Testing on animals is a highly noticeable issue in today’s society. Annually, about 500 million animals are sacrificed to human experiments. People have different passions for animals; many consider animals as companions, but others regard animals as developing medical and empirical research. In the latter, animals are used for the development of medical treatments, the safety of products, other biomedical, and health care use. Some people believe testing on animals causes, pain, torture, and the deaths of animals; however, testing helps people to live and survive in better conditions. Without animals testing, the cure for many diseases like polio and diabetics would not exist, and many people would suffer or die from their illness. This essay will argue that testing on animals is beneficial by exploring the areas of human testing, accurate and efficient result, cost and the need for medical research.
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Many people think that animal testing is inhuman and cruel. According to the US Department of Agriculture (2016), “71,370 animals suffered pain during experiments while being given no anesthesia for relief”, that is the cruel reality of animal test for millions of mice, rabbits, dogs, and other animals worldwide. However, tasting new drugs on people or children will be more brutal or to let people die because there was not adequate knowledge about a drug. Furthermore, legislators in most countries have sets standards for animals testing. According to Festing and Wilkinson (2007), “the bioscience community accepts that animals should be used for research only within an ethical framework”. These rules vary around the world, but most governments aim to control the number of animals may be used in a specific test and the level of pain that caused without anesthetic; besides, laboratories have guidelines for preventing animal cruelty.
To further understand why testing on animals is beneficial, this section explores the idea that of efficiency and accuracy of testing drugs, and finding appropriate treatments from these tests. Opponents of animals research say that animals information does not apply to individuals, and several drugs have been eliminated because of side effects and inefficiency for the human. While it is true that animals and humans are different at shape and size; however, at a physiological and anatomical level, they are notably similar. The similarity means that nearly 90% of the veterinary medicines that are used to treat animals are the same as, or very similar to, those developed to treat human patients (Conn & Parker, 2008). These similarities are sufficient to find beneficial drugs, as well as to transmit information from animals to individuals. Today, many drugs and treatment like insulin, antibiotics, vaccines, various cancer were developed through the use of animals in research.
Animals rights advocates claim that animal tests are useless and expensive. They say already vast amounts of information exist from the past and, test on animals again is unnecessary. In spite of that, based on a report by Emerging Infectious Diseases (2017) “Over the past 30 years, at least 30 new infectious diseases have emerged to threaten the health of millions of people across the globe.” So, the main challenge to combat these diseases is that for many of them, there is no specific treatment or vaccine. One of these diseases is the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), that has not any drug or treatment. Therefore, in the future by animal testing can provide a successful treatment for this kind of diseases. Another important thing for the opponents of animal is the high cost of tests, some animals test take several years to conduct and analyze, the cost of these tests are expensive and sometimes millions of dollars spent for a test. “the National Institutes of Health budget is almost $10 billion in funding for projects that include animal testing and experimentation” (The Animal Testing and Experimentation Industry, 2015). On the other hand, it is true that testing on animals is costly but The advantage of animal testing is that it puts no human lives at risk. Also, test a new drug and treatment is necessary and vital for humanity because humans are the future generation and it is very important and critical to saving their life.
Animal testing is necessary and essential for medical progress, and it is useful for our knowledge of most diseases. Until humans find a better, more beneficial solution to medical progress, the use of animals in the laboratory for medical research is the most reliable option. If we prevent animal tests, it would be much crueler to test new drugs on individuals or to let people die because there is not enough knowledge about a drug. Unfortunately, in order to provide the best things for human beings, we have to sacrifice animals. However, with the help of modern knowledge and animal-right, humans can reduce this pain in animals.
- Animal Testing (n.d.). Retrieved May 25, 2019, from https://www.hsi.org/issues/animal-testing/?ea.tracking.id=bl19-googlegrants&utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc+grants&utm_campaign=1646928887&adgroup=67034253510&utm_term=stopping%20animal%20testing&attr=rkd_search_grant&gclid=EAIaIQobChMI1q7G29K54gIVj_hkCh28eQsPEAAYASAAEgLFxPD_BwE
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- Conn, P.M., & Parker, J.V. (2008). The Animal Research War, Palgrave Macmillan
- Festing S., & Wilkinson P. (2007). The ethics of animal research. Talking Point on the use of animals in scientific research Retrieved May 25, 2019, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2002542/
- History of Animal Testing (2016) Retrieved May 28, 2019, from https://animal-testing.procon.org/history-of-animal-testing/
- Patrick Abboud (2013). What’s the cost of being a human lab ratRetrieved June 3, 2019, from https://www.sbs.com.au/news/what-s-the-cost-of-being-a-human-lab-rat
Shuvankar Mukherjee (October 2017). Emerging Infectious Diseases: Epidemiological Perspective Retrieved May 25, 2019, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5618832/
- The Animal Testing and Experimentation Industry. (n.d.). Retrieved June 3, 2019, from https://www.navs.org/the-issues/the-animal-testing-and-experimentation-industry/#.XPXjVYKBhPY
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