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Competitive analysis between coke and pepsi

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

This project is an extensive research on the marketing strategies of the two Cola giants Pepsi and Coca Cola. It covers an extensive survey and depicts all graphs, fact and figures of two companies. It begins with the introduction of soft drink industry and introduction of these two companies of soft drink industry. It covers some of the major strategies adopted by Pepsi and Coca-Cola like their pricing policy, sales promotion and advertising policy, distribution policy etc. The project has been made interesting with the inclusion of the topics, which covers the 4P's of marketing.

The major players in the soft drink industry in India are Coke and Pepsi. Pepsi holds the major market share followed by Coke. They have a cut throat competition between themselves. Whatever strategy is followed by one company, it is copied by the other.

Sample of to brands were selected on the basis of there uses and noticeciability. One of the selected brands is NO1 brand in their respective product categories the other one brand is close competitor of the No 1 brands. Total sample of size of 200 respondents selected on the basic of convenience was surveyed which include consumers.

Data was collected from secondary as well as primary sources. Structure questionnaire was use to collect primary data

INTRODUCTION:

In the modern urban culture consumption of soft drinks particularly among younger generation has become very popular. Soft drinks in various flavors and tastes are widely patronized by urbane population at various occasions like dinner parties, marriages, social get together, birthday calibration etc. children of all ages and groups are especially attracted by the mere mention of the word soft drinks.

With the growing popularity of soft drinks, the technology of its production, preservation, transportation and or marketing in the recent years has witnessed phenomenal changes. The so-called competition for this product in the market is from different other brands. Mass media, particularly the emergence of television, has contribute to a large extent of the ever growing demand for soft drinks the attractive jingles and sport make the large audience remember this product at all times.

It is expected that with the sort of mass advertising, reaching almost the entire country and offering various varieties annual demand for the product is expected to rise sharply in the times to come.

In any marketing situation, the behavioral / environmental variables relating to consumers, competition and environment are constantly influx. The competitors in a given industry may be making many tactical maneuvers in market all the time. The may introduce or initiate an aggressive promotion campaign or announce a price reduction. The marketing man of the firm has to meet all these maneuver and care of competitive position of his firm and his brand in the market. The only route open to him for achieving this is the manipulation of his marketing tactics.

In today's highly competitive market place, three players have dominated the industry; The New York based Pepsi Company Inc. The Atlanta based coca- cola and U.K. based Cadbury Schweppes.

Through the globe, these major players have been battling it out for a bigger chunk of the ever-growing soft drink market. Now this battle has been evolved up to India too with the arrival of these three giants.

Soft drink industry is on amazing growth; ultimately these are only one person who will determine their fortunes. The Indian consumer the real War to quench his thirst has just begun.

SOFT DRINK INDUSTRY: AN OVERVIEW

It all began in 1886, when a tree legged brass kettle in Hohn Styth pemberton's backyard in Atlanta was brewing the first P of marketing legeent Unaware the pharmacist has given birth to a caramel colored syrup, which is now the chief ingredient of the world's favorite drink. The syrup combined with carbonated the soft drink market. It is estimated that this drink is served more than one thousand million times in a day.

Equally oblivious to the historic value of his actions was Frank Ix. Robinson, his partner and book keeper. Pemberton & Robinson laid the first foundation of this beverage when an average nine drinks per day to begin with, upping volumes as sales grew.

In 1894, this beverage got into bottle, courtesy a candy merchant from Mississippi. By the 1950's Colas was a daily consumption item, stored in house hold fridges. Soon were born other non- cola variants of this product like orange & Lemon.

Now, the soft drink industry has been dominated by three major player - (1) The New York based Pepsi co. Inc.(2) The Atlanta based coca cola co. (3) The united Kingdom based Cadbury Schweppes.

Though out the glove these major players have been battling it. Out for a bigger chunk of the ever-growing cold drink market. Now this battle has begun in India too. India is now the part of cold drink war. Gone are days of Ramesh Chauhan, India's one time cola king and his bouts of pistol shooting. Expect now to hear the boon of cannons when the Coca Cola & Pepsi co. battles it out for, as the Jordon goes a bigger share of throat. By buying Over local competition, the two American Cola giants have cleared up the arena and are packing all their power behind building the Indian franchisee of their globe girdling brands. The huge amount invested in fracture has never been seen before. Both players seen an enormous potential in his country where swigging a carbonated beverage is still considered a treat, virtually a luxury. Consequently, by world standards India's per capita consumption of cold drinks as going by survey results is rock bottom, less than over Neighbors Pakistan & Bangladesh, where it is four times as much.

Behind the hype, in an effort invisible to consumer Pepsi pumps in Rs 3000 crores (1994) to add muscle to its infrastructure in bottling and distribution. This is apart from money that company's franchised bottles spend in upgrading their plants all this has contributed to substantial gains in the market. In colas, Pepsi is already market leader and in certain cities like Banaras, Pepsi outlets are on one side & all the other colas put together on the other. While coke executive scruff at Pepsi's claims as well as targets, industry observers are of the view that Pepsi has definitely stolen a march over its competitor coke. Apart from numbers, Pepsi has made qualitative gains. The foremost is its image. This image turnaround is no small achievements, considering that since it was established in 1989, taking the hardship route prior to liberalization and weighed down by export commitments.

Now, at present as there are three major players coke, Pepsi and Cadbury and there is stiff competition between first two, both Pepsi and coke have started, sponsoring local events and staging frequent consumer promotion campaigns. As the mega event of this century has started, and the marketers are using this event - world cup football, cricket events and many more other events.

Like Pepsi, coke is picking up equity in its bottles to guarantee their financial support; one side coke is trying to increase its popularity through.

Eat Food, enjoy Food. Drink only coca cola. Eat cricket, sleep cricket. Drink only coca cola. Eat movies, sleep movies. Drink only coca cola.

On the other side of coin Pepsi has introduced AMITABH BACHHAN for capturing the lemon market through MIRINDA - Lemon with "zor ka jhatka dhere se lage". But no doubt' that UK based Cadbury is also recognizing its presence. So there is a real crush in the soft drink market. with launch of the carbonated organize drink Crush, few year ago in Banaras ., the first in a series of a launches , Cadbury Schweppes beverage India (CSBI) HAS PLANNED:- The world third largest soft drink marketers all over the country.CSBI o wholly owned subsidiary of the London based $ 6.52billion. Cadbury Schweppes is hoping that crush is going well and well not suffer the same fate as the Rs. 175 crore Cadbury India's apple drink Apella. CSBI is now with orange (crush), and Schweppes soda in the market.

As orange drinks are the smallest of non-cola categories that is Rs. 1100 crore markets with 10% market share and cola heaving 50% is followed by Lemon segment with 25%.

The success of soft drink industry depends upon 4 major factors viz.

  • Availability
  • Visibility
  • Cooling
  • Range

AVAILABILITY

Availability means the presence of a particular brand at any outlet. If a product is now available at any outlet and the competitor brand is available, the consumer will go for it because generally the consumption of any soft drink is an impulse decision and not predetermined one.

