with introspection because introspection is too subjective (Goodwin, 2008). Beside’s John B. Watson there were others also interested in the study of behavior, specifically, Ivan Pavlov and Burrhus F Skinner. Behaviorism was a major change from earlier views because it discarded the importance of the conscious and unconscious mind and instead it attempted to make psychology...

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Human Development And Cultural Differences

Attachment is the process through which people develop specific positive and close emotional bonds with others. In adult relationships, people may be mutual and reciprocal attachment figures, but in the relationship between the child and parent, this is not the case. This kind of attachment is a tie based on the need for safety, security and protection. This need is paramount in infancy and childhood, when the developing individual is immature and vulnerable (Prior & Glaser, 2006). Thus, infants instinctively attach to their caregivers. In this paper, the importance of early emotional attachment of individuals’ development will be discussed with...

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How To Evaluate Personality

Student retention is the area of research concerned with determining the forces that shape student persistence in institutions of higher education. (McGuire, nd)...

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Experiences Of Recently Retired New Zealand Elite Athletes

Sport is a staple of New Zealand society. We worship our athletes, celebrate their successes as our own and commiserate as a whole when we lose. This emphasis on sport is reinforced by The New Zealand government’s investment in sport and recreation, at $55 million for 2009-10 (Ministry for Culture and Heritage, 2010)....

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Army Troops Suffering From Traumatic Brain Injury

Since October 2001, more than two million American troops have deployed to fight the Global War on Terror being fought in Iraq and Afghanistan. The War on Terror is not the first war in American history where troops faced unconventional guerilla warfare tactics such as the use of ambushes, suicide bombers, and improvised explosive devices (IED). Due to advances in armor and protective equipment, many are now surviving injuries that that once would have been fatal. Although service members are surviving, many are coming home with injuries to the head and limbs, areas that are not covered by protective gear....

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Awareness Of The Ushers Syndrome Symptoms

Usher syndrome is the leading cause of deafness and blindness that is associated with gene mutation. Its symptoms appear differently depending on the severity and the age at which an individual is affected. However, most of the cases are seen from birth or shortly after the child is born. Very few cases appear during adolescence or later during childhood years. Usher syndrome appear ion three types: Type I, type II, and type III. In all these types, there is progressive loss of vision as a result of a condition known as retinitis pigmentosa, a condition that affects only the...

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Consumption Of Information To Contribution Of Content

While the uses and gratifications theory has been widely used in research related to more conventional industrial media such as TV and later the new media including Internet and mobile platforms (Stafford, Stafford & Schkade, 2004; Chigona et al., 2008; Roy, 2009; Shin, 2009), social media – otherwise called web 2.0 – is found to be lacking in exploration, at least in Malaysia. Revolved around social media U&G among young adults in the Klang Valley, this study looks into (1) the reasons why subjects use social media; (2) how process, content and social motivations, which are associated with social media...

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Emergence Of Cognitive Psychology

Cognition refers to the mental processes that are involved in the acquisition of knowledge and how it is used. This includes aspects such as sensation, perception, judging, learning, attention, memory, thinking, and problem solving. ...

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What Constitutes Knowledge Claims

Creswells book make us understand that philosophical assumptions about what constitutes knowledge claims; general procedures of research called strategies of inquiry, and detailed procedures of data collection, analysis, and writing, called methods (Creswell 2003). He also states that the knowledge claims, the strategies, and the method all contribute to a research approach that tends to be more quantitative, qualitative or mixed. Hence, Creswell gives some definitions to quantitative, qualitative and mixed approaches for more clarification, these definitions are as follows:...

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Should Most Violent Game Be Banned

The banning and/or restricting of video games movement is getting play in the U.S. and in Europe right now. Earlier this week, European Union ministers considered a stronger rating system and possible banning of certain violent video games throughout Europe (no specific games were mentioned, but clips from Rockstar's nearly-three-year-old Manhunt were shown)....

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The Community And Forensic Psychiatry

Psychiatry is a speciality that was greatly undermined. This specialty was considered to offer a form of self control and management, whilst not being able to offer any form of treatment for mentally ill patients. This SSC has allowed to me to understand, explore and make my own opinion on this specialty. In the past, diagnosis made by psychiatric doctors was said to be vague and arbitrary (1) hence people did not consider psychiatry as a branch of medicine. I completely disagree with such close-minded statements. Psychiatry is a specialty, where medicine is applied in greater depth with practical communicational...

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Audit Adjustment That Affects The Client

ability to meet a debt covenant requirement. Auditor materiality judgments are pervasive throughout the audit process and involve the consideration of both quantitative and qualitative aspects. Auditors propensity to rely on quantitative rules of thumb (such as 1 percent of assets or 5 percent of EBITDA) may cause them to potentially waive audit differences that are quantitatively immaterial but qualitatively material. Recent authoritative guidance such as Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 99 (SAB No. 99) (Securities and Exchange Commission 1999) and SAS No. 107 (AICPA 2006) gives explicit examples of qualitative items that auditors should consider when making...

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Media Multitasking

A recent publication by the Kaiser Family Foundation (Foehr, 2006) sought to determine prevalence, predictors and pairings of media multitasking in today's youth. ...

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Human Development And The Lifespan

The first twelve months of a baby's life are vital as a baby starts learning and developing different skills (http://edu.udym.com ). ...

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School Of Psychology Personal Commentary

I have chosen this topic for my literature review as I have always been personally interested in the possible effects of the media on women’s body image. I find this research area fascinating, mainly due to the fact that it is so relevant to the everyday lives of women living in modern society. Both clinical and social psychology have always appealed to me and in studying this research topic, I have been able to incorporate theoretical perspectives from both domains. The main difficulty that arose when writing this literature review was that there is a huge body of research on...

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Self Esteem As A Predictor For Facebook Addiction

The increased use of the Internet as a new tool in communication has changed the way people interact within society; this is even more evident in the recent technological developments and use of friend-networking sites or Social networking websites (SNWs), such as Facebook and MySpace. According to MyBroadband (2010) website, 74% of South Africans active internet users are accessing Facebook at least once a day. Additional, 62% of those Facebook users update their status, 61% are uploading videos or photographs, and 36% have used the site to find out what a past partner is doing....

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Case Of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder And Paraphilia

Obsessive compulsive disorder is a common psychiatric disorder. It usually runs a chronic course before the patient seeks any help or is brought to medical attention by others. Sexual disorders similarly can be varied in presentation. A myriad variety of paraphilia are known to occur, but the co morbid occurrence of OCD and multiple paraphilia is quite uncommon. Satisfactory outcome of treatment of both is feasible and there is a need to understand and identify them earlier to help ensure better outcome. Therefore this rare case of multiple Paraphilia with obsessive compulsive disorder is presented and discussed....

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The Pattern Recognition Definition

Pattern recognition is a skill of how people identify the objects in their environment which is what we do all the time in our daily life. For example, you can recognize your teachers, friends, and also which items can eat or cannot eat. Everything in the world has its own pattern. Our superiority over computers as pattern recognizers has the practical advantage that pattern recognition can serve as a test of whether a person or a computer program is trying to gain access to the Internet....

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Pay Satisfaction And Types Of Pay Satisfaction

Pay satisfaction is one of the most important factors in Human Resource Management and Organizational metrics. Pay satisfaction can be defined as the amount of overall positive or negative affect (or feelings) that individuals have toward their pay (ML Williams, 2006). For having a complete understand of Pay satisfaction, reviewing of its construct is necessary. Pay as an important reward for motivating employees has been considered since beginning of organizational studies....

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Adolescent Alcohol Use Is Common Psychoactive

Adolescents are in the developmental stage of transition from childhood to adulthood, a stage during which they claim certain identities in favor of others and the resultant configuration of possible selves (Erikson, 1968, 1980; Marcia, 1966, 1980). The long-term studies of the Monitoring the Future (MTF) and the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey have reported that adolescent alcohol use is the common psychoactive substances in United States for a long time (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012; Johnston, O'Malley, Bachman, & Schulenberg, 2012). Many adolescents experiment with alcohol, but some progress to misuse and incur serious consequences. Adolescent problematic...

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Study On Psychiatric Disorders Diseases And Drugs

Conditions that are characterized by the individual presenting with behaviors that are defined as abnormal are termed psychiatric disorders or psychiatric disease. An abnormal behavior is one that has been defined within the field of mental health as being atypical or unusual. Those patients who are diagnosed as suffering psychiatric disorders or diseases may have altered perceptions of reality or have impaired abilities to interpret reality. This alteration or impairment can result in great distress for the individual and may lead to self-defeating and/or dangerous behaviors. The behaviors termed abnormal are often also considered socially unacceptable within...

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Infidelity Cause Of Nature Or Nurture In Personality

This essay will discuss if infidelity is mostly caused by factors from nature or nurture that result in this trait present in personality. Infidelity is linked with mating habits of Homo sapiens through the evolution where it is argued that the natural reflexes which are implanted in us. Also known as a key factor of short-term mating in the animal kingdom, Schmitt (2008) uses the evolution perspective to explain how it came about and make up a part of our personality which is essential for survival according to Darwinism theory. Next, Schmitt and Shackelford (2008) uses the Big Five Personality;...

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Multitasking Span Measures And Working Memory Capacity

The primary objective of this study was to examine whether verbal and spatial working memory capacity correlates with multitasking efficiency. Other studies have found a relationship between working memory and multi tasking such as Law (2006) whose findings suggested that the central executive and the phonological loop component of working memory were implicated by a test of multitasking....

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Nonverbal Communication Skills In Individuals With Aspergers Syndrome

Individuals who have been diagnosed with Aspergers syndrome have impairment in sending, receiving, and interpreting nonverbal physical and social communication, resulting in impaired social functioning and negatively impacting their self-esteem and their quality of life. Understanding these nonverbal deficits and teaching physical and social nonverbal communication skills can go far when attempting to help a person compensate for their impairment. Understanding these deficits helps others take these deficits into account when communicating with an individual who has an Asperger’s diagnosis. These adaptations on both sides of the communication transaction can improve the quality of communication, and, by extension, the social...

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Serial Killers Born

This study about the early life of a serial killer implicates that it’s the cause of their madness; serial killers are made not born. ...

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Explaining Personality Freuds Views On Sexuality And Aggression

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was a key figure in the psychodynamic model within psychology. After many years of work Freud released his theory of the development and structure of the personality. Freud developed his ideas with a lack of verification but was satisfied with his findings. (Grünbaum 1986) He relied on his own views and observations. Freud believed that problems arose directly from the personality rather than from the physical causes and developed many ideas along this line of idea....

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Usage Of Methods In Major Marketing Journals

Research methodology is quite often described as a process of analysing and interpreting data accquired through investigation and enquiry from real world entity. A research methodology comprises of basic elements such as laws, principles, hypotheses, facts and data and it is tradionally classified as quantitative and qualitative research methods (D Baldry et al., 2002, p. 17 – 18). Academic management researches which needs to address in-depth knowledge,relationship and validity of the subject in real world, experiences limitations in constraints such as time, resource, budget and can be approached with the idea of triangulation or mixed methodolgy since traditional methods fails...

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