Sigmund Freud was born on May 6th, 1856 in Frieberg, Moravia. Today the present area is Czech Republic. The parents of Sigmund Freud are Jacob and Amalia Freud. Sigmund grew up in a Jewish family.
Sigmund Freud has made an amazing influence in pshche. Sigmund advanced the study of the mind and how it works. With the studies, people where aware of how the brain influenced our relationships with other people. As Sigmund discovered the differences, he also destroyed the divisions of; sick and healthy, conscious and unconscious, will and accident, psychology and psychiatry, and lastly philosophy and medicine. The findings had changed the way in which society dealt with the mental illnesses in people. As Sigmund explained to people, when looking at the situation, as one perceives it, there are more then the thin line between insane and sane which was a challenge to prove. As Sigmund explained to people, anyone can have a mental illness because of inner conflicts and with childhood traumas. Through this time, Sigmund Freud showed people a new way of looking at, and interpreting the behaviors, motives, desires in peoples actions, and the beliefs that are buried in the unconscious mind. Freud had many ideas that had a very strong impact on psychology, which changed the entire school of thought, which emerged from his work.
As society knows, Sigmund Freud was the founder of psychodynamic approach to psychology to the school of thought. Sigmund Freud is the one that put an emphasis and the influence to the unconscious mind on the behavior of people. As Freud believed the human mind was composed of three different elements which are; the Id of a person, the ego of a person, and the super ego of a person.
The ID: The Id is the one of many oldest psychical elements known. This has been inherited to all humans at birth. In the Id part, this occurs when the mind learns to deal with our instincts within us. As Freud believes, the Id is the part of the person memory which is part of the person’s thinking, which occurs and could be responsible for the sexual urges people feel, and it often represses the feelings. According to Freud, the id is the source of all psychic energy, making it the primary component of personality (Van Wagner).
The Ego: Ego in Freud’s terms is the mediator between the outside world and the id of the person. The ego is originally part of the id, and through the influence or peer pressure of the outer world, has developed into a separate psychical element. The principle task of the ego would be considered the self -preservation. With the human ego, the commands are also considered the different variety of the voluntary movements. This part is responsible for our memory, and the self defense mechanisms of the human self. A person’s ego can adapt to many different old and new situations through the adapting part. The ego is also responsible for the amount of stress a person is feeling. As Freud believes the ego is responsible for making the body relax and rest through the process of sleep. This would occur in the REM sleep. According to Freud, the ego develops from the id and ensures that the impulses of the id can be expressed in a manner acceptable in the real world. The ego functions in the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious mind (Van Wagner).
The Superego: In the superego is the personality, which is formed when the child is under the care of the parents or other caregivers. Sometimes it is a person, which the child feels is a role model. This is where the child learns the right from wrong actions. People are familiar with the understanding as the knowing of taboo in society. The different behavior in what society holds as a high esteem. According to Freud, the superego begins to emerge at around age five.
There are two parts of the superego:
1. The ego ideal Freud included the rules and standards for good behaviors within humans. These behaviors which included are approved of by parental figures and or other authority figures within the child’s life. Obeying many of the rules of growing up, leads to the person feeling the pride within themselves, the value in life, and accomplishment within one’s life.
2. The conscience this occurs when information about things that are viewed as a negative response. It mainly is shown this occurs bad by parents and society. These behaviors are often forbidden by parental or guardian figures, which leads to a negative consequences, negative punishments, or harsh feelings of guilt and remorse by the person.
The superego acts are to perfect and civilize our behavior from birth to adults. It works to suppress all unacceptable urges of the id and struggles to make the ego act upon idealistic standards rather that upon realistic principles. The superego is present in the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious (Van Wagner). The superego represents values and standards. Its aim is perfection. Freud’s three parts to the unconscious are easy to understand if a person considers the id as the pleasure seeker, the superego as the morality and perfection principle, and the ego as the middle, which keeps a balance between the id and superego (Burger, 1997, pp. 50-52).
Freud had key terms and ideas, which lead to the psychoanalytic theory. Listed below are some of the terms and meanings, which Freud believed was his backbone of theory. Most of Freud’s beliefs dealt with sexually.
A person’s Libido- The sexual energy of a person, which may drive a person. Which could also known as the basic moving force in a person.
Defense Mechanisms – This occurs when people have distorted perception of what could be and what is not reality. It is also known to have people deal with the unwanted thoughts, anxiety, and desires on once felt.
Repression- This occurs when a person is faced with uncomfortable memories which are used by the unconscious memory. It occurs where a person does not want to think about-facing past memories due to feeling hurt or angry.
Hysteria – A person in which has had or is having physical symptoms, and there are no explanations of a neurological problem.
Dream Interpretation-Freud’s “royal road” to the unconscious. Dreams are the best way to uncover the unconscious. Ego control slips when the person is asleep. Freud wrote the book, “The Interpretation of Dreams” (1900) (Casebolt, 1997).
It seems that the more Freud was into his studies, the more that he developed more different stages of theories. He seemed that he was more into the sexual part of people’s symptoms, and relating the sexuality to a persons problems. Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development are, like other stage theories, completed in a predetermined sequence and can result in either successful completion or a healthy personality or can result in failure, leading to an unhealthy personality (Dr. Christopher Heffner).
Sigmund Freud had developed the 5 stages of psychosexual development: Which are; Oral (birth to 18 months of age), Anal (18 months to three years of age), Phallic (three years to six years of age), Latency (six years to puberty), and Genital (puberty on through one’s life). As Freud believed each person developed these stages based on a particular erogenous zone. In each of the stages, there would be an unsuccessful completion. This means that the child would become more fixated on one of the erogenous zones. Which he felt the child or children would either over indulge or under indulge once the child became an adult. With this theory of Freud’s, many people felt controversial. These stages Freud felt was important in a persons well being.
Sigmund Freud is an amazing psychologist and is well known for his practices throughout time. Many people whom are psychologists use his practices every day. There are many whom do not believe in many of his theories. It would be up to the person of how the theory of psychoanalytic relates to them, what theory he or she truly believes in.
Cite This Work
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below: