Health And Social Care Essays

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Health And Social Care Essays

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Mild Hypothermia For Cardiac Arrest

Method: Two PubMed searchs were executed. The first PubMed Search used the terms “cardiac arrest” and “hypothermia”, with the limits “Humans, Clinical Trial, Meta-Analysis, Randomized Controlled Trial, English, Core clinical journals”. This search yielded 95 hits, each of which was then reviewed. The second PubMed search used the terms “myocardial infarction” and “hypothermia”, with the limits “Humans, Clinical Trial, Meta-Analysis, Randomized Controlled Trial, English, Core clinical journals”. This search yielded 29 hits, each of which was then reviewed....

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Available Imaging Techniques Diagnostic Imaging

X-ray is the most well-known medical imaging technique, especially in the investigation of bone structure. However, it can also be used to image softer tissue. In the case of a Chest X-ray, it is used to diagnose conditions including pneumonia, lung cancer and a pulmonary edema. When applied to the abdominal area, X-rays can detect intestinal obstructions and other problems. [1]...

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Molecular And Cell Biology

I wish to pursue the Graduate Program in Molecular and Cell Biology at UC Berkeley. I am a biologist and I want to pursue my PhD while developing teaching skills. My bachelors’ degree included subjects like evolution and ecology, but I was always motivated with biochemistry, genetics, cellular biology, virology and such subjects. From the beginning of my career, my motivations have always been disease oriented....

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Autoregulation Of Cbf In Humans

CBF and ABP are controlled through autoregulation and baroreflex1. In almost all studies it has been assumed that blood flows laminarly through cerebral vessel. It has been found that the average of 52 ml of blood per 100g of brain tissue per min is received by the brain under resting condition and this would make resting condition a brilliant platform for CA studies. Under normal circumstances when the brain is activated from some resting state local CBF is increased by a fraction amount that is greater than that of the metabolism []. As mentioned before there are few things that...

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Treatments For Hydrocephalus

Finding robust knowledge and evidence is important for evidence based practice, as too is the understanding and evaluating the quality of the research. As part of continual professional development (CPD) all professionals, including academics must keep up to date with research and development. This would also be a requirement of the Health Professions Council (2010) who "keep a register of health professionals who meet our standards for their training, professional skills, behaviour and health"....

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Civil Engineering Tunnelling Project

Basic elements of construction technology related to the field of tunnelling and mining engineering are rock bolts for anchoring purposes and shotcrete (sprayed concrete or spritzbeton)....

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Aneurysm Of Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Aneurysmal dilatation of the patent ductus arteriosus is a rare lesion and can be a potentially fatal. The aneurysm may be either spontaneous or acquired as a complication of surgical PDA closure. According to the widely accepted theory proposed by Helen Taussig, it occurs because obliteration of the ductus arteriosus remains incomplete at the aortic end after closure at the pulmonary end. The resultant exposure to high systemic arterial pressures together with loss of elastic tissue in the ductus, may lead to the formation of an aneurysm in the weakened wall....

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Patellar Tendon Integrity

The patellar tendon is commonly used as a site for graft harvest for use in Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstruction. This paper will discuss the structure and functions of the patellar tendon that make this tendon a good fit for ACL reconstruction and the effects that graft harvest has on the remaining patellar tendon....

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The Criminal Justice System

In spite of the ongoing manufacture of improved antibiotics, this country is still battling with a deadly virus against in which all, the drugs that have stood up against it did not even attempt to cure this virus. AIDS is spreading faster than the FDA can come up with medications to treatment the virus or even research it further....

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Womens Menopause And Perimenopause Symptoms

“Most people would consider the old phase “change of life” a euphemism for the medical term “menopause”, but I, who am now going through the change, begin to wonder if it isn’t the other way round. “Change of life” is too blunt a phrase, too factual. “Menopause”, with its chime-suggestion of mere pause after which things go on as before, is reassuringly trivial.”...

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Multiple Sclerosis Nurse Specialist

The rationale behind this chosen topic is to identify if the multiple sclerosis nurse specialist improves care for patients with multiple sclerosis (Forbes et al 2006). Also does the multiple sclerosis nurse specialist aide in promoting concordance with medication and treatment plans (Shaw & McMillan 2008)....

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

What is HIV/AIDS. Full name of HIV is Human immunodeficiency virus infection, which is virus, can destroy the human immune system, also HIV was explored by Professor Luc Montagnier from Pasteur Institute, Germany. Full name of AIDS is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndro, which is one of disease caused by HIV. Virus will destroy the body's immunity, lat patients become weak, and unable to resist the varied infection and cancer invasion....

