Death of Prophet Mohammed


This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

Shia and Sunni are the two branches of Islam, separated after the death of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH). Both Shia and Sunni agree and have strong faith on oneness of God and the Quran revealed upon prophet Mohammed (PBUH). The divide between Shia and Sunnis originated only after the death of the prophet where Sunnis claimed that during the lifetime of prophet he never assigned his successor and therefore to carry forward the legacy only the members of his tribe Quraysh are qualified and subsequently the majority of muslims appointed Abu Baqr as the first caliph as he was known to be a close companion of the Prophet and his family, but he was only a political and social leader and not a spiritual leader. On the other side Shias who were relatively smaller group believed Prophet Mohammed Successor must be someone who belonged from his family. And Therefore, Shias have very strong belief that Prophet's son-in-law and cousin, Ali, was appointed by Porphet himself during Ghadir Khumm as the sole interpreter of his legacy, in both political and spiritual terms.

From a historical viewpoint, after Prophet Mohammed's (PBUH) death in 632 AD, a disagreement broke out between muslims concerning who is the rightful successor of the Prophet. Both Shias and Sunnis have enough evidence to support their ideologies in understanding of the succession. The basis of Sunni ideology was after the death of Prophet we have to follow his teaching which was the sunnah of the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH), and from then on this section in Islam came up who are known as Sunnis which in Arabic means "one who follows the traditions of the Prophet." The strong argument made by Sunnis is that the prophet chose Abu Baqr to lead his congregational prayers, thus suggesting that Prophet wanted Abu Baqr to be the next leader after him. And this thought got more supporters when Umar ibn al-Khattab, a prominent companion of Muhammad, nominated Abu Bakr as the first caliph, and relying on his decision later on many others added their vote making Abu Baqr the first caliph of muslim community and the successor of majority of the muslim world.

Contrasting to this view point, a minority group stood up saying Abu Baqr was only the companion of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) but cannot be assigned as his successor when his family members are alive, as the minority believed the leadership must stay in the Prophets family to those specifically appointed by him. And this minority is today commonly known as Shias often shortened from the historical term "Shia-t-Ali," which means the party of Ali. Shias are also known as followers of "Ahl-al-Bayt" which means followers of prophet's family. Shias believe after the death of prophet mohammed, leadership should have passed directly to his cousin and son-in-law, Ali. The reason behind this is Shias do not believe in the process of elected religious leaders, instead they believe in following a line of Imam's appointed by Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) himself. Moreover, the strong evidence shia world has regarding the right successor is when Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) stood up in Ghadeer Khumm in front of his Companions on the way back from his last Hajj (hijjat al-wada) and ordered to all the people with him "Man kuntu Maula, fa-haza Ali-yun Maula" which means "For whom I was your leader, Ali is your leader also." This statement by Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) is clear evidence stating that after his death his successor will be Ali.

From a theological viewpoint,



Writing Services

Essay Writing

Find out how the very best essay writing service can help you accomplish more and achieve higher marks today.

Assignment Writing Service

From complicated assignments to tricky tasks, our experts can tackle virtually any question thrown at them.

Dissertation Writing Service

A dissertation (also known as a thesis or research project) is probably the most important piece of work for any student! From full dissertations to individual chapters, we’re on hand to support you.

Coursework Writing Service

Our expert qualified writers can help you get your coursework right first time, every time.

Dissertation Proposal Service

The first step to completing a dissertation is to create a proposal that talks about what you wish to do. Our experts can design suitable methodologies - perfect to help you get started with a dissertation.

Report Writing

Reports for any audience. Perfectly structured, professionally written, and tailored to suit your exact requirements.

Essay Skeleton Answer Service

If you’re just looking for some help to get started on an essay, our outline service provides you with a perfect essay plan.

Marking & Proofreading Service

Not sure if your work is hitting the mark? Struggling to get feedback from your lecturer? Our premium marking service was created just for you - get the feedback you deserve now.

Exam Revision

Exams can be one of the most stressful experiences you’ll ever have! Revision is key, and we’re here to help. With custom created revision notes and exam answers, you’ll never feel underprepared again.