VISIBILITY

Visibility is the presence felt, if any outlet has a particular brand of soft drink say- Pepsi cola and this brand is not displayed in the outlet, then its availability is of no use. The soft drink must be shown off properly and attractively so as to catch the attention of the consumer immediately Pepsi achieves visibility by providing glow signboards, hoarding, calendars etc. to the outlets. It also includes various stands to display Pepsi and other flavors of the company.

COOLING

As the soft drinks are consumed chilled so cooling them plays a vital role in boosting up the sales. The brand, which is available chilled, gets more sales then the one which is not, even if it is more preferred one.

RANGE

This is the last but not the least factor, which affects the sale of the products of a particular company.

Range availability means the availability of all flavors in all sizes.

HISTORY OF COCA-COLA

Jon Styth Pemberton first introduced the refreshing taste of Coca-Cola in Atlanta, Georgia it was May 1861 when the pharmacist concocted caramel colored syrup in three- legged brass kettle in his backyard. He first distributed the new product by carrying Coca-Cola in a jug coin enjoys in a glass of Coca-Cola at the soda fountain. Whether by design or accident, carbonated water was teamed with the new syrup, producing a drink that was proclaimed "Delicious and Refreshing".

Dr. Pemberton's Partner and bookkeeper, Mr. Frank Robinson, suggested the name and penned as "Coca-Cola" in the unique flowing script that is still famous worldwide today.

Dr. Pemberton's sold 25 gallons of syrup, shipped in bright Red wooden kegs. Red has been a distinctive color associated with the No.1 soft drink brand ever since. For his efforts, Dr. Pemberton grossed $ 50 and spent $ 73.96 on advertising, by 1891, Atlanta chemist as a G.Canler had acquired complete ownership of the Coca-Cola business.

He purchases it from the Dr.Pemberton family for $ 2300. With in 4 year his merchandising flair helped to expand the consumption of Coca-Cola to over $25 million. Robert W. woodruff become the president of the Coca-Cola company in 1923 and his more than six decades of leadership took the business of commercial success making Coca-Cola an institution the world over. Coca-Cola begins as a never tonic, but candy merchant Joseph A. Biedenharn of Mississippi was looking for awry to serve refreshing beverages. He responded to this demand began offering bottle Coca-Cola using syrup shipped from Atlanta, during a hot summer in 1894.

1894 ... A modest start for a bold idea

In a candy store in Vicksburg, Mississippi, brisk sales of the new fountain beverage called Coca-Cola impressed the store's owner, Joseph A. Biedenharn. He began bottling Coca-Cola to sell, using a common glass bottle called a Hutchinson. Biedenharn sent a case to Asa Griggs Candler, who owned the Company. Candler thanked him but took no action. One of his nephews already had urged that Coca-Cola be bottled, but Candler focused on fountain sales.

1899 ... The first bottling agreement

Two young attorneys from Chattanooga, Tennessee believed they could build a business around bottling Coca-Cola. In a meeting with Candler, Benjamin F. Thomas and Joseph B. Whitehead obtained exclusive rights to bottle Coca-Cola across most of the United States (specifically excluding Vicksburg) - for the sum of one dollar. A third Chattanooga lawyer, John T. Lupton, soon joined their venture.

1900-1909 ... Rapid growth

The three pioneer bottlers divided the country into territories and sold bottling rights to local entrepreneurs. Their efforts were boosted by major progress in bottling technology, which improved efficiency and product quality. By 1909, nearly 400 Coca-Cola bottling plants were operating, most of them family-owned businesses. Some were open only during hot-weather months when demand was high.

1920s ... Bottling overtakes fountain sales

As the 1920s dawned, more than 1,000 Coca-Cola bottlers were operating in the U.S. Their ideas and zeal fueled steady growth. Six-bottle cartons were a huge hit after their 1923 introduction. A few years later, open-top metal coolers became the forerunners of automated vending machines. By the end of the 1920s, bottle sales of Coca-Cola exceeded fountain sales.

1920s and 30s ... International expansion

Led by longtime Company leader Robert W. Woodruff, chief executive officer and chairman of the Board, the Company began a major push to establish bottling operations outside the U.S. Plants were opened in France, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Belgium, Italy, Peru, Spain, Australia and South Africa. By the time World War II began, Coca- Cola was being bottled in 44 countries.

1940s ... Post-war growth

During the war, 64 bottling plants were set up around the world to supply the troops. This followed an urgent request for bottling equipment and materials from General Eisenhower's base in North Africa. Many of these war-time plants were later converted to civilian use, permanently enlarging the bottling system and accelerating the growth of the Company's worldwide business.

1960s ... New brands introduced

Following Fanta® in the 1950s, Sprite®, Minute Maid®, Fresca® and TaB® joined brand Coca-Cola in the 1960s. Mr. Pibb® and Mello Yello® was added in the 1970s. The 1980s brought diet Coke® and Cherry Coke®, followed by POWERADE® and DASANI® in the 1990s. Today hundreds of other brands are offered to meet consumer preferences in local markets around the world.

1970s and 80s ... Consolidation to serve customers

As technology led to a global economy, the retailers who sold Coca-Cola merged and evolved into international mega-chains. Such customers required a new approach. In response, many small and medium-size bottlers consolidated to better serve giant international customers. The Company encouraged and invested in a number of bottler consolidations to assure that its largest bottling partners would have capacity to lead the system in working with global retailers.

1990s ... New and growing markets

Political and economic changes opened vast markets that were closed or underdeveloped for decades. After the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Company invested heavily to build plants in Eastern Europe. And as the century closed, more than $1.5 billion was committed to new bottling facilities in Africa.

21st Century ...

The Coca-Cola bottling system grew up with roots deeply planted in local communities. This heritage serves the Company well today as people seek brands that honor local identity and the distinctiveness of local markets. As was true a century ago, strong locally based relationships between Coca-Cola bottlers, customers and communities are the foundation on which the entire business grows.

COCA -COLA COMPANY PROFILE

Keeping in view of tapping the Indian soft drink market and also developing soft drinks as a drinking product among Indians. The Coca-Cola in India has setup an independent organizations which is H.C.C & B.C.C with a capital of 350 U.S.$ each by virtue of sellout decision of the passed managing director Sh. S. C. Aggarwal.

Hindustan Coca-Cola bottling (N-W) Pvt. Ltd. Najibabad took the complete possession of this plant, land, machinery, & intellectuals on February 14' 1998 and since then H.C.C, looking after all its affairs under company owned bottling plant to establish integrated marketing system in the area.

CORE BRANDS:

Coca-Cola: Developed in a brass pot in 1886, coca-cola is the most recognized and admired trademark around the globe. Not to mention the best selling soft drink in the world.

Sprite: In 1961, a citrus-flavored drink made its U.S debut, using "Sprite Boy "as inspiration for its name. This elf with silver hair and a big smile was used in 1940s advertising for Coca-Cola. Sprite is now the fastest growing major soft drink in U.S and the world's most popular lemon-lime soft drink.

