University Essay Writing

This guide will help you successfully complete your university essays and become self confident in writing them. Remember, nobody was born brilliant, so make friends with your pen and start practising your university essay writing skills today!

The rules of university essay writing are paradoxically determined and playful. They differ in expression from discipline to discipline, but any good essay should contain:

  • a thesis,
  • evidence,
  • counter-arguments,
  • and ingenuity

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Find Appropriate and Qualitative References:

  • You should try to avoid chaotic saturation of articles, guides and tips that are offering you help on internet and instead try to classify sources and reduce them to the most important ones
  • Use academic databases in the library of YOUR University. You should be aware of the fact that professors like it if you use their bibliography on the subject you are undertaking
  • Try to include at least one article of your professor's academic work or find another professor at YOUR university program, who is researching this area of expertise
  • The library at YOUR University is usually the most safe source of references
  • It is also recommended to use at least one classic author in the subject area
  • It is recommended to make a draft before you start writing. Make clear paragraphs, use bullet points to map out the content of each paragraph and organize the structure.
  • Follow the instructions given by your professor

General Structure:


The introduction is an invitation for readers to join your journey of researching. An introduction is like a kicker in marketing. Kicker is something that has to be remembered - it has to grab reader’s attention. It is like a good smell in a kitchen that makes us hungry even if we just have eaten. You can start with a provocative idea, inviting your reader to follow your own path of discovery.

Main body of a text

In main body of your essay, you should present your thesis. You can do that in a deductive way, which is most common argumentative structure, meaning that you start with general argument and gradually support it with evidence or you can go the other way around – start with the evidence and draw a conclusion from it


You should smoothly find the end by trying to avoid immediate cutting of. Try also to include some intriguing questions or put stress on what should be further researched. Give a hint on a current subject within your topic. Remember: suggestion, tonality and colours of your statements are very important.


The bibliography should be laid out according to your university guidelines. Don’t forget to include all sources you’ve used, even if it was just for ideas.


A crucial thing in university essay writing is the definition of a main thesis. It is like taking the main ingredient of a dish and then adding spices to make it more delicious. Thesis should be clear and concrete.

Try to outline the most important facts and put them in the form of an arguments. It is of vital importance to support your statements with evidence. It can be in the form of a quotation or statistic facts, depending on a field area within your writing.

Be aware that your thesis could be wrong. So make sure you are not underestimating your reader.

Just make your thesis clear, support it with arguments and evidence and highlight possible counter-arguments. be sure you are not sabotaging your conclusions with a lack of knowledge.


Writing is also a creative process. A great tool of creativity is brainstorming. Try to be innovative in using words and in building sentences. A good technique is finding examples and illustrating arguments with metaphors or analogies from your everyday life. Use the principle of “less is more”. Even if you have to include complicated terminology, it is far more important to make the text understandable.

When you’re finished, is it finished?

When you think you’re finished your essay, read the text through for several times, until it reads just how you want it to sound. Make sure that you don't get stuck. Your sentences must flow. Correct any grammatical mistakes. Make sure your ideas are valid. Extensive revision also involves putting the essay aside for a few days. And then rereading is more objective.

Top Tips for university essay writing

To write an effective university essay, follow these simple tips:

  • Plan your essay carefully, with a coherent argument that is backed up by evidence from sources;
  • Set a deadline for the completion of your draft essay, at least a couple of days before the final deadline. Take a break and return to your draft afterwards, so that your mind will be clearer and focused on making improvements;
  • Avoid using indecisive phrases, such as ‘possibly’, ‘maybe’, ‘perhaps’ and ‘it could be said’. Argue your points firmly and decisively;
  • Ensure total accuracy of grammar, spelling and punctuation: the checkers in word-processing software will be invaluable in helping you to achieve this;
  • Write a short conclusion that summarises your argument and shows you have answered the question, but without adding any new material or ideas;
  • Above all, enjoy the essay-writing experience. Be confident. Believe that your argument is right, but be prepared to defend yourself against those who disagree.

Related Resources

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