Politics Essays

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Politics Essays

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What Are The Challenges To Modern International Institutions

The structural challenges of the United Nations in the context of globalization. In the globalized world of the 21st century, countries find themselves involved in interdependent relations in aspects such as economics, environmental issues, human rights, security, and politics Adapting to this context of globalization and interdependence has been a crucial element for nations, and international institutions most of which were created in the 1940’s, are not that different in the need to condition themselves in order to maintain their relevance in today’s global scenario. After WWII, US President Ronald Reagan proposed the creation of the most ambitious supranational institution,...

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Challenges Toward Ngos In Poverty Alleviation

 It remains unquestionable in international relations that institutions fosters cooperation among states, individuals and groups, and enhances stability hence a peaceful environment....

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An Examination Of The Un Security Council Veto

The UN Security Council veto power effects on democratic principles in 21st century. The world organizations have been in the forefront on keeping the international peace since the end of the WWII. The international peace was a fundamental factor which led to the establishment of the United Nations. Thus, the formation of the UN was to ensure peace prevailed to bringing certain positive changes in different sphere of human life. The United Nations was envisioned as peace keeping body through the practice of justice, liberty and equality. However, the negotiation struggle in the formation of the United Nations body just...

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Globalisation Influencing The Development Of International Relations Theory

Globalisation is a relatively new, unpredictable process in which raises fundamental issues within international relations. Globalisation is a contested notion and under much controversy. Jeff Haynes (2003) claims ‘there is precious little agreement about what globalisation really means’. [1] This suggests that globalisation is constantly debated and ever changing. Shalmali Guttal (2007) argues globalisation, ‘shaped the world over the past 50-odd years’. [2] The international system has under gone profound changes and has witnessed the end of the war of the ideologies, liberalism and communism. This essay will explain how economic, cultural, social and political changes...

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Business Environment Of Brazil

Political Condition: Brazil is a Latin American country With its estimated 201 million inhabitants. The majority of people live in the south-central area, which includes the industrial cities of Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Belo Horizonte. Brazil underwent rapid urban growth; by 2005, 81% of the total population was living in urban areas. This growth aids economic development but also creates serious social, security, environmental, and political problems for major cities....

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Non Traditional Security Issues Of Asia

Traditionally, security was understood in terms of threats to state sovereignty and territory which involve the usage of security force especially the military to deter and oppose the threats. The definition and understanding of the security have change significantly during Post Cold War era due to changing of the world order and structure. This phenomenon happened due to vanishing of bipolar system of the Cold War which led the states to improve the economy and concept of human security for their peoples, especially during post September 11 event. According to this new approach, security comprises aspects...

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Analysis Of The Presidency Of George Bush Senior

President George Herbert Walker Bush was born on June 12, 1924 in Milton, Massachusetts and was the second child of Prescott and Dorothy Bush. George H.W. Bush was raised in a wealthy environment in Greenwich, Connecticut. Despite this, George was taught Christian values. For example, each morning at breakfast, George’s dad, who later became a U.S. Senator, would read from the Bible. In 1937, George H.W. Bush entered Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. In 1942, he joined the U.S. Naval Reserve and trained to become a pilot. When he was 19, he became the navy’s youngest fighter pilot and was...

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The Economics Of International Finance

Auntie Mary is an established fast food retailer in the United States of America (USA) since 2005 with about 20 local restaurants; mainly serving burgers, French fries and fried chickens. As Auntie Mary already has its name in the USA, therefore the owner, Madam Mary would like to expand its business to the overseas. After some researches were conducted, they have decided to start doing it from Myanmar....

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The Challenges To International Law And Human Rights

Human rights are becoming a worldwide issue; we can see that the UN and many NGO’s fight every day for the preservation of these rights, but as time passes those efforts are seem as useless for a world that faces such a big change like globalization. This process has alter the way we perceived the world and the people living in it and what’s most important, it has alter the interests of states and the transnational actors involved . As these interests change, the moral conduct starts to blur and international law and human rights began to lose the influence...

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Constitutional Monarchy And The Third Way

A constitutional monarchy is a type of a constitutional government, where either an elected or hereditary monarch is a head of state, unlike in an absolute monarchy where the king or queen is an absolute ruler not bound by the constitution ...

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Launch Their Nuclear Program

It all started in the 1950’s when Iran decided to slowly launch their nuclear program. In 1967 the United States had provided a Iran with a small research reactor (5 megawatt) that was placed in the Tehran nuclear research centre (TNRC). In 1968 the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) was signed by Iran and it was ratified it march 5 1970 [1]. At that moment Iran was already doing nuclear research and education at the local university (Tehran). In 1973 the Shah had announced that he was going to intensify the nuclear energy program. The idea was...

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The Equal Rights Amendment

“Equality of Rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on the account of sex.” (Eracampaign.com) The truth about the Equal Rights Amendment is that technically, under the constitution, women do not have the same rights as men do. Equality: the state or quality of being equal; correspondence in quantity, degree, value, rank, or ability. (dictionary.com) Every citizen in the United States, is striving to be equal as every other American, but the truth is the United States Constitution does not state that men and women have equal rights....