Fanta: The name "fanta " was first registered as a trademark in Germany in 1941, when it was used for a few year for a soft drink created from available materials and flavors . The name was then revived in 1955 in Naples, Italy, when it was used for the:" fanta "orange drink we know today. It is now the trademark name for a line of flavored drinks around the world.

Diet coke: The extension of the coca-cola name began in 1982 with the introduction of diet coke (also called coca-cola light in some countries). Diet coke quickly becomes the number - one selling low -calorie soft drink in the world.

FABULOUS FACTS ABOUT COCA-COLA

  1. The world's largest spherical coca-cola sign is in Nagoya, Japan a top the dial - Nagoya building in front of the Nagoya railway station. The sing is a double sphere constructed from more then 46 tone of steel, more 940meter of neon tubing, and more then, 879 light bulbs. The outer shape features the coca-cola logo and contour bottle, while the inner sphere portrays a comic scene with twinkling planets and stars.
  2. One of the world's largest signs for coca-cola is located on a hill called "ELHACHA" in America, Chile. It is 400 feet wide and 131 feet high and is made from 70,000, 26 ounce bottles.
  3. The first out door paint sign advertising coca-cola still exists. It was painted in 1894 in Cartersville, Georgia.
  4. Coca-cola is one of the world's most recognizable trademarks recognized in countries that account for 98 percent of the world's population.
  5. If all the coca-cola ever produced were in 8- ounce bottles. And these bottles were distributed to each person in the world. There would be 678 bottles or over 42 gallons for each person.
  6. If all the coca-cola ever produced were in 8 - ounce bottles, placed side by side and end to end to from a lane highway, it would wrap around the earth 82 times.
  7. If all the coca-cola ever produced were flowing over Niagara fall at its normal rate of 105 million gallons per second instead of water, the falls would flow for about a day and a half 38 hours and 46 minutes.
  8. The largest representation of the world's best known package 100 foot tall glass contour bottle is located at world of coca-cola, LAS VEGAS

HISTORY IN INDIA

Coca-cola in India

Coca-Cola, the corporation nourishing the global community with the world's largest selling soft drink concentrates since 1886, returned to India in 1993 after a 16 year hiatus, giving new thumbs up to the Indian soft drink market. In the same year, the Company took over ownership of the nation's top soft-drink brand and bottling network. It's no wondering our brands assumed an iconic status in minds of world's consumers.

A Healthy Growth to the Indian Economy

Ever since, Coca-Cola India has made significant investments to build and continually consolidate its business in the country, including new production facilities, waste water treatment plants, distribution systems, and marketing channels.

Coca-Cola India is among the country's top international investors, having invested more than US$ 1 billion in India in the first decade, and further pledged another US$100 million in 2003 for its operations.

A Pure Commitment to the Indian Economy

The Company has shaken up the Indian carbonated drinks market greatly, giving consumers the pleasure of world-class drinks to fill up their hydration, refreshment, and nutrition needs. It has also been instrumental in giving an exponential growth to the country's job listings.

Creating Enormous Job Opportunities

With virtually all the goods and services required to produce and market Coca-Cola being made in India, the business system of the Company directly employs approximately 6,000 people, and indirectly creates employment for more than 125,000 people in related industries through its vast procurement, supply, and distribution system.

The Indian operations comprises of 50 bottling operations, 25 owned by the Company, with another 25 being owned by franchisees. That apart, a network of 21 contract packers manufactures a range of products for the Company.

On the distribution front, 10-tonne trucks - open bay three-wheelers that can navigate the narrow alleyways of Indian cities - constantly keep our brands available in every nook and corner of the country's remotest areas.

These are only some of the facts that speak about our commitment to the growth of the Indian Economy

PROMISE BY COCA-COLA

The coca-cola company exists to benefits and refreshes every one it touches. The basic proposition of our business is simple, solid and timeless. When we bring refreshment, value, joy and fun to our stakeholders then we successfully nurture and protect our brand, particularly coca-cola. That is the key to fulfilling our ultimate obligation to provide consistently attractive to the owner so four business.

More then a billion times every day, thirsty people around the world reach for coca-cola products for refreshment. They deserve the highest

Quality - every time. Our promise to deliver that quality is the most important promise we make. and it involves a world-wide, yet distinctively local, network of bottling partner, supplier, distributor and retailers whose success is paramount to our own. Our investment in local communities in over 200 countries totals billions of dollars in jobs, facilities, marketing, the purchase of local good and services, and local business partnership. Always and every where , we pursue continuous innovation in the products we offer the processes we use to make them, the package we develop and the way we bring them to market.

BRANDS IN INDIA

BRAND IN INDIAN ORIGIN

GOLD SPOT: this orange carbonate soft drink was introduced in the early 1950c, and acquired by the Coca-Cola company in 1993, its tangy taste has been popular with Indian teenagers

LIMCA: It is thirst-quenching beverage features a fresh and light lemon-lime taste and lighthearted attitude. The limca brand was introduced in 1971 and acquired by the coca-cola company in 1993.

MAAZA: Maaza, launched in 1984 and acquired by the coca-cola company in 1993, is a non carbonated mango soft drink with a rich, juice & natural mango taste.

THUMPS UP: in 1993, the Coca-Cola company acquired this brand, which was originally introduced in 1977. Its strong and fizzy taste makes it unique carbonated Indian cola.

PEPSICO

PepsiCo is one the largest companies in the U.S. It figures amongst the largest 15 companies worldwide according to the number of employees hired. It has a U.S. Fortune rank of 50.The company profits for 1997 were $2.14 billion on revenues of $20.92 billion and Pepsi is bottled in nearly 190 countries. PepsiCo is a world leader in convenient snacks, foods and beverages with revenues of more than $43 billion and over 198,000 employees. Take a journey through our past and see the key milestones that define PepsiCo.

PepsiCo is a world leader in the food chain business. It consists of many companies amongst which the prominent once are Pepsi-Cola, Frito-Lay and Pepsi Food International. The group is presently into two of the most profitable and profitable and growing industries namely, beverages and snack foods. It has scores of big brands available in nearly 150 countries across the globe. The group has established for itself once of the strongest brands in various segments of its operations.

The beverages segment primarily markets its Pepsi, Diet Pepsi, Mountain Dew and other brands worldwide and 7-UP outside the U.S. markets. These are positioned in close competition with Coca-Cola Inc. of USA. A point which is worth a mention is that Coca- Cola gets 80% of its profits for International operations while the same figure for PepsiCo stands at 6%. The segment is also in the bottling plants and distribution facilities and also distributes the ready to drink tea products of Lipton in North America. In a joint venture with orient spray juice products PepsiCo also manufactures and distributes fruit juices.

The snack food division manufactures and distributes and markets chips and other snacks worldwide. The international operations of this segment extend to the markets of Mexico, the UK and Canada. Frito-Lay represents this segment of PepsiCo.

