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Social interaction is a complex phenomenon in which varied terminologies govern the outcomes from the perspective of positivity or negativity associated with it. Significance of social interaction can be analyzed in improvement rates of people depicting certain mental illness and even in people without mental illness. Relationships with family, friends and society improve self-esteem which in turn leads to mental and psychosocial well-being. Various mental diseases including; trauma, depression, anxiety and schizophrenia are being improved through exposure to a sound social setting where mental illness is not considered a stigma. An analysis of the respective relationship shows that positive and supportive social interactions may improve psychological well-being of individuals with stigma of mental illness.
Rationale of the Study:
Social work is attributed as the activity of improving the social function of an individual considering his conditions. Through social work, a person is not only treated for his psychological illness but his social productivity is enhanced so that he can, to the maximum extent, work with healthy members of the society. As mental well-being is associated or has been found to be improved through social interactions, the respective paper has been established to discuss various aspects regarding mental health and its consequences on society and vice versa. Recovery model also entails a factor of social involvement and its effect on recovery of a mentally ill person in external concepts. Principle VII has justified the respective position by portraying that developing trusting relationships is influential in recovery process. Hence, the study of the topic has benefits as an addition to the existing literature.
Ahmedani, B. K. (2011). Mental health stigma: Society, individuals, and the profession. Journal
of Social Work Values and Ethics, 8(2), 4-16.
World Health Organization has found that 25% of the population is suffering from mental of behavioral disorder. The article analyzes that stigma is prevalent in society which is hindering the recovery process of patients with mental illness. The definition of stigma has been given as Ã¯Â¿Â½spoiled identityÃ¯Â¿Â½ and its various dimensions are being highlighted in context of reducing recovery. Presentation of epistemology of mental health stigma along with implications for social worker to overcome this problem is the main features of this article.
The research has been carried out in the School of Social Work and holds prime aspects that are necessary from the perspective of a social worker. Assessment of the study indicates that how role of social worker should be performed as there are biases and stigmatized behavior shown by health professionals and social workers as well. Therefore, the study has broader spectrum for incorporating in the research.
The article is of value to the research process as it defines the types of stigma especially social stigma which is significant for the study. Similarly, the role of social worker and specific implications provided are the dominant aspects that cannot be neglected for studying the social impact of stigma on mental health.
Brohan, E., Slade, M., Clement, S., & Thornicoft, G. (2010). Experiences of mental illness
stigma, prejudice and discrimination: a review of measures.BMC Health Services Research, 10(80), 1-11.
The article is a survey based study carried out to determine stigmatized attitude for mental illness by individuals who have had mental illness. Definition and dimensions of stigma are briefly provided in the article but major portion is based on the differences between perceived, experiences and self stigma. Stigma measurement tools are also being mentioned for use by professionals to determine the level of stigma associated with a certain community. The article is significant as it helps to determine which society is stigma free for recovery of individuals with mental illness.
The respective source of literature, along with other sources, is helpful in formulating a comprehensive literature on stigma and its measurement. It is an authentic research from BMC where methodologies for various medical procedures are being made available. The tools formulated are being made reliable for generalizing to other populations.
The article is relevant for my research as it helps in meta-analysis of stigma, along with other articles, and provides a detailed analysis on how stigma operates in a society and how it can be measured. As a social worker, certain features need to be clarified about community for recovery of mental illness and the respective article is fulfilling the need.
Link, B. G., Struening, E. L., Neese-Todd, S., Asmussen, S., & Phelan, J. C. (2001). The
consequences of stigma for the self-esteem of people with mental illnesses. Psychiatric Services, 52(12), 1621-1626.
This article is based on the study of the effect of stigma on self esteem of individuals with mental illness. It measures self esteem of individuals with mental illness after facing certain stigma from society. Specific focus is on perceived stigma.
As previous study was focusing on the relationship of stigma with social interactions, similarly, this article is based on finding a link between stigma and self-esteem, a dominant factor of social interaction. This article analyzes whether self esteem is influenced or not and is very important for comparative analysis and concluding the research.
Self esteem is the prime factor affected by social interactions either positively or negatively and stigma is the factor that governs the state of positive or negative self-esteem. Therefore, the research is crucial for incorporating in finding whether social interactions have positive effect on psychological health of mental patients or not.
Perlick, D. A., Rosenheck, R. A., Clarkin, J. F., Sirey, J. A., Salahi, J., Struening, E. L., & Link,
B. G. (2001). Adverse effects of perceived stigma on social adaptation of persons diagnosed with bipolar affective disorder. Psychiatric Services, 52(12), 1627-1632.
Bipolar Affective Disorder is a depressive illness and patients with this type of mental illness are specifically affected by social activities. The article also discusses the effect of perceived stigma on social adaptation of patients with this disease. Factors of social adjustment are first analyzed and then the effect of perceived stigma has been highlighted to cause adverse effects on these factors. It has been shown that stigma is hindering the treatment process of mental illnesses as well.
The article is from Psychiatric Services and the methodology adopted presents it to be reliable for generalizing the results to another setting. The respective article, along with other researches, will contribute towards the formation of evidence based study.
The main aim of using this article in the research is to provide an authentic base for proving that social interactions are playing positive role but are hindered by factors as stigma for mental illnesses.
Saxena, S., Jane-Llopis, E., & Hosman, C. (2006). Prevention of mental and behavioral
disorders: implications for policy and practice. World Psychiatry, 5(1), 5-14.
The article is based on providing the base and importance of interventions and policies for patients with mental illness. The article emphasizes on the need of macro-policy interventions especially the demand of social determinants of mental and physical health. All the policies regarding legislation, substance abuse, social structure, and healthcare services are being highlighted to be significant in improving mental health.
The respective article has been formulated by joint efforts of various departments of World Health Organization in order to provide a complete picture of all the factors that reduces the risk of mental illnesses and improves mental illnesses. Therefore, the results are significant in terms of implications of policies and direction for policy makers to improve mental health status of community.
The article is necessary for this research as it is depicting at which stage social markers are dominant in mental illnesses. The risk factors are also related to social structure and improvement in condition of mental illness is also dependent on social functioning. Therefore, it is necessary for the study.
Silva, M. J., McKenzie, K., Harpham, T., & Huttly, S. R. (2005). Social capital and mental
illness: a systematic review. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 59, 619-627.
This study has been carried out to show the effect of social capital in improving mental illness. Social capital is defined in the research as being accumulative of social practices and interventions. This study is a type of meta-analysis and has shown that social capital and social structure forms a personÃ¯Â¿Â½s environment which affects his mental status or health.
The study does not show the exact effect of social capital with mental illness as specific interventions for particular mental illness is not defined. However, the research is beneficial in showing the effects of various social factors on development of positive social environment. The article is taken from epidemiological journal and the overall effect in terms of community outcomes is being discussed in its articles.
This is crucial for our research as it depicts that various social factors form the basis of positive or negative environment of an individual through which his mental health can be determined. The effect has been analyzed on cognitive and social capital separately and is important.
The study and the analysis of the articles show that mental illnesses need amalgamation of social and political interventions for their improvement. This purpose cannot be achieved unless joint efforts are not put together. The stigmatized behavior towards individuals is damaging their health and affecting the social productivity as a whole. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid such behavior as positive and supportive social interactions may improve psychological well-being of individuals with stigma of mental illness. Although further research is required in this regard yet it cannot be denied that mental health needs social determinants to be achieved.