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Price On Your Eye Sight

Despite many ground breaking advancements in health care provision; the social inequalities in accessing treatments are still profound 1 (Marmot, 2005). In many cases treatment costs are to be covered by the patient. This begs the question; does private health care promote social inequality? I would argue here that this is certainly the case in the treatment of neo-vascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD)....

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A Four Factor Structure Model

Background The aim of the current study was to determine the clustering pattern of stressful life events and to investigate association of these clusters with multiple sclerosis (MS) course....

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Merrygold Health Network Hlfppt

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India accounting for 16.5 percent of the population of India. More than 70 percent of the births in UP are not assisted by any doctor/nurse/LHV/ANM/other health personnel. According to 2007-09 figures, UP is, therefore, burdened with high infant mortality, with an estimated IMR of 63 per 1000 [ii] live births and maternal mortality ratio (MMR) of 359 per 100,000 [iii] live births. In 2007-09, the national IMR is estimated to be 50 per 1000 live births and MMR of 212 [iv] per 100,000 live births. ...

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Critique Of A Quantitative Study

Many researchers have studied the therapeutic effects music has on pain and anxiety. Among the diverse areas of medical practice that have improved with evidence-based practice, music has its place in healthcare. The purpose of this paper is to present a critique of the literature demonstrating the improved practice that the effect of music has on pain and anxiety before, during and after a procedure, along with summarizing the results from the research....

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The Fragile X Syndrome

Genetics is the study of genes, where the inherited features of living organisms from their ancestors are studied. For example, babies usually look alike with their parents because they have inherited some genes from each of the parents. In genetics, the features inherited by the parents are called “traits”. These traits can be shown physically, or internally. The physical appearances inherited are called phenotypes; these include height, eye-color, height or weight. And the internal features inherited are called genotypes; these include blood types and resistance to diseases. Each unique form of a single gene is called an allele and these...

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Nesseria Meningitides Bacterium

An ‘invasive’ disease is defined as being capable of spreading to surrounding tissues whereas a non-invasive disease does not spread to or cause any harm to tissues surrounding its site of infection. Throughout the world meningococcal disease is largely responsible for mortality and morbidity. It is caused by the meningococcus, Nesseria meningitides bacterium. The disease is an infection of the meninges of the brain by the bacteria. Currently there are 9 meningococcal serogroups responsible for this ‘invasive’ disease. Serogroups A, B and C are the predominant causes of this disease. Individuals who are newly infected with the organism are primarily...

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Geographical Information System In Pakistan

Health systems in Pakistan face increasingly diverse and complex problems, fast growing populations with minimum resources, poor socio-economic and uncertain geopolitical conditions of the country. Inequities and inequalities in health, resulted in development of expensive public health care delivery systems, are protected by strong vested interests. The health management information system and the use of health information system at the grass-root level is very inefficient in Pakistan compared with other neighboring developing countries. Geographical Information System (GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS) are easily in access of many governmental organizations, non-governmental and urban populations. By the use of...

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Total Knee Arthroplasty Operation Effects

Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) operations are increasing in frequency, from 160,000 operations in 2003, to an estimate of 500,000 per year by 2030. Knee flexion contracture is a common pathology following TKA affecting up to 61% of these patients....

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Impact Exercise On Skeletal Integrity

Osteoporosis is mainly seen in the elderly as bone mass depletion is a common symptom of aging. The population is living longer nowadays and unfortunately the reporting of osteoporosis is on the increase putting a huge burden on healthcare systems. Common fracture sites are the wrist, the hip and spinal fractures....

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Foveal Thickness And Axial Length

Method: Total 30 normal persons were taken for the study. Eighteen males and 12 females were included in this study. None of them was having any ocular problem or previous ocular surgery. The study was conducted in the month of Septmber and Octobor 2010. A random sample was drawn from patients coming to Refraction Clinic Mayo Hospital Lahore. The age ranged from 20 years and older. The axial length in average of patients was from 22.0 mm to 24.5mm. Normal foveal thickness of human eye is 212+/-20 microns. First the foveal thickness is measured by the help of Optical Coherence...

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Pathomechanics Of Rounded Shoulder

A postural defect in which the shoulders are protracted drawn forward, the head is extended, and the chin pokes forward. In rounded shoulder posture, the scapulae are abducted and the acromion process is anterior to the vertical postural line. In this position, stress is exerted on the spine between the skull and top of the neck and upper shoulders and the neck base. The result is reduced shoulder blades’ stability causing alteration to the pattern of movement of the upper extremities. The hallmark of a round shoulder syndrome includes muscle imbalance, poor posture and faulty movement patterns. It may be...

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Patients With Musculoskeletal Trauma

The safety officer for the hospital assigns one nurse from each nursing unit to form a committee to develop strategies to prevent injuries in nursing personnel. You have been selected to work on this committee....

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Vertebrate Bodies Have Four Levels

Vertebrate bodies have four levels of organization: cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems. The bodies of vertebrates are composed of different cell types. Vertebrates can have between 50 and several hundred different kinds of cells in their bodies. The bodies of all vertebrates have the same general architecture. The body plan is essentially a tube suspended within a tube. The inner tube is the digestive tract, a long tube that travels from the mouth to the anus. An internal skeleton made of jointed bones of cartilage that grows as the body grows supports the outer tube, which forms the main...

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Smokeless Tobacco Usage And Awareness

OBJECTIVES: To determine the status of usage and awareness of smokeless tobacco and areca nut preparations among the paramedical staff of CHK and non-teaching staff of DUHS and its associated factors....

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Women And Human Development

The above table depicts the human development outcomes, which is a function of economic growth, social policy and various poverty reduction measures at macro level. All these parameters are the result of various synergies in the form of feedback loops, operating in terms of both inputs and outputs in the developmental process. The expansion of human functionings in terms of health, educational attainments, nutrition and the overall process of growth are well intertwined through these feedback loops. The improvement in synergy factor will effect the growth and development process of the other. (Gandhi, Kumar, Saha, Sahoo, & Sharma, 2011)...

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Does Universal Healthcare Work

In recent years there has been a push to nationalize health care in the United States. Proponents claim that this would decrease costs, make medical care more accessible and increase the overall health of this nation. However, it would do none of these. The concept of nationalized health care is not supported by economics or by the results in countries that have implemented it. Canada is a current example of a country with an unsuccessful nationalized health care system. By studying the Canadian health care system and comparing with our health care system can determine if such a system would...

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The Problem Of Cellulite

Figure1: shows a women skin before and after cellulite removal. Source:http://godessofsmallthings.wordpress.com/health-and-nutrition/weight-loss/cellulite-reduction-with-home-remedies/90% of women in the world have reported to have problem with cellulite or also known as gynoid lipodystrophy.[1] Most of them are willing to spend fortune of money just to get rid of the cellulite as they claim cellulite can actually lower their self-esteem. It is kinds of fat that located just beneath the skin and is actually a term refer to the dimple or lumpy appearance of the skin that some people have especially on hips, thighs, and buttock.[1][4][8] However, this condition sounds unfair as cellulite is common...

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The Malaysian Diabetes Association

Alhamdulillah was- salatu was-salaamu ala rasoolillah. Praise to be Allah,with HIS love and guidance. We managed to finish our project paper under the topic Perception of KBM Student towards Factor That Lead to Obesity...

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Developing Medical Imaging Diagnosis

Medical imaging diagnosis (MID) is a technique and process used to produce visual representations of the human body parts, tissues, or organs for clinical diagnosis. It uses image-guided intervention procedures and is becoming increasingly important in the field of medical treatment. MID have innumerable applications, solutions and innovation that can benefit the healthcare fraternity. In the same context, computer assisted imaging is revolutionizing the medical imaging field and as such, has resulted in the steady growth of research interests among researchers worldwide. Medical images contain useful information of body parts for medical analysis, diagnosis and investigation for both research and...

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Stem Cell As Disease Therapy

The first bone marrow transplant was in 1956. In 1995, scientist derived the first embryonic stem cell from non-human primates. 3 years later, scientist had the technology to isolate and grow the first embryonic stem cell from a human embryo. A year later and researchers found that stem cells can differentiate into all cells. [1]...

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Status Of Women With Hiv

The study aims at measuring the levels of depression among the HIV victims. The sample consists of two groups of the same gender i.e. women, namely married and unmarried (single) women, between the age group of 25 to 35. Hence, the sample comprises of 60 women, 30 of each belonging to married and unmarried (single) category respectively. The sample also belongs to the patients fit in to the governmental rehab center, and they are being administered by the researcher through the standardized questionnaire - depression scale designed by Aaron T. Beck. The scale touches various aspects like mood, sense of...

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Stimulation Technique On Sympathetic Skin

Sympathetic skin response testing is commonly used to assess sympathetic function. Abnormal SSR occur in both central [7, 8] and peripheral autonomic dysfunction [1, 16, 21]....

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Behavioral Interventions For Treating Epilepsy

A significant number of people with epilepsy in the developing & developed world use complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) therapies and may not disclose this fact to their treating physicians. The therapies encompassed in CAM are diverse in nature and include herbal remedies, psychological interventions, educational therapy, relaxation therapies of various forms such as progressive relaxation, meditation, Yoga, music therapy, diet modification and various other modalities. Health seeking behaviors may be diverse in that the alternative therapies may be used alone or as adjunct to allopathic treatments for epilepsy. Contributors to CAM utilization may include cultural mores, economic difficulties and...

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