The restaurant segment earlier primarily consists of the operations of the worldwide Pizza Hut, Taco Bell and KFC chains. PFS. Pepsi company's restaurant distribution operation, supplies company owned and franchise restaurants in the U.S. The company ventured into restaurant business with Taco Bell, KFC, Pizza Hut ended last year when they were spanned off from the company. A packaged goods company comprised of Pepsi-Cola Company and Frito-Lay will continue to bear the PepsiCo name. The move should enhance both corporations ability to prosper with their own fully dedicated structure and management team.

PEPSICO IN INDIA

PepsiCo gained entry to India in 1988 by creating a joint venture with the Punjab government-owned Punjab Agro Industrial Corporation (PAIC) and Voltas India Limited. This joint venture marketed and sold Lehar Pepsi until 1991, when the use of foreign brands was allowed; PepsiCo bought out its partners and ended the joint venture in 1994. Others claim that firstly Pepsi was banned from import in India, in 1970, for having refused to release the list of its ingredients and in 1993, the ban was lifted, with Pepsi arriving on the market shortly afterwards. These controversies are a reminder of "India's sometimes acrimonious relationship with huge multinational companies." Indeed, some argue that PepsiCo and The Coca-Cola Company have "been major targets in part because they are well-known foreign companies that draw plenty of attention."

In 2003, the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), a non-governmental organization in New Delhi, said aerated waters produced by soft drinks manufacturers in India, including multinational giants PepsiCo and The Coca-Cola Company, contained toxins, including lindane, DDT, malathion and chlorpyrifos - pesticides that can contribute to cancer, a breakdown of the immune system and cause birth defects. Tested products included Coke, Pepsi, 7 Up, Miranda, Fanta, Thumps Up, Limca, and Sprite. CSE found that the Indian-produced Pepsi's soft drink products had 36 times the level of pesticide residues permitted under European Union regulations; Coca Cola's 30 times. CSE said it had tested the same products in the US and found no such residues. However, this was the European standard for water, not for other drinks. No law bans the presence of pesticides in drinks in India.

The Coca-Cola Company and PepsiCo angrily denied allegations that their products manufactured in India contained toxin levels far above the norms permitted in the developed world. But an Indian parliamentary committee, in 2004, backed up CSE's findings and a government-appointed committee, is now trying to develop the world's first pesticides standards for soft drinks. Coke and PepsiCo opposed the move, arguing that lab tests aren't reliable enough to detect minute traces of pesticides in complex drinks.

As of 2005, The Coca-Cola Company and PepsiCo together hold 95% market share of soft-drink sales in India. PepsiCo has also been accused by the Puthussery panchayat in the Palakkad district in Kerala, India, of practicing "water piracy" due to its role in exploitation of ground water resources resulting in scarcity of drinking water for the panchayat residents, who have been pressuring the government to close down the PepsiCo unit in the village.

In 2006, the CSE again found that soda drinks, including both Pepsi and Coca-Cola, had high levels of pesticides in their drinks. Both PepsiCo and The Coca-Cola Company maintain that their drinks are safe for consumption and have published newspaper advertisements that say pesticide levels in their products are less than those in other foods such as tea, fruit and dairy products. In the Indian state of Kerala, sale and production of Pepsi-Cola, along with other soft drinks, was banned by the state government in 2006, but this was reversed by the Kerala High Court merely a month later. Five other Indian states have announced partial bans on the drinks in schools, colleges and hospitals.

Brand Facts

PepsiCo nourishes consumers with a range of products from tasty treats to healthy eats that deliver enjoyment, nutrition, convenience as well as affordability The group has built an expansive beverage and foods business. To support its operations, PepsiCo has 42 bottling plants in India, of which 13 are company owned and 29 are franchisee owned. In addition to this, PepsiCo's Frito Lay division has 3 state-of-the-art plants. PepsiCo's business is based on its sustainability vision of making tomorrow better than today. PepsiCo's commitment to living by this vision every day is visible in its contribution to the country, consumers and farmers.

Beverages

PepsiCo India's expansive portfolio includes iconic refreshment beverages Pepsi, 7 UP, Nimbooz, Miranda and Mountain Dew, in addition to low calorie options such as Diet.

Pepsi, hydrating and nutritional beverages such as Aquafina drinking water, isotonic sports drinks - Gatorade, Tropicana100% fruit juices, and juice based Drinks - Tropicana Nectars, Tropicana Twister and Slice. Local brands - Lehar Evervess Soda, Dukes Lemonade and Mangola add to the diverse range of brands.

Foods

PepsiCo's food division, Frito-Lay, is the leader in the branded salty snack market and all Frito Lay products are free of trans-fat and MSG. It manufactures Lay's Potato Chips; Cheetos extruded snacks, Uncle Chips and traditional snacks under the Kurkure and Lehar brands. The company's high fiber breakfast cereal, Quaker Oats, and low fat and roasted snack options enhance the healthful choices available to consumers. Frito Lay's core products, Lay's, Kurkure, Uncle Chipps and Cheetos are cooked in Rice Bran Oil to significantly reduce saturated fats and all of its products contain voluntary nutritional labeling on their packets.

QUICK FACTS

  • PepsiCo established it's business operations in India in 1989
  • Invested more than USD 1 Billion since inception
  • Well known and loved global brands that delight and nourish consumers
  • It provides direct and indirect employment to 150,000 people in India
  • It has more than 42 bottling plants in India, of which 13 are company owned & 29 franchisee owned
  • 3 State-of-the-art food plants in Punjab, Maharashtra and West Bengal

PEPSI CO INDIA: A FORTUNE 500 COMPANY IN INDIA

PepsiCo, which ranks among the world's five largest food and beverage companies with 16 brands, and its partners have invested more than US$ 700 million in India - building businesses, which today provide direct or indirect employment to more than 60,000 people. Since Pepsi's entry into the Indian market in 1989, several brands from its portfolio have become established category leaders. Brand Pepsi is now the 2nd biggest brand in the country. PepsiCo's portfolio of beverage brands in India includes the flagship cola brand Pepsi; Diet Pepsi; two flavors of Mirinda - Orange and Lemon; 7UP; Mountain Dew; packaged drinking water - Aquafina; variants of the fruit drink brand Slice; the 100 per cent fruit juice brand Tropicana in several variants and the world's leading sports drink Gatorade.

Pepsi - Yeh Hai Youngistan Meri Jaan

BRAND HISTORY

Pepsi is a hundred year old brand loved by over 200 million people worldwide. The largest single selling soft drink brand in India is the ubiquitous'socialiser'at every occasion.

  • Youngistan loves it. 200 million people worldwide love it. But what has made Pepsi the single largest selling soft drink brand in India is actually a formula concocted a century ago in a far away continent.
  • 1886, United States of America. Caleb Brad man, the man with a plan, got on to formulate a blockbuster digestive drink and decided to call it Brad's drink. It was this doctor's potion that was to become Pepsi Cola in 1898, and eventually, Pepsi in 1903.
  • Pepsi has always played on the front foot and since its inception has come out with revolutionary concepts like Diet, 2L bottles, recyclable plastic cola bottles and the enviable My Can.

BRAND ADVANTAGE

  • Pepsi has become a friend to the youth and has led many youth cultures. Youngsters over the generations have grown up with Pepsi and share an emotional connect with it, unlike any other cola brand. Be it parties, hangouts, or just another day at home, a day is never complete without the fizz of Pepsi!
  • Pepsi, Cricket and Bollywood have been joined at the hip since the beginning. Shah Rukh Khan, Sachin Tendulkar, Saif Ali Khan, Amitabh Bachchan, Kareena Kapoor, Priyanka Chopra, Virender Sehwag, M. S. Dhoni, John Abraham, Ranbir Kapoor and Deepika Padukone are a few celebrities who will go any length for a chilled Pepsi.
  • The Pepsi My Can is undoubtedly the most popular cola pack of all times. It is not just a pack but a style statement for today's youth.

PEPSI PRODUCTS IN INDIA

SLOGANS USED BY PEPSI COMPANY

1898 Brad's Drink

1903 Exhilarating, Invigorating, Aids Digestion

1906 Original Pure Food Drink

1908 Delicious and Healthful

1915 For All Thirsts - Pepsi: Cola

1919 Pepsi: Cola - It makes you Scintillate

1920 Drink Pepsi: Cola - It Will Satisfy You

1928 Peps You Up!

1929 Here's Health!

1932 Sparkling, Delicious

1933 It's the Best Cola Drink

1934 Double Size

Refreshing and Healthful

1938 Join the Swing to Pepsi

1939 Twice as Much for a Nickel

1943 Bigger Drink, Better Taste

1947 It's a Great American Custom

1949 Why Take Less When Pepsi's Best?

1950 More Bounce to the Ounce

1954 The Light Refreshment

Refreshing Without Filling

1958 Be Sociable, Have a Pepsi

1961 Now It's Pepsi for Those Who Think Young

1963 Come Alive! You're in the Pepsi Generation

1967 Taste that Beats the Others Cold, Pepsi Pours It On.

1969 You've got a Lot to Live; Pepsi's got a Lot to Give

1973 Join the Pepsi People Feeling' Free

1976 Have a Pepsi Day!

1979 Catch That Pepsi Spirit

Take the Pepsi Challenge

1981 Pepsi's Got Your Taste for Life

1983 Pepsi Now! 1984 The Choice of a New Generation

1987 America's Choice

1989 A Generation Ahead

1992 Gotta Have It

1993 Be Young, Have Fun, Drink Pepsi

1995 Nothing Else is a Pepsi

1997 Generation Next

1998 Same Great Taste 1999

The Joy of Cola

2000 The Joy of Pepsi

2003 Pepsi. It's the Cola

2000-2003: "Aazadi dil ki" (Hindi- meaning "Freedom of the Heart")(India)

2003: "It's the Cola"/"Dare for More" (Pepsi Commercial)

2003-2005: "Yeh Pyas Hai Badi" (Hindi meaning "This thirst is too much") (India)

2005-2006: "An ice cold Pepsi. It's better than sex!"

2006-2007: "Why You Dogging' Me"/"Taste the one that's forever young"

2007-2008: "More Happy"/"Taste the once that's forever young"

2008: "Yeh Hai Youngistan Meri Jaan!" Hindi - meaning "This is the Young era my dear" (India and Pakistan)

2008: "Pepsi Stuff" Super Bowl Commercial

2008: "Pepsi is #1" TV commercial

2008: "Pepsify karo gai!" Commercial (Hindi meaning "Wanna Pepsify!")

2008-2009: "Something for Everyone."

2009-present: "Refresh everything" and (during many commercials) "Every Generation Refreshes the World"

THE RIVARLY BEGINS:

Coke Comes to India

Coca-Cola comes to India with fanfare in the fifties. For a number of days, The Hindustan Times and other newspapers of New Banaras carried full page advertisement showing a big boy in uniform with a soft-drink crown as the cap. There was no indication of the product. After a few days, Coke was introduced. It was an entirely new drink which fascinated people. It soon became the national drink. For the first time, a soft-drink was available from one corner of the country to another. The person who brought Coca- Cola to India was the father of late Sardar Charanjit Singh, Sardar Mohan Singh. A practical man Mohan Singh realized that to popularize Coca-Cola, and make it a best seller it was necessary to "catch them young." So he focused on youngsters in the society. The company realized that to become a mass consumption product, one has to go to the village. They gave much importance to the distributive network. The company trucks supplied coke to even the remotest village.

Few products appears to be more similar than soft drinks, yet the Cola wars that mark the competition between Coke and Pepsi show how even organizations with highly similar product can be differentiated by their business strategies. Then comes battles over the issue of bottle size standardization. Coke the arch rival tried to offering more Cola at a lower price. Pepsi which had some of its early investment tied up in 250ml bottles, went the fountain way. The General bottle size freed has settled at 300 ml. 100 ml more than the pre MNC standard. Fountain mix dispensers, carry home bottles, even 1.50 plastic bottle with caps good enough to keep them lying down and still preserve the fizz.

It poured in vast sums to whip up its visibility at the retail level, so that consumers were greeted virtually at every street corner by Pepsi's blue, red and white colors, because they have perception "the thing on display Sells more." Coca-Cola is, finally, redoing the real thing to the replicate the success that it's arch-rival, PepsiCo. Has achieved with its fast and furious marketing. But to win them, Coke is copying Pepsi.

MARKETING STATEGIES OF COKE AND PEPSI

PRODUCT

Coke was launched in India in Agra, October 24, in '93', soon after its traditional all Indian launch of its Cola. At the sparking new bottling plants at Hathra, near Agra. Coke was back with a bang after its exit in 1977.

Coke was planning to launch in next summer the orange drink, Fanta-with the clear lemon drink, sprite, following later in the year.

Coke already owns more brands than it will over need, since it has bought out Ramesh Chauhan. Coke just needs to juggle these brands around dextrously to meet its objectives, to ensure that Pepsi does not gain market share in t Today, Coke's product line includes, Coca-Cola, Thumps Up, Fanta, Gold Spot, Maaza, Citra, Sprite, Bisleri Club Soda and Diet Coke.

PACKAGING

Coca-Cola India Limited (CCIL) has bottled its Cola drink in different sizes and different packaging i.e., 200 ml bottle, 300 ml. Bottle, 330 ml. Cans, 500 ml. Bottle fountain Pepsi, and bottles of 1 and 2 litre.

PRODUCT POSITIONING

One important thing must be noticed that Thumps Up is a strong brand in western and southern India, while Coca Cola is strong in Northern and Eastern India. With volumes of Thumps Up being low in the capital, there are likely chances of Coca Cola slashing the prices of Thumps Up to Rs. 5 and continue to sell Coca Cola at the same rate. Analysts feel that this strategy may help Coke since it has 2 Cola brands in comparison to Pepsi which has just one.

Thumps Up accounts for 40% of Coca Cola company's turn over, followed by Coca Cola which has a 23% share and Limca which accounts for 17% of the turn over of the company. (Thumps up being the local drink, its share in the market is intact, forcing the company to service the brand, as it did last year Mr. Donald short CEO, Coca Cola India, said that, " we will be absolutely comfortable if Thumps Up is No. 1 brand for us in India in the year 2000. We will sell whatever consumers want us to". Coca Cola India has positioned Thumps up as a beverage associated with adventure because of its strong taste and also making it compete with Pepsi as even Pepsi is associated with adventure, youth.

PRICE

The price being fixed by industry, leaving very little role for the players to play in the setting of the price, in turn making it difficult for competitors to compete on the basis of price.

The fixed cost structure in Carbonated Soft Drinks Industry, and the intense competition make it very difficult to change or alter the prices. The various costs incurred by the individual company's are almost unavoidable. These being the costs of concentrates, standard bottling operations, distributor and bottlers commissions, distribution expenses and the promotional and advertising expenditure (As far as Coke is concerned, it had to incur a little more than Pepsi as Pepsi paved its way to India in 1989 while Coke made a come back in 1993.)

Currently a 300 ml. Coke bottle is available for Rs. 6 to8 The 330 can was initially available for Rs. 13 and now, since the price has gave up to Rs. 18 per can. The prices of 500 m, 1 litre. And 2ltr being Rs. 15 Rs. 23 and Rs. 40 respectively (according to the current survey).

Dating back to '93', when Pepsi hiked the price of Pepsi - Cola from Rs. 5 to Rs. 6 per 250 ml. bottle in some parts of the country-including Agra. Coke penetrated the market with price of Rs. 5 for a 300 ml. bottle, making it cheaper by Rs. 1 and 50 ml. than Pepsi. Coke's strategy at that time being able to expand the availability of soft drinks even in rural India. Coke's priority being to first increase the number of drinks per drinker, and then the number of drinkers itself. Pepsi also tried this but was trapped by a series of competitive price increase and changes in bottle sizes by Parle. But the prices of soft drinks have shot up since Pepsi's arrival and the current prices are being mentioned as under.

Price list

Name Bottle Size MRP (in Rs.)

Coke Per Bottle 200 ml 6

Coke 300 ml 10

Coke 500 ml (Plastic / Glass) 22

Coke 2 litre 60

Diet Coke (Can) 330 ml Can 35

Coke (Can) 330 ml Can 38

However, the trends may have been in the early '90's, now the prices of Pepsi and Coke are the same making it difficult in future and present to compete on the basis of price.

PLACE

Coke may have gained an early advantage over Pepsi since it took over Parle in 1994. Hence, it had ready access to over 2, 00,000 retailer outlets and 60 bottlers. Coke was had a better distribution network, owing to the wide network of Parle drinks all over India. Coke has further expanded its distribution network.

Coke and its product were available in over 2, 50,000 outlets (in contrast with Pepsi's 2, 00,000). Coke has a greater advantage in terms of geographical coverage.

But Coke has had problems with its bottlers as the required profits for the bottlers have not been forthcoming. This is more so because Coke has hiked the price of its concentrate by Rs. 8 Further, Coke's operations in India are 100% Fobs. Now, it plans to convert then into COBOs. This is straining the relationship between the Coke and its bottlers.

The company had decided to create a fund to reimburse performing bottlers for the extra costs incurred on account of the hike in prices of soft drink concentrates. Mr. Short also realized that India is a price sensitive market and the company would have to absorb in the increase in excise duty and said that in the long run Coke will have to slash prices for the benefit of the consumers and said that they were considering a cut in the prices of their fountain soft drinks.

Coke and Pepsi have devised strategies to get rid of middlemen in the distribution network. However, 50% of the industry unfortunately depends on these middlemen. As of now, around 100 agents are present in Bananas. Bottlers of the 2 multinationals have strongly felt the need to remove these middlemen from the distribution system, but very little success has been achieved in doing so.

PROMOTION

It must be remembered that soft drinks purchases are an "impulse buy low involvement products" which makes promotion and advertising an important marketing tool. The 2 arch rivals have spent a lot on advertising and on promotional activities.

To promote a brand and even to spend a lot on advertising, the company must be aware of the perceived quality of the brand, its brand power (if at all there is) since consumers make purchase decision based on their perceptions of value i.e., of quality relative to price.

According to Paul Stobart, Advertising encourages customers to recognize the quality the company offers. Price promotions often produce short-term sales increases. Coca Cola has entered new markets and also developing market economics (like India) with much-needed jobs.

Coke attributes its success to bottlers, the Coca Cola system itself, i.e., its executive committees, employees, BOD, company presidents but above all from the consumer.

Coke's red color catches attention easily and also the Diet Coke which it introduced was taking the Cake, as Pepsi has not come out with this in India. Ever since Coke's entry in India in 1993, Coke made a come back (after quitting in 1977), in October 24 in Agra, the city was flooded by trucks, there wheelers, tricycle cards-all with huge red Coke-emblazoned umbrellas. Retailers were displaying their Coke bottles in distinctive racks, also with specially-designed iceboxes to keep Coke bottles cold. This was one big jolt to Pepsi.

STRATEGIES ADOPTED

BY COKE AND PEPSI

The Pepsi Process: Despite being a global brand, Pepsi has built its success on meeting the Indian consumer's needs, particularly in terms of making the brand synchronize with localized events and traditions. Instead of harping on its global lineage, ergo, it tries to plug into ethnic festivals, use the vernacular indifferent part of the country, and blend into the local fabric. Pepsi is using both national campaigns-such as the Drink Pepsi, Get Stuff scheme, which offers large discounts on other products to Pepsi-buyers as well as local.

The Coke Copy: Instead of creating a bond with the customers through small but high-impact events, Coca-Cola chose to associate itself with national and international mega events like the World Cup Cricket, 1996, and world cup football 1998. But now coke is also entering into local actions. Coke is also trying to make their brand synchronize with localized events traditions and festivals. Coca-Cola new tag line in this advertisement is "Real shopping, real refresher". In this way Coke is copy Pepsi.

EMPOWERMENT

The Pepsi Process: Once of the strongest weapons in Pepsi's armory is the flexibility it has empowered its people with. Every manager and salesperson has the authority to take whatever steps he, or she, feels will make consumers aware of the brand and increase its consumption.

The Coke Copy : Flexibility is the weapon that Coca-Cola, fettered as it is by the need for approvals from Atlanta for almost everything. In the past, this has shown up in its stubborn insistence on junking the franchisee network it had acquired from Parle; in its dependence on its own feedback mechanism over that of its bottlers;' and on its headquarters-led approach.

PRICE

The Pepsi process: Pepsi has consistently wielded its pricing strategy as in invitation to sample, aiming to turn trial into addiction.

It launched the 500 ml bottle in 1994 at Rs. 8 versus Thumps Up's Rs. 9, in April, 1996, its 1.5 liters bottle followed Coke into the marketplace at Rs. 30 - Rs 5 less than Coke's .But it couldn't continue the lower price positioning for long.

