Annotated Bibliography: Sexual Dysfunction in Females Caused by Genito-Pelvic Pain Disorder

1560 words (6 pages) Essay in Psychology

18/05/20 Psychology Reference this

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Annotated Bibliography

Sexual Dysfunction in Females

Specifically – Genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder due to self-images and/or religious attitudes

Abbott, D.M., Harris, J.E. & Mollen, D. (2016). The impact of religious commitment on women’s sexual self-esteem. Journal of Sexuality & Culture, 1-20. Doi:10.1007/s12119-016-9374-x

I chose this article because of its wealth of information on the effects of cultural and religious beliefs on the sexual libido of religious women and their interpretation of God’s views on sex. The article also discusses the effects of religious commitment on a woman’s sexual behavior, which often leads to sexual guilt and sexual dissatisfaction. Women in this category have been known to suffer from low self-esteem. The writers designed a research to analyze the effects of religious commitments on the sexual self-esteem of women. 196 undergraduate women, 87% of which identified as Christians were used to conduct this research.

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The writers were able to analyze their perception of God’s views on sex with the help of assessment tools including Religious Commitment Inventory-10, Revised Religious Fundamental Scale, Sexual Self-Esteem Inventory for Women, and Brief Sexual Attitudes Scale. The research result shows that religious connection has an effect on overall sexual esteem. According to the results of the study, religious women tend to link their sexual activities to their religious beliefs and morals.

Al-Abbadey, M., Liossi, C., Curran, N., Schoth, D. E., & Graham, C. A. (2016). Treatment of Female Sexual Pain Disorders: A Systematic Review. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 42(2), 99–142.

I choose this article because I think it has a lot of valuable information on female sexual dysfunction and the factors to be considered when providing a diagnosis. The work portrays the reality of female sexual dysfunction, including reasons why the issue is more psychogenic than organic. The article examines several treatments such as medical, surgical, physical, and psychological.  Furthermore, the article discusses the efficacy of these treatments.

Both psychogenic and organic areas should be treated as sexual activities vulnerable to medical conditions like fear, frustrations and anxiety. And if treated as an organic condition, you must consider factors like surgeries, diabetes, menopause and heart conditions, while mental health disorders make up the psychogenic factors.

The research also mentioned other factors like cultural, religious and social factors. There is need to conduct further research into these areas as there are cultures that view sex as a means of procreation and nothing else. Religion also has some effects on female sexual health, like the prohibition of the use of birth control by certain religious sects, and the sexual dissatisfaction that comes from religious guilt. To provide a proper diagnosis, you must evaluate the family values and beliefs of the subjects as well as their sexual education.

Holzhacker, S., Zaneti, M., Macri, L. R. D., Ambrogini, C., Embiruçu, T., & Silva, I. (2017). Profile of Women With Genito-Pelvic Pain Attended at Sexuality Center. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 14, e306–e307.

I chose this article because of its wealth of information on pregnant and postpartum women. The physical and behavioral changes that women go through has a huge effect on how they view themselves both during and after pregnancy which can also affect their sexual behavior. Sex is an important aspect of a woman’s life and should not be neglected either during pregnancy or postpartum. A woman’s body undergoes significant changes during pregnancy and these changes can affect her sexual life. This research tried to evaluate the effect of pelvic floor symptoms and body image on women’s sexuality during and after pregnancy. For this research, 63 women were evaluated from their first trimester, to the third trimester and six months postpartum. These women were asked to answer a questionnaire which included questions about their sexual function, urogenital distress, exposure of the body during sexual activities, fecal incontinency and incontinency. From the study, I learned that female sexual function drops during pregnancy without any noticeable improvement after the pregnancy and that body is further aggravated postpartum. Sexual function dropped at the early stages of pregnancy as a result of low body image. The low sexual function experienced by these women postpartum was caused by urinary problems. The result of this study shows that sexual function in these women deteriorated during pregnancy and there was no improvement 6 months postpartum. This can be attributed to the changes to a woman’s body during pregnancy as well as postpartum.

Woo, J.T., Morshedian, N., Brotto, L.A., & Gorzalka, B.B. (2012). Sex guilt mediates the relationship between religiosity and sexual desire in East Asian and Euro-Canadian college-aged women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41(6), 1485-1495. Doi:10.1007/s10508-012-9918-6

I decided to pick this as my final article because of its analysis of the relationship between the sexual desire of a woman and the learned religious values from the family system. The article addressed how religious principles often affect the type of sexual education provided in most homes and how women are made to feel shame whenever they fail to follow those principles. The author also conducted a detailed investigation into the effects of religious guilt on sexual desire. Two different university student groups were used to conduct this investigation; one of the groups was Euro-Canadian and the other East Asian. The two groups were asked to fill out a questionnaire on religious fundamentalism, intrinsic religiosity and spirituality. According to the research, the level of sexual desire in Euro-Canadian women was higher and they also experienced less guilt compared to their East-Asian counterpart. These results provided further insight for clinical practice, which led to the introduction of new methods of assessment and treatments for women suffering from low sexual desires.


Wallwiener, S., Strohmaier, J., Wallwiener, L., Schonfisch, B., Zipfel, S., Brucher, S.Y., & Wallwiener, C.W. (2016). Original Research: Sexual Function Is Correlated With Body Image and Partnership Quality in Female University Students. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 131530-1538. doi: 10.1016/j.jsxm.2016.07.020

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I decided to go with this article because it sheds more light on sexual health while emphasizing how a good relationship and positive body image can boost the sexual health of women. However, women can always employ therapy to enhance their self-esteem and body image. The authors used 2685 female medical students from three different countries, all under the age of 35 to carry out this experiment. They utilized an online questionnaire with the title “Female Sexual Function Index” and another titled “Self-Acceptance of Body Scale” wherein the participants were asked to indicate if they had been in a steady relationship in the preceding 6 months. The relationship was evaluated in terms of love, friendship, or conflict.  According to the research, sexually active females are more likely to enjoy steady relationships and better body acceptance. Those in loving relationships also recorded higher scores, while those in complicated and platonic relationships recorded lower scores. The research shows that a good partnership and body acceptance boost sexual function. According to the authors, there might be need for intervention by improving body image in other to enhance sexual health.


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