APA Referencing

An Overview

APA Referencing is the referencing style of the American Psychological Association which is often used in the social sciences. APA is much the same as Harvard Referencing, following the format to cite a book:

  • Author, surname and initials, followed by a full stop
  • Publication year in brackets, followed by a full stop
  • Title of text in italics followed by a full stop
  • Place of publication followed by a colon
  • Name of publishers followed by a full stop

Thus, the citation of a book in APA would be like this:

Taylor, T. (2008). How to Reference. London: Macmillan.

To cite a journal, follow this layout:

  • Author of article, surname and initials followed by a full stop
  • Date of publication in brackets followed by a full stop
  • Title of article followed by a full stop
  • Title of journal in italics followed by a full stop
  • Issue number followed by a full stop
  • Page numbers followed by a full stop.

The citation of a journal in APA would be like this:

Taylor, T. (2008). Good Referencing. Referencing Today. 2. 11-26.

To cite an electronic text in APA follow this structure:

  • Author of article, surname and initials followed by a full stop
  • Date of publication in brackets followed by a full stop
  • Name of article followed by a full stop
  • Name of website in italics followed by a full stop
  • Date retrieved followed by a full stop
  • Website URL

The citation of an electronic source in APA would look like this:

Taylor, J. (2007). APA Referencing. Online Referencing Guide. Retrieved March 12, 2008, from <http://www.onlinereferencingguide>

In the body of the essay, referencing is parenthetical, as for Harvard Referencing.

Further resources

APA