The Coke Copy: Initially, coke carbon-copied the strategy by introducing its 330ml cans in January 1996, at an invitation price of Rs. 15 before raising it to Rs. 18. By this time, it had realized that the Coca-Cola brand did not hold enough attraction for customers to fork out a premium. The 200ml Coke, launched so far in parts of eastern, western, and northernIndia, is priced at Rs. 5, lowering the entry-barriers. Too really drive the market, as Coke wants to you must go down to Rs. 3'.

PEPSI VS. COKE

$28 BILLION TURNOVER $16 BILLION

32% INT. SALES AS % 70% OF TOTAL SALES

RS. 5OO CRORES TOTAL INVESTMENT RS. 250 C IN INDIA

RS. 300 CRORES PROPOSED RS. 2,400C INVESTMENTS

2400 NO. OF EMPLOYEES 140

13 NO. OF OWNED NIL

BOTTLING PLANTS

18 NO. OF FRANCHISES 53

4000 NO. OF FOUNTAIN 1500

N.A. TOTAL INVESTMENT Rs 125 CR

BY BOTTLERS

6 NEW PLANTS PLANNED N.A.

PEPSI AND COKE MARKET SHARE IN INDIA

Competitive Comparisons

  • Advertising
  • Coke: $34.4 million (1975) to $211.5 million (1993)
  • Pepsi: $25.3 million (1975) to $147.3 Million (1993)
  • Distribution
  • Coke stronger in fountain. But Pepsi IS growing in supermarkets?
  • Pricing
  • No differences
  • COLA WARS

    Coca-cola v/s Pepsi

    OVER A CENTURY OF COLA SLOGANS, COMMERCIALS, BLUNDERS, AND COUPS

    There's little doubt that the most spirited and intense competition in the beverage world is between Coca-Cola and Pepsi. These two American companies long ago took their battle worldwide, and although there are other colas in the market, these giants occupy this high-stakes arena by themselves. The impact of Coke and Pepsi on popular culture is indisputable, and I have observed in my time managing this web site that America has not become jaded about the cola wars. The memorabilia, the jingles, the trivia - all still popular. So I am offering this page in an attempt to assuage a wee bit of the Coke and Pepsi thirst that is thriving on our planet.

    IT ALL STARTED . . . .

    Coca-Cola was invented and first marketed in 1886, followed by Pepsi in 1898. Coca- Cola was named after the coca leaves and kola nuts John Pemberton used to make it, and Pepsi after the beneficial effects its creator, Caleb Brad ham, claimed it had on dyspepsia. For many years, Coca-Cola had the cola market cornered. Pepsi was a distant, no threatening contender. But as the market got more and more lucrative, professional advertising became more and more important. These soda companies have been leading the way in advertising ever since.

    ADVERTISING HISTORY & COMMERCIALS

    Pepsi has definitely leaned towards the appeal of celebrities, popular music, and young people in television commercials, while Coke relies more heavily on images of happiness and togetherness, tradition, and nationalism, perpetually trying to cash in on its original lead. In a simplified sense, you could sum up the strategies as Coke: Old, Pepsi: New. In fact, as we will see, when Coca-Cola tried something new, it was disaster.

    The first magazine ad for Coca-Cola appeared in Munsey's in 1902. Advertisements began to appear on billboards, newspapers, and streetcars. Soon there were serving trays with images of people enjoying Coca-Cola, and glasses with the cola's name on them. At this time, Coca-Cola and Pepsi were served in drugstore soda fountains.

    In 1909, Pepsi used its first celebrity endorser, automobile race driver Barney Old-field, in newspaper ads. In 1921, Pepsi went bankrupt, but continued to appear on the scene, although not nearly so successfully as Coca-Cola. In 1931, Pepsi went bankrupt again, but the new owner, Roy Megargel, would hit upon an idea that would finally give Coca- Cola some competition. In 1934, he marketed Pepsi in a 12-ounce bottle for a nickel. At the time, Coca-Cola was sold in a 6-ounce bottle for ten cents. Voila! Profits for Pepsi. Pepsi racked up another first by airing the first radio jingle in 1939. It was so popular that it was played in jukeboxes and became a hit record Coca-Cola hit the airwaves in 1941. In 1946, inflation forced Pepsi to increase prices. And in 1950, Pepsi offered a larger 26- ounce bottle to court the young American housewife.

    In the 1960's, the cola ad wars moved to television. Coca-Cola employed a host of celebrity singers to promote the product, including Connie Francis , Tom Jones, The New Beats, Nancy Sinatra, and The Supremes. As we moved through the years, both colas incorporated some of their best slogans ("Pepsi Generation" and "the Real Thing") into subsequent commercials.

    In the 1970s, market research showed that consumers preferred the taste of Pepsi over Coke. The Pepsi Challenge is still being conducted today. But Coke came up with what is arguably the best of all cola commercials, the 1971 I'd like to buy the World coke ad. This landmark was recalled in Christmas versions in 1983 and 1984, and a 1990 Super Bowl ad, which was enough to make some Baby Boomers weep with nostalgia.

    In the 1980's, Pepsi lined up the celebrities, starting with late Michael Jackson, then Madonna, Michael J. Fox, Billy Crystal, Lionel Ritchie, Gloria Stefan, Joe Montana, and others. Coke signed on Michael Jordan, New Kids on the Block, Aretha Franklin, Elton John, and Paula Abdul.

    In 1985, responding to the pressure of the Pepsi Challenge taste tests, which Pepsi always won, Coca-Cola decided to change its formula. Bill Cosby was the pitchman. This move set off a shock wave across America. Consumers angrily demanded that the old formula be returned, and Coca-Cola responded three months later with Classic Coke. Eventually, New Coke quietly disappeared.

    Pepsi, meanwhile, had its own flop, Crystal Pepsi, which was supposed to catch the strange wave of the times when everything colorless was clean and desirable (Zima, bottled water). And then there was Pepsi Lite with the lemony flavor and one calorie, introduced in 1975. Remember that one? Apparently they didn't expect us to because later they gave us Pepsi One, using the same concept, but a completely different taste. And, extending the idea even further, we are now getting Pepsi Twist, a new product with a twist of lemon flavor.

    In 1991, Ray Charles sang, "You got the right one baby, uh-huh!" Also in the 1990s, Cindy Crawford and the Spice Girls pitched Pepsi. And then Pepsi aired commercials featuring the aggravating little girl (Halide Eisenberg) with her troubling male voice. In the new century, both colas continue to battle it out on the television screen. And celebrities continue to be important promoters. Recently, Pepsi has had commercials by Bob Dole and Faith Hill, among others.

    SLOGANS

    It's clear in looking at the slogans over the years that Coke and Pepsi have very different targeting strategies. Coke is touting itself as the original, the authentic, and appealing to a sense of tradition, positioning itself as an integral part of daily American life. Pepsi, on the other hand, is promoting itself as something new, young, and hip, which seems a little odd after over 100 years. But Coke was first, after all. Pepsi has always targeted the youth market more aggressively than Coke.

