What is a dissertation? Dissertation writing help & tips
A dissertation (sometimes known as a ‘thesis’) is a long piece of writing, usually prepared at the end of a course of study or as a text for a post-graduate degree such as a Masters or PhD.
A dissertation is either partly taught and partly researched or completely researched. In the case of the second of these, you will need to find a topic that is both interesting and original and that is capable of sustaining an extended argument.
How do I find a suitable dissertation topic?
When you are looking for a dissertation topic, the first thing to consider is whether or not you are sufficiently interested in the topic to sustain the research and writing of it over an extended period of time.
Your underlying motivation, however, in the selection of your topic should be originality. This is the major factor that will make your topic attractive and acceptable to a research committee.
Originality in a dissertation, however, need not mean coming up with an idea that has never been thought of before – though if you can do this, of course, it is definitely to your advantage!
Most dissertations rely on originality of approach and/or perspective rather than a completely original topic, as in most cases, especially within the Arts, these are almost impossible to find. The best way to seek out a niche of originality is via research.
What is the importance of research in my dissertation?
The importance of research in your dissertation cannot be overestimated; it is quite simply the backbone of your dissertation.
Beginning to read widely and deeply on your chosen topic should be the first thing that you do when you are thinking about your proposed dissertation. This means reading the basic texts first then moving on to the most recent work undertaken on the subject to ensure that no-one else has pre-empted your own idea – it can happen!
It is important that you look at the foundation texts for your subject first. Every topic has these and you will be familiar with them from the previous work you have done on the subject.
These texts are especially useful, not only because they are basic to the subject but also because you can use the bibliographies of these texts to expand your own research. This is perfectly acceptable as, if you look carefully, you will see that many of the texts are common to all of them therefore a core of knowledge is informing them all. As the writer of an original dissertation, you will be adding to this core and therefore you should not feel that it is wrong in any way to use these sources in your own dissertation research.
As you are researching, keep a record of your reading in the prescribed format of your college or university. This will enable you to familiarise yourself with the method of citation you are required to use in your dissertation (as these are often very different from one another, you should consult the style guide for the required method before you embark; if you do not have one there should be one in your academic library and/or online).
Another advantage of keeping a detailed and meticulous record of your research is that it makes your bibliography much easier to compile later; in fact, you might say that your bibliography evolves as your research does.
What you are chiefly looking for as you read is a niche for your own research to fill. Try to read even more critically than usual, looking for spaces where questions are left unanswered because it is possible that your own dissertation proposal could answer them.
What is a dissertation proposal?
A dissertation proposal is the document you prepare to submit to the research committee of your academic institution in order to get your dissertation research accepted.
This means that the proposal must be brief yet comprehensive in order to give the committee as much information as possible on which to base their decision, hopefully in your favour.
The structure of a dissertation proposal should be:
- A title page (this need only be a working title and can be slightly modified later as long as the fundamental research which was accepted does not alter).
- A contents page (self explanatory but obviously using consecutive page numbers, perhaps with the introduction in Roman numerals in lower case e.g. ‘iv’ instead of ‘4’).
- An abstract (this is a brief summary of what is to be contained within the dissertation).
- An introduction (this should introduce the dissertation topic, with a clear thesis statement and indication of the methodology to be used).
- A summary of each of the chapters (again, self explanatory but make sure you show how each links to the main argument).
- A conclusion (this should briefly sum up your major points and give an indication of future research).
- A bibliography (this should give a clear indication of the main texts to be employed but need not be fully comprehensive at this stage as you will be adding to it as you proceed with your research).
A dissertation proposal aims to persuade the research committee that this research needs to be undertaken and will add to the body of knowledge on the subject.
How should I prepare, write and present my dissertation?
Once your proposal has been accepted by the research committee, a supervisor will be appointed to oversee your work throughout its preparation, until its completion.
Your supervisor will be of invaluable help to you at every stage and you should meet with them regularly.
Both you and your supervisor will be expected to submit regular reports to the faculty research committee in order to keep them fully up to date on your progress. (The research committee is simply a group of appointed senior lecturers within the department, appointed by the governing senate of the university, sometimes your supervisor will be a member of this committee.)
As has been mentioned in some detail, research should be the main informative of your research process and you should be collecting evidence to use in your dissertation.
The basic format of presenting a dissertation is similar to that of the dissertation proposal, with expansions i.e.:
- A title page (this needs to be definitive, now, but you will not be at all unusual if you decide this at the end of your dissertation); include name and degree.
- A contents page (self explanatory, as has been said, using consecutive page numbers, with the introduction in Roman numerals in lower case e.g. ‘iv’ instead of ‘4’).
- An abstract (this is a one page summary of what is contained within the dissertation as a whole, with chapter summaries).
- The introduction (this should introduce the dissertation topic, with a clear thesis statement and indication of the methodology to be used).
- The main body of the dissertation (spread across a number of chapters – usually between three and five, depending on the length of the overall dissertation). The individual chapters of the main body should each address a different aspect of the dissertation topic whilst never veering too far from the central argument. You should ensure that you provide sufficient evidentiary support, correctly referenced in the stipulated format and it should be analysed in detail.
- The conclusion (this should summarise your argument, provide a synthesis of your thinking and give an indication of future research to be undertaken).
- The bibliography (this should include a comprehensive list, possibly subdivided into primary and secondary sources, of all your reading for your dissertation, whether you have quoted from it in your dissertation or not).
- Appendices (these are not always needed but if you have used them and referred to them in your dissertation then ensure they are logically structured and presented).
What happens after I have completed my dissertation?
The dissertation will be examined by an internal and an external examiner, appointed by the academic board.
You will then have to attend an oral examination (known as a ‘viva’, short for ‘viva voce’ (from the Latin ‘with the living voice’) where you will be asked to defend your dissertation by your examiners and where, hopefully, you will be told you have been successful. In fact, the examiners can decide one of the following:
- To award the degree outright to the candidate
- To award the degree with revisions which will need to be approved before the degree is finally awarded to the candidate
- To award a lesser degree (a Masters, if this is a for a Doctorate)
- To award a lesser degree to the candidate after approved revisions
- To fail the candidate (this is quite rare because usually a supervisor will advise you to rewrite your dissertation until it is of the required standard).
Remember that a dissertation is essentially a sequence of extended thought and the more original and well-researched yours is, the more likely you are to succeed!
Cite This Dissertation
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: