environmental studies

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Pollution and our Society

One of the most eminent problems is pollution and other forms of environmental worsening.  While this problem is everything but new, and in reality tends to weaken in the most urbanized countries, the innovation is its global growth, leading to such problems as the global warming.  The USA is the world’s leading polluter.

The USA has the largest cars and the largest roads to all other countries.  This is an inconceivable occurrence to the rest of the world, where car accumulation and gasoline use are instantly equated with pollution and capriciousness.  In Europe, knowledge is raised by most governments of the pollution and side effects of burning fuels and heavy taxes are obligatory on these in order to furnish public transportation, dead set against pollution solutions and substitute fuel methods such as LPG and electric power-driven cars.  Can the USA’s government really maintain to hold its version of dictatorship and free enterprise at the expenditure of every human on the planet?  The American Government under President G. Bush was just about put in power solely by money from huge oil companies, but something needs to change.  The world sees our restriction of pollutant emissions vital and required that we do this.  The USA seems to think that it is not viable and expensive and isn’t going to do it!  We must reduce pollution, it doesn’t matter how expensive it is.  It has to be done.  The world sees America’s unwillingness with repugnance and dismay.

The USA has some environmental issues sorted, like domestic waste discarding.  During the 1970s and 1980s the USA made itself obligatory in the campaigns to prohibit the discharge of “ozone” gases; thanks to its help the hole in the ozone layer is gradually closing, finally.

The USA polices the world’s military nations, keeping check on their artillery and intentions.  It does not do the same with matters of universal health or pollution.  The USA is by far the world’s leading polluter and is also the country that is seen as slightest vigorous in combating world pollution.  Failure to approve the Kyoto Protocol is a serious error and much of the world is left in astonish and dismay that the USA ignores these problems.

Comprising over 70% of the Earth’s exterior, water is unquestionably the most valuable natural resource that exists on our planet.  Without the seemingly very useful mix comprised of hydrogen and oxygen, life on Earth would be absent: it is vital for everything on our planet to nurture and flourish.  Even though we as humans know this fact, we ignore it by polluting our rivers, lakes, and oceans.  Then, we are slowly but surely harming our planet to the point where organisms are dying at an incredibly frightening rate.  As well as to blameless organisms dying off, our drinking water has become significantly exaggerated as is our ability to use water for leisure purposes.  In order to fight water pollution, we must be aware of the problems and become part of the solution.

According to the American College Dictionary, pollution is defined as: to make foul or unclean; dirty.  Water pollution occurs when a body of water is negatively affected due to the accumulation of large amounts of resources to the water.  When it is out of condition for its intentional use, water is considered polluted.  There are two types of water pollutants that exist; point source and nonpoint source.  Point sources of pollution take place when harmful substances are emitted straight into a body of water.  The Exxon Valdez oil spill best illustrates point source water pollution.  A nonpoint source delivers pollutants in some way through environmental changes.  An example of the type of water pollution is when fertilizer from a field is passed into a stream by rain, in the outward appearance of run-off which in turn affects aquatic life.  The equipment exists for point sources of pollution to be monitored and synchronized, even though political factors may make matters worse matters.  Nonpoint sources are much more complex to control.  Pollution that arises from nonpoint sources accounts for a greater part of the contaminants in steams and lakes.

There are many causes of pollution, some including, but not limited to, sewage and fertilizers that contain nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates.  In surplus levels, nutrients over encourage the growth of aquatic plants and algae.  Extreme growth of these types of organisms as a result clogs our waterways, use up dissolved oxygen as they decay, and obstruct light to deeper waters.  This in turn, proves very harmful aquatic organisms as it affects the respiration capability or fish and other invertebrates that dwell in water.

Pollution is also caused when slit and other poised solids, such as soil, wash off plowed fields, construction and logging sites, urban areas, and eroded river banks when it rains.  Pollution in the form of organic objects enters waterways in many unusual ways, such as sewage, as leaves and grass clippings, or as runoff from farm animal’s feedlots and pastures.

Pathogens are another type of pollution that proves very harmful.  They can cause many illnesses that vary from typhoid and dysentery to slight respiratory and skin diseases.  These pollutants come in waterways through unprocessed sewage, storm drains, septic tanks, runoff from farms, and mainly boats that dump sewage.  Despite the fact that they are microscopic, these pollutants have an incredible affect evidenced by their capability to cause sickness.

Three preceding forms of water pollution exist in the forms of petroleum, radioactive substances, and heat.  Petroleum frequently pollutes water bodies in the form of oil, ensuing from oil spills.  These significant unintentional discharges of petroleum are a vital cause of pollution alongside shore lines.  In addition to the supertankers, off-shore drilling operations add a large share of pollution.  One educated guess is that one ton of oil is spilled for every million tons of oil transported.  It’s equal to about 0.0001 percent.  Radioactive substances are formed in the type of waste from nuclear power plants, and from the industrial, medical, and scientific use of radioactive supplies.  Precise forms of waste are uranium and thorium removal and decontamination.  The final form of water pollution is heat.  Heat is a pollutant because of the raise in temperatures, which cause death in many aquatic organisms.  These decreases in temperatures are caused when a release of cooling water by factories and power plants take place.

Oil pollution is an increasing problem, mainly devastating to coastal wildlife.  Small quantities of oil extend hastily across long distances to form deadly oil slicks.             The chief sources of water pollution can be classified as municipal, industrial, and agricultural.  Municipal water pollution consists of waste water from homes and business establishments.  For several years, the most important goal for treating municipal wastewater was simply to diminish its substance of suspended solids, oxygen-demanding materials, dissolved inorganic compounds, and harmful bacteria.  In current years, nevertheless, more stress has been placed on humanizing means of discarding of the solid residues from the municipal management process.  The important methods of treating municipal wastewater fall into three stages: primary treatment, as well as grit removal, screening, grinding, and sedimentation; secondary treatment, which entails corrosion of dissolved organic matter by resources of using biologically active sludge, which is then filtered off; and tertiary treatment, in which complex biological methods of nitrogen removal and chemical and physical methods such as granular filtration and activated carbon assimilation are working.  The management and removal of solid residues can account for 25 to 50 percent of the funds and operational costs of a management plant.  The distinctiveness of industrial waste waters can fluctuate significantly both within and among industries.  The shock of industrial discharges depends not only on their combined characteristics, such as biochemical oxygen demand and the amount of suspended solids, but also on their substance of specific inorganic and organic substances.  Three options are accessible in controlling industrial wastewater.  Control can take place at the point of cohort in the plant; wastewater can be pretreated for expulsion to municipal treatment sources; or wastewater can be treated entirely at the plant and either reused or discharged straight into receiving waters.

Agriculture, as well as profitable livestock and poultry farming, is the starting place of many organic and inorganic pollutants in surface waters and groundwater.  These contaminants take account of both residues from wearing away cropland and compounds of phosphorus and nitrogen that somewhat originate in animal wastes and viable fertilizers.  Animal wastes are high in oxygen challenging material, nitrogen and phosphorus, and they over and over again harbor pathogenic organisms.  Wastes from viable feeders are controlled and predisposed of on land; their main threat to natural waters, as a result, is from runoff and leakage.  Control many entail settling basins for liquids, some degree of biological treatment in aerobic or anaerobic lagoons, and a range of other methods.

Ninety-five percent of all fresh water on earth is ground water.  Ground water is established in natural rock formations.  These formations, called aquifers, are vital natural resources with many uses.  Nationally, fifty-three percent of the inhabitants rely on ground water as a supply of drinking water.  In rural areas this number is even more elevated.  Eighty-one percent of the society water is reliant on ground water.  Although the 1992 Section 305(b) State Water Quality Reports indicate that, overall, the Nations ground water quality is good to excellent; many local areas have experienced significant ground water contamination.  Some examples are leaking underground storage tanks and municipal landfills.

Without a doubt, the problems connected with water pollution have the capability to disturb life on our planet to an enormous extent.

An independent government’s purpose is to protect people, its populace, and the populace of the world.  In industrial countries it is the Government’s job to keep commercialism in order and protect people from disparity, domination and worldly practices of big business.  Some people have been required to wonder if the American government can still be considered to be working for the welfare of the people anywhere in the world, or if it is without a doubt merely the world’s largest corporation.


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