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Still A Need To Talk About Development Today

The journey of human history has given us story on how human and their interaction with themselves and also their environment have developed over periods of time. This is a genuine fact that there are developments being made even until today. It is development in the extent of not only physically but also mentally, and in the aspects of not only economic but also social and political. Some big thinkers have suggested their idea on how to deal with development, what kind of approach is suitable for the people in order to have a good living standard. However, there are...

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A Study Of Energy Policy And Politics

The Nabucco pipeline that is meant to supply natural gas to European market, reduce its dependency on Russian supplies and improve its energy security, has been plagued with complex problems, especially in terms of secure energy sources. A rising natural gas import demand of up to 84% of consumption by 2030, puts the pipeline at the crux of energy security issues, which are examined through this essay. Given EU attempts to depoliticize their gas relationship with Russia, it is suggested that an approach towards a common EU energy policy is urgently required, though this is currently hindered by differences in...

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Impact Of Interstate Commerce Commission

The Economic collapse of the 1930s was rebuilt by the two presidents during that era; President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President Harry S. Truman. The economic collapse and depression of the 1930’s was caused by greed and abuse of monopoly power from industries. A wide range of Railroad industries were the cause of many secret control of small industries. The economy was not built for greed and led to many bankrupt industries. The Interstate Commerce Commissions first changed by President Roosevelt then by President Truman help increase public security in the railroad industry. The first Hoover Commission benefited safety of...

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Imperialism As A Useful Concept For Historians

As a consequence of an immigration selection points system in Canada and the institutionalization of employment-based immigrants and H-1B temporary visas in the US, large numbers of Chinese and Indian migrants in both countries are increasingly well-educated with professional credentials. But their occupational profiles in the two countries are rather different....

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Bush Administrations Attitude Towards International Law

In determining the cause of the Bush Administration’s detrimental outlook to international law, a hierarchical analysis is warranted, starting by placing the choice to invade Iraq into the context of the administration’s other foreign policies. One potential reason for the Bush administration’s rejection of international law in respect of Iraq could be that it had certain foreign policy aims, which necessitated special treatment i.e. the removal of Saddam However, middle-eastern stability etc. However, it is apparent that a rejection of international law was not exclusive to Iraq and reflected a trend throughout the life of the administration – the government...

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Shifting Paradigms In The Non Aligned Movement

The concept of “Non Aligned Movement” or NAM is not a doctrine or a dogma. It is a process. It is a way of looking at issues in a particular way. It is against hegemony, against arm-twisting by the rich and the powerful....

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Analysis Of The International Business Environment

It is considered as the multi- dimensional covers economic, political, technological and social appearance and theses features are internally related with the globalization in the nations. The globalization process existed and related to the country to a religion. International business and its success depend on the formulation of strategies and the balanced globalisation and localisation values. So that international manager of the company has to keep an eye on the local and religious difference and it is the requirement in today’s business atmosphere....

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The Scary Period Of Cold War

When we think of the Cold War, we think of a scary time in history. We think of two great powers, the United States and the Soviet Union, always ready to go to war, always ready to launce nuclear weapons to annihilate each other. What many don’t know is in the 46 years of the war, there were several times when the two countries had a détente and were working towards an alliance. Towards the end of the 1970s, however, the détente that had formed was on the verge of collapsing and did so into the early 1980s. However, a...

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Is Violence An Important Instrument In Politics

Answer with reference to at least two case studies and three political theorists you have studied in this room. This essay will analyse violence as a political instrument through a discussion of classical and contemporary ideas about power, authority and legitimacy and the relationships between these concepts. It will attempt to develop a coherent theory about violence with which to analyse two conflicts: the Algerian war of 1954-1962 and the break-up of Yugoslavia. Its central assertion is that violence, whilst useful for challenging and securing political power, cannot in itself create or be a source of power; it can...

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The Diaspora Groups And Humanitarian Assistance

The first thing we need to examine is if the distinction between new and old wars is valid, and how the shape of war has changed. In the last decade only 10 of the conflicts reported around the world is between states, the rest proportion is always one side of a non-state group and on the other side government forces [KaldorNewwars35]. Kaldor also supports that new wars can be contrasted with old wars, in terms of their goals, the type of warfare and how they are financed. [Kaldor pp6] Moreover, new wars are characterised by guerrilla warfare (Kaldor 2006:...

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Money Factor In Voting

The distribution or offering of money in elections by candidates and political parties during elections plays an important role in determining the voting-choice of the people. The predicament of irresponsible use of cash – acknowledged by political parties and individual candidates from businessman and other sources from time-to-time for furtherance of their election prospects has already acquire upsetting aspect of our electoral system. It has also been pointed out that political parties and their candidates have spent money far in excess of limit imposed by the Representation of Peoples’ Act, 1954. [1] Indeed, the former Chief Election Commissioner...

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Youth Political Awareness How Interested Are Canadas Youth

The act of voting is at the heart of all democratic societies. By voting each citizen is connected to the political process and public life. Exercising ones right to vote helps choose our leaders and what policies are important. The simple act of marking a ballot tells each party if you agree with their view on how the country should be governed. By taking part in an election and by expressing our point of view, citizens help our democracy work. By agreeing or disagreeing with the leaders you show that the political system can accept differing points...

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Nt Was There Consensus In Post War British Politics

In the context of politics, the term consensus can be defined as a broad agreement exists between parties on important areas of policy [1] . Despite first being used as early as the 1950s, the word ‘consensus’ came to prominence in 1975 when Paul Addison used it to describe the perceived similarities in the goals and policies of the alternating Labour and Conservative governments in the post-war period. The end of World War II was arguably a “catalyst for the implementation of ideas” [2] which had been building for decades prior to the outbreak of...

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An Ascendant Paradigm Of Globalization

The term multiculturalism has become a debatable topic for the 21st century countries. Todays Global village accepts it as a fact of life. The response to the belief that cultural or ethnic differences or diversities should be acknowledged has evolved throughout the years. But during this period most countries have been failing to recognize the enriching value of diverse cultures. Many people have been experiencing the negative consequences of the globalization process. In recent years headlines of news have been dominated by various protests against globalization on new world economic, political, cultural, technological, religious order, and the merits and demerits...

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Relationship Between Technology And Power

Steger (2009) reports that although globalization is difficult to define, it typically refers to the integration of countries, societies, and/or cultures in order to share in international trade, investment, migration, and technologies. However, in general, the term ‘globalization’ is most often used to refer to economic globalization with integrated and sharing economies being an event that is driven by diverse sociopolitical and technological forces (see: Dicken, 2000). For example, concerning technology, the common medium of the Internet could be seen as a technological factor advancing and promoting globalization in that it brings ethnically and culturally diverse people together. Similarly, a...

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History Of The Egypt Syria And Israel Conflict

When Egypt and Syria launched war against Israel on October 6, 1973, the conflict had the potential to draw the U.S. and the USSR into a wider war that threatened global stability. Yet it also presented a unique opportunity opening the way to a new round of Middle East negotiations that could relieve many of the tensions that had destabilized the region since the creation of Israel in 1948. With President Nixon increasingly distracted by Watergate, the burden of ending the war without a Soviet-American confrontation and finding ways to head off future conflicts fell to Secretary of...

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Are Human Rights Universal

Human rights use to be a domestic issue championed by its proponents with each state separately, however, this has grown drastically and relatively quickly into a movement that asserts that these human rights are universal and all human beings are born with them. ...

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Has Globalisation Made The World More Dangerous

Currently the world grapples with the worst economic downturn in decades, a growing body of research suggests the complexity of the modern global economy may make us more vulnerable than ever to catastrophe. Globalisation has impacted societies around the world in both positive and negative ways. Despite positive changes in certain areas though, there are two significant factors that make the globalised (and globalising) world a more dangerous place with respect to the rise of non-State threats. The spread of information and technology greatly increases the risks associated with any given terrorist attack; and economic transformations related to globalisation have...

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Assessment Of Polity And Aristocracy

Compare Aristotle's relative assessments of polity and aristocracy. ...

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Terrorism And The Bipa Corridor

South Asia has been a region riddled by innumerable manifestations of political violence. But in the current context, South Asia’s place in the realm of Terrorism is most prominent. Today, whenever one hears of suicide bombings, it is immediately linked to terrorism. Essentially, this tactic has become synonymous to terrorism. However, only few are aware about the fact that it was the Tamil-Tigers (LTTE) of Sri-Lanka that perfected this tactic, employed it with lethality and inspired other terrorist groups to use it elsewhere (this tactic was first unleashed in Lebanon). South Asia is one such region in the world where...

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Constitution Of Islamic Republic Of Iran

The Islamic Republic of Iran enacted its new constitution on October 24, 1979 which replaced the previous constitution of 1906 [3]. The constitution came into effect on December 3, 1979 and was adopted by referendum. The new constitution was derived from the teachings of Quran and hadith while implementing the Islamic Law- shariah and was framed by Iranian Islamic scholar namely, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomenei....

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Radical Islam Uzbekistan

If one thing hasn't changed in Central Asia and especially in Uzbekistan after US War on terrorism, it's the authorities fear of Hizb-ut-Tahrir and IMU ...

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Assessment Of The Various Conflict Resolutions

Some scholars argue that the US and NATO troops should leave Afghanistan and an increased focus should be on the political solutions instead of on military solutions. The war in Afghanistan thus wont be won military; it can only be settled through politics (Bacevich, 2008). By looking at the Intervention/ Reconstruction/ Withdrawal model, suggested by Miall, will be outlined what the most successful strategy will be to normalize the country. It will do so by discussing the advantages and disadvantages of a complete withdrawal of the western troops from the country....

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