Extrovert personality is one of the big five personality traits. It mostly shows and indicates how social and outgoing a person is. It has two main characteristics. The first characteristic is interpersonal engagement, which involves being warm and affection, valuing and enjoying close interpersonal bonds, an agency which institutes enjoying leadership roles and responsibilities, being dominant socially, having a sense of potential in achieving goals, and being assertive. The second characteristic is impulsivity, which develops from interactions of extraversion and an independent trait. Extraversion personality breeds a positive effect on an individual's life, which is a combination of positive motivations and feelings. Extroverts enjoy being around people and having fun more than being alone.
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Extroversion personality has been found to influence the behavior of individuals in many aspects of life. This paper aims at summarizing some of the previously done research work to have a better understanding of the methods psychologists use to study the extroversion personality and some of the questions explored by researchers concerning personality psychology.
The extraversion personality has a purpose and affects the day-to-day activities of a person. There is a strong correlation between extraversion state and momentary goals. The main claim of this study was to research on the function of extraversion personality in the daily function of a person (McCabe, 2012).
The methodology of the research
The specific method of this research was having an information session and an experience-sampling approach. The total number of participants was 47, who enrolled to fulfil a course requirement. Information sessions involved questionnaire sessions and personal digital assistant training, where the participants could gain the exact knowledge they needed before taking part in the research. When using the experience-sampling approach, participants were able to answer questions about the behavior of extraverts, and the reports were done five times per day for a period of ten days. Some of the questions answered included their momentary goals, state of extraversion, and state effect during the previous 30 minutes. Ten days later, they returned the PDAs and filled the concluding questions (McCabe, 2012).
The author found out that most people differed from each other when it came to the actual manifestation of being extroverts. The more a person changed to a certain level where he or she was revealing extraversion personality, the more the expression of extraversion occurred across the hours of a week (McCabe, 2012).
The two limitations of this study included self-report and causality. In the first case, the study does not directly demonstrate that different goals determine extraversion personality. It only indicates that purposes are highly related to how extrovert a person is. Secondly, the study made use of self-report techniques where the participants were prone to be biased in positive responses (McCabe, 2012).
- McCabe, K. O., & Fleeson, W. (2012). What is extraversion for? Integrating trait and motivational perspectives and identifying the purpose of extraversion. Psychological science, 23(12), 1498–1505. Doi:10.1177/0956797612444904
Activity participation is essential in the lives of people as they age. It influences the ageing adult's wellbeing in so many aspects. From the previous pieces of literature, it has been documented that extraversion personality is one of the most prominent personalities that help to shape participation in different activities. The main claim of this research was that personality traits influence the activity participation of people by considering how it interacts with the health status of an individual (Amichai-Hamburger, 2010).
The methodology of the research
In this research, a quantitative approach was used, having data collected via telephone surveys by adults who were aged 50 years old and above. A total of 1,729 people participated in this research, and they were arranged according to their hours of participation. The number of hours to be analyzed ranged from 1 to 26 hours. Researchers who were trained conducted telephone interviews, where each interview took 30 minutes approximately. One of the main variables used was the extraversion subscale that measured extravert traits of the participant's personality (Amichai-Hamburger, 2010)..
The results of this research showed that extroversion personality has a positive association with activity levels. The extroverts had moderate to high activity levels compared to the people possessing other personalities. The research, therefore, fully supports the positive connection between activity participation and extrovert personality. Great extraverts have been found to prefer highly stimulating activities (Amichai-Hamburger, 2010).
The limitation of this study was the certainty of the findings. The reflective nature of data affected the results. Another limitation is that the research lay on a cross-sectional approach. Also, the potency of the information collected was restricted because the sample preferred only involved 50% of the total number of people who were in programs that were provided for the active ageing people (Amichai-Hamburger, 2010).
- Amichai-Hamburger, Y., & Vinitzky, G. (2010). Social network use and personality. Computers in human behavior, 26(6), 1289-1295.
The internet is a social platform where so many people interact in many different ways. The social network is the most popular and fast-growing and sites where, today, millions of people are connected by being members of various platforms. The main claim of this research was to show the relationship between an individual personality of someone and how he or she behaves online (Lai, 2018).
The methodology of the research
A total of 237 students, 101 males and 136 females, were requested to participate in this research, they were all from Israel University, and the assessment lasted between 30-45 minutes. All the participants were requested to complete a self-report test to measure their personality traits using the internet. After that phase, the upload of personal information on Facebook was encoded and measured (Lai, 2018).
The highly extroverted participants showed and demonstrated a high number of friends on Facebook, and they would log in to a good amount of Facebook groups than the least extroverted individuals. The data also showed that extroversion personality indeed has a positive effect on a person's influence on social media platforms, which suggested that extroverted personality has a high impact on the use of the internet (Lai, 2018).
The main limitation of this study was that results were not all in line with the earlier predictions. It was clear that besides personality, other factors influenced how an individual used social media. Also, the study was based on undergraduates from the same university, which was seen to be a reasonably close-knit group where norms contributed to their behavior and personalities (Lai, 2018).
- Lai, D. W., & Qin, N. (2018). Extraversion personality, perceived health and activity participation among community-dwelling aging adults in Hong Kong. PloS one, 13(12), e0209154.
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