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Classroom Observation Tool For Toddlers Children And Young People Essay

4477 words (18 pages) Essay in Young People

5/12/16 Young People Reference this

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Instructions: Spend some time simply observing the classroom before recording. Use the checkboxes to note when you observe specific indicators. Focus on the experiences of individual children, not just a general sense of the classroom overall. Note evidence as to whether the criterion is being met or not. All indicators must be checked for a criterion to be fully met. Provide comments if you circle “Yes but.” If you observe all indicators in the criterion, check Yes. Count the number of Yes boxes for each topic area and standard.

Number

NAEYC Accreditation Criterion

1.B.01

Teaching staff foster children’s emotional well-being by demonstrating respect for children and creating a positive emotional climate as reflected in behaviors such as frequent social conversations, joint laughter, and affection.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

It was clear that even the youngest teachers were already “used” to kids. There was mostly (95%+) THE INDICATED BEHAVIORS.

1.B.02

Teaching staff express warmth through behaviors such as physical affection, eye contact, tone of voice, and smiles.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Most of the teachers were very kind and responsive. One was a little harsh – but that was over the fenced area at the Pre-K’s.

1.B.03

Teaching staff are consistent and predictable in their   physical and   emotional care of all children.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Again, there were obviously some children who were “needy” – constant crying. I assumed nothing was really wrong with them. They just wanted attention, but it did seem two or three of these cryers were left alone for too long (5 – 6 minutes), with no adult close by.

1.B.04

Teaching staff encourage and recognize children’s work and accomplishments.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

I observed several classrooms (5) and the instructors praised the children often with smiles and kind words.

1.B.05

Teaching staff function as secure bases for children. They respond promptly in developmentally appropriate ways to children’s   positive initiations,   negative emotions, and   feelings of hurt and fear   by providing comfort, support, and assistance.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

I observed that the instructors responded more to positive than negative. One teacher was very constant in applying physical attention to one of the more difficult children, but the face / wrods were not as kind as the gestures.

1.B.06

Teaching staff encourage children’s appropriate expression of emotions, both positive (e.g., joy, pleasure, excitement) and negative (e.g., anger, frustration, sadness).

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments: I observed no children acting really badly for their age. The instructors were not restricitive – allowing the children to be children.

1.B.07

Teaching staff evaluate and change their responses based on individual needs. Teachers vary their interactions to be sensitive and responsive to  differing abilities,  temperaments,

  activity levels, and   cognitive and   social development.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

The teachers and the students and admin staff, of course, all have their own personalities and it ranges throughout the day. No one I know is perfvectly consistent and that is not expected.

1.B.08

Teaching staff support children’s competent and self-reliant exploration and use of classroom materials.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

I saw the instructors allow the toddlers to roam wherever they wanted with little to no intervention.

1.B.09

Teaching staff never use physical punishment such as shaking or hitting and do not engage in psychological abuse or coercion.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

I saw no instances of abuse.

1.B.10

Teaching staff never use threats or derogatory remarks, and do not withhold nor threaten to withhold food as a form of discipline.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

I saw no instances of abuse.

1.B.13

Teaching staff adjust their interactions to infants’ and toddlers’/twos’ various states and levels of arousal.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

1.B.14

Teaching staff quickly respond to infants’ and toddlers’/twos’ cries or other signs of distress by   providing physical comfort and   needed care.   Teaching staff are sensitive to infants’ and toddlers’/twos’ signals and learn to read their individual cries.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

I observed that the problem children were generally left alone longer than the compliant, well-behaved children.

1.B.15

Teaching staff talk frequently with children and listen to children with attention and respect. They

respond to children’s questions and requests.

use strategies to communicate effectively and build relationships with every child.

engage regularly in meaningful and extended conversations with each child.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

I observe that in rare instances during my visits, the communications between the instructors and the children was respectful and consistent.

1.C.02

Teaching staff support children’s development of friendships and provide opportunities for children to play with and learn from each other.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

The toddlers had quite a bit of interaction with each other. Again, distinct personalities already. Some children very gregarious, others preferred play time alone.

1.C.03

Teaching staff support children as they practice social skills and build friendships by helping them  enter into,  sustain, and  enhance play.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments: I sam several instances where the teachers were encouraging the children to group together for common play such as on the slides in the playground, and helping set the food out at lunch.

1.C.04

Teaching staff assist children in resolving conflicts by helping them   identify feelings,  describe problems, and   try alternative solutions.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

The conflicts were all very minor, except one where one child I think accidently bopped another on the head in the gym.

It was resolved in under a minute, though.

1.C.05

Teaching staff guide children who bully, isolate, or hurt other children to learn and follow the rules of the classroom.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

I saw no evidence of the above issues.

1.C.06

Teaching staff facilitate positive peer interaction for children who are   socially reserved or withdrawn and for  those who are bullied or excluded.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

I saw no evidence of the above issues.

1.D.01

Teaching staff counter potential bias and discrimination by

treating all children with equal respect and consideration

initiating activities and discussions that build positive self-identity and teach the valuing of differences.

intervening when children tease or reject others.

providing models and visual images of adult roles, differing abilities, and ethnic or cultural backgrounds that counter stereotypical limitations.

avoiding stereotypes in language references.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

I saw no evidence of the above issues.

1.D.02

Teachers provide children opportunities to develop the classroom community through participation in decision making about classroom  rules,  plans, and  activities.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

I observed that at this age, there was limited ability of the children to actively understand and participate, though there was more on the activity side and none on the rules side. There are extensive rules posted everywhere.

1.D.03

Teaching staff anticipate and take steps to prevent potential behavior problems.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

1.D.04

Teaching staff help children talk about  their own and  others’ emotions. They provide opportunities for children to  explore a wide range of feelings and the different ways that those feelings can be expressed.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Again, limited because of the developmental age of toddlers.

1.D.05

Teaching staff promote pro-social behavior by interacting in a respectful manner with all staff and children. They

model turn taking and sharing as well as caring behaviors.

help children negotiate their interactions with one another and with shared materials.

engage children in the care of their classroom.

ensure that each child has an opportunity to contribute to the group.

encourage children to listen to one another.

encourage and help children to provide comfort when others are sad or distressed.

use narration and description of ongoing interactions to identify pro-social behaviors.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Again, limited because of the developmental age of toddlers. There is a 1:5 ratio and generally when in a group – which is all the time, all of the above is at least modeled or encouraged.

1.E

Addressing Challenging Behaviors

1.E.03

Rather than focus solely on reducing the challenging behavior, teachers focus on

teaching the child social, communication, and emotional regulation skills and

using environmental modifications, activity modifications, adult or peer support, and other teaching strategies to support the child’s appropriate behavior.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Most of this was being taught from a modeling (by the instructors). Not too much intellectualizing…again, seems age dependent.

1.E.04

Teaching staff respond to a child’s challenging behavior, including physical aggression, in a manner that

provides for the safety of the child.

provides for the safety of others in the classroom.

is calm.

is respectful to the child.

provides the child with information on acceptable behavior.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

I observed no toddler aggression, and only three children who had some challenging behavior (all three were “cryers”). However, in the classroom, teachers were highly positive reinforcers of positive behaviors and mostly ignored the bad behaviors.

1.F.01

Teaching staff actively teach children  social,  communication, and  emotional regulation skills.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Saw this constantly from staff & instructors throughout facility.

1.F.02

Teaching staff help children manage their behavior by guiding and supporting children to

persist when frustrated.

play cooperatively with other children.

use language to communicate needs.

learn turn taking.

gain control of physical impulses.

express negative emotions in ways that do not harm others or themselves.

use problem-solving techniques.

learn about self and others.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments: Again, mostly saw positives – toddlers’ “visible” absorption and understanding are limited.

2.A.04

The curriculum can be implemented in a manner that reflects responsiveness to  family home values, beliefs, experiences, and   language.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments: At this age, children’s developmental skills in language are so limited, that curriculum does not directly address.

2.A.07

The curriculum guides the development of a daily schedule that is predictable yet flexible and responsive to individual needs of the children. The schedule

provides time and support for transitions.

includes both indoor and outdoor experiences.

is responsive to a child’s need to rest or be active.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Same as above. Saw evidence in the older: pre-K, though.

2.A.08

Materials and equipment used to implement the curriculum reflect the lives of the children and families as well as the diversity found in society, including  gender,   age,

  language, and   abilities.

Materials and equipment

provide for children’s safety while being appropriately challenging.

encourage exploration, experimentation, and discovery.

promote action and interaction.

are organized to support independent use.

are rotated to reflect changing curriculum and to accommodate new interests and skill levels.

are rich in variety.

accommodate children’s special needs.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Same as above: limited formal curriculum.

2.A.10

The curriculum guides teachers to incorporate content, concepts, and activities that foster

  social,   emotional,   physical,   language, and   cognitive development and   that integrate key areas of content including literacy, mathematics, science, technology, creative expression and the arts, health and safety, and social studies.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Same as above: limited formal curriculum.

2.A.11

The schedule   provides children learning opportunities, experiences, and projects that extend over the course of several days and it incorporates time for:

  play,   self-initiated learning,   creative expression,

  large-group,   small-group, and   child-initiated activity.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Yes. Each instructor (which there is three assigned per class on average) has all of these posted and the teachers refer to the schedule regularly.

2.A.12

The curriculum guides teachers to plan for children’s engagement in play (including dramatic play and blocks) that is integrated into classroom topics of study.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Yes. Each instructor (which there is three assigned per class on average) has all of these posted and the teachers refer to the schedule regularly.

2.B.01

Children have varied opportunities to engage throughout the day with teaching staff who

are attentive and responsive to them.

facilitate their social competence.

facilitate their ability to learn through interacting with others.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

All the instructors were constantly engaged. Even the 1:5 ratio meant the instructors were constantly interacting with their charges.

2.B.02

Children have varied opportunities to recognize and name   their own and   others’ feelings.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Limited vocabulary and I saw little negative acting out between the children.

2.B.03

Children have varied opportunities to learn the skills needed to regulate their emotions, behavior, and attention.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

2.B.04

Children have varied opportunities to develop a sense of competence and positive attitudes toward learning, such as persistence, engagement, curiosity, and mastery.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

The instructors and staff were very attentive, but not smothering – even in the infant rooms.

2.B.05

Children have varied opportunities to develop skills for entering into social groups, developing friendships, learning to help, and other pro-social behavior.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Same as above.

2.B.06

Children have varied opportunities to

interact positively, respectfully, and cooperatively with others.

learn from and with one another.

resolve conflicts in constructive ways.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments: Same as above, but I saw almost no conflicts.

2.B.07

Children have varied opportunities to learn to understand, empathize with, and take into account other people’s perspectives.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments: Limited development of toddlers means this is not fully utilized yet.

2.C.

Areas of Development: Physical Development

2.C.03

Children are provided varied opportunities and materials that support fine-motor development.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Drawing centers, etc. all available inside room and out in play area. Though I did not see any children take advantage of these activities except a few in the classrooms. The children seemed more into gross motor development.

2.D.01

Children are provided with opportunities for language acquisition that

align with the program philosophy.

consider family perspectives.

consider community perspectives.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments: Again, toddler limitations, but within program posted guidelines.

2.D.02

Children are provided opportunities to experience oral and written communication in a language their family uses or understands.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments: As above.

2.D.03

Children have varied opportunities to develop competence in verbal and nonverbal communication by

responding to questions.

communicating needs, thoughts, and experiences.

describing things and events.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments: As above, but instructors definitely not limiting children’s attempts – and mostly encouraging their understanding.

2.D.04

Children have varied opportunities to develop vocabulary through  conversations,  experiences,   field trips, and   books.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Conversations and experiences, yes. Not yet in the book stage – though there was a reading time assigned.

2.D.05

Children who are nonverbal are provided alternative communication strategies.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

All the children were variously verbal.

2.E.02

Toddlers/twos have varied opportunities to experience books, songs, rhymes, and routine games through

individualized play that includes simple rhymes, songs, and sequences of gestures (e.g., finger plays, peekaboo, patty-cake, this little piggy).

daily opportunities to hear and respond to various types of books including picture books, wordless books, and books with rhymes.

access to durable books that enable independent exploration.

experiences that help them understand that pictures represent real things in their environment.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Time is set aside everyday for these activities as age appropriate to toddlers. The concentration was in the first area mentioned: simple items.

