Economics Essays

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Consumerism In Sri Lanka

At the advent of globalization many other socio economical aspects have sprang up either directly or indirectly related to the globalization process.... ...

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The Economy Of Mongolia

Generally Mongolian agriculture has been slowly developed. Agriculture is based on about thirty eight percent of Mongolian economy, and also it is one of the main Mongolian cultural parts. Ninety-five percent of Mongolian lands are used for pasture land. Mongolian people in countryside are nomadic herders which mean they follow their livestock pasture land. Agriculture is practiced to a limited space in Mongolia, focusing generally on wheat and potatoes, and beverages. Actually before agriculture was a smaller than nowadays, but critical sector of the Mongolian economy in the early 1980’s. In 1985, agriculture accounted for over 17.4 percent of national...

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The Beer Industry In Italy And Canada

This report aimed to provide in depth view of a country and market comparison which focuses on the beer industry in both Italy and Canada. It provides the answer to the main question which market we are going to invest in and why we should invest in that country....

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The Impact Of Core Public Infrastructure In Us Corporate Investment

This paper has as a purpose to identify the channels between the public expenditure in core infrastructure and private investment. Profitability and lack of financial constraints considered as the major effects for corporate investment. For this purpose a large panel data of US firms as well as the economic results of the majority of the states. The results show that the infrastructure affect the costs and the revenues of the firms and as a result their profitability. The level of this affect depends on the state and economic sector each firm belongs to....

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Examining Msmes In Gujarat

Gujarat, on the west coast of India is an important state for the MSMEs with a geographical area of 196,024 sq km and a population of 507 lakhs as per 2001 census. The state economy has recorded a growth rate of 10.4 % to an estimated target of 10.2% in the10th five year plan set out by the planning commission of India. Gujarat has achieved an annual GSDP growth of 15.81% in 2006-07. Gujarat is the home for 800 large enterprises and more that 320,000 MSMEs of India....

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Open Market Operations And Reserve Rate Ratio

The Bank of Thailand kept rates on hold at 2.75 at its first meeting for 2013. Soft global growth is weighing on export-facing industries, yet the domestic economy remains resilient, led by robust household and investment spending. Core inflation also remains subdued, although headline inflation jumped by close to 1 percentage point in December, which will likely keep rates on hold over the first quarter. The policy bias for most of 2013 will remain tilted to the downside as the export-led economy continues to navigate lingering global headwinds...

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Sovereign Debt Crisis That Is Unfolding In The Eurozone Economies

There is a sovereign debt crisis that is unfolding in the Eurozone economies that has began in Greece and the weak economies of Portugal, Ireland and Spain are “conspicuously vulnerable” (Moses, 2010). Portugal’s government deficit of 9.4% of GDP is highly at risk. The same can be said of Spain whose government deficit is 11.2% of GDP, close to that of Greece which is 13.6%. The most at risk to date is Ireland whose government deficit is 14.3% of GDP. The shortfalls as a share of gross domestic product were more than three times the European Union limit of...

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Children And Female Self Employment

While several empirical analysis report a positive relationship between fertility and the probability of women to be self-employed, recent studies have called into question the validity of competing interpretations because of endogeneity issues. This paper studies two competing hypothesis: Does flexibility of schedule and control over daily work organization make women more likely to engage in self-employment because of their children or do occupation specific characteristics of self-employed women impact fertility? This paper adds to the existing literature by applying parental preferences for a mixed sibling-sex composition to create instrumental variable (IV) estimates for the impact of children on female...

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Growth Of Output And Income And Their Distinction

(i) To commence this essay I will define growth of output and income, and illustrate the distinction between the two....

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Part One Article On Unemployment

Singapore unemployment rate declines as there are fewer lay-offs registered between April and June as the number of new job increases. The unemployment rate dipped over the quarter by 0.1% to 2% in June, while the rate for citizens decline by 0.2% to 2.8% and 3% respectively. The total number of jobs created in the second quarter of the year has risen to a total of 31,700 jobs, which is higher than the same period last year....

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Evaluation Of Not For Profit Organisations

1. The economic climate is currently very difficult for NGO sector. Those, relying on government funding, is experiencing an imminent public spending cut. Investment income may also experience downturn. There are only some solutions in this situation. Non-profit organizations must find new source of finance as well as investing in fundraising activities. For best practice, organizations should look for corporate or individual funding. Do not forget reducing overheads and constant cash flow monitoring to ensure their finances are used effectively. Not all charities are effected same, it depends how big it is. Following examples proves what effect current economic climate...

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Economic Chinese Government

China has an exceptional position the today world's economy. There are several reasons for what makes the Chinese economy unique. These are the rapid growth rate, the characteristics of the Chinese ...

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A Synergetic Strategy For Sustainable Growth

Sustainable growth of any Nation depends on its rural development. Rural development has become an absolute and urgent need of all the developed and developing countries of the world. India being one of the largest countries, though bestowed with adequate natural resources and human potentials. Its development is lopsided. The twin causes, wide inequality between urban and rural on the one hand and the underutilization of human resources on the other, attribute to such imbalanced economic development....

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The World Economy And Implications For Africa

After a strong rebound in 2010, the world economy unveiled a scene of moderated growth with increased uncertainty in 2011 (UNECA 2011). Growth of economic activities in the developed world was halved. Many countries were risking or had fallen into another recession with obstinately high unemployment. The euro area sovereign debt crisis escalated and three countries have been bailed out. The United States (US) sovereign credit rating was historically downgraded while Japan was hit by the most severe earthquake and suffered from the post-quake nuclear leakage. On the other hand, although the developing economies and the economies in transition (EiT)...

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Economic Development In China After Mao

Although the Four Modernizations are associated with Deng Xiaoping this program was articulated by Zhou Enlai in 1975. The Communist Party from Lenin was committed to industrialization but Maoism took a different attitude, that modernization was a "road to capitalistic restoration." Zhou Enlai was suffering from cancer and was politically too weak to confront Mao's wife, Jiang Qing, on this issue. But Deng Xiaoping was more combative. In the fall of 1975 he published three documents which were to be the basis for the Four Modernizations. The Gang of Four labeled these documents "Three Poisonous Weeds" and made Deng the...

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Economic Effect Of Increase In Price Of Sugar

“What is the economic effect of increase in price of sugar on producer and consumers in Shah Alam?”...

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What Are Malaysias Main Imports And Exports

Illustrate the components of Malaysia’s imports and exports using a graph or chart and elaborate on it. Which countries are Malaysia’s main trading partners?...

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The Quantity Demanded Of A Good

If you demand something then you want it, afford it and make a definite plan to purchase it. The quantity demanded of a good is the amount that consumers ...

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The Internationalisation Process Of Sime Darby Berhad

This study will describe and analyse the internationalisation process of a leading Malaysian-based MNC called Sime Darby Berhad (SDB). The assignment will identify the structure and actions of this company in forming its expansion processes including the motivations for international investment, competitive strategies, and selection of foreign entry approaches....

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Economic Development Of Fata Within Pakistans Economic Capacity

1. Situated midway along Pakistan’s border with Afghanistan is a wedge of rugged terrain, dotted with sparsely populated valleys, home to a dozen Pakhtun tribes and hundreds of clans and sub-tribes. This mountainous land, known as the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), is made up of seven ‘political agencies’ and six smaller zones, called ‘Frontier Regions’, which separate the tribal agencies from the rest of the country. On three sides, FATA is bounded by the ‘settled’ provinces of Pakistan. The Durand Line forms its western border. In the 19th century, the area held great strategic importance, serving as a buffer between...

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Examining Mercosur Trading With India

MERCOSUR is a trading bloc in Latin America comprising Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay. It has Chile and Bolivia as its associate members. MERCOSUR was formed in 1991 with the objective of facilitating the free movement of goods, services, capital and people among the four member countries. MERCOSUR has become a successful market of about 200 million people, representing about 1 trillion dollars of GDP and 190 billion dollars of trade. It is the fourth largest integrated market after the European Union (EU), North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and ASEAN....

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High Technology Mncs From Domestic To International Markets

Globalization of economies combined with social and political reforms led to the enhancement of technology transfer and for speedy economic development importing technology from already flourishing countries was a key.(12) Technology transfer is defined as the attainment , development and consumption of knowledge by a country besides the one where it was initiated and is considered as an important strategy variable for a country’s development plan (25)inationalsherebycreating jobs and wealth for consumers in global markets which results in global economic growth and help developing nations become more stable and reduce cross border conflict by stimulating commerce and development. Established...

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The Uk Oligolopy Market Structure Of Supermarkets

There are mainly five key players in the supermarket industry- Tesco, Asda, Sainbury, Safeway and Morrisons (ChinaCCM). Thus, the supermarket industry in the UK could be described as an Oligopoly Market. Oligopolies lie between the definitions of perfect competition and pure monopoly. Firstly, there are several sellers but only a few big companies who have a large market share in the industry. In the UK, the five big supermarkets totally have 3/4th of the market share (123help me! com). Secondly, barriers to entry in the supermarket industry in the UK are high. Since the big firms have a great economic...

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Safety Nets A Tale Of Three Shocks

The new threats to the attainment of Millennium Development Goals come in many different forms, extent and impacts, depending on the developmental context of the country. The global economic crisis, natural disasters like typhoons and earthquakes and, structural adjustments due to trade and environmental considerations are just some of the challenges that may push many nations to miss MDG targets....

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Public And Private Economies

The economy at all the level, whether it is developed or developing economy, it is divided into two parts, private and public sector. Private sector economy is owned and operated by an individual entrepreneur whereas public sector economy is under control of government and operated by government....

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Residential Water Demand Model

Water resource management plays an increasing role in dealing with water scarcity problem of semi-arid urban area of developing countries. For sustainable and adequate water management of the city, it is essential to analyzed the impact of socio-economic and demographic variables on water use. This paper presents an econometric water demand model for forecasting future residential water demand of highly dense area of Jaipur city, India addressing the relationship between residential water use and socio-economic and demographic variables. The study applies an ordinary least squared (OLS) regression model to measures the impact of household income (I), age of respondent (A_R),...

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Ease Of Doing Business Between Countries

As figure1 shows, the current global economic slowdown has reduced FDI significantly in 2009. Dubai’s FDI fell by 67% and USA’s FDI fell by 60%. So, it becomes important for IPA sites to provide maximum investment information online. GIPB [12] (Global Investment promotion benchmarking) report shows the importance of providing information. GIPB measures:...

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International Trade Has Developed

International trade has developed sharply in recent years. This rapid and sustained growth puts pressure on freight gateways and hubs to handle the growing volumes. While the growth and concentration call for expansion of infrastructure and environmental concerns are based on the significant role of freight in air quality problems and the associated adverse health effects....

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Examples Of Principle Of Comparative Advantage

Thousands of years ago, people used fabrics to change for foods in ancient China. Together with the development of society, supply and demand of goods rises steadily in both amount and variety so that trade becomes a more and more important part in people’s lives. Along with the great progress of trade, economics gradually becomes an independent subject which studies the production and consumption of goods and services and the commercial activities of a society. Therefore, close relationship are established between basic economic theories and trade. In the year of 1815, Robert Torrens described comparative advantage firstly in an essay...

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The Economic Arguments For Gambling

This report focuses on the economic arguments for gambling, outlining the purpose and potential impacts and results of government intervention on the society ...

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The Continuity And Change In Contemporary Business

The essence of international business is activities of international economic exchanges. Economic exchanges aimed at the exchange of material and services, the exchange of material and services is achieved through the interpersonal, the nature of international business activities is cross-cultural business for the purpose of communication activities, namely, cross-cultural business communication. In international business, countries have different national conditions, political factors, commodity packaging material, structure, pattern and text logo, etc....

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What Effects Did The Credit Crunch Have On The Uk Economy

I have choose the topic of effect of credit crunch on uk economy for comparative analysis and for the purpose of this comparative analysis i have articles publish in business source premier. The title of the articles i have studied and compared are...

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Examining Demand And Supply Of Pcs

In Economics the market relations between prospective sellers and buyers of a good are known as demand and supply. The price and the quantity sold in a market is determined by the demand and supply model ……...

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The Role Of The Financial System In The Us Economy

What is the role of the financial system? Name and describe two markets that are part of the financial system in the U.S. economy. Name and describe two financial intermediaries....

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Les Determinants Performance Remboursement Credits Solidaires

La difficulté d'accéder aux sources financières constitue l'un des principaux obstacles à une participation accrue des démunies au développement économique. ...

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