    COCA-COLA

    1886 - Drink Coca-Cola

    1904 - Coca-Cola Satisfies

    1904 - Delicious and Refreshing

    1905 - Coca-Cola Revives and Sustains

    1905 - Good All the Way Down

    1906 - The Drink of Quality

    1906 - The Great National Temperance

    1907 - Delicious Coca-Cola, Sustains, Refreshes, Invigorates

    1907 - Cooling . . . Refreshing . . . Delicious

    1908 - Sparkling - Harmless as Water, and Crisp as Frost

    1909 - Delicious, Wholesome, Refreshing

    1910 - It Satisfies

    1910 - Quenches Thirst as Nothing Else Can

    1911 - Its Time to Drink Coca-Cola

    1911 - Real Satisfaction in Every Glass

    1912 - Demand the Genuine - Refuse Substitutes

    1913 - The Best Beverage under the Sun

    1913 - A Welcome Addition to Any Party - Anytime - Anywhere

    1914 - Exhilarating, Refreshing

    1914 - Demand the Genuine by Full Name

    1914 - Pure and Wholesome

    1916 - Just One Glass Will Tell You

    1917 - Three Million A Day

    1919 - Quality Tells the Difference

    1920 - Drink Coca-Cola with Soda

    1922 - Thirst Knows No Season

    1922 - Thirst Can't Be Denied

    1922 - Thirst Reminds You - Drink Coca-Cola

    1923 - Refresh Yourself

    1924 - Pause and Refresh Yourself

    1925 - Six Million A Day

    1925 - The Sociable Drink

    1926 - Stop at the Red Sign

    1927 - Around the Corner from Anywhere

    1928 - A Pure Drink of Natural Flavors

    1929 - The Pause that Refreshes

    1930 - Meet Me at the Soda Fountain

    1932 - Ice-Cold Sunshine

    1933 - Don't Wear a Tired, Thirsty Face

    1934 - Carry a Smile Back to Work

    1935 - All Trails Lead to Ice-Cold Coca-Cola

    1936 - What Refreshment Ought to Be

    1936 - The Refreshing Thing to Do

    1937 - America's Favorite Moment

    1937 - So Easy to Serve and So Inexpensive

    1938 - The Best Friend Thirst Ever Had

    1938 - Pure Sunlight

    1938 - Anytime is the Right Time to Pause and Refresh

    1939 - Coca-Cola Goes Along

    1939 - Make Lunch Time Refreshment Time

    1939 - Makes Travel More Pleasant

    1939 - The Drink Everybody Knows

    1939 - Thirst Stops Here

    1940 - Bring in Your Thirst and Go Away Without It

    1941 - Completely Refreshing

    1942 - Refreshment That Can't Be Duplicated

    1942 - Whoever You Are, Whatever You Do, Wherever You May Be, When You Think of Refreshment, Think of Ice-Cold Coca-Cola.

    1943 - The Only Thing like Coca-Cola is Coca-Cola Itself. It's the Real Thing

    1943 - A Taste All Its Own

    1943 - That Extra Something

    1944 - How About a Coke

    1945 - Passport to Refreshment

    1945 - Whenever You Hear "Have a Coke," You Hear the Voice of America

    1947 - Coke Knows No Season

    1947 - Serving Coca-Cola Serves Hospitality

    1948 - Where There's Coke, There's Hospitality

    1949 - Coca-Cola . . . Along the Highway to Anywhere

    1950 - Help Yourself to Refreshment

    1951 - Good Food and Coca-Cola Just Naturally Go Together

    1952 - What You Want Is a Coke

    1953 - Dependable as Sunrise

    1954 - For People on the Go

    1955 - America's Preferred Taste

    1956 - Coca-Cola - Making Good Things Taste Better

    1956 - Feel the Difference

    1957 - Sign of a Good Taste

    1958 - The Cold, Crisp Taste of Coke

    1959 - Be Really Refreshed

    1960 - Relax With Coke

    1961 - Coke and Food - Refreshing New Feeling

    1962 - Coca-Cola Refreshes You Best

    1963 - Things Go Better With Coke

    1965 - Something More Than a Soft Drink

    1966 - Coke . . . After Coke . . . After Coke

    1970 - Its the Real Thing

    1971 - I'd like to buy the World a Coke 1974 - Look Up, America

    1976 - Coke Adds Life

    1979 - Have a Coke and a Smile

    1982 - Coke Is It!

    1984 - Just For the Taste of It (Diet Coke)

    1985 - Just For the Free of It (Caffeine Free Coke)

    1985 - We've Got a Taste For You (New Coke)

    1985 - America's Real Choice (Coca-Cola Classic)

    1986 - Catch the Wave (New Coke)

    1986 - Red, White and You (Coca-Cola Classic)

    1987 - You Can't Beat the Real Thing

    1989 - Can't Beat the Feeling

    1990 - Can't Beat the Real Thing

    1993 - Always Coca-Cola

    1993 - Taste it All

    PEPSI-COLA

    1903 - Exhilarating, Invigorating, Aids Digestion

    1907 - Original Pure Food Drink

    1909 - Delicious and Healthful

    1915 - For All Thirsts - Pepsi-Cola

    1919 - Pepsi-Cola - It Makes You Scintillate

    1920 - Drink Pepsi Cola. It will satisfy you.

    1928 - Peps You Up!

    1932 - Sparkling, Delicious

    1934 - Refreshing and Healthful

    1939 - Twice As Much For A Nickel Too

    1943 - Bigger Drink, Better Taste

    1949 - Why take less when Pepsi's best?

    1950 - More Bounce to the Ounce

    1950 - The Light Refreshment

    1954 - Refreshing Without Filling

    1958 - Be sociable, have a Pepsi

    1961 - Now It's Pepsi, For Those Who Think Young

    1963 - Come Alive! You're In the Pepsi Generation

    1967 - Taste That Beats the Others Cold

    1967 - Pepsi Pours It On

    1969 - You've Got a Lot to Live and Pepsi's Got a Lot to Give 1973 - Join the Pepsi People Feelin' Free

    1975 - Have a Pepsi Day

    1978 - Catch That Pepsi Spirit

    1981 - Pepsi's Got Your Taste For Life!

    1983 - Pepsi Now!

    1984 - Pepsi, the Choice of a New Generation

    1992 - Gotta Have It

    1993 - Be Young, Have Fun, Drink Pepsi1995 Nothing Else is a Pepsi

    1997 Generation Next

    1998 Same Great Taste 1999

    The Joy of Cola

    2000 The Joy of Pepsi

    2003 Pepsi. It's the Cola

    2000-2003: "Aazadi dil ki" (Hindi- meaning "Freedom of the Heart")(India)

    2003: "It's the Cola"/"Dare for More" (Pepsi Commercial)

    2003-2005: "Yeh Pyas Hai Badi" (Hindi meaning "This thirst is too much") (India)

    2005-2006: "An ice cold Pepsi. It's better than sex!"

    2006-2007: "Why Yo


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