2.E.03

Children have opportunities to become familiar with print. They are actively involved in making sense of print, and they have opportunities to become familiar with, recognize, and use print that is accessible throughout the classroom:

Items belonging to a child are labeled with his or her name.

Materials are labeled.

Print is used to describe some rules and routines.

Teaching staff help children recognize print and connect it to spoken words.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

No yet developing in this age group.

2.F.01

Infants and toddlers/twos are provided varied opportunities and materials to

use language, gestures, and materials to convey mathematical concepts such as more and less and big and small.

see and touch different shapes, sizes, colors, and patterns.

build number awareness, using objects in the environment.

read books that include counting and shapes.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Children encouraged and a wide range of these items available through the facility.

2.F.02

Children are provided varied opportunities and materials to build understanding of numbers, number names, and their relationship to object quantities and to symbols.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Available but children not yet showing real interest.

2.F.03

Children are provided varied opportunities and materials to categorize by one or two attributes such as shape, size, and color.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Same

2.F.04

Children are provided varied opportunities and materials that encourage them to integrate mathematical terms into everyday conversation.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Same

2.G.01

Infants and toddlers/twos are provided varied opportunities and materials to

use their senses to learn about objects in the environment.

discover that they can make things happen and solve simple problems.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Yes, throughout the facility

2.H.01

The use of passive media such as television, film, videotapes, and audiotapes is limited to developmentally appropriate programming.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

I saw there was AV equipment, but saw none in use for this age group.

2.J.01

Children are provided varied opportunities to gain an appreciation of  art,  music,  drama, and  dance in ways that reflect cultural diversity.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

I saw more of this in the pre-K, not toddler, but the posters etc showed a wide variety of people of color, gender and dress.

2.J.02

Infants and toddlers/twos are provided varied opportunities to explore and manipulate age-appropriate art materials.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

This was well constructed with large chalk, crayons, craft paper, etc.

2.J.03

Infants and toddlers/twos have varied opportunities to express themselves creatively by

  freely moving to music and   engaging in pretend or imaginative play.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

2.J.04

Children are provided varied opportunities to learn new concepts and vocabulary related to

  art,   music,   drama, and   dance.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

As contained in the schedules – but still limited for the toddlers.

2.J.05

Children are provided varied opportunities to develop and widen their repertoire of skills that support artistic expression (e.g., cutting, gluing, and caring for tools).

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Really not allowed yet in this age group.

2.K.01

Children are provided varied opportunities and materials that encourage good health practices, such as serving and feeding themselves, rest, good nutrition, exercise, hand washing, and brushing teeth.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Very well documented program and I observed the instructors helping the children with these activities and encouraging some self-suffiency.

2.K.02

Children are provided varied opportunities and materials to help them learn about nutrition, including   identifying sources of food and  recognizing,  preparing,  eating, and  valuing healthy foods.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments: Again, plenty of signage for this, but age limited.

2.K.03

Children are provided varied opportunities and materials that increase their awareness of safety rules in their  classroom,   home, and   community.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Ditto

2.K.04

Children have opportunities to practice safety procedures.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Ditto. Was glad to see children either helping to open doors or avoiding closing doors.

2.L.01

Children are provided varied learning opportunities that foster positive identity and an emerging sense of   self and   others.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

The instructor were great about letting the children be free to do so.

2.L.02

Children are offered opportunities to become a part of the classroom community so each child feels accepted, and gains a sense of belonging.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

2.L.03

Children are provided varied opportunities and materials to build their understanding of diversity in

 culture,   family structure,   ability,   language,   age,  gender in non-stereotypical ways.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

Yes, but same as general comments: children not yet old enough for these concepts, directly.

2.L.04

Children are provided opportunities and materials to explore social roles in the family and workplace through play.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

NA

2.L.05

Children are provided varied opportunities and materials to learn about the community in which they live.

Fully met? (circle): Yes Yes, but No

Evidence/comments:

NA – some very limited church related community chats.

3.A.01

Teaching staff, program staff, or both work as a team to implement daily teaching and learning activities, including Individualized Family Service Plans (IFSPs), Individualized Education Programs (IEPs), an

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